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Iranian Plateau
The PERSIAN PLATEAU, or IRANIAN PLATEAU, is a geological formation in Western Asia
Western Asia
and Central Asia
Central Asia
. It is the part of the Eurasian Plate wedged between the Arabian and Indian plates, situated between the Zagros Mountains to the west, the Caspian Sea
Caspian Sea
and the Kopet Dag to the north, the Armenian Highlands
Armenian Highlands
and the Caucasus Mountains
Caucasus Mountains
in the northwest, the Strait of Hormuz
Strait of Hormuz
and Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
to the south and the Indus River
Indus River
to the east in Pakistan
Pakistan
. As a historical region, it includes Parthia , Media , Persis , the heartlands of Iran
Iran
and some of its recently lost territories
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Dasht-e Loot
The LUT DESERT, widely referred to as DASHT-E LUT (Persian : دشت لوت‎‎, "Emptiness Plain"), is a large salt desert located in the provinces of Kerman
Kerman
and Sistan and Baluchestan , Iran
Iran
. It is the world\'s 27th-largest desert , and was inscribed on UNESCO
UNESCO
's World Heritage List on July 17, 2016. The surface of its sand has been measured at temperatures as high as 70 °C (159 °F), making it one of the world's driest and hottest places. CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Hottest land surface * 3 See also * 4 Further reading * 5 References * 6 External links DESCRIPTION Yardangs in Lut Desert
Desert
, Kerman
Kerman
Province , Iran
Iran

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Kerman
KERMAN ( pronunciation (help ·info )) (Persian : كرمان‎‎, also Romanized as KERMāN, KERMUN, and KIRMAN; also known as CARMANIA) is the capital city of Kerman Province , Iran
Iran
. At the 2011 census, its population was 821,374, in 221,389 households, making it the 10th most populous city of Iran
Iran
. It is the largest and most developed city in Kerman Province and the most important city in the southeast of Iran. It is also one of the largest cities of Iran
Iran
in terms of area. Kerman
Kerman
is famous for its long history and strong cultural heritage . The city is home to many historic mosques and Zoroastrian fire temples . Kerman
Kerman
is also on the recent list of the world's 1000 cleanest cities. Kerman
Kerman
became capital city of Iranian dynasties several times during its history
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Accretion (geology)
ACCRETION is a process by which material is added to a tectonic plate or a landmass . This material may be sediment, volcanic arcs , seamounts or other igneous features. DESCRIPTIONAccretion involves the addition of material to a tectonic plate. When two tectonic plates collide, one of the plates may slide under the other, a process known as subduction . The plate which is being subducted, is floating on the asthenosphere and is pushed against the other, over-riding plate. Sediment on the ocean floor will often be scraped from the subducting plate. This causes the sediment to accumulate as a mass of material called an accretionary wedge , which attaches itself to the upper plate. Volcanic island arcs or seamounts may collide with the continent, and as they are of relatively light material (i.e. low density) they will often not be subducted, but are added to the side of the continent
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Gondwana
In paleogeography , GONDWANA ( /ɡɒndˈwɑːnə/ ), also GONDWANALAND, is the name given to an ancient supercontinent . It is believed to have sutured about 600 to 530 million years ago , joining East Gondwana
Gondwana
to West Gondwana. Gondwana
Gondwana
formed prior to Pangaea , and later became part of it. Around 335 to 250 million years ago , Gondwana
Gondwana
and Laurasia
Laurasia
joined together to form the supercontinent Pangaea, which existed until approximately 215 to 175 million years ago . Gondwana
Gondwana
then separated from Laurasia
Laurasia
(the mid- Mesozoic
Mesozoic
era ) in the breakup of Pangaea, drifting farther south after the split. Gondwana
Gondwana
itself then also broke apart
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Damavand
MOUNT DAMAVAND (Persian : دماوند‎ ( listen )), a potentially active volcano , is a stratovolcano which is the highest peak in Iran
Iran
and the Middle East
Middle East
, and the highest volcano in Asia
Asia
; the Kunlun Volcanic Group in Tibet
Tibet
is higher than Damāvand, but are not considered to be volcanic mountains. Damāvand has a special place in Persian mythology
Persian mythology
and folklore. It is in the middle of the Alborz
Alborz
range, adjacent to Varārū, Sesang, Gol-e Zard, and Mīānrūd. It is near the southern coast of the Caspian Sea
Caspian Sea
, in Amol County , Mazandaran
Mazandaran
Province , 66 kilometres (41 miles) northeast of the city of Tehran
Tehran

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Quetta
QUETTA ( Urdu : کوئٹہ‎, Pashto : کوټه‎, Hazaragi : کویته Balochi : کویته‎‎ pronunciation (help ·info )) is the provincial capital of Balochistan, Pakistan
Pakistan
and the ninth-largest city of the country. The city is known as the fruit garden of Pakistan, due to the numerous fruit orchards in and around it, and the large variety of fruits and dry fruits produced there. The immediate area has long been one of pastures and mountains, with varied plants and animals relative to the dry plains to the west. Quetta
Quetta
was once ruled by the kalats and Kasi and they still own a lot of land over there. Quetta
Quetta
is at an average elevation of 1,680 meters (5,510 feet) above sea level, making it Pakistan's only high-altitude major city. The population of the city is estimated to be approximately 1,172,000
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Anatolia
Coordinates : 39°N 35°E / 39°N 35°E / 39; 35 The traditional definition of Anatolia
Anatolia
within modern Turkey
Turkey
ANATOLIA (from Greek Ἀνατολή, Anatolḗ – "east" or "(sun)rise"; in modern Turkish : Anadolu), in geography known as ASIA MINOR (from Greek : Μικρὰ Ἀσία Mīkrá Asía – "small Asia"; in modern Turkish : Küçük Asya), ASIAN TURKEY, ANATOLIAN PENINSULA, or ANATOLIAN PLATEAU, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia , which makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey
Turkey
. The region is bounded by the Black Sea
Black Sea
to the north, the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
to the south, and the Aegean Sea
Aegean Sea
to the west
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Tabriz
TABRIZ (pronounced ( listen )) (Persian : تبریز‎‎, Azerbaijani : تبریز) is the most populated city in Iranian Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
, one of the historical capitals of Iran
Iran
and the present capital of East Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
province . Located in the Quru River valley, between long ridges of volcanic cones in the Sahand
Sahand
and Eynali mountains, Tabriz's elevation ranges between 1,350 and 1,600 metres (4,430 and 5,250 ft) above sea level. The valley opens up into a plain that gently slopes down to the eastern shores of Lake Urmia , 60 kilometres (37 miles) to the west. With cold winters and temperate summers, Tabriz
Tabriz
is considered a summer resort. It was named World Carpet Weaving City by the World Crafts Council in October 2015 and Exemplary Tourist City of 2018 by the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
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Shiraz
SHIRAZ (/ʃiːˈrɑːz/ ( listen ); Persian : شیراز‎‎, Šīrāz, Persian pronunciation: , pronunciation (help ·info )) is the sixth-most-populous city of Iran
Iran
and the capital of Fars Province ( Old Persian
Old Persian
as PâRSâ). At the 2011 census, the population of the city was 1,700,665 and its built-up area with "Shahr-e Jadid-e Sadra" (Sadra New Town) was home to 1,500,644 inhabitants. Shiraz
Shiraz
is located in the southwest of Iran
Iran
on the "Roodkhaneye Khoshk" (The Dry River) seasonal river. It has a moderate climate and has been a regional trade center for over a thousand years. Shiraz
Shiraz
is one of the oldest cities of ancient Persia
Persia
. The earliest reference to the city, as Tiraziš, is on Elamite
Elamite
clay tablets dated to 2000 BC
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Peshawar
PESHAWAR (Urdu : پشاور‎; Pashto
Pashto
: پېښور‎; Hindko
Hindko
: پشور) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa . It also serves as the administrative centre and economic hub for the Federally Administered Tribal Areas
Federally Administered Tribal Areas
. Situated in a broad valley near the eastern end of the historic Khyber Pass , close to the border with Afghanistan
Afghanistan
, Peshawar's recorded history dates back to at least 539 B.C.E. , making it the oldest city in Pakistan
Pakistan
and one of the oldest in South Asia
South Asia
. Peshawar
Peshawar
is the largest city of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
province. According to the last 1998 census, it is also the ninth-largest city of Pakistan
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Terrane
A TERRANE in geology , in full a TECTONOSTRATIGRAPHIC TERRANE is a fragment of crustal material formed on, or broken off from, one tectonic plate and accreted or "sutured " to crust lying on another plate. The crustal block or fragment preserves its own distinctive geologic history, which is different from that of the surrounding areas — hence the term "exotic" terrane. The suture zone between a terrane and the crust it attaches to is usually identifiable as a fault . Older usage of terrane simply described a series of related rock formations or an area having a preponderance of a particular rock or rock groups. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Tectonostratigraphic terranes * 3 References * 4 External links OVERVIEWA tectonostratigraphic terrane is not necessarily an independent microplate in origin, since it may not contain the full thickness of the lithosphere
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Platform (geology)
In geology, a PLATFORM is a continental area covered by relatively flat or gently tilted, mainly sedimentary strata , which overlie a basement of consolidated igneous or metamorphic rocks of an earlier deformation. Platforms, shields and the basement rocks together constitute cratons . Platform sediments can be classified into the following groups: a "protoplatform" of metamorphosed sediments at the bottom, a "quasiplatform" of slightly deformed sediments, a "cataplatform", and a "orthoplatform" at the top. The Mesoproterozoic Jotnian sediments of the Baltic area are examples of a "quasiplatform". The post- Ordovician
Ordovician
rocks of the South American Platform are examples of an orthoplatform. SEE ALSO * Carbonate platform * East European Platform * List of shields and cratons REFERENCES * ^ Parker, Sybil P. (Ed.). 1997. McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Geology and Mineralogy
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Lorestan Province
LORESTAN PROVINCE (Persian : استان لرستان‎‎, also written LURISTAN, LURESTAN, or LORISTAN), is a province of western Iran
Iran
in the Zagros Mountains . The population of Lorestan was estimated at 1,716,527 people in 2006. In 2014 it was placed in Region 4 . Lorestan covers an area of 28,392 km2. The major cities in this province are Khorramabad , Borujerd , Aligoodarz , Dorood , Koohdasht , Azna , Alashtar , Noor Abad , Doh Râh/Dowreh , and Pol-e-Dokhtar
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Zard-Kuh
ZARD KUH (meaning "Yellow Mountain", also spelled ZARDKUH, ZARDUH KUH or ZARD KUH-E BAKHTIARI; Persian : زردكوه بختياري) is a sub-range in the central Zagros Range , Iran
Iran
. With an elevation of 4221 metres, the Zardkuh is located in the Zagros Mountains
Zagros Mountains
in the Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province
Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province
of Iran
Iran
. The Karun