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Independent State Of Croatia
The INDEPENDENT STATE OF CROATIA (Croatian : Nezavisna Država Hrvatska, NDH; German : Unabhängiger Staat Kroatien; Italian : Stato Indipendente di Croazia) was a World War II
World War II
puppet state of Germany and Italy . It was established in parts of occupied Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
on 10 April 1941, after the invasion by the Axis powers. Its territory consisted of most of modern-day Croatia
Croatia
and Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
, as well as some parts of modern-day Serbia
Serbia
and Slovenia
Slovenia
. During its entire existence, the state was governed by the fascist Ustaše movement and its Poglavnik , Ante Pavelić
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List Of Countries And Dependencies By Area
This is a list of the world 's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area. Entries in this list, include, but are not limited to, those in the ISO standard 3166-1 , which includes sovereign states and dependent territories. Largely unrecognised states not in ISO 3166-1 are included in the list in ranked order, but are not actually given a rank number. The areas of such largely unrecognised states are in most cases also included in the areas of the more widely recognised states that claim the same territory; see the notes in the "Notes" column for each country for clarification
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Dictatorship
DICTATORSHIP is a form of government in which a country or a group of countries is ruled by one person (a dictator ) or by a polity , and power is exercized through various mechanisms in order to ensure that the entity's power remains strong. A dictatorship is a type of authoritarianism , in which politicians regulate nearly every aspect of the public and private behavior of citizens. Dictatorship
Dictatorship
and totalitarian societies generally employ political propaganda in order to decrease the influence of proponents of alternative governing systems. In the past, different religious tactics were used by dictators in order to maintain their rule, such as the monarchical system in the west . In the 19th and 20th centuries, traditional monarchies gradually declined and disappeared. Dictatorship
Dictatorship
and constitutional democracy emerged as the world's two major forms of government
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Totalitarianism
TOTALITARIANISM is a political system in which the state recognizes no limits to its authority and strives to regulate every aspect of public and private life wherever feasible. A distinctive feature of totalitarian governments is an "elaborate ideology, a set of ideas that gives meaning and direction to the whole society". The concept was first developed in the 1920s by the Weimar German jurist, and later Nazi
Nazi
academic, Carl Schmitt
Carl Schmitt
, and Italian fascists . Schmitt used the term, Totalstaat, in his influential work on the legal basis of an all-powerful state, The Concept of the Political (1927). The concept became prominent in Western political discourse as a concept that highlights similarities between Fascist
Fascist
states and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union

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Fascism
FASCISM /ˈfæʃɪzəm/ is a form of radical authoritarian nationalism , characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition, and control of industry and commerce, that came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe. The first fascist movements emerged in Italy during World War I
World War I
, before it spread to other European countries . Opposed to liberalism , Marxism
Marxism
, and anarchism , fascism is usually placed on the far-right within the traditional left–right spectrum . Fascists saw World War I
World War I
as a revolution that brought massive changes to the nature of war, society, the state, and technology. The advent of total war and the total mass mobilization of society had broken down the distinction between civilians and combatants. A "military citizenship" arose in which all citizens were involved with the military in some manner during the war
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List Of Countries By Population
This is a list of countries and dependent territories by population . It includes sovereign states , inhabited dependent territories and, in some cases, constituent countries of sovereign states, with inclusion within the list being primarily based on the ISO standard ISO 3166-1 . For instance, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is considered as a single entity while the constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands are considered separately. In addition, this list includes certain states with limited recognition not found in ISO 3166-1. The population figures do not reflect the practice of countries that report significantly different populations of citizens domestically and overall. Some countries, notably Thailand
Thailand
, do not report total population, exclusively counting citizens; for total populations an international agency must issue an estimate
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German Language
No official regulation ( German orthography regulated by the Council for German Orthography )
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Victor Emmanuel III Of Italy
VICTOR EMMANUEL III (Italian : Vittorio Emanuele III, Albanian : Viktor Emanueli III; 11 November 1869 – 28 December 1947) was the King of Italy
King of Italy
from 29 July 1900 until his abdication on 9 May 1946. In addition, he claimed the thrones of Ethiopia
Ethiopia
and Albania
Albania
as Emperor of Ethiopia
Ethiopia
(1936–41) and King of the Albanians (1939–43), claims not recognised by the other great powers . During his long reign (nearly 46 years), which began after the assassination of his father Umberto I , the Kingdom of Italy
Kingdom of Italy
became involved in two World Wars. His reign also encompassed the birth, rise, and fall of Italian Fascism
Italian Fascism

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Monarchy
A MONARCHY is a form of government in which a group, usually a family called the dynasty , embodies the country's national identity and one of its members, called the monarch , exercises a role of sovereignty. The actual power of the monarch may vary from purely symbolic (crowned republic ), to partial and restricted (constitutional monarchy ), to completely autocratic (absolute monarchy ). Traditionally and in most cases, the monarch's post is inherited and lasts until death or abdication, but there are also elective monarchies where the monarch is elected. Each of these has variations: in some elected monarchies only those of certain pedigrees are, whereas many hereditary monarchies impose requirements regarding the religion, age, gender, mental capacity, etc
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Jews
The JEWS (/dʒuːz/ ; Hebrew : יְהוּדִים‎ ISO 259-3 Yhudim, Israeli pronunciation ), also known as the JEWISH PEOPLE, are an ethnoreligious group and nation originating from the Israelites , or Hebrews
Hebrews
, of the Ancient Near East . Jewish ethnicity , nationhood and religion are strongly interrelated, as Judaism is the traditional faith of the Jewish nation, while its observance varies from strict observance to complete nonobservance. Jews
Jews
originated as a national and religious group in the Middle East during the second millennium BCE, in the part of the Levant
Levant
known as the Land of Israel
Israel
. The Merneptah Stele appears to confirm the existence of a people of Israel
Israel
somewhere in Canaan
Canaan
as far back as the 13th century BCE (Late Bronze Age)
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Italian Language
ITALIAN ( italiano (help ·info ) or lingua italiana ) is a Romance language
Romance language
. By most measures, Italian, together with Sardinian, is the closest to Latin
Latin
of the Romance languages. Italian is an official language in Italy
Italy
, Switzerland
Switzerland
, San Marino , Vatican City and western Istria (in Slovenia
Slovenia
and Croatia
Croatia
). It used to have official status in Albania
Albania
, Malta
Malta
and Monaco
Monaco
, where it is still widely spoken, as well as in former Italian East Africa
Italian East Africa
and Italian North Africa regions where it plays a significant role in various sectors
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Islam
ISLAM (/ˈɪslɑːm/ ) is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion which professes that there is only one and incomparable God
God
( Allah ) and that Muhammad
Muhammad
is the last messenger of God. It is the world\'s second-largest religion and the fastest-growing major religion in the world , with over 1.8 billion followers or 24.1% of the global population, known as Muslims . Muslims make up a majority of the population in 49 countries. Islam
Islam
teaches that God
God
is merciful , all-powerful , unique , and has guided mankind through prophets , revealed scriptures and natural signs . The primary scriptures of Islam
Islam
are the Quran
Quran
, viewed by Muslims as the verbatim word of God, and the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah , composed of accounts called hadith ) of Muhammad
Muhammad
(c
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German Instrument Of Surrender
The GERMAN INSTRUMENT OF SURRENDER ended World War II in Europe . The definitive text was signed in Karlshorst , Berlin
Berlin
on the night of 8 May 1945 by representatives of the three armed services of the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht
Oberkommando der Wehrmacht
(OKW) and the Allied Expeditionary Force together with the Supreme High Command of the Red Army, with further French and US representatives signing as witnesses. An earlier version of the text had been signed in a ceremony in Reims
Reims
in the early hours of 7 May 1945. In the West, 8 May is known as Victory in Europe Day
Victory in Europe Day
, whereas in post-Soviet states the Victory Day is celebrated on 9 May, since the definitive signing occurred after midnight Moscow time. There were three language versions of the surrender document. The Russian and English versions were the only authoritative ones
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Roman Catholicism
CATHOLICISM (from Greek καθολικισμός, katholikismos, "universal doctrine") is a term which in its broadest sense refers to the beliefs and practices of Christian denominations that describe themselves as Catholic in accordance with the Four Marks of the Church , as expressed in the Nicene Creed
Creed
of the First Council of Constantinople in 381: " in one, holy, catholic, and apostolic Church. The most frequent use is to refer to the faith and practices of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
, consisting of the Latin Church and 23 Eastern Catholic Churches in full communion with the Pope
Pope
in Rome . However, the description "Catholic" is also used by other denominations such as the Eastern Orthodox Church , the Oriental Orthodox Church , the Assyrian Church of the East
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Croatian Language
CROATIAN /kroʊˈeɪʃən/ ( listen ) (hrvatski ) is the standardized variety of the Serbo-Croatian
Serbo-Croatian
language used by Croats , principally in Croatia
Croatia
, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
, the Serbian province of Vojvodina
Vojvodina
and other neighboring countries. It is the official and literary standard of Croatia
Croatia
and one of the official languages of the European Union
European Union
. Croatian is also one of the official languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina, a recognized minority language in Serbia, and neighboring countries. Standard Croatian is based on the most widespread dialect of Serbo-Croatian, Shtokavian
Shtokavian
, more specifically on Eastern Herzegovinian , which is also the basis of Standard Serbian , Bosnian , and Montenegrin
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Protectorate
A PROTECTORATE, in its inception adopted by modern international law , is a dependent territory that has been granted local autonomy and some independence while still retaining the suzerainty of a greater sovereign state . In exchange for this, the protectorate usually accepts specified obligations, which may vary greatly, depending on the real nature of their relationship. Therefore, a protectorate remains an autonomous par