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IUCN Red List
The IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES (also known as the IUCN RED LIST or RED DATA LIST), founded in 1964, is the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species . The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is the world's main authority on the conservation status of species. A series of Regional Red Lists are produced by countries or organizations, which assess the risk of extinction to species within a political management unit. The IUCN Red List is set upon precise criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of thousands of species and subspecies. These criteria are relevant to all species and all regions of the world. The aim is to convey the urgency of conservation issues to the public and policy makers, as well as help the international community to try to reduce species extinction. According to IUCN (1996), the formally stated goals of the Red List are (1) to provide scientifically based information on the status of species and subspecies at a global level, (2) to draw attention to the magnitude and importance of threatened biodiversity, (3) to influence national and international policy and decision-making, and (4) to provide information to guide actions to conserve biological diversity
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International Union For Conservation Of Nature
The INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE (IUCN), officially INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources . It is involved in data gathering and analysis, research, field projects, advocacy, and education. IUCN's mission is to "influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable." Over the past decades, IUCN has widened its focus beyond conservation ecology and now incorporates issues related to sustainable development in its projects. Unlike many other international environmental organisations, IUCN does not itself aim to mobilize the public in support of nature conservation. It tries to influence the actions of governments, business and other stakeholders by providing information and advice, and through building partnerships. The organization is best known to the wider public for compiling and publishing the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ , which assesses the conservation status of species worldwide. IUCN has a membership of over 1400 governmental and non-governmental organizations. Some 16,000 scientists and experts participate in the work of IUCN commissions on a voluntary basis. It employs approximately 1000 full-time staff in more than 50 countries
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Species Survival Commission
The IUCN SPECIES SURVIVAL COMMISSION is a special commission operated by the International Union for Conservation of Nature
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BirdLife International
BIRDLIFE INTERNATIONAL (formerly the INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL FOR BIRD PRESERVATION) is a global partnership of conservation organisations that strives to conserve birds , their habitats and global biodiversity , working with people towards sustainability in the use of natural resources. It is the world's largest partnership of conservation organisations, with over 120 partner organisations. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Regional work * 2.1 Member organisations * 3 Global programmes * 4 Magazine * 5 Red List * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORY BirdLife International
BirdLife International
was founded as in 1922 the International Council for Bird Preservation by American ornithologists T. Gilbert Pearson and Jean Theodore Delacour . It changed its name in 1993 to "BirdLife International". REGIONAL WORK BirdLife International
BirdLife International
has conservation work programmes in the following parts of the world, which it describes as "regions" - Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe and Central Asia, the Middle East and the Pacific. MEMBER ORGANISATIONS THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION
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Conservation International
CONSERVATION INTERNATIONAL (CI) is an American nonprofit environmental organization headquartered in Arlington, Virginia . Its goal is to protect nature as a source of food, fresh water, livelihoods and a stable climate. CI's work focuses on science, policy, and partnership with businesses and communities. The organization employs more than 1,000 people and works with more than 2,000 partners in 30 countries. CI has helped support 1,200 protected areas and interventions across 77 countries, safeguarding more than 601 million hectares of land, marine and coastal areas. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Growth and mission shift * 2 Approach to conservation * 3 Criticism * 4 Leadership * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORY Conservation International
Conservation International
was founded in 1987 with the goal of protecting nature for the benefit of people. In 1989, CI formally committed to the protection of biodiversity hotspots , ultimately identifying 34 such hotspots around the world and contributing to their protection. The model of protecting hotspots became a key way for organizations to do conservation work. As of FY 2016, CI's revenue totaled $212 million. On July 1, 2017, Peter Seligmann stepped down as CEO of CI and a new executive team made up of senior CI leadership was announced. Conservation scientist M
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NatureServe
NATURESERVE, INC. is an Arlington, Virginia -based non-profit organization that provides proprietary wildlife conservation -related data, tools, and services to private and government clients, partner organizations, and the public. NatureServe reports being "headquartered in Arlington, Virginia, with regional offices in four U.S. locations and in Canada." In calendar year 2011 they reported having 86 employees, 6 volunteers, and 15 independent officers. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Programs * 3 The NatureServe network * 4 Financial Information * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORY The Nature Conservancy reports that in 2000 it spun off its 85-center Natural Heritage Network "into a new independent organization, the Association for Biodiversity Information (later renamed NatureServe)." NatureServe reports that it was established in 1994 as the Association for Biodiversity Information. In 2001 the IRS approved a name change to NatureServe that was requested in 1999, while maintaining the organization's 501(c)(3) tax-exempt status granted in July 1995. NatureServe's website declares that it is a 501(c)(3) non-profit, tax-exempt corporation incorporated in 1999 as a Washington, DC Nonprofit Corporation
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Botanic Gardens Conservation International
BOTANIC GARDENS CONSERVATION INTERNATIONAL (BGCI) is a plant conservation charity based in Kew
Kew
, London, England. It is a membership organisation, working with 800 botanic gardens in 118 countries, whose combined work forms the world's largest plant conservation network. Founded in 1987, BGCI is a registered charity in the United Kingdom , and its members include the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Kew
and the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh , as two of its key supporters. The founder and director from 1987 to 1993 was Professor Vernon H Heywood . He was followed in 1994 by Dr. Peter Wyse Jackson (as Secretary-General) who led BGCI till 2005 when Sara Oldfield succeeded him. BGCI's patron is HRH Prince Charles, Prince of Wales. Lady Suzanne Warner was Chair of BGCI from December 1999 - December 2004. She received an OBE in the Queen's 2006 New Year's Honours for her services to plant conservation. Dedicated to plant conservation and environmental education, the charity works to support and promote the activities of its member gardens
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Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney
The ROYAL BOTANIC GARDEN SYDNEY is a major botanical garden located in the heart of Sydney
Sydney
, New South Wales , Australia
Australia
. Opened in 1816, the garden is the oldest scientific institution in Australia
Australia
and one of the most important historic botanical institutions in the world. It is open every day of the year and access is free. Its stunning position on Sydney
Sydney
Harbour and immediately adjacent to the Sydney central business district , the Sydney
Sydney
Opera House and the large public parklands of The Domain
The Domain
ensure it is one of the most visited attractions in Sydney. CONTENTS * 1 Location * 2 Establishment and development * 2.1 Charles Moore * 2.2 Zoo * 2.3 Garden Palace * 2.4 Joseph Henry Maiden * 2.5 Post 1945 * 2.6 Botanic Gardens "> Charles Moore Bidwell was succeeded the following year by Charles Moore (1820-1905), a Scotsman who had trained in the Botanic Gardens of Trinity College, Dublin . Moore remained Director for 48 years (1848–96) and did much to develop the Botanic Gardens in their modern form. He boldly tackled the problems of poor soil, inadequate water and shortage of funds to develop much of the Gardens as we see them today
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Texas A&M University
TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY (TEXAS A&M, TAMU /ˈtæmuː/ , or A&M) is a coeducational public research university in College Station, Texas , United States. It is a state university and is a member of the Texas A&M University System . The system's endowment ranks in the top 10 in the nation. Texas
Texas
A&M's student body is the largest in Texas
Texas
and one of the largest in the United States . Texas
Texas
A&M's designation as a land , sea , and space grant institution–the only university in Texas
Texas
to hold all three designations–reflects a range of research with ongoing projects funded by organizations such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Institutes of Health , the National Science Foundation , and the Office of Naval Research . In 2001, Texas
Texas
A&M was inducted as a member of the prestigious Association of American Universities . The school's students, alumni –over 450,000 strong–and sports teams are known as Aggies . The Texas
Texas
A&M Aggies athletes compete in 18 varsity sports as a member of the Southeastern Conference
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Sapienza University Of Rome
Coordinates : 41°54′12″N 12°30′57″E / 41.90333°N 12.51583°E / 41.90333; 12.51583 Sapienza University of Rome
Rome
Sapienza – Università di Roma _ Latin : Studium Urbis_ MOTTO _Il futuro è passato qui_ MOTTO IN ENGLISH The future has passed here TYPE Public ESTABLISHED 1303 RECTOR Dr. Eugenio Gaudio ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF 8,000 STUDENTS 112,564 LOCATION Rome
Rome
, Italy
Italy
CAMPUS Urban COLORS ATHLETICS CUS Roma AFFILIATIONS European Spatial Development Planning , Partnership of a European Group of Aeronautics and Space Universities , CINECA , Santander Network , Institutional Network of the Universities from the Capitals of Europe , Mediterranean Universities Union . WEBSITE uniroma1.itThe SAPIENZA UNIVERSITY OF ROME, (Italian: SAPIENZA – UNIVERSITà DI ROMA), also called simply SAPIENZA or the "University of Rome", is a collegiate research university located in Rome
Rome
, Italy
Italy
. Formally known as UNIVERSITà DEGLI STUDI DI ROMA "LA SAPIENZA", it is the largest European university by enrollments (the third if considering also the distance learning schools) and one of the oldest in history , founded in 1303
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Zoological Society Of London
The ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON (ZSL) is a charity devoted to the worldwide conservation of animals and their habitats . It was founded in 1826
1826
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 The Institute of Zoology * 3 Zoos and publications * 4 Awards * 5 Fellows * 6 Honorary Fellows * 7 Council * 8 Presidents * 9 Secretaries * 10 Notes * 11 External links HISTORY Sir Joseph Banks’ house was the initial meeting place for the Zoological Society Zoological Society of London
Zoological Society of London
(ZSL), Main Building by John Belcher and John James Joass Zoological Society of London (ZSL), Main Building, Entrance On 29 November 1822, the birthday of John Ray
John Ray
, “the father of modern zoology”, a meeting held in the Linnean Society in Soho Square led by Rev. William Kirby , resolved to form a "Zoological Club of the Linnean Society of London". Between 1816 and 1826
1826
discussions between Stamford Raffles, Humphry Davy, Joseph Banks and others led to the idea that London should have an establishment similar to the Jardin des Plantes in Paris
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Wildscreen
WILDSCREEN is a wildlife conservation charity based in Bristol, England. The charity was founded in December 1987 from a trust which had operated since 1982. The founders included Sir Peter Scott
Peter Scott
and Christopher Parsons OBE, former Head of the BBC Natural History Unit , with the initial aim of encouraging and applauding excellence in the production of natural history films and television. CONTENTS * 1 Wildscreen Film Festival * 2 Other Initiatives * 3 Management * 4 Patrons * 5 References * 6 External links WILDSCREEN FILM FESTIVAL Wildscreen Festival LOCATION Bristol
Bristol
, England
England
FOUNDED 1982 (1982) AWARDS Wildscreen Panda Awards HOSTED BY Wildscreen WEBSITE http://wildscreen.org/festivalThe WILDSCREEN FESTIVAL is the world’s leading international festival about nature films. It is held biennially in October in Bristol, England
England
. The festival began in 1982. In 1994, it merged with a biennial wildlife symposium, previously held in the neighbouring city of Bath . At Wildscreen Festival wildlife filmmakers and broadcasters from different parts of the world met to view the latest productions, discuss issues of mutual interest, exchange ideas and compete for the Panda Awards
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Conservation Movement
The CONSERVATION MOVEMENT, also known as NATURE CONSERVATION, is a political, environmental and a social movement that seeks to protect natural resources including animal and plant species as well as their habitat for the future. The early conservation movement included fisheries and wildlife management , water, soil conservation and sustainable forestry . The contemporary conservation movement has broadened from the early movement's emphasis on use of sustainable yield of natural resources and preservation of wilderness areas to include preservation of biodiversity . Some say the conservation movement is part of the broader and more far-reaching environmental movement , while others argue that they differ both in ideology and practice. Chiefly in the United States, conservation is seen as differing from environmentalism in that it aims to preserve natural resources expressly for their continued sustainable use by humans. In other parts of the world conservation is used more broadly to include the setting aside of natural areas and the active protection of wildlife for their inherent value, as much as for any value they may have for humans
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Species
In biology , a SPECIES (abbreviated SP., with the plural form SPECIES abbreviated SPP.) is the basic unit of biological classification and a taxonomic rank . A species is often defined as the largest group of organisms in which two individuals can produce fertile offspring , typically by sexual reproduction . While this definition is often adequate, looked at more closely it is problematic . For example, with hybridisation , in a species complex of hundreds of similar microspecies , or in a ring species , the boundaries between closely related species become unclear. Other ways of defining species include similarity of DNA , morphology , or ecological niche . All species are given a two-part name , a "binomial". The first part of a binomial is the genus to which the species belongs. The second part is called the specific name or the specific epithet (in botanical nomenclature , also sometimes in zoological nomenclature ). For example, _ Boa constrictor _ is one of four species of the _Boa _ genus. Species were seen from the time of Aristotle until the 18th century as fixed kinds that could be arranged in a hierarchy, the great chain of being . In the 19th century, biologists grasped that species could evolve given sufficient time
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Regional Red List
A REGIONAL RED LIST (RRL) is a report of the threatened status of species within a certain country or region. It is based on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, an inventory of the conservation status of species on a global scale. Regional Red Lists assess the risk of extinction to species within a political management unit and therefore may feed directly into national and regional planning. This project is coordinated by the Zoological Society of London
Zoological Society of London
(ZSL), the World Conservation Union (IUCN) and partners in national governments, universities and organizations throughout the world
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Extinction
In biology and ecology , EXTINCTION is the end of an organism or of a group of organisms (taxon ), normally a species . The moment of extinction is generally considered to be the death of the last individual of the species, although the capacity to breed and recover may have been lost before this point. Because a species' potential range may be very large, determining this moment is difficult, and is usually done retrospectively. This difficulty leads to phenomena such as Lazarus taxa , where a species presumed extinct abruptly "reappears" (typically in the fossil record ) after a period of apparent absence. More than 99 percent of all species, amounting to over five billion species, that ever lived on Earth are estimated to be extinct. Estimates on the number of Earth's current species range from 10 million to 14 million, of which about 1.2 million have been documented and over 86 percent have not yet been described. More recently, in May 2016, scientists reported that 1 trillion species are estimated to be on Earth currently with only one-thousandth of one percent described. Through evolution , species arise through the process of speciation —where new varieties of organisms arise and thrive when they are able to find and exploit an ecological niche —and species become extinct when they are no longer able to survive in changing conditions or against superior competition
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