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Indonesia Raya
"INDONESIA RAYA" has been the national anthem of Indonesia
Indonesia
since the proclamation of independence of the Republic of Indonesia
Indonesia
on the 17 August 1945 . The song was introduced by its composer , Wage Rudolf Supratman , on 28 October 1928 during the Second Indonesian Youth Congress in Batavia . The song marked the birth of the all-archipelago nationalist movement in Indonesia
Indonesia
that supported the idea of one single "Indonesia" as successor to the Dutch East Indies
Dutch East Indies
, rather than split into several colonies. The first newspaper to openly publish the musical notation and lyrics of " Indonesia
Indonesia
Raya" — an act of defiance towards the Dutch authorities — was the Chinese Indonesian weekly Sin Po
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Indonesia Raya (other)
INDONESIA RAYA is the national anthem of Indonesia. The term Indonesia Raya can also refer to one of the following: * Greater Indonesia , a political concept known as Indonesia Raya in Indonesian * Indonesia Raya (newspaper) , a defunct Indonesian newspaper This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title INDONESIA RAYA. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Indonesia_Raya_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Indonesia
Coordinates : 5°S 120°E / 5°S 120°E / -5; 120 Republic of Indonesia _Republik Indonesia_ (Indonesian ) _ Flag National emblem MOTTO: Bhinneka Tunggal Ika _ ( Old Javanese ) "Unity in Diversity" NATIONAL IDEOLOGY : _Pancasila _ ANTHEM: _ Indonesia Raya _ "Great Indonesia" Area controlled by
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Wage Rudolf Supratman
WAGE RUDOLF SUPRATMAN (Wage Roedolf Soepratman in the old orthography or commonly known as W. R. SUPRATMAN) ( Purworejo
Purworejo
, 9 March 1903 – Surabaya
Surabaya
, 17 August 1938) was an Indonesian songwriter who wrote both the lyrics and melody of the national anthem of Indonesia
Indonesia
- "Indonesia Raya ." He is an Indonesian National Hero . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Indonesia
Indonesia
Raya * 3 Legacy * 4 Religion * 5 References * 6 Bibliography BIOGRAPHY Wage Rudolf Supratman
Wage Rudolf Supratman
featured in the 50,000-rupiah banknote . W.R. Supratman's father was Sergeant Djoemeno Senen Sastrosoehardjo, a Dutch Colonial Army soldier, and his mother was Siti Senen. Supratman was born Wage on 9 March 1903 in Somongari, Purworejo
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National Anthem
A NATIONAL ANTHEM (also STATE ANTHEM, NATIONAL HYMN, NATIONAL SONG, etc.) is generally a patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions, and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nation's government as the official national song , or by convention through use by the people. The majority of national anthems are marches or hymns in style. The countries of Latin America , Central Asia and Europe
Europe
tend towards more operatic pieces, while those in the Middle East
Middle East
, Oceania
Oceania
, Africa
Africa
and the Caribbean use a simple fanfare
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Proclamation Of Indonesian Independence
The PROCLAMATION OF INDONESIAN INDEPENDENCE (Indonesian : Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia, or simply Proklamasi) was read at 10.00 a.m. on Friday, 17 August 1945. The declaration marked the start of the diplomatic and armed resistance of the Indonesian National Revolution , fighting against the forces of the Netherlands
Netherlands
and pro-Dutch civilians, until the latter officially acknowledged Indonesia's independence in 1949. In 2005, the Netherlands
Netherlands
declared that they had decided to accept de facto 17 August 1945 as Indonesia
Indonesia
's independence date. In a 2013 interview the Indonesian historian Sukotjo , amongst others, asked the Dutch government to formally acknowledge the date of independence as 17 August 1945. The United Nations, who mediated in the conflict, formally acknowledge the date of independence as 27 December 1949
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Composer
A COMPOSER ( Latin _compōnō_; literally "one who puts together") is a person who creates or writes music , which can be vocal music (for a singer or choir ), instrumental music (e.g., for solo piano , string quartet , wind quintet or orchestra ) or music which combines both instruments and voices (e.g., opera or art song , which is a singer accompanied by a pianist). The core meaning of the term refers to individuals who have contributed to the tradition of Western classical music through creation of works expressed in written musical notation (e.g., sheet music scores). Many composers are also skilled performers, either as singers, instrumentalists , or conductors . Examples of composers who are also well known for their ability as performers include J. S. Bach (an organist ), Mozart (violin and piano ), and Beethoven , Liszt and Chopin (all skilled pianists)
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Youth Pledge
The YOUTH PLEDGE (Indonesian : Sumpah Pemuda) was a declaration made on 28 October 1928 by young Indonesian nationalists in the Second Youth Congress (Indonesian : Kongres Pemuda Kedua). They proclaimed three ideals, one motherland, one nation and one language. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 The pledge * 3 First Congress of Indonesian Youth * 4 References * 4.1 Notes BACKGROUND Jong Java
Java
(Young Java
Java
) delegation. See also: Indonesian National Awakening The first Indonesian youth congress was held in Batavia , capital of the then- Dutch East Indies in 1926. It produced no formal decisions but did promote the idea of a united Indonesia. In October 1928, the second Indonesian youth congress was held at three different locations. In the first session, the hope was expressed that the congress would inspire the feeling of unity. The second session saw discussions about educational issues
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Jakarta
JAKARTA (/dʒəˈkɑːrtə/ ), officially the SPECIAL CAPITAL REGION OF JAKARTA, is the capital and most populous city of Indonesia . Located on the northwest coast of the world's most populous island of Java , the city is the center of economics, culture and politics of Indonesia, with a population of 10,075,310 as of 2014 . Greater Jakarta metropolitan area, which is known as Jabodetabek (a name formed by combining the initial syllables of Jakarta, Bogor , Depok , Tangerang and Bekasi ), is the second largest urban agglomeration in the world, with population of 30,214,303 inhabitants as of 2010 census. Jakarta's business opportunities, as well as its potential to offer a higher standard of living, attract migrants from all over Indonesian archipelago, making the city a melting pot of many communities and cultures
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Nationalist
NATIONALISM is a range of political, social, and economic systems characterised by promoting the interests of a particular nation or ethnic group, particularly with the aim of gaining and maintaining self-governance , or full sovereignty , over the group's homeland . The political ideology therefore holds that a nation should govern itself, free from unwanted outside interference, and is linked to the concept of self-determination . Nationalism
Nationalism
is further oriented towards developing and maintaining a national identity based on shared characteristics such as culture, language, race, religion, political goals or a belief in a common ancestry. Nationalism
Nationalism
therefore seeks to preserve the nation's culture. It often also involves a sense of pride in the nation's achievements, and is closely linked to the concept of patriotism . In these terms, nationalism can be considered positive or negative
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Dutch East Indies
The DUTCH EAST INDIES (or NETHERLANDS EAST-INDIES; Dutch : _Nederlands(ch)-Indië_; Indonesian : _Hindia Belanda_) was a Dutch colony . It was formed from the nationalised colonies of the Dutch East India Company , which came under the administration of the Dutch government in 1800. During the 19th century, Dutch possessions and hegemony were expanded, reaching their greatest territorial extent in the early 20th century. This colony was one of the most valuable European colonies under the Dutch Empire 's rule, and contributed to Dutch global prominence in spice and cash crop trade in the 19th to early 20th century. The colonial social order was based on rigid racial and social structures with a Dutch elite living separate from but linked to their native subjects. The term _Indonesia_ came into use for the geographical location after 1880
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Chinese Indonesian
Minorities of Confucianism
Confucianism
, Taoism
Taoism
and Islam
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Stanza
In poetry , a STANZA (/ˈstænzə/ ; from Italian _stanza_ , "room") is a grouped set of lines within a poem, usually set off from other stanzas by a blank line or indentation . Stanzas can have regular rhyme and metrical schemes , though stanzas are not strictly required to have either. There are many unique forms of stanzas . Some stanzaic forms are simple, such as four-line quatrains . Other forms are more complex, such as the Spenserian stanza . Fixed verse poems , such as sestinas , can be defined by the number and form of their stanzas. The term _stanza_ is similar to _strophe _, though strophe sometimes refers to irregular set of lines, as opposed to regular, rhymed stanzas. The stanza in poetry is analogous with the paragraph that is seen in prose ; related thoughts are grouped into units. In music, groups of lines are typically referred to as _verses _. The stanza has also been known by terms such as _batch_, _fit_, and _stave_
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Jozef Cleber
JOZEF "JOS" CLEBER (Dutch pronunciation: ; 2 June 1916, Maastricht – 12 May 1999, Hilversum
Hilversum
) was a Dutch trombonist, violinist, conductor, composer, arranger, and producer. He wrote numerous arrangements (notably to Heel de wereld , the Dutch Eurovision Song Contest entry in 1958 ) and conducted De Zaaiers , one of the orchestras of Dutch radio, and many recordings on the Phonogram label until he left for South Africa
South Africa
in 1962. However, he may be best known for orchestrating the Indonesian national anthem Indonesia
Indonesia
Raya
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Flag Of Indonesia
The FLAG OF INDONESIA is a simple bicolour with two equal horizontal bands, red (top) and white (bottom) with an overall ratio of 2:3. It was introduced and hoisted in public at the Indonesian Declaration of Independence on 17 August 1945 in Pegangsaan Timur street in Jakarta
Jakarta
, and again when the Dutch formally transferred sovereignty on 17 August 1950. The design of the flag has remained unchanged since. The flag of Indonesia
Indonesia
is graphically identical to the Flag of Monaco , with a slight difference only in the ratio of its dimensions. The NAVAL JACK OF INDONESIA is reserved for sole use by the Indonesian Navy
Indonesian Navy
. It flies from the mast of every active Indonesian war ship . The design of the jack is described as nine alternating stripes of red and white. It is nicknamed ULAR-ULAR PERANG (War Pennant or literally "War Snakes"), probably due to the stripes' design
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Indonesian Independence
The PROCLAMATION OF INDONESIAN INDEPENDENCE (Indonesian : Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia, or simply Proklamasi) was read at 10.00 a.m. on Friday, 17 August 1945. The declaration marked the start of the diplomatic and armed resistance of the Indonesian National Revolution , fighting against the forces of the Netherlands
Netherlands
and pro-Dutch civilians, until the latter officially acknowledged Indonesia's independence in 1949. In 2005, the