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Idrisid Dynasty
The Idrisids (Arabic: الأدارسة‎ al-Adārisah) were an Arab-Berber[1][2] Zaydi-Shia[3] dynasty of Morocco,[4] ruling from 788 to 974. Named after the founder Idriss I, the great grandchild of Hasan ibn Ali, the Idrisids are considered to be the founders of the first Moroccan state.[5][6]Contents1 History 2 The dynasty2.1 Rulers 2.2 Timeline 2.3 Offshoots3 See also 4 Notes and references 5 Sources 6 External linksHistory[edit] The founder of the dynasty was Idris ibn Abdallah
Idris ibn Abdallah
(788–791),[7] who traced his ancestry back to Ali ibn Abi Talib[7] and his wife Fatimah, daughter of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. After the Battle of Fakhkh, near Mecca, between the Abbasids
Abbasids
and a Shiite party, Idris ibn Abdallah fled to the Maghreb
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Idrisid Emirate Of Asir
The Idrisid Emirate
Emirate
of Asir was a short-lived state located on the Arabian Peninsula. The Emirate
Emirate
was located in the geographical region of Jizan
Jizan
in what is now southwestern Saudi Arabia. The authority of the Emir was restricted to a strip of the Tihamah
Tihamah
some 80 mi (129 km) long and extending about 40 mi (64 km) inland to the scarp of highland Asir, with Sabya
Sabya
as capital and Jizan
Jizan
and Midi as ports.[1] The Emirate
Emirate
was established by Muhammad ibn Ali al-Idrisi in rebellion against the Ottoman Empire. It gained the support of Great Britain during the First World War,[2] and flourished until the death of Sayyid Muhammad in 1920
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Khariji
PoliticalHizb ut-Tahrir Iranian Revolution Jamaat-e-Islami Millî Görüş Muslim Brotherhood List of Islamic political partiesMilitantMilitant Islamism
Islamism
based inMENA region South Asia Southeast Asia Sub-Saharan AfricaKey textsReconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam (Iqbal 1930s)Principles of State and Government (Asad 1961)Ma'alim fi al-Tariq ("Milestones") (Qutb 1965)Islamic Government: Governance of the Jurist ("Velayat-e faqih") (Khomeini 1970)Heads of state
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Fatimah
Ibrahim (brother)[7]  Part of a series on Shia
Shia
IslamBeliefs and practicesMonotheism Holy Books Prophethood Succession to Muhammad Imamate Angels Judgment Day Mourning of Muharram Intercession Clergy The Four Companions Arba'een
Arba'een
PilgrimageHoly d
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Battle Of Fakhkh
A battle is a combat in warfare between two or more armed forces, or combatants. A war sometimes consists of many battles. Battles generally are well defined in duration, area, and force commitment.[1] A battle with only limited engagement between the forces and without decisive results is sometimes called a skirmish. Wars and military campaigns are guided by strategy, whereas battles take place on a level of planning and execution known as operational mobility.[2] German strategist Carl von Clausewitz
Carl von Clausewitz
stated that "the employment of battles ..
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Mecca
Mecca
Mecca
(/ˈmɛkə/) or Makkah (Arabic: مكة‎[1] Makkah (Hejazi pronunciation: [ˈmakːa,ˈmäkːä]) is a city in the Hejazi region of the Arabian Peninsula, and the plain of Tihamah
Tihamah
in Saudi Arabia, and is also the capital and administrative headquarters of the Makkah Region.[8] The city is located 70 km (43 mi) inland from Jeddah
Jeddah
in a narrow valley at a height of 277 m (909 ft) above sea level, and 340 kilometres (210 mi) south of Medina
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Tangier
Tangier
Tangier
(/tænˈdʒɪər/; Arabic: طَنجة‎ Ṭanjah; Berber: ⵟⴰⵏⴵⴰ Ṭanja; old Berber name: ⵜⵉⵏⴳⵉ Tingi; adapted to Latin: Tingis; French: Tanger; Spanish: Tánger; also called Tangiers in English) is a major city in northwestern Morocco. It is located on the Maghreb
Maghreb
coast at the western entrance to the Strait of Gibraltar, where the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
meets the Atlantic Ocean off Cape Spartel. The town is the capital of the Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima
Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima
region, as well as the Tangier-Assilah prefecture of Morocco. Many civilisations and cultures have impacted the history of Tangier starting from before the 5th century BC
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Imam
Imam
Imam
(/ɪˈmɑːm/; Arabic: إمام‎ imām; plural: أئمة aʼimmah) is an Islamic leadership position. It is most commonly used as the title of a worship leader of a mosque and Muslim
Muslim
community among Sunni
Sunni
Muslims
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Tlemcen
Coordinates: (900000) 34°52′58″N 1°19′00″W / 34.8827758°N 1.3166696°W / 34.8827758; -1.3166696Tlemcen تلمسان ⵜⵍⴻⵎⵙⴰⵏCityClockwise from top: Mansourah Mosque, Great Mosque
Mosque
of Tlemcen, Mechouar Palace, Renaissance Hotel, Centre d'études andalousesLocation of Tlemcen
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Kusayla
Caecilius (Berber: ⴰⴾⵙⵉⵍ, Aksil or Aksel, Latin: Caecilius, Arabic: Kusaila[1]), his name means "leopard" in the Berber language, died in the year 690 AD fighting Muslim invaders, was a 7th-century Berber Christian king of the kingdom of Altava and leader of the Awraba tribe of the Imazighen
Imazighen
and possibly Christian King of the Sanhadja
Sanhadja
confederation
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Sous
The Sous region (also spelt Sus, Suss, Souss or Sousse) (Berber: ⵙⵓⵙ, Sus) is a region in mid-southern Morocco. Geologically, it is the alluvial basin of the Sous River (Asif en Sus), separated from the Sahara desert by the Anti-Atlas Mountains.[1] The natural vegetation in the Sus region is savanna dominated by the Argan (Argania spinosa), a local endemic tree found nowhere else;[2] part of the area is now a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve to protect this unique habitat.[3] The region of Sus is generally fertile and has a high agricultural production.Contents1 History 2 Population 3 Bibliography 4 References 5 External linksHistory[edit] A well irrigated area, this has been one of Morocco's most fertile regions for centuries, known since at least the eleventh century for its cultivation and export of olive and sugar
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Hasan Ibn Ali
Al-Ḥasan ibn ‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib Arabic: الحسن ابن علي ابن أبي طالب‎Tribe Quraysh
Quraysh
(Banu Hashim)Father AliMother FatimahReligion IslamAl-Ḥasan ibn Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib (Arabic: الحسن ابن علي ابن أبي طالب‎‎, 624–670 CE), commonly known as Hasan or Hassan, is the eldest son of Muhammad's daughter Fatimah
Fatimah
and of Ali, and the older brother to Husayn. Muslims
Muslims
respect him as a grandson of the Islamic Prophet
Prophet
Muhammad. Among Shia Muslims, Hasan is revered as the 2nd Imam
Imam
by Twelvers
Twelvers
and Zaydis, and as the 1st Imam
Imam
by Musta'li
Musta'li
Isma'ilis
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Nekor
Nekor (Berber language: N'kor) is a historic site in the Taza-Al Hoceima-Taounate region in Rif, northern Morocco, near modern-day village originally named Boukidan. After the Islamic conquests
Islamic conquests
in the 7th century, it was renamed Bni Bouayach. It was the capital of the medieval Kingdom of Nekor, and was founded by Emir Idris ibn Salih
Idris ibn Salih
between 749 and 761 AD, and became the capital in the reign of his son Sa'id I ibn Idris (the capital having previously been Temsaman.) It was sacked by the Vikings
Vikings
sometime between 859 and 862 AD. It was destroyed by the Almoravid
Almoravid
Yusuf ibn Tashfin
Yusuf ibn Tashfin
in 1080 during his conquest of the Rif
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Muhammad Ibn Idris
Muhammad[n 1] (Arabic: محمد‎; pronounced [muħammad];[n 2] French: Mahomet /məˈhɒmɪt/; Latinized as Mahometus c. 570 CE – 8 June 632 CE)[1] was the founder of Islam.[2][3] According to Islamic doctrine, he was a prophet and God's messenger, sent to present and confirm the monotheistic teachings preached previously by Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets.[3][4][5][6] He is viewed as the final prophet of God in all the main branches of Islam, though some modern denominations diverge from this belief.[n 3] Muhammad united Arabia into a single Muslim polity and his teachings, practices, and the Quran form the basis of Islamic religious belief. Born in approximately 570 CE (Year of the Elephant) in the Arabian city of Mecca, Muhammad was orphaned at an early age; he was raised under the care of his paternal uncle Abu Talib and Abu Talib's wife Fatimah bint Asad.[7] Periodically, he would seclude himself in a mountain cave named Hira for several nights o
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Islam
Islam
Islam
(/ˈɪslɑːm/)[note 1] is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God
God
(Allah)[1] and that Muhammad
Muhammad
is the messenger of God.[2][3] It is the world's second-largest religion[4] and the fastest-growing major religion in the world,[5][6][7] with over 1.8 billion followers or 24.1% of the global population,[8] known as Muslims.[9] Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries.[4] Islam
Islam
teaches that God
God
is merciful, all-powerful, unique[10] and has guided mankind through prophets, revealed scriptures and natural signs.[3][11] The primary scriptures of Islam
Islam
are the Quran, viewed by Muslims as the verbatim word of God, and the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad
Muhammad
(c
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Arabic Culture
StylesArchitecture of ancient Yemen Nabataean architecture Umayyad architecture Abbasid architecture Fatimid architecture Moorish architecture Mamluk architectureFeaturesAblaq Hypostyle Mashrabiya Iwan Liwan Riwaq Qadad Moroccan riad Sahn Tadelakt Vaulting Voussoir Multifoil arch Horseshoe arch Arabic dome Alfiz Arabesque Banna'i Girih Islamic calligraphy Islamic geometric patterns Islamic interlace patterns Mocárabe Muqarnas Nagash painting Socarrat Yeseria Zellige Reflecting pool Howz Mosaic Windcatcher GardensTypesMadrasa Maqam Mazar Mosque Tekyeh Zawiya Sebil Shadirvan Bazaar Caravanserai Dar al-Shifa Kasbah Medina quarter Souq Hammam Well house Albarrana tower Alcazaba Alcázar Bab Qalat RibatartStylesArt of ancient Yemen Nabataean art Umayyad art Abbasid art Moorish art Fatimid art Mamluk artTypesArabic calligraphy Arabic miniature Arabic pottery Arabic embroidery Arabic hardstone carving Arabic ivory carving
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