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Indian Philosophy
Vedic philosophyAgastya Aruni Ashtavakra Atri Vashistha YajnavalkyaMimamsaJaiminiVedantaAdvaitaBadarayana Gaudapada Adi ShankaraDvaitaMadhvacharyaSri VaishnavismRamanujaNeo-VedantaVivekananda AurobindoSamkhyaKapilaYogaPatanjaliNyayaGotamaNavya-NyāyaGangesha UpadhyayaVaisheshikaKanadaNāstika (heterodox)Ājīvika Charvaka Kashmir ShaivismAbhinavaguptaPratyabhijna TantraTamilValluvam ValluvarOtherChanakyaGeneral topicsAhimsa Atomism AtmanĀtman (Hinduism) Ātman (Buddhism) Ātman (Jainism)Artha Anekantavada Brahman Dharma Indian logic Karma Kama Maya Metta Moksha Nondualism Samadhi Pramana YogaJainismHaribhadra UmaswatiBuddhismBuddhaTraditionsMadhyamikaNagarjunaYogacaraVasubandhu Dharmakirti
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Ashtavakra
Ashtavakra
Ashtavakra
(Sanskrit: अष्टावक्रः, IAST Aṣṭāvakra) is a revered Vedic sage in Hinduism. His name literally means "eight bends", reflecting the eight physical handicaps he was born with. His maternal grandfather was the Vedic sage Aruni, his parents were both Vedic students at Aruni's school. Ashtavakra studied, became a sage and a celebrated character in the mythologies of the Hindu
Hindu
Epics and Puranas.[1] Ashtavakra
Ashtavakra
is the author of the text Aṣṭāvakra Gītā, also known as Aṣṭāvakra Saṃhitā, in Hindu
Hindu
traditions
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Tantra
ArtsBharatanatyam Kathak Kathakali Kuchipudi Manipuri Mohiniyattam Odissi Sattriya Bhagavata Mela Yakshagana Dandiya Raas Carnatic musicRites of passageGarbhadhana Pumsavana Simantonayana Jatakarma Namakarana Nishkramana Annaprashana Chudakarana Karnavedha Vidyarambha Upanayana Keshanta Ritushuddhi Samavartana Vivaha AntyeshtiAshrama DharmaAshrama: Brahmacharya Grihastha Vanaprastha SannyasaFestivalsDiwali Holi Shivaratri Navaratri Durga
Durga
Puja Ramlila Vijayadashami-Dussehra


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Aryadeva
Āryadeva (fl. 3rd century CE), was a disciple of Nagarjuna
Nagarjuna
and author of several important Mahayana
Mahayana
Madhyamaka
Madhyamaka
Buddhist texts
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Laozi
Laozi
Laozi
(UK: /ˈlaʊˈzɪər/;[1] also Lao-Tzu /ˈlaʊˈtsuː/,[1] /ˈlaʊˈdzʌ/[2][3] or Lao-Tze /ˈlaʊˈdzeɪ/;[4] Chinese: 老子; pinyin: Lǎozǐ, literally "Old Master") was an ancient Chinese philosopher and writer. He is the reputed author of the Tao
Tao
Te Ching,[5] the founder of philosophical Taoism, and a deity in religious Taoism
Taoism
and traditional Chinese religions. A semi-legendary figure, Laozi
Laozi
was usually portrayed as a 6th-century BC contemporary of Confucius, but most modern historians consider him to have lived during the Warring States period of the 5th or 4th century BC.[6] A central figure in Chinese culture, Laozi
Laozi
is claimed by both the emperors of the Tang dynasty
Tang dynasty
and modern people of the Li surname as a founder of their lineage
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Confucius
Confucius
Confucius
(/kənˈfjuːʃəs/ kən-FEW-shəs;[1] 551 BC – 479 BC)[2][3] was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period
Spring and Autumn period
of Chinese history. The philosophy of Confucius, also known as Confucianism, emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity. His followers competed successfully with many other schools during the Hundred Schools of Thought era only to be suppressed in favor of the Legalists during the Qin Dynasty
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Agastya
Agastya
Agastya
was a revered Vedic sage of Hinduism.[3][4] In the Indian traditions, he is a noted recluse and an influential scholar in diverse languages of the Indian subcontinent. He and his wife Lopamudra
Lopamudra
are the celebrated authors of hymns 1.165 to 1.191 in the Sanskrit text Rigveda
Rigveda
and other Vedic literature.[4][5][6] Agastya
Agastya
appears in numerous itihasas and puranas (roughly, mythologies and regional epics) including the major Ramayana
Ramayana
and Mahabharata.[6][7] He is one of the seven or eight most revered rishis in the Vedic texts,[8] as well as a subject of reverence for being one of the Tamil Siddhar
Siddhar
in the Shaivism
Shaivism
tradition
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Ātman (Buddhism)
Ātman, attā or attan in Buddhism
Buddhism
is the concept of self, and is found in Buddhist literature's discussion of the concept of non-self (Anatta).[1] Most Buddhist traditions and texts reject the premise of a permanent, unchanging atman (self, soul).[2][3] However, some Buddhist schools, sutras and tantras present the notion of an atman (/ˈɑːtmən/) or permanent "Self", although mostly referring to an Absolute and not to a personal self.Contents1 Etymology 2 Early Buddhism 3 Pudgalavada 4 Buddha-nature4.1 Mahāyāna Mahāparinirvāṇa Sūtra 4.2 "Self" as a teaching method 4.3 Ratnagotravibhāga5 Current disputes 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 Sources 10 Further reading 11 External linksEtymology[edit] Cognates (Sanskrit: आत्मन्) ātman, (Pāli) atta, Old English æthm, German Atem, and Greek atmo-[4] derive from the Indo-European root *ēt-men (breath)
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Atri
Atri
Atri
(Sanskrit: अत्रि) or Attri is a Vedic sage, who is credited with composing a large number of hymns to Agni, Indra
Indra
and other Vedic deities of Hinduism
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Vashistha
Vasishtha
Vasishtha
(Sanskrit: वसिष्ठ, IAST: vasiṣṭha) is a revered Vedic sage in Hinduism.[1][2] He is one of the Saptarishis (seven great Rishis) of India. Vasishtha
Vasishtha
is credited as the chief author of Mandala 7 of Rigveda.[3] Vasishtha
Vasishtha
and his family are mentioned in Rigvedic verse 10.167.4,[note 1] other Rigvedic mandalas and in many Vedic texts.[6][7][8] His ideas have been influential and he was called as the first sage of the Vedanta
Vedanta
school of Hindu philosophy by Adi Shankara.[9] Yoga
Yoga
Vasistha, Vasishtha
Vasishtha
Samhita, as well as some versions of the Agni Purana[10] and Vishnu Purana
Vishnu Purana
are attributed to him
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Gangesha Upadhyaya
VedantaAdvaita Vishishtadvaita Dvaita Vedanta Bhedabheda Dvaitadvaita Achintya Bheda Abheda ShuddhadvaitaHeterodoxCharvaka Ājīvika Buddhism JainismOther schoolsVaishnava Smarta Shakta ĪśvaraShaiva: Pratyabhijña Pashupata SiddhantaTantraTeachers (Acharyas)NyayaAkṣapāda Gotama Jayanta Bhatta Raghunatha SiromaniMīmāṃsāJaimini Kumārila Bhaṭṭa PrabhākaraAdvaita VedantaGaudapada Adi Shankara Vācaspati Miśra Vidyaranya Sadananda Madhusūdana Sarasvatī Vijnanabhiksu Ramakrishna Vivekananda Ramana Maharshi Siddharudha Chinmayananda NisargadattaVishishtadvaitaNammalvar Alvars Yamunacharya Ramanuja Vedanta
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Ātman (Jainism)
The Jīva or Atman (/ˈɑːtmən/; Sanskrit: आत्मन्) is a philosophical term used within Jainism
Jainism
to identify the soul.[1] As per the Jain cosmology, jīva or soul is the principle of sentience and is one of the tattvas or one of the fundamental substances forming part of the universe
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Vedic Philosophy
DivisionsSamhita Brahmana Aranyaka UpanishadsUpanishads Rig vedicAitareya KaushitakiSama vedicChandogya KenaYajur vedicBrihadaranyaka Isha Taittiriya Katha Shvetashvatara MaitriAtharva vedicMundaka Mandukya PrashnaOther scripturesBhagavad Gita AgamasRelated Hindu
Hindu
textsVedangasShiksha Chandas Vyakarana Nirukta Kalpa JyotishaPuranas Brahma
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Aruni
VedantaAdvaita Vishishtadvaita Dvaita
Dvaita
Vedanta Bhedabheda Dvaitadvaita Achintya Bheda Abheda ShuddhadvaitaHeterodoxCharvaka Ājīvika Buddhism JainismOther schoolsVaishnava Smarta Shakta ĪśvaraShaiva: Pratyabhijña Pashupata SiddhantaTantraTeachers (Acharyas)NyayaAkṣapāda Gotama Jayanta Bhatta Raghunatha SiromaniMīmāṃsāJaimini Kumārila Bhaṭṭa Prabhākara
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Patanjali
VedantaAdvaita Vishishtadvaita Dvaita Vedanta Bhedabheda Dvaitadvaita Achintya Bheda Abheda ShuddhadvaitaHeterodoxCharvaka Ājīvika Buddhism JainismOther schoolsVaishnava Smarta Shakta ĪśvaraShaiva: Pratyabhijña Pashupata SiddhantaTantraTeachers (Acharyas)NyayaAkṣapāda Gotama Jayanta Bhatta Raghunatha SiromaniMīmāṃsāJaimini Kumārila Bhaṭṭa PrabhākaraAdvaita VedantaGaudapada Adi Shankara Vācaspati Miśra Vidyaranya Sadananda Madhusūdana Sarasvatī Vijnanabhiksu Ramakrishna Vivekananda Ramana Maharshi Siddharudha Chinmayananda NisargadattaVishishtadvaitaNammalvar Alvars Yamunacharya Ramanuja Vedanta
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Sri Vaishnavism
Sri
Sri
Vaishnava Sampradaya
Sampradaya
or Sri
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