HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1000] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

picture info

Id You Know
KNOWLEDGE is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such as facts , information , descriptions , or skills , which is acquired through experience or education by perceiving , discovering , or learning . Knowledge
Knowledge
can refer to a theoretical or practical understanding of a subject. It can be implicit (as with practical skill or expertise) or explicit (as with the theoretical understanding of a subject); it can be more or less formal or systematic. In philosophy , the study of knowledge is called epistemology ; the philosopher Plato
Plato
famously defined knowledge as "justified true belief ", though this definition is now thought by some analytic philosophers to be problematic because of the Gettier problems while others defend the platonic definition. However, several definitions of knowledge and theories to explain it exist
[...More...]

"Id You Know" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Fact
A FACT is something that is postulated to have occurred or to be correct. The usual test for a statement of fact is verifiability —that is, whether it can be demonstrated to correspond to experience . Standard reference works are often used to check facts. Scientific facts are verified by repeatable careful observation or measurement (by experiments or other means). CONTENTS * 1 Etymology and usage * 2 In philosophy * 2.1 Correspondence and the slingshot argument * 2.2 Compound facts * 2.3 Fact–value distinction * 2.4 Factual–counterfactual distinction * 3 In science * 3.1 The scientific method * 4 In history * 5 In law * 5.1 Legal pleadings * 5.2 Submissions by _Amicus Curiae_ * 6 See also * 7 Reference ETYMOLOGY AND USAGEThe word FACT derives from the Latin _factum_, and was first used in English with the same meaning: _a thing done or performed_, a meaning now obsolete
[...More...]

"Fact" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Information
INFORMATION is that which informs. In other words, it is the answer to a question of some kind. It is thus related to data and knowledge , as data represents values attributed to parameters, and knowledge signifies understanding of real things or abstract concepts. As it regards data, the information's existence is not necessarily coupled to an observer (it exists beyond an event horizon , for example), while in the case of knowledge, the information requires a cognitive observer . At its most fundamental level, information is any propagation of cause and effect within a system. Information is conveyed either as the content of a message or through direct or indirect observation of anything.That which is perceived can be construed as a message in its own right, and in that sense, information is always conveyed as the content of a message
[...More...]

"Information" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Description
DESCRIPTION is the pattern of development that presents a word picture of a thing, a person, a situation, or a series of events. It is one of four rhetorical modes (also known as modes of discourse), along with exposition , argumentation , and narration . Each of the rhetorical modes is present in a variety of forms and each has its own purpose and conventions . The act of description may be related to that of definition . Description is also the fiction-writing mode for transmitting a mental image of the particulars of a story . CONTENTS * 1 As a fiction-writing mode * 2 Purple prose * 3 Philosophy * 4 Physics * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 References * 8 External links AS A FICTION-WRITING MODE Fiction
Fiction
is a form of narrative , one of the four rhetorical modes of discourse. Fiction-writing also has modes: action , exposition, description, dialogue , summary, and transition
[...More...]

"Description" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Skills
A SKILL is the ability to carry out a task with pre-determined results often within a given amount of time , energy , or both. Skills can often be divided into domain general and domain-specific skills. For example, in the domain of work, some general skills would include time management , teamwork and leadership , self -motivation and others, whereas domain-specific skills would be useful only for a certain job . Skill usually requires certain environmental stimuli and situations to assess the level of skill being shown and used. People need a broad range of skills in order to contribute to a modern economy . A joint ASTD and U.S. Department of Labor study showed that through technology , the workplace is changing, and identified 16 basic skills that employees must have to be able to change with it
[...More...]

"Skills" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Experience
EXPERIENCE is the mastery of an event or subject gained through involvement in or exposure to it. Terms in philosophy such as "empirical knowledge " or "_a posteriori_ knowledge" are used to refer to knowledge based on experience. A person with considerable experience in a specific field can gain a reputation as an expert . The concept of experience generally refers to know-how or procedural knowledge , rather than propositional knowledge : on-the-job training rather than book-learning. The interrogation of experience has a long term tradition in continental philosophy. Experience plays an important role in the philosophy of Søren Kierkegaard . The German term _Erfahrung_, often translated into English as "experience", has a slightly different implication, connoting the coherency of life 's experiences
[...More...]

"Experience" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Education
EDUCATION is the process of facilitating learning , or the acquisition of knowledge , skills , values , beliefs , and habits . Educational methods include storytelling , discussion , teaching , training , and directed research . Education frequently takes place under the guidance of educators, but learners may also educate themselves . Education can take place in formal or informal settings and any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational. The methodology of teaching is called pedagogy . Education is commonly divided formally into such stages as preschool or kindergarten , primary school , secondary school and then college , university , or apprenticeship . A right to education has been recognized by some governments and the United Nations . In most regions, education is compulsory up to a certain age
[...More...]

"Education" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Perception
PERCEPTION (from the Latin
Latin
_perceptio_) is the organization, identification, and interpretation of sensory information in order to represent and understand the environment. All perception involves signals in the nervous system , which in turn result from physical or chemical stimulation of the sense organs. For example, vision involves light striking the retina of the eye, smell is mediated by odor molecules , and hearing involves pressure waves . Perception
Perception
is not the passive receipt of these signals, but is shaped by learning , memory , expectation , and attention . Perception
Perception
can be split into two processes. Firstly, processing sensory input, which transforms these low-level information to higher-level information (e.g., extracts shapes for object recognition)
[...More...]

"Perception" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Discovery (observation)
DISCOVERY is the act of detecting something new, or something "old" that had been unrecognized as meaningful. With reference to sciences and academic disciplines , discovery is the observation of new phenomena, new actions, or new events and providing new reasoning to explain the knowledge gathered through such observations with previously acquired knowledge from abstract thought and everyday experiences. A discovery may sometimes be based on earlier discoveries, collaborations, or ideas. Some discoveries represent a radical breakthrough in knowledge or technology. CONTENTS* 1 Description * 1.1 Within science * 2 Exploration
Exploration
* 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links DESCRIPTIONNew discoveries are acquired through various senses and are usually assimilated, merging with pre-existing knowledge and actions . Questioning is a major form of human thought and interpersonal communication, and plays a key role in discovery
[...More...]

"Discovery (observation)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Learning
LEARNING is the act of acquiring new or modifying and reinforcing existing knowledge , behaviors , skills , values , or preferences which may lead to a potential change in synthesizing information, depth of the knowledge, attitude or behavior relative to the type and range of experience. The ability to learn is possessed by humans, animals, plants and some machines . Progress over time tends to follow a learning curve . Learning
Learning
does not happen all at once, but it builds upon and is shaped by previous knowledge. To that end, learning may be viewed as a process, rather than a collection of factual and procedural knowledge. Learning
Learning
produces changes in the organism and the changes produced are relatively permanent. Human learning may occur as part of education , personal development , schooling, or training . It may be goal-oriented and may be aided by motivation
[...More...]

"Learning" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Theoretical
Related concepts and fundamentals: * Agnosticism
Agnosticism
* Epistemology
Epistemology
* Presupposition * Probability
Probability
* v * t * e A THEORY is a contemplative and rational type of abstract or generalizing thinking, or the results of such thinking. Depending on the context, the results might, for example, include generalized explanations of how nature works. The word has its roots in ancient Greek , but in modern use it has taken on several different related meanings. Theories guide the enterprise of finding facts rather than of reaching goals, and are neutral concerning alternatives among values. :131 A theory can be a body of knowledge , which may or may not be associated with particular explanatory models. To theorize is to develop this body of knowledge
[...More...]

"Theoretical" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Practical
PRAGMATISM is a philosophical tradition that began in the United States around 1870. Its origins are often attributed to the philosophers William James
William James
, John Dewey
John Dewey
, and Charles Sanders Peirce
Charles Sanders Peirce
. Peirce later described it in his pragmatic maxim : "Consider the practical effects of the objects of your conception. Then, your conception of those effects is the whole of your conception of the object." Pragmatism considers thought an instrument or tool for prediction, problem solving and action, and rejects the idea that the function of thought is to describe, represent, or mirror reality. Pragmatists contend that most philosophical topics—such as the nature of knowledge, language, concepts, meaning, belief, and science—are all best viewed in terms of their practical uses and successes
[...More...]

"Practical" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Philosophy
PHILOSOPHY (from Greek φιλοσοφία, _philosophia_, literally "love of wisdom" ) is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence , knowledge , values , reason , mind , and language . The term was probably coined by Pythagoras (c. 570–495 BCE). Philosophical methods include questioning , critical discussion , rational argument and systematic presentation. Classic philosophical questions include: Is it possible to know anything and to prove it? What is most real ? However, philosophers might also pose more practical and concrete questions such as: Is there a best way to live? Is it better to be just or unjust (if one can get away with it)? Do humans have free will ? Historically, "philosophy" encompassed any body of knowledge. From the time of Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle to the 19th century, "natural philosophy " encompassed astronomy , medicine and physics
[...More...]

"Philosophy" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Epistemology
Related concepts and fundamentals: * Agnosticism * Epistemology * Presupposition * Probability
Probability
* v * t * e EPISTEMOLOGY (/ᵻˌpɪstᵻˈmɒlədʒi/ (_ listen ); from Greek ἐπιστήμη, epistēmē_, meaning 'knowledge', and λόγος_, logos _, meaning 'logical discourse') is the branch of philosophy concerned with the theory of knowledge . Epistemology
Epistemology
studies the nature of knowledge, justification, and the rationality of belief. Much of the debate in epistemology centers on four areas: (1) the philosophical analysis of the nature of knowledge and how it relates to such concepts as truth , belief , and justification , (2) various problems of skepticism , (3) the sources and scope of knowledge and justified belief, and (4) the criteria for knowledge and justification. The term 'Epistemology' was first used by Scottish philosopher James Frederick Ferrier in 1854
[...More...]

"Epistemology" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Plato
PLATO (/ˈpleɪtoʊ/ ; Greek : Πλάτων _Plátōn_, pronounced in Classical Attic ; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens , the first institution of higher learning in the Western world . He is widely considered the most pivotal figure in the development of philosophy, especially the Western tradition . Unlike nearly all of his philosophical contemporaries , Plato's entire work is believed to have survived intact for over 2,400 years. Others believe that the oldest extant manuscript dates to around AD 895, 1100 years after Plato's death. This makes it difficult to know exactly what Plato wrote. Along with his teacher, Socrates , and his most famous student, Aristotle , Plato laid the very foundations of Western philosophy and science
[...More...]

"Plato" on:
Wikipedia