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Impressionist
Impressionism
Impressionism
is a 19th-century art movement characterised by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time), ordinary subject matter, inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience, and unusual visual angles. Impressionism originated with a group of Paris-based artists whose independent exhibitions brought them to prominence during the 1870s and 1880s. The Impressionists faced harsh opposition from the conventional art community in France
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Jean-Léon Gérôme
Jean-Léon Gérôme
Jean-Léon Gérôme
(11 May 1824 – 10 January 1904) was a French painter and sculptor in the style now known as academicism. The range of his oeuvre included historical painting, Greek mythology, Orientalism, portraits, and other subjects, bringing the academic painting tradition to an artistic climax. He is considered one of the most important painters from this academic period. He was also a teacher with a long list of students.Contents1 Biography1.1 Early life 1.2 Important commissions 1.3 Orientalism 1.4 Atelier
Atelier
at Beaux-Arts 1.5 Honours 1.6 Death2 Sculpture 3 Gallery 4 See also 5 References and sources 6 External linksBiography[edit] Early life[edit]Birthplace of Jean-Léon Gérôme
Jean-Léon Gérôme
in Vesoul
Vesoul
(France). Jean-Léon Gérôme
Jean-Léon Gérôme
was born at Vesoul, Haute-Saône
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Café Guerbois
Café
Café
Guerbois, on Avenue de Clichy in Paris, was the site of late 19th-century discussions and planning amongst artists, writers and art lovers – the bohèmes (bohemians), in contrast to the bourgeois. Centered on Édouard Manet, the group gathered at the café usually on Sundays and Thursdays. Émile Zola, Frédéric Bazille, Louis Edmond Duranty, Henri Fantin-Latour, Edgar Degas, Claude Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
and Alfred Sisley
Alfred Sisley
regularly joined in the discussions.[1] Sometimes Paul Cézanne and Camille Pissarro
Camille Pissarro
also joined them. The group is sometimes called The Batignolles Group, and many of the members are associated with impressionism. Conversations there were often heated. On one evening in February 1870, things became so heated that Manet, insulted by a review that Duranty wrote, wounded Duranty in a duel
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Portrait
A portrait is a painting, photograph, sculpture, or other artistic representation of a person, in which the face and its expression is predominant. The intent is to display the likeness, personality, and even the mood of the person. For this reason, in photography a portrait is generally not a snapshot, but a composed image of a person in a still position. A portrait often shows a person looking directly at the painter or photographer, in order to most successfully engage the subject with the viewer.Contents1 History 2 Self-portraiture 3 Official portrait 4 Portrait
Portrait
photography 5 Politics 6 Literature 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksHistory[edit] Main article: Portrait
Portrait
paintingMoche ceramic portrait. Larco Museum
Larco Museum
Collection
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Alexandre Cabanel
Alexandre Cabanel
Alexandre Cabanel
(French: [kabanɛl]; 28 September 1823, Montpellier
Montpellier
– 23 January 1889) was a French painter. He painted historical, classical and religious subjects in the academic style. He was also well known as a portrait painter. According to Diccionario Enciclopedico Salvat, Cabanel is the best representative of the L'art pompier and Napoleon III's preferred painter.[1]Contents1 Life 2 Pupils 3 Selected works 4 Gallery 5 References 6 External linksLife[edit] Cabanel entered the École des Beaux-Arts
École des Beaux-Arts
in Paris
Paris
at the age of seventeen, and studied with François-Édouard Picot. He exhibited at the Paris
Paris
Salon for the first time in 1844, and won the Prix de Rome scholarship in 1845 at the age of 22.[2] Cabanel was elected a member of the Institute in 1863
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Winslow Homer
Winslow Homer
Winslow Homer
(February 24, 1836 – September 29, 1910) was an American landscape painter and printmaker, best known for his marine subjects. He is considered one of the foremost painters in 19th-century America and a preeminent figure in American art. Largely self-taught, Homer began his career working as a commercial illustrator.[1] He subsequently took up oil painting and produced major studio works characterized by the weight and density he exploited from the medium. He also worked extensively in watercolor, creating a fluid and prolific oeuvre, primarily chronicling his working vacations.[2][3]Contents1 Early life 2 Homer's studio 3 Early landscapes and watercolors 4 England 5 Maine and maturity 6 Influence 7 U.S
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Barbizon School
The Barbizon
Barbizon
school of painters were part of an art movement towards Realism in art, which arose in the context of the dominant Romantic Movement of the time. The Barbizon
Barbizon
school was active roughly from 1830 through 1870. It takes its name from the village of Barbizon, France, near the Forest of Fontainebleau, where many of the artists gathered. Some of the most prominent features of this school are its tonal qualities, color, loose brushwork, and softness of form.[1]Contents1 History 2 Influence in Europe 3 Gallery 4 Related artists 5 See also 6 References 7 Suggested sources 8 External linksHistory[edit] In 1824 the Salon de Paris exhibited works of John Constable, an English painter. His rural scenes influenced some of the younger artists of the time, moving them to abandon formalism and to draw inspiration directly from nature
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Visual Arts
The visual arts are art forms such as ceramics, drawing, painting, sculpture, printmaking, design, crafts, photography, video, filmmaking, and architecture. Many artistic disciplines (performing arts, conceptual art, textile arts) involve aspects of the visual arts as well as arts of other types. Also included within the visual arts[1] are the applied arts[2] such as industrial design, graphic design, fashion design, interior design and decorative art.[3] Current usage of the term "visual arts" includes fine art as well as the applied, decorative arts and crafts, but this was not always the case. Before the Arts and Crafts Movement
Arts and Crafts Movement
in Britain and elsewhere at the turn of the 20th century, the term 'artist' was often restricted to a person working in the fine arts (such as painting, sculpture, or printmaking) and not the handicraft, craft, or applied art media
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Le Charivari
Le Charivari
Le Charivari
was an illustrated magazine published in Paris, France, from 1832 to 1937. It published caricatures, political cartoons and reviews. After 1835, when the government banned political caricature, Le Charivari
Le Charivari
began publishing satires of everyday life.Contents1 History and profile 2 Selected contributing artists 3 Selected contributing writers 4 Illustrations in Le Charivari 5 References 6 External linksHistory and profile[edit] Le Charivari
Le Charivari
was started by caricaturist Charles Philipon
Charles Philipon
and his brother-in-law Gabriel Aubert to reduce their financial risk of censorship fines. They also had published the satirical, anti-monarchist, illustrated newspaper La Caricature, which had more pages and was printed on more expensive paper. In Le Charivari, they featured humorous content which was not so political
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Word Coinage
In linguistics, word formation is the creation of a new word. Word formation is sometimes contrasted with semantic change, which is a change in a single word's meaning. The boundary between word formation and semantic change can be difficult to define: a new use of an old word can be seen as a new word derived from an old one and identical to it in form
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Art Exhibition
An art exhibition is traditionally the space in which art objects (in the most general sense) meet an audience. The exhibit is universally understood to be for some temporary period unless, as is rarely true, it is stated to be a "permanent exhibition". In American English, they may be called "exhibit", "exposition" (the French word) or "show". In UK English, they are always called "exhibitions" or "shows", and an individual item in the show is an "exhibit". Such expositions may present pictures, drawings, video, sound, installation, performance, interactive art, new media art or sculptures by individual artists, groups of artists or collections of a specific form of art. The art works may be presented in museums, art halls, art clubs or private art galleries, or at some place the principal business of which is not the display or sale of art, such as a coffeehouse
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Composition (visual Arts)
In the visual arts, composition is the placement or arrangement of visual elements or 'ingredients' in a work of art, as distinct from the subject. It can also be thought of as the organization of the elements of art according to the principles of art. The composition of a picture is different from its subject, what is depicted, whether a moment from a story, a person or a place. Many subjects, for example Saint George and the Dragon, are often portrayed in art, but using a great range of compositions even though the two figures are typically the only ones shown. The term composition means 'putting together' and can apply to any work of art from music to writing to photography that is arranged using conscious thought. In the visual arts, composition is often used interchangeably with various terms such as design, form, visual ordering, or formal structure, depending on the context
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Art Movement
An art movement is a tendency or style in art with a specific common philosophy or goal, followed by a group of artists during a restricted period of time, (usually a few months, years or decades) or, at least, with the heyday of the movement defined within a number of years
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Napoleon III
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (born Charles-Louis Napoléon Bonaparte; 20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the President of France
President of France
from 1848 to 1852 and, as Napoleon
Napoleon
III, the Emperor of the French
Emperor of the French
from 1852 to 1870. He was the only president of the French Second Republic
French Second Republic
and the head of the Second French Empire. The nephew and heir of Napoleon
Napoleon
I, he was the first Head of State
Head of State
of France
France
to hold the title of President, the first elected by a direct popular vote, and the youngest until the election of Emmanuel Macron in 2017
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Le Déjeuner Sur L'herbe
Le Déjeuner sur l'herbe (English: The Luncheon on the Grass) – originally titled Le Bain (The Bath) – is a large oil on canvas painting by Édouard Manet
Édouard Manet
created in 1862 and 1863. It depicts a female nude and a scantily dressed female bather on a picnic with two fully dressed men in a rural setting
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Académie Des Beaux-Arts
The Académie des Beaux-Arts
Académie des Beaux-Arts
(French pronunciation: ​[lakadeˈmi de boˈzaʁ], Academy of Fine Arts) is a French learned society. It is one of the five academies of the Institut de France
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