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IMDb
IMDB, formerly known as INTERNET MOVIE DATABASE, is an online database of information related to films, television programs and video games, including cast, production crew, fictional characters, biographies, plot summaries, trivia and reviews, operated by IMDb.com, Inc., a subsidiary of Amazon . As of December 2017 , IMDb
IMDb
has approximately 4.7 million titles (including episodes) and 8.3 million personalities in its database, as well as 83 million registered users. The site enables registered users to submit new material and edits to existing entries. Users with a proven track record of submitting factual data are given instant approval for minor additions such as filming locations. However, image, name, character name, plot summaries, and title changes are screened before publication, and usually take between 24–72 hours to appear
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Graphical User Interface
The GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE (GUI /ɡuːiː/ ), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces , typed command labels or text navigation. GUIs were introduced in reaction to the perceived steep learning curve of command-line interfaces (CLIs), which require commands to be typed on a computer keyboard . The actions in a GUI are usually performed through direct manipulation of the graphical elements. Beyond computers, GUIs are used in many handheld mobile devices such as MP3
MP3
players, portable media players, gaming devices, smartphones and smaller household, office and industrial controls
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Command-line Interface
A COMMAND-LINE USER INTERFACE (CLI), also known as a CONSOLE USER INTERFACE, and CHARACTER USER INTERFACE (CUI), is a means of interacting with a computer program where the user (or client ) issues commands to the program in the form of successive lines of text (command lines). A program which handles the interface is called a COMMAND LANGUAGE INTERPRETER or shell. The CLI was the primary means of interaction with most computer systems until the introduction of the video display terminal in the mid-1960s, and continued to be used throughout the 1970s and 1980s on OpenVMS
OpenVMS
, Unix
Unix
systems and personal computer systems including MS-DOS , CP/M
CP/M
and Apple DOS . The interface is usually implemented with a command line shell , which is a program that accepts commands as text input and converts commands into appropriate operating system functions
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Python (programming Language)
PYTHON is a widely used high-level programming language for general-purpose programming , created by Guido van Rossum and first released in 1991. An interpreted language , Python has a design philosophy that emphasizes code readability (notably using whitespace indentation to delimit code blocks rather than curly brackets or keywords), and a syntax that allows programmers to express concepts in fewer lines of code than might be used in languages such as C++
C++
or Java . The language provides constructs intended to enable writing clear programs on both a small and large scale. Python features a dynamic type system and automatic memory management and supports multiple programming paradigms , including object-oriented , imperative , functional programming , and procedural styles. It has a large and comprehensive standard library
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SQL
SQL (/ˌɛs.kjuːˈɛl/ ( listen ) ESS-kew-EL or /ˈsiːkwəl/ ( listen ) SEE-kwəl , STRUCTURED QUERY LANGUAGE ) is a domain-specific language used in programming and designed for managing data held in a relational database management system (RDBMS), or for stream processing in a relational data stream management system (RDSMS). In comparison to older read/write APIs like ISAM or VSAM , SQL offers two main advantages: First, it introduced the concept of accessing many records with one single command, and second, it eliminates the need to specify how to reach a record, e.g.: with or without an index. Originally based upon relational algebra and tuple relational calculus , SQL consists of a data definition language , data manipulation language , and data control language . The scope of SQL includes data insert, query, update and delete, schema creation and modification, and data access control
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English Language
ENGLISH is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now the third most widespread native language in the world, after Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
and Spanish , as well as the most widely spoken Germanic language . Named after the Angles
Angles
, one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to Great Britain
Great Britain
, it ultimately derives its name from the Anglia (Angeln) peninsula in the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
. It is closely related to the other West Germanic languages
Germanic languages
of Frisian , Low German/Low Saxon , German , Dutch , and Afrikaans
Afrikaans
. The English vocabulary has been significantly influenced by French (a Romance language ), Norse (a North Germanic language ), and by Latin
Latin

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Data Compression
In signal processing , DATA COMPRESSION, SOURCE CODING, or BIT-RATE REDUCTION involves encoding information using fewer bits than the original representation. Compression can be either lossy or lossless . Lossless compression reduces bits by identifying and eliminating statistical redundancy . No information is lost in lossless compression. Lossy compression reduces bits by removing unnecessary or less important information. The process of reducing the size of a data file is referred to as data compression. In the context of data transmission , it is called source coding (encoding done at the source of the data before it is stored or transmitted) in opposition to channel coding. Compression is useful because it reduces resources required to store and transmit data. Computational resources are consumed in the compression process and, usually, in the reversal of the process (decompression)
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Web API
A WEB API is an application programming interface (API) for either a web server or a web browser . It is a web development concept, usually limited to a web application 's client-side (including any web frameworks being used), and thus usually does not include web server or browser implementation details such as SAPIs or web browser engine APIs unless publicly accessible by a remote web application. APIs available on both the client side and the server side makes Web programming easier allowing programmers to build web application on top of a high-level interface. CONTENTS* 1 Server side * 1.1 Endpoints * 1.2 Resource vs
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Discogs
DISCOGS, short for discographies , is a website and crowdsourced database of information about audio recordings , including commercial releases, promotional releases, and bootleg or off-label releases. The Discogs
Discogs
servers, currently hosted under the domain name DISCOGS.COM, are owned by Zink Media, Inc., and are located in Portland, Oregon
Portland, Oregon
, US. While the site lists releases in all genres and on all formats, it is especially known as the largest online database of electronic music releases, and of releases on vinyl media. Discogs
Discogs
currently contains over 8 million releases, by nearly 4.9 million artists, across over 1 million labels, contributed from nearly 346,000 contributor user accounts—with these figures constantly growing as users continually add previously unlisted releases to the site over time
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Openstreetmap
OPENSTREETMAP (OSM) is a collaborative project to create a free editable map of the world. The creation and growth of OSM has been motivated by restrictions on use or availability of map information across much of the world, and the advent of inexpensive portable satellite navigation devices. OSM is considered a prominent example of volunteered geographic information . Created by Steve Coast
Steve Coast
in the UK in 2004, it was inspired by the success of and the predominance of proprietary map data in the UK and elsewhere. Since then, it has grown to over 2 million registered users, who can collect data using manual survey, GPS devices, aerial photography , and other free sources. This crowdsourced data is then made available under the Open Database Licence . The site is supported by the OpenStreetMap Foundation , a non-profit organisation registered in England and Wales
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Creative Commons License
A CREATIVE COMMONS (CC) LICENSE is one of several public copyright licenses that enable the free distribution of an otherwise copyrighted work. A CC license is used when an author wants to give people the right to share, use, and build upon a work that they have created. CC provides an author flexibility (for example, they might choose to allow only non-commercial uses of his/her own work) and protects the people who use or redistribute an author's work from concerns of copyright infringement as long as they abide by the conditions that are specified in the license by which the author distributes the work. There are several types of CC licenses. The licenses differ by several combinations that condition the terms of distribution. They were initially released on December 16, 2002 by Creative Commons , a U.S. non-profit corporation founded in 2001. There have also been five versions of the suite of licenses, numbered 1.0 through 4.0
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Gnu Free Documentation License
The GNU
GNU
FREE DOCUMENTATION LICENSE ( GNU
GNU
FDL or simply GFDL) is a copyleft license for free documentation, designed by the Free Software Foundation (FSF) for the GNU Project
GNU Project
. It is similar to the GNU General Public License
License
, giving readers the rights to copy, redistribute, and modify (only when without "invariant sections" restrictions) a work and requires all copies and derivatives to be available under the same license. Copies may also be sold commercially, but, if produced in larger quantities (greater than 100), the original document or source code must be made available to the work's recipient. The GFDL was designed for manuals , textbooks, other reference and instructional materials, and documentation which often accompanies GNU software. However, it can be used for any text-based work, regardless of subject matter
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Danish Language
DANISH /ˈdeɪnᵻʃ/ ( listen ) (dansk pronounced ( listen ); dansk sprog, ) is a North Germanic language spoken by around six million people, principally in Denmark
Denmark
and in the region of Southern Schleswig
Schleswig
in northern Germany
Germany
, where it has minority language status. There are also minor Danish-speaking communities in Norway
Norway
, Sweden
Sweden
, Spain
Spain
, the United States
United States
, Canada
Canada
, Brazil
Brazil
and Argentina
Argentina

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Finnish Language
FINNISH ( suomi (help ·info ), or suomen kieli ) is the language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland
Finland
and by ethnic Finns
Finns
outside Finland. It is one of the two official languages of Finland
Finland
and an official minority language in Sweden
Sweden
. In Sweden, both standard Finnish and Meänkieli , a Finnish dialect, are spoken. The Kven language , a dialect of Finnish, is spoken in Northern Norway
Norway
by a minority group of Finnish descent. Finnish is the eponymous member of the Finnic language family and is typologically between fusional and agglutinative languages . It modifies and inflects nouns , adjectives , pronouns , numerals and verbs , depending on their roles in the sentence
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Romanian Language
ROMANIAN (obsolete spellings RUMANIAN, ROUMANIAN; autonym: limba română ( listen ), "the Romanian language", or românește, lit. "in Romanian") is a Romance language
Romance language
spoken by around 24-26 million people as a native language, primarily in Romania
Romania
and Moldova
Moldova
, and by another 4 million people as a second language. It has official status in Romania
Romania
and the Republic of Moldova. It is one of the official languages of the European Union
European Union
. Romanian is a part of the Balkan-Romance group that evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin separated from the Western Romance during the 5th–8th centuries. To distinguish it within that group in comparative linguistics it is called Daco-Romanian as opposed to its closest relatives, Aromanian , Megleno-Romanian , and Istro-Romanian
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Spanish Language
The SPANISH LANGUAGE (/ˈspænɪʃ/ ( listen ); Español (help ·info )), also called the CASTILIAN LANGUAGE (/kæˈstɪliən/ ( listen ), castellano (help ·info )), is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain
Spain
and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers around the world. It is usually considered the world\'s second-most spoken native language , after Mandarin Chinese
Mandarin Chinese
. Spanish is a part of the Ibero-Romance group of languages , which evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in Iberia after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire
Western Roman Empire
in the 5th century
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