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ISO 3166
ISO 3166 is a standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) that defines codes for the names of countries , dependent territories , special areas of geographical interest, and their principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states ). The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions. CONTENTS * 1 Parts * 2 Editions * 3 ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency * 3.1 Members * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links PARTSIt consists of three parts: * ISO 3166-1 , Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 1: Country
Country
codes, defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest
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Writing System
A WRITING SYSTEM is any conventional method of visually representing verbal communication . While both writing and speech are useful in conveying messages , writing differs in also being a reliable form of information storage and transfer . The processes of encoding and decoding writing systems involve shared understanding between writers and readers of the meaning behind the sets of characters that make up a script. Writing
Writing
is usually recorded onto a durable medium , such as paper or electronic storage , although non-durable methods may also be used, such as writing on a computer display , in sand, or by skywriting . The general attributes of writing systems can be placed into broad categories such as alphabets , syllabaries , or logographies . Any particular system can have attributes of more than one category
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Latin Script
LATIN or ROMAN script is a set of graphic signs (script ) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet , which is derived from a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet , used by the Etruscans . Several Latin-script alphabets exist which differ in graphemes, collation and phonetic values from the classical Latin alphabet . The Latin
Latin
script is the basis of the International Phonetic Alphabet and the 26 most widespread letters are the letters contained in the ISO basic Latin alphabet . Latin
Latin
script is the basis for the largest number of alphabets of any writing system and is the most widely adopted writing system in the world (commonly used by about 70% of the world's population). Latin script is used as the standard method of writing in most Western and Central European languages, as well as in many languages in other parts of the world
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United Nations Statistics Division
The UNITED NATIONS STATISTICS DIVISION (UNSD), formerly the UNITED NATIONS STATISTICAL OFFICE, serves under the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) as the central mechanism within the Secretariat of the United Nations
United Nations
to supply the statistical needs and coordinating activities of the global statistical system. The Division is overseen by the United Nations Statistical Commission , established in 1947, as the apex entity of the global statistical system and highest decision making body for coordinating international statistical activities. It brings together the Chief Statisticians from member states from around the world. The Division compiles and disseminates global statistical information, develops standards and norms for statistical activities, and supports countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems
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International Organization
An INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION is an organization with an international membership, scope, or presence. There are two main types: * International
International
nongovernmental organizations (INGOs): non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that operate internationally. These include international non-profit organizations and worldwide companies such as the World
World
Organization of the Scout Movement , International Committee of the Red Cross and Médecins Sans Frontières . * Intergovernmental organizations , also known as international governmental organizations (IGOs): the type of organization most closely associated with the term 'international organization', these are organizations that are made up primarily of sovereign states (referred to as member states )
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American National Standards Institute
The AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE (ANSI, /ˈænsi/ AN-see ) is a private non-profit organization that oversees the development of voluntary consensus standards for products, services, processes, systems, and personnel in the United States. The organization also coordinates U.S. standards with international standards so that American products can be used worldwide. ANSI accredits standards that are developed by representatives of other standards organizations , government agencies , consumer groups , companies, and others. These standards ensure that the characteristics and performance of products are consistent, that people use the same definitions and terms, and that products are tested the same way. ANSI also accredits organizations that carry out product or personnel certification in accordance with requirements defined in international standards
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List Of Specialized Agencies Of The United Nations
SPECIALIZED AGENCIES are autonomous organizations working with the United Nations
United Nations
and each other through the coordinating machinery of the United Nations
United Nations
Economic and Social Council at the intergovernmental level, and through the Chief Executives Board for coordination (CEB) at the inter-secretariat level. Specialized agencies may or may not have been originally created by the United Nations, but they are incorporated into the United Nations
United Nations
System by the United Nations
United Nations
Economic and Social Council acting under Articles 57 and 63 of the United Nations
United Nations
Charter . At present the UN has in total 15 specialized agencies that carry out various functions on behalf of the UN. The specialized agencies are listed below
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Geneva
GENEVA (/dʒᵻˈniːvə/ , French : Genève , Arpitan : Genèva , German : Genf , Italian : Ginevra , Romansh : Genevra) is the second most populous city in Switzerland
Switzerland
(after Zürich
Zürich
) and is the most populous city of Romandy , the French-speaking part of Switzerland. Situated where the Rhône
Rhône
exits Lake Geneva , it is the capital of the Republic
Republic
and Canton of Geneva . The municipality (ville de Genève) has a population (as of December 2015 ) of 198,072, and the canton (which is essentially the city and its inner-ring suburbs) has 484,736 residents. In 2014, the compact agglomération du Grand Genève had 946,000 inhabitants in 212 communities in both Switzerland
Switzerland
and France. Within Swiss territory, the commuter area named "Métropole lémanique" contains a population of 1.25 million
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Standards Organization
A STANDARDS ORGANIZATION, STANDARDS BODY, STANDARDS DEVELOPING ORGANIZATION (SDO), or STANDARDS SETTING ORGANIZATION (SSO) is an organization whose primary activities are developing, coordinating, promulgating, revising, amending, reissuing, interpreting, or otherwise producing technical standards that are intended to address the needs of a group of affected adopters. Most standards are voluntary in the sense that they are offered for adoption by people or industry without being mandated in law. Some standards become mandatory when they are adopted by regulators as legal requirements in particular domains. The term formal standard refers specifically to a specification that has been approved by a standards setting organization. The term de jure standard refers to a standard mandated by legal requirements or refers generally to any formal standard
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British Standards Institution
BSI GROUP, also known as the BRITISH STANDARDS INSTITUTION (or BSI), is the national standards body of the United Kingdom. BSI produces technical standards on a wide range of products and services, and also supplies certification and standards-related services to businesses. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Activities * 3 Management Systems Assessment and Certification * 4 Testing Services and Healthcare * 5 Milestones * 6 Acquisitions * 7 See also * 8 Notes and references * 9 External links HISTORY BSI Group
BSI Group
headquarters building in Gunnersbury, West London, featuring the BSI Group
BSI Group
logo BSI Group
BSI Group
was founded as the Engineering Standards Committee in London in 1901
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Deutsches Institut Für Normung
DEUTSCHES INSTITUT FüR NORMUNG E.V. (DIN; in English , the GERMAN INSTITUTE FOR STANDARDIZATION) is the German national organization for standardization and is the German ISO member body. DIN is a German Registered Association (e.V. ) headquartered in Berlin
Berlin
. There are currently around thirty thousand DIN Standards , covering nearly every field of technology. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 DIN standard designation * 3 Examples of DIN standards * 4 See also * 5 External links HISTORYFounded in 1917 as the Normenausschuß der deutschen Industrie (NADI, "Standardisation Committee of German Industry"), the NADI was renamed Deutscher Normenausschuß (DNA, "German Standardisation Committee") in 1926 to reflect that the organization now dealt with standardization issues in many fields; viz., not just for industrial products
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Swedish Standards Institute
The SWEDISH STANDARDS INSTITUTE (SIS), is an independent organization, founded in 1922, with members from the private and public sector. CONTENTS * 1 Activities * 2 The OOXML affair * 3 Sources * 4 See also * 5 External links ACTIVITIESSIS and its members develop standards within different domains, including construction, safety, healthcare, consumer products, management systems, engineering, environmental issues and safety. SIS participates in the European and global network which develops international standards. SIS is a member of the European cooperative effort CEN as well as the global ISO . SIS was founded in 1922. Earlier on, the SIS logotype was often used for indicating that a tool was compliant with Swedish standards, but lately this has been replaced with the CE mark
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International Telecommunication Union
The INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATION UNION (ITU; French: Union Internationale des Télécommunications (UIT)), originally the INTERNATIONAL TELEGRAPH UNION (French: Union Télégraphique Internationale)), is a specialized agency of the United Nations
United Nations
(UN) that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies . The ITU coordinates the shared global use of the radio spectrum , promotes international cooperation in assigning satellite orbits , works to improve telecommunication infrastructure in the developing world, and assists in the development and coordination of worldwide technical standards . The ITU is active in areas including broadband Internet, latest-generation wireless technologies, aeronautical and maritime navigation, radio astronomy, satellite-based meteorology, convergence in fixed-mobile phone, Internet
Internet
access, data, voice, TV broadcasting, and next-generation networks
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International Atomic Energy Agency
International Atomic Energy Agency
International Atomic Energy Agency
(IAEA) Agence internationale de l'énergie atomique (AIEA) (in French) The IAEA flag ABBREVIATION IAEA AIEA FORMATION 29 July 1957 TYPE International organization
International organization
LEGAL STATUS Active HEADQUARTERS Vienna
Vienna
, Austria
Austria
MEMBERSHIP 168 member states HEAD Yukiya Amano WEBSITE IAEA.orgThe INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY (IAEA) is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy , and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons . The IAEA was established as an autonomous organisation on 29 July 1957
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Country
A COUNTRY is a region that is identified as a distinct national entity in political geography . A country may be an independent sovereign state or one that is occupied by another state, as a non-sovereign or formerly sovereign political division , or a geographic region associated with sets of previously independent or differently associated people with distinct political characteristics. Regardless of the physical geography, in the modern internationally accepted legal definition as defined by the League of Nations in 1937 and reaffirmed by the United Nations
United Nations
in 1945, a resident of a country is subject to the independent exercise of legal jurisdiction. Sometimes countries refers both to sovereign states and to other political entities, while other times it refers only to states
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Code
In communications and information processing , CODE is a system of rules to convert information —such as a letter , word , sound, image, or gesture —into another form or representation, sometimes shortened or secret , for communication through a channel or storage in a medium . An early example is the invention of language which enabled a person, through speech , to communicate what he or she saw, heard, felt, or thought to others. But speech limits the range of communication to the distance a voice can carry, and limits the audience to those present when the speech is uttered. The invention of writing , which converted spoken language into visual symbols , extended the range of communication across space and time . The process of ENCODING converts information from a source into symbols for communication or storage. DECODING is the reverse process, converting code symbols back into a form that the recipient understands
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