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Imperial German Army
The Imperial German Army
German Army
(German: Deutsches Heer) was the name given to the combined land and air forces of the German Empire
German Empire
(excluding the Marine-Fliegerabteilung maritime aviation formations of the Kaiserliche Marine). The term Deutsches Heer is also used for the modern German Army, the land component of the Bundeswehr
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German Army (Wehrmacht)
6,550,000 (peak in 1943)Active: 4,250,000 Reserve: 2,300,00014,800,000 (total who served)[1]Part of Oberkommando des HeeresMotto(s) "Gott mit uns"Engagements Spanish Civil War World War IICommandersCommander-in-chief of the Army Adolf HitlerChief of the Armed Forces Wilhelm KeitelOther Commanders of the Army Ferdinand Schörner (30 April 1945 to 8 May 1945) Walther von Brauchitsch (4 February 1938 to 19 December 1941) Werner von Fritsch (Inception to 4 February 1938)InsigniaRanks and insignia Ranks and insignia of the Army Infantry
Infantry
u
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Constitution Of The German Empire
The Constitution of the German Empire
German Empire
(German: Verfassung des Deutschen Reiches) was the basic law of the German Empire
German Empire
of 1871-1918, from 16 April 1871, coming into effect on 4 May 1871.[1] German historians often refer to it as Bismarck's imperial constitution, in German the Bismarcksche Reichsverfassung (BRV). According to the constitution, the empire was a federation (federally organised national state) of 25 German states under the permanent presidency of Prussia, the largest and most powerful state. The presidency of the confederation (Bundespräsidium) was a hereditary office of the King of Prussia, who had the title of German Emperor. The Emperor appointed the Chancellor, the head of government and chairman of the Bundesrat, the council of representatives of the German states
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Federal Army (German Confederation)
The German Federal Army
German Federal Army
(German: Deutsches Bundesheer) was the military arm of the German Confederation
German Confederation
from 1815 to 1866 whose purpose was the defence of the Confederation against external enemies - primarily France, from where several wars of occupation had been launched in earlier times against the Holy Roman Empire, but also Russia
Russia
and its attempts at expansion in the cause of Pan-Slavism.[1] Cases of conflict between the federal allies, such as arose later during the Second Schleswig War
Second Schleswig War
(the Duke of Holstein was simultaneously the King of Kingdom of Denmark), were not anticipated or governed
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First Schleswig War
Danish victory London
London
Protocol Second Schleswig
Schleswig
War (1864)Territorial
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Second Schleswig War
 German Confederation Prussia  Austrian Empire DenmarkCommanders and leaders William I Otto von Bismarck Helmuth von Moltke Friedrich Graf von Wrangel Franz Joseph I Wilhelm von Tegetthoff Christian IX Ditlev Gothard Monrad Christian Albrecht Bluhme Christian Julius de Meza George Daniel GerlachStrengthAt the outbreak of war: 61,000 158 guns Later reinforcements: 20,000 64 guns[1] 38,000 100+ guns[1]Casualties and losses1,700+ killed, wounded, or captured 1,570+ killed, 700+ wounded, 3,550+ capturedv t eSecond Schleswig
Schleswig
WarMysunde Danevirke Sankelmark Jasmund Dybbøl Fredericia Heligoland Als LundbyThe Second Schleswig
Schleswig
War (Danish: 2. Slesvigske Krig, German: Deutsch-Dänischer Krieg) was the second military conflict over the Schleswig- Holstein
Holstein
Question of the nineteenth century
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Austrian Empire
The Austrian Empire
Empire
(Austrian German: Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling Kaisertum Österreich) was a Central European multinational great power from 1804 to 1919 (losing Hungary
Hungary
in 1867) created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs. During its existence, it was the third most populous empire after the Russian Empire
Empire
and France
France
in Europe. Along with Prussia, it was one of the two major powers of the German Confederation. Geographically, it was the second largest empire in Europe after the Russian Empire
Empire
(621,538 square kilometres [239,977 sq mi]). Proclaimed in response to the First French Empire, it overlapped with the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
until the latter's dissolution in 1806
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Kingdom Of Prussia
The Kingdom of Prussia
Prussia
(German: Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia
Prussia
between 1701 and 1918 and included parts of present-day Germany, Poland, Russia, Lithuania, Denmark, Belgium
Belgium
and the Czech Republic.[3] It was the driving force behind the unification of Germany
Germany
in 1871 and was the leading state of the German Empire
German Empire
until its dissolution in 1918.[3] Although it took its name from the region called Prussia, it was based in the Margraviate of Brandenburg, where its capital was Berlin. The kings of Prussia
Prussia
were from the House of Hohenzollern
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Austro-Prussian War
Prussian-led German Confederation
German Confederation
states Prussia Brunswick Mecklenburg-Schwerin Saxe-Coburg & Gotha Saxe-Altenburg Mecklenburg-Strelitz Oldenburg Anhalt Schwarzburg Waldeck Lippe Saxe-Lauenburg Lübeck Bremen Hamburg Italy Austrian-led German Confederation
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North German Confederation
The North German Confederation
Confederation
(German: Norddeutscher Bund)[1] was the German federal state which existed from July 1867 to December 1870. Some historians also use the name for the alliance of 22 German states formed on 18 August 1866 (Augustbündnis). In 1870–1871, the south German states of Baden, Hesse-Darmstadt, Württemberg
Württemberg
and Bavaria joined the country. On 1 January 1871, the country adopted a new constitution, which was written under the title of a new "German Confederation" but already gave it the name "German Empire" in the preamble and article 11. As the state system largely remained the same in the German Empire, the North German Confederation
Confederation
continues as the German nation state which still exists today.[2] The federal constitution established a constitutional monarchy with the Prussian king as the bearer of the Bundespräsidium, or head of state
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Kingdom Of Bavaria
The Kingdom of Bavaria
Bavaria
(German: Königreich Bayern; Austro-Bavarian: Kinereich Bayern) was a German state that succeeded the former Electorate of Bavaria
Electorate of Bavaria
in 1805 and continued to exist until 1918. The Bavarian Elector Maximilian IV Joseph of the House of Wittelsbach became the first King of Bavaria
King of Bavaria
in 1805 as Maximilian I Joseph. The crown would go on being held by the Wittelsbachs until the kingdom came to an end in 1918. Most of Bavaria's present-day borders were established after 1814 with the Treaty of Paris, in which Bavaria ceded Tyrol and Vorarlberg
Vorarlberg
to the Austrian Empire
Austrian Empire
while receiving Aschaffenburg
Aschaffenburg
and Würzburg
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Grand Duchy Of Baden
The Grand Duchy of Baden
Baden
(German: Großherzogtum Baden) was a state in the southwest German Empire
German Empire
on the east bank of the Rhine. It existed between 1806 and 1918.[1] It came into existence in the 12th century as the Margraviate
Margraviate
of Baden and subsequently split into different lines, which were unified in 1771. It then became the much-enlarged[1] Grand Duchy of Baden
Baden
through the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
in 1803–06 and was a sovereign country until it joined the German Empire
German Empire
in 1871, remaining a Grand Duchy until 1918 when it became part of the Weimar Republic
Weimar Republic
as the Republic of Baden
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North German Constitution
The North German Constitution
Constitution
was the constitution of the North German Confederation, which existed as a country from 1 July 1867 to 31 December 1870. The Constitution
Constitution
of the German Empire
German Empire
(1871) was closely based on it. A Konstituierender Reichstag was elected on 12 February 1867. Its only task was to discuss and adopt the proposal for a constitution, as presented by the allied governments. The proposal was essentially written by Otto von Bismarck, the Prussian minister-president and first and only Bundeskanzler (the sole minister) of the Confederation. The Konstituierender Reichstag was dominated by national liberals and moderate conservatives. According to the theory of the time, the highest organ of the country was the Bundesrat (Federal Council). It represented the governments of the North German states. Prussia had 17 of 43 votes in the council, giving it the right of veto
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Conscription
Military
Military
service National service Conscription
Conscription
crisis Conscientious objector Alternative civilian service Conscription
Conscription
by countryv t eConscription, sometimes called the draft, is the compulsory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service.[5] Conscription
Conscription
dates back to antiquity and continues in some countries to the present day under various names. The modern system of near-universal national conscription for young men dates to the French Revolution in the 1790s, where it became the basis of a very large and powerful military
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Bavarian Army
The Bavarian Army
Army
was the army of the Electorate (1682–1806) and then Kingdom (1806–1919) of Bavaria. It existed from 1682 as the standing army of Bavaria
Bavaria
until the merger of the military sovereignty (Wehrhoheit) of Bavaria
Bavaria
into that of the German State in 1919
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Royal Saxon Army
The Royal Saxon Army
Army
(German: Königlich Sächsische Armee) was the military force of the Electorate (1682—1807) and later the Kingdom of Saxony (1807—1918). A regular Saxon army was first established in 1682 and it continued to exist until the abolition of the German monarchies in 1918
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