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IUCN Red List
The IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES (also known as the IUCN RED LIST or RED DATA LIST), founded in 1964, is the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species . The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is the world's main authority on the conservation status of species. A series of Regional Red Lists are produced by countries or organizations, which assess the risk of extinction to species within a political management unit. The IUCN Red List is set upon precise criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of thousands of species and subspecies. These criteria are relevant to all species and all regions of the world. The aim is to convey the urgency of conservation issues to the public and policy makers, as well as help the international community to try to reduce species extinction
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International Union For Conservation Of Nature
The INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE (IUCN), officially INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources . It is involved in data gathering and analysis, research, field projects, advocacy, and education. IUCN's mission is to "influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable." Over the past decades, IUCN has widened its focus beyond conservation ecology and now incorporates issues related to sustainable development in its projects. Unlike many other international environmental organisations, IUCN does not itself aim to mobilize the public in support of nature conservation
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Species Survival Commission
The IUCN SPECIES SURVIVAL COMMISSION (IUCN/SSC) is a special commission operated by the International Union for Conservation of Nature
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BirdLife International
BIRDLIFE INTERNATIONAL (formerly the INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL FOR BIRD PRESERVATION) is a global partnership of conservation organisations that strives to conserve birds , their habitats and global biodiversity , working with people towards sustainability in the use of natural resources. It is the world's largest partnership of conservation organisations, with over 120 partner organisations. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Regional work * 2.1 Member organisations * 3 Global programmes * 4 Magazine * 5 Red List * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORY BirdLife International
BirdLife International
was founded as in 1922 the International Council for Bird Preservation by American ornithologists T. Gilbert Pearson and Jean Theodore Delacour . It changed its name in 1993 to "BirdLife International"
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Conservation International
CONSERVATION INTERNATIONAL (CI) is an American nonprofit environmental organization headquartered in Arlington, Virginia . Its goal is to protect nature as a source of food, fresh water, livelihoods and a stable climate. CI's work focuses on science, policy, and partnership with businesses and communities. The organization employs more than 1,000 people and works with more than 2,000 partners in 30 countries. CI has helped support 1,200 protected areas and interventions across 77 countries, safeguarding more than 601 million hectares of land, marine and coastal areas. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Growth and mission shift * 2 Approach to conservation * 3 Criticism * 4 Leadership * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORY Conservation International
Conservation International
was founded in 1987 with the goal of protecting nature for the benefit of people
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NatureServe
NATURESERVE, INC. is an Arlington, Virginia -based non-profit organization that provides proprietary wildlife conservation -related data, tools, and services to private and government clients, partner organizations, and the public. NatureServe reports being "headquartered in Arlington, Virginia, with regional offices in four U.S. locations and in Canada." In calendar year 2011 they reported having 86 employees, 6 volunteers, and 15 independent officers. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Programs * 3 The NatureServe network * 4 Financial Information * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORY The Nature Conservancy reports that in 2000 it spun off its 85-center Natural Heritage Network "into a new independent organization, the Association for Biodiversity Information (later renamed NatureServe)." NatureServe reports that it was established in 1994 as the Association for Biodiversity Information
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Botanic Gardens Conservation International
BOTANIC GARDENS CONSERVATION INTERNATIONAL (BGCI) is a plant conservation charity based in Kew
Kew
, London, England. It is a membership organisation, working with 800 botanic gardens in 118 countries, whose combined work forms the world's largest plant conservation network. Founded in 1987, BGCI is a registered charity in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, and its members include the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Kew
and the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh , as two of its key supporters. The founder and director from 1987 to 1993 was Professor Vernon H Heywood . He was followed in 1994 by Dr. Peter Wyse Jackson
Peter Wyse Jackson
(as Secretary-General) who led BGCI till 2005 when Sara Oldfield succeeded him. BGCI's patron is HRH Prince Charles, Prince of Wales. Lady Suzanne Warner was Chair of BGCI from December 1999 - December 2004
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Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney
The ROYAL BOTANIC GARDEN SYDNEY is a major botanical garden located in the heart of Sydney
Sydney
, New South Wales , Australia
Australia
. Opened in 1816, the garden is the oldest scientific institution in Australia
Australia
and one of the most important historic botanical institutions in the world. It is open every day of the year and access is free. Its stunning position on Sydney
Sydney
Harbour and immediately adjacent to the Sydney central business district , the Sydney
Sydney
Opera House and the large public parklands of The Domain ensure it is one of the most visited attractions in Sydney
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Texas A&M University
TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY (TEXAS A&M, TAMU /ˈtæmuː/ , or A&M) is a coeducational public research university in College Station, Texas , United States. It is a state university and is a member of the Texas A&M University System . The Texas
Texas
A&M system endowment is one of the 10 biggest in the nation. Texas
Texas
A&M's student body is the largest in Texas
Texas
and one of the largest in the United States . Texas
Texas
A&M's designation as a land , sea , and space grant institution–the only university in Texas
Texas
to hold all three designations–reflects a range of research with ongoing projects funded by organizations such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Institutes of Health , the National Science Foundation , and the Office of Naval Research
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Sapienza University Of Rome
Coordinates : 41°54′12″N 12°30′57″E / 41.90333°N 12.51583°E / 41.90333; 12.51583 Sapienza University of Rome
Rome
Sapienza – Università di Roma _ Latin : Studium Urbis_ MOTTO _Il futuro è passato qui_ MOTTO IN ENGLISH The future has passed here TYPE Public ESTABLISHED 1303 RECTOR Dr
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Zoological Society Of London
The ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON (ZSL) is a charity devoted to the worldwide conservation of animals and their habitats . It was founded in 1826
1826
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 The Institute of Zoology * 3 Zoos and publications * 4 Awards * 5 Fellows * 6 Honorary Fellows * 7 Council * 8 Presidents * 9 Secretaries * 10 Notes * 11 External links HISTORY Sir Joseph Banks’ house was the initial meeting place for the Zoological Society Zoological Society of London
Zoological Society of London
(ZSL), Main Building by John Belcher and John James Joass Zoological Society of London (ZSL), Main Building, Entrance On 29 November 1822, the birthday of John Ray
John Ray
, “the father of modern zoology”, a meeting held in the Linnean Society in Soho Square led by Rev
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Wildscreen
WILDSCREEN is a wildlife conservation charity based in Bristol, England. The charity was founded in December 1987 from a trust which had operated since 1982. The founders included Sir Peter Scott and Christopher Parsons OBE, former Head of the BBC Natural History Unit
BBC Natural History Unit
, with the initial aim of encouraging and applauding excellence in the production of natural history films and television. CONTENTS * 1 Wildscreen Film Festival * 2 Other Initiatives * 3 Management * 4 Patrons * 5 References * 6 External links WILDSCREEN FILM FESTIVAL Wildscreen Festival LOCATION Bristol
Bristol
, England
England
FOUNDED 1982 (1982) AWARDS Wildscreen Panda Awards HOSTED BY Wildscreen WEBSITE http://wildscreen.org/festivalThe WILDSCREEN FESTIVAL is the world’s leading international festival about nature films
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Conservation Movement
The CONSERVATION MOVEMENT, also known as NATURE CONSERVATION, is a political, environmental and a social movement that seeks to protect natural resources including animal and plant species as well as their habitat for the future. The early conservation movement included fisheries and wildlife management , water, soil conservation and sustainable forestry . The contemporary conservation movement has broadened from the early movement's emphasis on use of sustainable yield of natural resources and preservation of wilderness areas to include preservation of biodiversity . Some say the conservation movement is part of the broader and more far-reaching environmental movement , while others argue that they differ both in ideology and practice. Chiefly in the United States, conservation is seen as differing from environmentalism in that it aims to preserve natural resources expressly for their continued sustainable use by humans
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Species
In biology , a SPECIES (abbreviated SP., with the plural form SPECIES abbreviated SPP.) is the basic unit of biological classification and a taxonomic rank . A species is often defined as the largest group of organisms in which two individuals can produce fertile offspring , typically by sexual reproduction . While this definition is often adequate, looked at more closely it is problematic . For example, with hybridisation , in a species complex of hundreds of similar microspecies , or in a ring species , the boundaries between closely related species become unclear. Other ways of defining species include similarity of DNA , morphology , or ecological niche . All species are given a two-part name , a "binomial". The first part of a binomial is the genus to which the species belongs. The second part is called the specific name or the specific epithet (in botanical nomenclature , also sometimes in zoological nomenclature )
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Regional Red List
A REGIONAL RED LIST (RRL) is a report of the threatened status of species within a certain country or region. It is based on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, an inventory of the conservation status of species on a global scale. Regional Red Lists assess the risk of extinction to species within a political management unit and therefore may feed directly into national and regional planning. This project is coordinated by the Zoological Society of London
Zoological Society of London
(ZSL), the World Conservation Union (IUCN) and partners in national governments, universities and organizations throughout the world
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Extinction
In biology and ecology , EXTINCTION is the end of an organism or of a group of organisms (taxon ), normally a species . The moment of extinction is generally considered to be the death of the last individual of the species, although the capacity to breed and recover may have been lost before this point. Because a species' potential range may be very large, determining this moment is difficult, and is usually done retrospectively. This difficulty leads to phenomena such as Lazarus taxa , where a species presumed extinct abruptly "reappears" (typically in the fossil record ) after a period of apparent absence. More than 99 percent of all species, amounting to over five billion species, that ever lived on Earth are estimated to be extinct. Estimates on the number of Earth's current species range from 10 million to 14 million, of which about 1.2 million have been documented and over 86 percent have not yet been described
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