HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1000] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

Immanuel Kant
IMMANUEL KANT (/kænt/ ; German: ; 22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher who is a central figure in modern philosophy . Kant argued that the human mind creates the structure of human experience, that reason is the source of morality , that aesthetics arises from a faculty of disinterested judgment , that space and time are forms of human sensibility, and that the world as it is "in-itself" is independent of man's concepts of it. Kant took himself to have effected a "Copernican revolution " in philosophy , akin to Copernicus ' reversal of the age-old belief that the sun revolved around the earth. His beliefs continue to have a major influence on contemporary philosophy, especially the fields of metaphysics , epistemology , ethics , political theory , and aesthetics . Politically, Kant was one of the earliest exponents of the idea that perpetual peace could be secured through universal democracy and international cooperation
[...More...]

"Immanuel Kant" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

PhD
A DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY (PHD, PH.D., or DPHIL; Latin _Philosophiae Doctor_) is a type of doctoral degree awarded by universities in many countries . Ph.D.s are awarded for programs across the whole breadth of academic fields. The completion of a Ph.D. is often a requirement for employment as a university professor , researcher , or scientist in many fields. Individuals who have earned a Doctor of Philosophy degree may, in most jurisdictions, use the title of "Doctor " (often abbreviated "Dr") or, in non-English speaking countries, variants such as "Dr. phil." with their name, and may use post-nominal letters such as "Ph.D.", "PhD" or "DPhil" (depending on the awarding institute). The requirements to earn a Ph.D. degree vary considerably according to the country, institution , and time period, from entry-level research degrees to higher doctorates
[...More...]

"PhD" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Cosmogony
COSMOGONY (or COSMOGENY) is any model concerning the origin of either the cosmos or universe . Developing a complete theoretical model has implications in both the philosophy of science and epistemology . CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Overview * 3 Compared with cosmology * 4 Theoretical scenarios * 5 See also * 6 References ETYMOLOGYThe word comes from the Koine Greek κοσμογονία (from κόσμος "cosmos , the world") and the root of γί(γ)νομαι / γέγονα ("come into a new state of being"). In astronomy , cosmogony refers to the study of the origin of particular astrophysical objects or systems, and is most commonly used in reference to the origin of the Universe, the Solar System, or the Earth–Moon system
[...More...]

"Cosmogony" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Bachelor Of Arts
A BACHELOR OF ARTS (B.A., or A.B. from the Latin _artium baccalaureus_ or _baccalaureus artium_) is a bachelor\'s degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts , sciences, or both. Bachelor of Arts programs generally take three to four years depending on the country, institution, and specific specializations, majors, or minors. The word _baccalaureus_ (from the Latin _bacca_, a berry, and _laureus_, "of the bay laurel ") should not be confused with _baccalaureatus_ (translatable as "gold-plated scepter" by using the Latina _bacum_ and _aureatus_), which refers to the one- to two-year postgraduate _Bachelor of Arts with Honors _ degree (_Baccalaureatus in Artibus Cum Honore_) in some countries
[...More...]

"Bachelor Of Arts" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Russia
Coordinates : 60°N 90°E / 60°N 90°E / 60; 90 Russian Federation Российская Федерация (Russian ) _Rossiyskaya Federatsiya_ Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: " "_Gosudarstvenny gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii _" (transliteration ) "State Anthem of the Russian Federation" Location of Russia (green) Russian-administered Crimea (disputed ; light green)a Capital and largest city Moscow 55°45′N 37°37′E / 55.750°N 37.617°E / 55.750; 37.617 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES Russian RECOGNISED NATIONA
[...More...]

"Russia" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Sextus Empiricus
SEXTUS EMPIRICUS (Greek : Σέξτος Ἐμπειρικός; c. 160 – c. 210 CE, n.b., dates uncertain), was a physician and philosopher , and has been variously reported to have lived in Alexandria
Alexandria
, Rome
Rome
, or Athens
Athens
. His philosophical work is the most complete surviving account of ancient Greek and Roman Pyrrhonism . In his medical work, as reflected by his name, tradition maintains that he belonged to the empiric school , in which Pyrrhonism was popular. However, at least twice in his writings, Sextus seems to place himself closer to the methodic school . He may be the same person as Sextus of Chaeronea
[...More...]

"Sextus Empiricus" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Kingdom Of Prussia
The KINGDOM OF PRUSSIA (German : _Königreich Preußen_) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918 and included parts of present-day Germany, Poland, Russia, Lithuania, Denmark, Belgium and the Czech Republic. It was the driving force behind the unification of Germany in 1871 and was the leading state of the German Empire until its dissolution in 1918. Although it took its name from the region called Prussia , it was based in the Margraviate of Brandenburg , where its capital was Berlin . The kings of Prussia were from the House of Hohenzollern . Prussia was a great power from the time it became a kingdom, through its predecessor, Brandenburg-Prussia , which became a military power under Frederick William , known as "The Great Elector"
[...More...]

"Kingdom Of Prussia" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Master Of Arts
A MASTER OF ARTS (Latin : _Magister Artium_; abbreviated M.A. or MA; also Latin : _Artium Magister_, abbreviated A.M. or AM) is a person who was admitted to a type of master\'s degree awarded by universities in many countries, and the degree is also named _Master of Arts_ in colloquial speech. The degree is usually contrasted with the Master of Science . Those admitted to the degree typically study linguistics , history , communication studies , diplomacy , public administration , political science , or other subjects within the scope of the humanities and social sciences ; however, different universities have different conventions and may also offer the degree for fields typically considered within the natural sciences and mathematics. The degree can be conferred in respect of completing courses and passing examinations, research, or a combination of the two
[...More...]

"Master Of Arts" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Practical Reason
PRACTICAL REASON, in philosophy , is the use of reason to decide how to act . It contrasts with theoretical reason, often called speculative reason , the use of reason to decide what to follow. For example, agents use practical reason to decide whether to build a telescope but theoretical reason to decide which of two theories of light and optics is the best. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 In argumentation * 2.1 Argumentation scheme for instrumental practical reasoning * 2.2 Argumentation scheme for value-based practical reasoning * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Sources * 6 External links OVERVIEW Practical reason is understood by most philosophers as determining a plan of action
[...More...]

"Practical Reason" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Subjective Idealism
SUBJECTIVE IDEALISM, or EMPIRICAL IDEALISM, is the monistic metaphysical doctrine that only minds and mental contents exist. It entails and is generally identified or associated with immaterialism, the doctrine that material things do not exist. Subjective idealism rejects dualism , neutral monism , and materialism ; indeed, it is the contrary of eliminative materialism , the doctrine that only material things, and no mental things, exist. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 History * 3 In fiction * 4 See also OVERVIEW Subjective idealism
Subjective idealism
is a fusion of phenomenalism or empiricism, which confers special status upon the immediately perceived, with idealism , which confers special status upon the mental. Idealism
Idealism
denies the knowability or existence of the non-mental, while phenomenalism serves to restrict the mental to the empirical
[...More...]

"Subjective Idealism" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Alexander Baumgarten
ALEXANDER GOTTLIEB BAUMGARTEN (17 July 1714 – 27 May 1762) was a German philosopher . He was a brother to theologian Siegmund Jakob Baumgarten (1706–1757). CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Views on aesthetics * 3 Reception * 4 Metaphysics * 5 Works * 6 English translations * 7 Notes * 8 References * 9 Further reading * 10 External links BIOGRAPHYBaumgarten was born in Berlin
Berlin
as the fifth of seven sons of the pietist pastor of the garrison , Jacob Baumgarten, and of his wife Rosina Elisabeth. Both his parents died early, and he was taught by Martin Georg Christgau where he learned Hebrew
Hebrew
and became interested in Latin
Latin
poetry . While the meanings of words often change as a result of cultural developments, Baumgarten's reappraisal of aesthetics is often seen as a key moment in the development of aesthetic philosophy
[...More...]

"Alexander Baumgarten" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Abstract And Concrete
ABSTRACT and CONCRETE (German : abstrakt; konkret) are classifications that denote whether a term describes an object with a physical referent or one with no physical referents. They are most commonly used in philosophy and semantics . Abstract objects are sometimes called ABSTRACTA (sing. ABSTRACTUM) and concrete objects are sometimes called CONCRETA (sing. CONCRETUM). An ABSTRACT OBJECT is an object which does not exist at any particular time or place, but rather exists as a type of thing, i.e., an idea , or abstraction . The term 'abstract object' is said to have been coined by Willard Van Orman Quine . The study of abstract objects is called abstract object theory . CONTENTS* 1 In philosophy * 1.1 Abstract objects and causality * 2 Concrete and abstract thinking * 3 Quasi-abstract entities * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links IN PHILOSOPHYThe type–token distinction identifies physical objects that are tokens of a particular type of thing
[...More...]

"Abstract And Concrete" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Nebular Hypothesis
The NEBULAR HYPOTHESIS is the most widely accepted model in the field of cosmogony to explain the formation and evolution of the Solar System (as well as other planetary systems ). It suggests that the Solar System
Solar System
formed from nebulous material. The theory was developed by Immanuel Kant
Immanuel Kant
and published in his Allgemeine Naturgeschichte und Theorie des Himmels ("Universal Natural History and Theory of the Heavens"), published in 1755. Originally applied to the Solar System
Solar System
, the process of planetary system formation is now thought to be at work throughout the Universe
Universe
. The widely accepted modern variant of the nebular hypothesis is the SOL