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Iran-Contra
The IRAN–CONTRA AFFAIR (Persian : ماجراي ایران-کنترا‎‎, Spanish : caso Irán-Contra), also referred to as IRANGATE, CONTRAGATE or the IRAN–CONTRA SCANDAL, was a political scandal in the United States
United States
that occurred during the second term of the Reagan Administration
Reagan Administration
. Senior administration officials secretly facilitated the sale of arms to Iran
Iran
, which was the subject of an arms embargo . They hoped, thereby, to fund the Contras
Contras
in Nicaragua
Nicaragua
while at the same time negotiating the release of several U.S. hostages . Under the Boland Amendment , further funding of the Contras
Contras
by the government had been prohibited by Congress
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U.S. Congress
535 voting members * 100 senators * 435 representatives 6 non-voting members SENATE POLITICAL GROUPS * Republican (52) * Democratic (46)* Independent (2) (caucusing with Democrats) HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES POLITICAL GROUPS * Republican (240) * Democratic (194) * Vacant (1) ELECTIONS SENATE LAST ELECTION November 8, 2016 HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES LAST ELECTION November 8, 2016 MEETING PLACE United States Capitol
United States Capitol

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United States Secretary Of Defense
The SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (SECDEF) is the leader and chief executive officer of the Department of Defense , an Executive Department of the Government of the United States of America
United States of America
. The Secretary of Defense's power over the United States military is second only to that of the President . This position corresponds to what is generally known as a Defense Minister in many other countries. The Secretary of Defense is appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate , and is by custom a member of the Cabinet and by law a member of the National Security Council . Secretary of Defense is a statutory office , and the general provision in 10 U.S.C
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Operation Staunch
OPERATION STAUNCH was created in spring 1983 by the United States State Department to stop the flow of U.S. arms to Iran . BACKGROUNDThe Iranian Islamic Revolution in 1979 and the hostage crisis in Tehran frustrated American policy makers whose response came as an embargo on the new government of Iran. On January 20, 1981, the day Ronald Reagan was inaugurated, the hostages in Tehran were released. In turn, the embargo was relaxed, but relations with Iran did not improve diplomatically. In fact, the newly elected Reagan refused to sell arms directly to Iran. Even so, arms manufactured in the US that were sold to foreign nations continued to find their way to the Iranian military arsenal. The Iran–Iraq War raised demand for arms and "created opportunities that arms merchants around the world simply could not afford to miss
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BGM-71 TOW
The BGM-71 TOW
BGM-71 TOW
("Tube-launched, Optically tracked, Wire-guided or Wireless") is an American anti-tank missile . TOW replaced much smaller missiles like the SS.10
SS.10
and ENTAC , offering roughly twice the effective range, a more powerful warhead, and a greatly improved semi-automatic guidance system that could also be equipped with infrared cameras for night time use. First produced in 1970, the TOW is one of the most widely used anti-tank guided missiles . It can be found in a wide variety of manually carried and vehicle mounted forms, as well as widespread use on helicopters . Originally designed by Hughes Aircraft
Hughes Aircraft
in the 1960s, the weapon is currently produced by Raytheon
Raytheon

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United States National Security Council
The White House
White House
NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL (NSC) is the principal forum used by the president of the United States for consideration of national security and foreign policy matters with senior national security advisors and Cabinet officials and is part of the executive office of the president of the United States . Since its inception under Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman
, the function of the Council has been to advise and assist the president on national security and foreign policies. The Council also serves as the president's principal arm for coordinating these policies among various government agencies. The Council has counterparts in the national security councils of many other nations
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Nicaragua
NICARAGUA (/ˌnɪkəˈrɑːɡwəˌ -ˈræ-ˌ -ɡjuə/ ( listen ); Spanish: ), officially the REPUBLIC OF NICARAGUA (Spanish : República de Nicaragua
Nicaragua
(help ·info )), is the largest country in the Central American isthmus , bordered by Honduras
Honduras
to the north, the Caribbean
Caribbean
to the east, Costa Rica
Costa Rica
to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Nicaragua's capital, Managua
Managua
, is the country's largest city and the third-largest city in Central America
Central America
. The multi-ethnic population of six million includes indigenous peoples, Europeans, Africans, and Asians. The main language is Spanish. Native tribes on the eastern coast speak their own languages
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Lebanon
Coordinates : 33°50′N 35°50′E / 33.833°N 35.833°E / 33.833; 35.833 Lebanese Republic الجمهورية اللبنانية ( Arabic
Arabic
) al-Jumhūrīyah al-Lubnānīyah Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: * كلّنا للوطن * Kulluna lil-watan * All Of Us, For the Country! Capital and largest city Beirut
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Army Of The Guardians Of The Islamic Revolution
The ISLAMIC REVOLUTIONARY GUARD CORPS (IRGC) —Persian : سپاه پاسداران انقلاب اسلامی‎‎, transl. Sepāh-e Pāsdārān-e Enqelāb-e Eslāmi, lit. ARMY OF THE GUARDIANS OF THE ISLAMIC REVOLUTION or SEPāH for short)— is a branch of Iran\'s Armed Forces founded after the Iranian Revolution
Iranian Revolution
on 5 May 1979. Whereas the regular military (or Artesh) was constitutionally mandated to defend Iran's borders and maintain internal order, the IRGC was mandated to protect the country's Islamic nature. The Revolutionary Guards state that their role in protecting the Islamic system is preventing foreign interference as well as coups by the military or "deviant movements". The Revolutionary Guards have roughly 125,000 military personnel including ground, aerospace and naval forces. Its naval forces are now the primary forces tasked with operational control of the Persian Gulf
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William Casey
WILLIAM JOSEPH "BILL" CASEY (March 13, 1913 – May 6, 1987) was the Director of Central Intelligence
Director of Central Intelligence
from 1981 to 1987. In this capacity he oversaw the entire United States
United States
Intelligence Community and personally directed the Central Intelligence Agency
Central Intelligence Agency
(CIA). CONTENTS* 1 Life and career * 1.1 Director of Central Intelligence
Director of Central Intelligence
* 1.1.1 Iran–Contra affair
Iran–Contra affair
* 2 Personal life * 3 Death * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links LIFE AND CAREERA native of Elmhurst, Queens, New York , Casey graduated from Fordham University in 1934. He did graduate work at the Catholic University of America before earning an LL.B.
LL.B.
from St. John\'s University School of Law in 1937
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National Security Advisor (United States)
The ASSISTANT TO THE PRESIDENT FOR NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS (APNSA), commonly referred to as the NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISOR (NSA) or at times informally termed the NSC ADVISOR, is a senior aide in the Executive Office of the President
Executive Office of the President
, based at the West Wing of the White House
White House
, who serves as the chief in-house advisor to the President of the United States
President of the United States
on national security issues. The National Security Advisor is appointed by the President and does not require confirmation by the Senate , but an appointment of a three or four-star general to the role requires Senate reconfirmation of military rank
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Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
AKBAR HASHEMI RAFSANJANI (Persian : اکبر هاشمی رفسنجانی‎, translit. Akbar Hāshemī Rafsanjānī‎ pronunciation (help ·info ) or HASHEMI BAHRAMANI; 25 August 1934 – 8 January 2017) was an influential Iranian politician, writer and one of the founding fathers of the Islamic Republic who was the fourth President of Iran
President of Iran
from 3 August 1989 until 3 August 1997. He was the head of the Assembly of Experts
Assembly of Experts
from 2007 until 2011 when he decided not to nominate himself for the post. He was also the chairman of the Expediency Discernment Council
Expediency Discernment Council
. During the final years of Iran–Iraq War
Iran–Iraq War
, Rafsanjani was the de facto commander-in-chief of the Iranian military. Rafsanjani was elected chairman of the Iranian parliament in 1980 and served until 1989
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Bethesda Naval Hospital
The WALTER REED NATIONAL MILITARY MEDICAL CENTER (WRNMMC), formerly known as the NATIONAL NAVAL MEDICAL CENTER and colloquially referred to as the BETHESDA NAVAL HOSPITAL, WALTER REED, or NAVY MED, is the United States
United States
' top tri-service military medical center, located in the community of Bethesda, Maryland
Bethesda, Maryland
, near the headquarters of the National Institutes of Health
National Institutes of Health
. It is one of the most prominent U.S. military medical centers in the Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
metropolitan area and the United States, having served numerous U.S. presidents since the 20th century
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Colon Cancer
COLORECTAL CANCER (CRC), also known as BOWEL CANCER and COLON CANCER, is the development of cancer from the colon or rectum (parts of the large intestine ). A cancer is the abnormal growth of cells that have the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body. Signs and symptoms may include blood in the stool , a change in bowel movements, weight loss , and feeling tired all the time. Most colorectal cancers are due to old age and lifestyle factors with only a small number of cases due to underlying genetic disorders. Some risk factors include diet, obesity , smoking , and lack of physical activity . Dietary factors that increase the risk include red and processed meat as well as alcohol . Another risk factor is inflammatory bowel disease , which includes Crohn\'s disease and ulcerative colitis
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Ruhollah Khomeini
SAYYID RUHOLLAH MūSAVI KHOMEINI (Persian : سید روح‌الله موسوی خمینی‎‎, ( listen ), 24 September 1902 – 3 June 1989), known in the Western world
Western world
as AYATOLLAH KHOMEINI, was an Iranian Shia
Shia
Muslim
Muslim
religious leader, philosopher, revolutionary, and politician
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State Sponsors Of Terrorism
"STATE SPONSORS OF TERRORISM" is a designation applied by the United States Department of State to countries which the Department alleges to have "repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism ." Inclusion on the list imposes strict unilateral sanctions . The countries currently on the list are Iran
Iran
, Sudan
Sudan
, Syria
Syria
, and North Korea
North Korea
. The list began on December 29, 1979, with Libya
Libya
, Iraq
Iraq
, South Yemen , and Syria
Syria
. Cuba
Cuba
was added to the list on March 1, 1982, and Iran
Iran
on January 19, 1984. Later North Korea
North Korea
in 1988 and Sudan
Sudan
on August 12, 1993, were added
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