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Il Canto Degli Italiani
"Il Canto degli Italiani" ([il ˈkanto deʎʎ itaˈljaːni],[1] "The Song / Chant of the Italians") is the national anthem of Italy. It is best known among Italians
Italians
as "Inno di Mameli" ([ˈinno di maˈmɛːli], "Mameli's Hymn"), after the author of the lyrics, or "Fratelli d'Italia" ([fraˈtɛlli diˈtaːlja], "Brothers of Italy"), from its opening line
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Bersaglieri
The Bersaglieri
Bersaglieri
(Italian pronunciation: [bersaʎˈʎɛːri]) (Marksmen in English) are a corps of the Italian Army
Italian Army
originally created by General Alessandro La Marmora
Alessandro La Marmora
on 18 June 1836 to serve in the Army of the Kingdom of Sardinia, later to become the Royal Italian Army. They have always been a high-mobility light infantry unit, and can still be recognized by the distinctive wide brimmed hat that they wear (only in dress uniform in modern times), decorated with black capercaillie feathers. The feathers are usually applied to their combat helmets
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Charles Albert Of Sardinia
Charles Albert (Italian: Carlo Alberto I; 2 October 1798 – 28 July 1849) was the King of Sardinia
King of Sardinia
from 27 April 1831 to 23 March 1849. His name is bound up with the first Italian constitution, the Albertine Statute, and with the First Italian War of Independence (1848–1849). During the Napoleonic period, he resided in France, where he received a liberal education. As Prince of Carignano
Prince of Carignano
in 1821, he granted and then withdrew his support for a rebellion which sought to force Victor Emmanuel I to institute a constitutional monarchy. He became a conservative and participated in the legitimist expedition against the Spanish liberals in 1823. He became king of Sardinia
Sardinia
in 1831 on the death of his distant cousin Charles Felix, who had no heir
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Fascism
Fascism
Fascism
(/ˈfæʃɪzəm/) is a form of radical authoritarian nationalism,[1][2] characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and control of industry and commerce,[3] which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.[4] The first fascist movements emerged in Italy during World War I
World War I
before it spread to other European countries.[4] Opposed to liberalism, Marxism
Marxism
and anarchism, fascism is usually placed on the far-right within the traditional left–right spectrum.[5][6][7][4][8][9] Fascists saw World War I
World War I
as a revolution that brought massive changes to the nature of war, society, the state and technology. The advent of total war and the total mass mobilization of society had broken down the distinction between civilians and combatants
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International Exhibition (1862)
The International of 1862, or Great London Exposition, was a world's fair. It was held from 1 May to 1 November 1862, beside the gardens of the Royal Horticultural Society, South Kensington, London, England, on a site that now houses museums including the Natural History Museum and the Science Museum (London).Contents1 Organisation 2 Exhibitions 3 Music 4 Accident 5 Gallery 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External linksOrganisation[edit] The exposition was sponsored by the Royal Society of Arts, Manufactures and Trade, and featured over 28,000 exhibitors from 36 countries, representing a wide range of industry, technology, and the arts. William Sterndale Bennett composed music for the opening ceremony.[1] All told, it attracted about 6.1 million visitors. Receipts (£459,632) were slightly above cost (£458,842), leaving a total profit of £790. It was held in South Kensington, London, on a site now occupied by the Natural History Museum
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Armistice Of Cassibile
The Armistice
Armistice
of Cassibile[1] was an armistice signed on 3 September 1943 by Walter Bedell Smith
Walter Bedell Smith
and Giuseppe Castellano, and made public on 8 September, between the Kingdom of Italy
Kingdom of Italy
and the Allies of World War II. It was signed at a conference of generals from both sides in an Allied military camp at Cassibile in Sicily, which had recently been occupied by the Allies. The armistice was approved by both King Victor Emmanuel III and Italian Prime Minister Pietro Badoglio. The armistice stipulated the surrender of Italy
Italy
to the Allies. After its publication, Germany
Germany
retaliated against Italy, attacking Italian forces in Italy, South of France and the Balkans
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Giuseppe Verdi
Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi (Italian: [dʒuˈzɛppe ˈverdi]; 9 or 10 October 1813 – 27 January 1901) was an Italian opera composer. Verdi was born near Busseto
Busseto
to a provincial family of moderate means, and developed a musical education with the help of a local patron. Verdi came to dominate the Italian opera scene after the era of Vincenzo Bellini, Gaetano Donizetti, and Gioachino Rossini, whose works significantly influenced him. By his 30s, he had become one of the pre-eminent opera composers in history. In his early operas, Verdi demonstrated a sympathy with the Risorgimento
Risorgimento
movement which sought the unification of Italy. He also participated briefly as an elected politician
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Bourbons
Bourbons of SpainHouse of Bourbon-Two Sicilies House of Bourbon-ParmaHouse of OrléansHouse of Orléans-Braganza House of Orléans-GallieraHouse of Condé (extinct)House of Conti House of SoissonsThe House of Bourbon
House of Bourbon
(English: /ˈbɔːrbən/; French: [buʁbɔ̃]) is a European royal house of French origin, a branch of the Capetian dynasty. Bourbonic kings first ruled France and Navarre
Navarre
in the 16th century. By the 18th century, members of the Spanish Bourbon dynasty held thrones in Spain, Naples, Sicily, and Parma
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Giuseppe Garibaldi
Giuseppe Garibaldi
Giuseppe Garibaldi
(Italian: [dʒuˈzɛppe ɡariˈbaldi]); 4 July 1807 in Nice
Nice
– 2 June 1882 on Caprera) was an Italian general, politician and nationalist.[1] He is considered one of the greatest generals of modern times[5] and one of Italy's "fathers of the fatherland" along with Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, Victor Emmanuel II of Italy
Italy
and Giuseppe Mazzini. Garibaldi has been called the "Hero of the Two Worlds" because of his military enterprises in Brazil, Uruguay
Uruguay
and Europe. He personally commanded and fought in many military campaigns that led eventually to the Italian unification
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Austrian Empire
The Austrian Empire
Empire
(Austrian German: Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling Kaisertum Österreich) was a Central European multinational great power from 1804 to 1919 (losing Hungary
Hungary
in 1867) created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs. During its existence, it was the third most populous empire after the Russian Empire
Empire
and France
France
in Europe. Along with Prussia, it was one of the two major powers of the German Confederation. Geographically, it was the second largest empire in Europe after the Russian Empire
Empire
(621,538 square kilometres [239,977 sq mi]). Proclaimed in response to the First French Empire, it overlapped with the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
until the latter's dissolution in 1806
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Five Days Of Milan
The Five Days of Milan
Milan
(Italian: Cinque giornate di Milano, Italian pronunciation: ['t͡ʃiŋkwe d͡ʒor'naːte di mi'laːno]) were a major event in the Revolutionary Year of 1848 and the start of the First Italian War of Independence
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Italian Social Republic
The Italian Social Republic
Republic
(Italian: Repubblica Sociale Italiana, pronunciation: [reˈpubblika soˈt͡ʃale itaˈljana]; RSI), informally known as the Republic
Republic
of
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Gazzetta Ufficiale
The Gazzetta Ufficiale della Repubblica Italiana (Italian, trans. Official Gazette of the Italian Republic) is the official journal of record of the Italian government
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Republic
A republic (Latin: res publica) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers. The primary positions of power within a republic are not inherited. It is a form of government under which the head of state is not a monarch.[1][2][3] In American English, the definition of a republic refers specifically to a form of government in which elected individuals represent the citizen body[2] and exercise power according to the rule of law under a constitution, including separation of powers with an elected head of state, referred to as a constitutional republic[4][5][6][7] or representative democracy. [8] As of 2017[update], 159 of the world's 206 sovereign states use the word "republic" as part of their official names – not all of these are republics in the sense of having elected governments, nor is the word "republic" used in the names of all nations with elected governments
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Capture Of Rome
Italian victoryEnd of the Papal States End of the RisorgimentoTerritorial changes Rome
Rome
and Latium annexed to the Kingdom of ItalyBelligerents Kingdom of Italy  Papal StatesCommanders and leaders Victor Emmanuel II Raffaele Cadorna Pope Pius IX Hermann KanzlerStrength50,000 13,157Casualties and losses49 killed 19 killedThe capture of Rome
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Second World War
Allied victoryCollapse of Nazi Germany Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires Dissolution of the League of Nations Creation of the United Nations Emergence of the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
as superpowers Beginning of the Cold War
Cold War
(more...)ParticipantsAllied Powers Axis PowersCommanders and leadersMain Allied leaders Joseph Stalin Franklin D
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