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ISO 3166-2
ISO 3166-2 is part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and defines codes for identifying the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states ) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1 . The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 2: Country subdivision
Country subdivision
code. It was first published in 1998. The purpose of ISO 3166-2 is to establish an international standard of short and unique alphanumeric codes to represent the relevant administrative divisions and dependent territories of all countries in a more convenient and less ambiguous form than their full names
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Antarctica
ANTARCTICA (UK English /ænˈtɑːktɪkə/ or /ænˈtɑːtɪkə/ , US English /æntˈɑːrktɪkə/ ( listen )) is Earth
Earth
's southernmost continent . It contains the geographic South Pole and is situated in the Antarctic
Antarctic
region of the Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
, almost entirely south of the Antarctic
Antarctic
Circle , and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean . At 14,000,000 square kilometres (5,400,000 square miles), it is the fifth-largest continent. For comparison, Antarctica
Antarctica
is nearly twice the size of Australia
Australia
. About 98% of Antarctica
Antarctica
is covered by ice that averages 1.9 km (1.2 mi; 6,200 ft) in thickness, which extends to all but the northernmost reaches of the Antarctic
Antarctic
Peninsula
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Country
A COUNTRY is a region that is identified as a distinct national entity in political geography . A country may be an independent sovereign state or one that is occupied by another state, as a non-sovereign or formerly sovereign political division , or a geographic region associated with sets of previously independent or differently associated people with distinct political characteristics. Regardless of the physical geography, in the modern internationally accepted legal definition as defined by the League of Nations in 1937 and reaffirmed by the United Nations
United Nations
in 1945, a resident of a country is subject to the independent exercise of legal jurisdiction. Sometimes countries refers both to sovereign states and to other political entities, while other times it refers only to states
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Dependent Territories
A DEPENDENT TERRITORY, DEPENDENT AREA or DEPENDENCY is a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state yet remains politically outside of the controlling state's integral area. A dependency is commonly distinguished from subnational entities in that they are not considered to be part of the integral territory of the governing state. A subnational entity typically represents a division of the state proper, while a dependent territory often maintains a great degree of autonomy from the controlling state. Historically, most colonies were considered to be dependencies of their controlling state. The dependencies that remain generally maintain a very high degree of political autonomy. At the same time, not all autonomous entities are considered to be dependencies, and not all dependencies are autonomous. Most inhabited dependent territories have their own ISO 3166 country codes
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Districts Of Bangladesh
Other parties NATIONAL COALITIONS * Grand Alliance * 18 Party Alliance Foreign policy * Foreign relations * Foreign policy of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
* Embassies * Other countries * Atlas * v * t * e The divisions of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
are divided into 64 districts, or zila (Bengali জিলা/জেলা=Zela/zila). The capital of a district is called a district seat (zila sadar). The districts are further subdivided into 493 sub-districts or upazila (উপজেলা upojela). CONTENTS* 1 Administration * 1.1 Deputy commissioner * 1.2 District Councils * 2 List of districts * 3 See also * 4 References ADMINISTRATIONDEPUTY COMMISSIONERThe deputy commissioner (popularly abbreviated to "DC") is the executive head of the district. Deputy Commissioner is appointed by the government from a Deputy secretary of B.C.S
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Province
A PROVINCE is almost always an administrative division , within a country or state . The term derives from the ancient Roman provincia , which was the major territorial and administrative unit of the Roman Empire 's territorial possessions outside Italy. The term province has since been adopted by many countries, and in those with no actual provinces, it has come to mean "outside the capital city". While some provinces were produced artificially by colonial powers, others were formed around local groups with their own ethnic identities. Many have their own powers independent of federal authority, especially in Canada. In other countries, like China, provinces are the creation of central government, with very little autonomy
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State (administrative Division)
A FEDERATED STATE (which may be referred to as a STATE, a province, a canton , a Land, etc.) is a territorial and constitutional community forming part of a federation . Such states differ from fully sovereign states , in that they have transferred a portion of their sovereign powers to a federal government . Importantly, when states choose to federate, they lose their standing as entities of international law. Instead, the federal union as a single entity becomes the sovereign state for purposes of international law. A federated state holds administrative jurisdiction over a defined geographic territory and is a form of regional government . In some cases, a federation is created from a union of political entities, which are either independent, or dependent territories of another sovereign entity (most commonly a colonial power ). In other cases, federated states have been created out of the regions of previously unitary states
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Political Divisions Of Bosnia And Herzegovina
The POLITICAL DIVISIONS OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA were created by the Dayton Agreement , which recognized a second tier of government in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
, comprising two entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
(FBiH), with mostly Bosniaks and Croats , and the Republika Srpska (RS) with mostly Serbs – each governing roughly one half of the state's territory. The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina itself has a federal structure and consists of 10 autonomous cantons. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Amendments to the divisions * 3 References * 4 External links OVERVIEWThe Federation and the RS governments are charged with overseeing internal functions. Each has its own government, flag and coat of arms, president, parliament (FBiH) and assembly (RS), police force, customs, and postal system
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Standardization
STANDARDIZATION or STANDARDISATION is the process of implementing and developing technical standards based on the consensus of different parties that include firms, users, interest groups, standards organizations and governments Standardization
Standardization
can help to maximize compatibility, interoperability , safety , repeatability , or quality . It can also facilitate commoditization of formerly custom processes. In social sciences , including economics , the idea of standardization is close to the solution for a coordination problem , a situation in which all parties can realize mutual gains, but only by making mutually consistent decisions. This view includes the case of "spontaneous standardization processes", to produce de facto standards
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Code
In communications and information processing , CODE is a system of rules to convert information —such as a letter , word , sound, image, or gesture —into another form or representation, sometimes shortened or secret , for communication through a channel or storage in a medium . An early example is the invention of language which enabled a person, through speech , to communicate what he or she saw, heard, felt, or thought to others. But speech limits the range of communication to the distance a voice can carry, and limits the audience to those present when the speech is uttered. The invention of writing , which converted spoken language into visual symbols , extended the range of communication across space and time . The process of ENCODING converts information from a source into symbols for communication or storage. DECODING is the reverse process, converting code symbols back into a form that the recipient understands
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Angola
Coordinates : 12°30′S 18°30′E / 12.500°S 18.500°E / -12.500; 18.500 Republic
Republic
of Angola República de Angola
Angola
(Portuguese ) Repubilika ya Ngola (
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Bosnia And Herzegovina
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA (/ˈbɒzniə ən ˌhɛərtsəɡoʊˈviːnə, -ˌhɜːrt-, -ɡə-/ ( listen ) or /ˌhɜːrtsəˈɡɒvᵻnə/ ; B Bosnian , Croatian , Serbian : Bosna i Hercegovina / Боснa и Херцеговина ), sometimes called BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA (BIH), and in short, often known informally as BOSNIA, is a country in Southeastern Europe
Southeastern Europe
located on the Balkan Peninsula
Balkan Peninsula
. Sarajevo
Sarajevo
is the capital and largest city. Bordered by Croatia
Croatia
to the north, and west; Serbia
Serbia
to the east; Montenegro
Montenegro
to the southeast; and the Adriatic Sea to the south, with a coastline about 20 kilometres (12 miles) long surrounding the city of Neum
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Armenia
Coordinates : 40°N 45°E / 40°N 45°E / 40; 45 Republic
Republic
of Armenia Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun (Armenian ) Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: Մեր Հայրենիք Mer Hayrenik "Our Fatherland" Capital and largest city Yerevan
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Albania
ALBANIA (/ælˈbeɪniə, ɔːl-/ ( listen ), a(w)l-BAY-nee-ə ; Albanian : Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Gheg
Gheg
Albanian : Shqipni/Shqipnia or Shqypni/Shqypnia ), officially the REPUBLIC OF ALBANIA (Albanian : Republika e Shqipërisë, pronounced ), is a country in Southeastern Europe
Europe
. Albania
Albania
spans 28,748 square kilometres (11,100 square miles) and had a total population of almost 3 million people as of 2016 . Albania
Albania
is a unitary parliamentary constitutional republic with the capital in Tirana
Tirana
, the country's largest city and main economic and commercial centre, followed by Durrës
Durrës
and Vlorë
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American Samoa
AMERICAN SAMOA (/əˌmɛrᵻkən səˈmoʊ.ə, -sɑː-/ ( listen ); Samoan : Amerika Sāmoa, ; also Amelika Sāmoa or Sāmoa Amelika) is an unincorporated territory of the United States
United States
located in the South Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
, southeast of Samoa
Samoa
. American Samoa
Samoa
consists of five main islands and two coral atolls . The largest and most populous island is Tutuila , with the Manuʻa Islands, Rose Atoll
Atoll
, and Swains Island also included in the territory. All islands except for Swains Island are part of the Samoan Islands , located west of the Cook Islands , north of Tonga , and some 300 miles (500 km) south of Tokelau
Tokelau
. To the west are the islands of the Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna
group
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Åland Islands
The ÅLAND ISLANDS or ÅLAND (Swedish : Åland, IPA: ; Finnish : Ahvenanmaa) is an archipelago at the entrance to the Gulf of Bothnia in the Baltic Sea belonging to Finland . It is autonomous , demilitarised and is the only monolingually Swedish-speaking region in Finland. It is the smallest region of Finland , constituting 0.49% of its land area and 0.50% of its population. Åland comprises Fasta Åland on which 90% of the population resides and a further 6,500 skerries and islands to its east. Fasta Åland is separated from the coast of Sweden
Sweden
by 38 kilometres (24 mi) of open water to the west. In the east, the Åland archipelago is contiguous with the Finnish Archipelago Sea . Åland's only land border is located on the uninhabited skerry of Märket , which it shares with Sweden
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