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Hoysala Empire
The HOYSALA EMPIRE was a prominent Southern Indian Kannadiga empire that ruled most of the modern-day state of Karnataka
Karnataka
between the 10th and the 14th centuries. The capital of the Hoysalas was initially located at Belur
Belur
but was later moved to Halebidu . The Hoysala rulers were originally from Malnad
Malnad
Karnataka, an elevated region in the Western Ghats
Western Ghats
range. In the 12th century, taking advantage of the internecine warfare between the then ruling Western Chalukya and Kalachuri kingdoms, they annexed areas of present-day Karnataka
Karnataka
and the fertile areas north of the Kaveri River delta in present-day Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu

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Western Chalukyas
The WESTERN CHALUKYA EMPIRE ruled most of the western Deccan , South India , between the 10th and 12th centuries. This Kannadiga dynasty is sometimes called the Kalyani Chalukya
Chalukya
after its regal capital at Kalyani, today's Basavakalyan
Basavakalyan
in Karnataka
Karnataka
and alternatively the Later Chalukya
Chalukya
from its theoretical relationship to the 6th-century Chalukya dynasty of Badami
Badami
. The dynasty is called Western Chalukyas
Western Chalukyas
to differentiate from the contemporaneous Eastern Chalukyas of Vengi , a separate dynasty. Prior to the rise of these Chalukyas, the Rashtrakuta
Rashtrakuta
empire of Manyakheta
Manyakheta
controlled most of Deccan and Central India for over two centuries
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Halebidu
HALEBIDU ( IAST
IAST
: Haḷēbīḍ, also Halebeedu or Halebid, literally "old capital, encampment") is a town located in Hassan District , Karnataka
Karnataka
, India
India
. Halebidu (which used to be called Dorasamudra or Dwarasamudra) was the regal capital of the Hoysala Empire in the 12th century. It is home to some of the best examples of Hoysala architecture . Most notable are the ornate Hoysaleshwara and Kedareshwara temples. The city got the name "Halebidu" because it was damaged and deserted into "old capital" after being ransacked and looted twice by north Indian Muslim armies of the Delhi Sultanate in the 14th-century. The town is known for its temple complexes: Hinduism * Hoysaleshwara temple * Kedareshwara temple Jainism * Parshvanatha Basadi * Shantinatha Basadi Halebidu is connected by road and rail to Hassan (30 km) and Mysuru (150 km)
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Belur
BELOORU (IPA: ( Kannada
Kannada
: ಬೇಲೂರು ) is a Town Municipal Council and taluka in Hassan district in the state of Karnataka
Karnataka
, India
India
. The town is renowned for its Chennakeshava Temple , one of the finest examples of Hoysala workmanship. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Transportation * 3 Agriculture and commerce * 4 Tourism * 5 Hoysalas * 6 Chennakeshava Temple * 7 Geography * 8 See also * 9 Gallery * 10 References * 11 External links HISTORY Belur
Belur
Temple Entrance A view of Gopura (tower) over the entrance at the Chennakeshava temple complex, Belur
Belur
Garuda, the vehicle of the Hindu god Vishnu facing the Channakeshava temple in Belur
Belur
Belur
Belur
was the early capital of the Hoysala Empire
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Kannada Language
KANNADA (/ˈkɑːnədə, ˈkæn-/ ; ಕನ್ನಡ _kannaḍa_ ), also known as CANARESE or KANARESE /kænəˈriːz/ , is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Kannada people in India , mainly in the state of Karnataka (ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ), and by linguistic minorities in the states of Andhra Pradesh , Telangana , Tamil Nadu , Maharashtra , Kerala , and Goa . The language has roughly 40 million native speakers who are called Kannadigas (_Kannadigaru_), and a total of 50.8 million speakers according to a 2001 census. It is one of the scheduled languages of India and the official and administrative language of the state of Karnataka. The Kannada language is written using the Kannada script , which evolved from the 5th-century Kadamba script
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Sanskrit Language
A few attempts at revival have been reported in Indian and Nepalese newspapers. India : 14135 Indians claimed Sanskrit to be their mother tongue in the 2001 Census of India : Nepal : 1669 Nepalis in 2011 Nepal census reported Sanskrit as their mother tongue. LANGUAGE FAMILY Indo-European * Indo-Iranian * Indo-Aryan * SANSKRIT EARLY FORM Vedic Sanskrit WRITING SYSTEM Devanagari (official) Also written in various Brahmic scripts
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Hinduism
HINDUISM is a religion, or a way of life, widely practiced in the Indian subcontinent . Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, and some practitioners and scholars refer to it as _Sanātana Dharma _, "the eternal tradition," or the "eternal way," beyond human history. Scholars regard Hinduism as a fusion or synthesis of various Indian cultures and traditions, with diverse roots and no founder. This " Hindu synthesis" started to develop between 500 BCE and 300 CE following the Vedic period (1500 BCE to 500 BCE). Although Hinduism contains a broad range of philosophies, it is linked by shared concepts, recognisable rituals, cosmology , shared textual resources , and pilgrimage to sacred sites . Hindu texts are classified into Shruti ("heard") and Smriti ("remembered")
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Jainism
JAINISM (/ˈdʒeɪnɪzəm/ or /ˈdʒaɪnɪzəm/ ), traditionally known as JAIN DHARMA, is an ancient Indian religion . Jainism followers are called "Jains", a word derived from the Sanskrit word _jina _ (victor) and connoting the path of victory in crossing over life's stream of rebirths through an ethical and spiritual life. Jains trace their history through a succession of twenty-four victorious saviors and teachers known as _Tirthankaras _, with the first being Rishabhanatha , who is believed to have lived millions of years ago, and twenty-fourth being the Mahavira around 500 BCE. Jains believe that Jainism is an eternal _dharma _ with the Tirthankaras guiding every cycle of the Jain cosmology. The main religious premises of Jainism are _ahimsa _ ("non-violence"), _anekantavada _ ("many-sidedness"), _aparigraha _ ("non-attachment") and _asceticism _
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Monarchy
A MONARCHY is a form of government in which a group, generally a family representing a dynasty , embodies the country's national identity and its head, the monarch , exercises the role of sovereignty. The actual power of the monarch may vary from purely symbolic (crowned republic ), to partial and restricted (_constitutional_ monarchy ), to completely autocratic (_absolute_ monarchy ). Traditionally the monarch's post is inherited and lasts until death or abdication. In contrast, elective monarchies require the monarch to be elected. Both types have further variations as there are widely divergent structures and traditions defining monarchy. For example, in some elected monarchies only pedigrees are taken into account for eligibility of the next ruler, whereas many hereditary monarchies impose requirements regarding the religion, age, gender, mental capacity, etc. Occasionally this might create a situation of rival claimants whose legitimacy is subject to effective election
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Monarch
A MONARCH is a sovereign head of state in a monarchy . A monarch may exercise the highest authority and power in the state , or others may wield that power on behalf of the monarch. Typically a monarch either personally inherits the lawful right to exercise the state's sovereign rights (often referred to as _the throne_ or _the crown _) or is selected by an established process from a family or cohort eligible to provide the nation's monarch. Alternatively, an individual may become monarch by conquest, acclamation or a combination of means. A monarch usually reigns for life or until abdication
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Nripa Kama II
NRIPA KAMA II (r. 1026–1047 CE) was an early king of the Hoysala Empire from the Malnad
Malnad
region of Karnataka and was possibly a vassal of the Western Ganga Dynasty
Dynasty
and fought many wars against the Cholas. Thought unable to rout the Cholas from southern regions of present-day Karnataka, he successfully ruled some regions in the Malnad
Malnad
area. CITATIONS * ^ Seetharam Jagirdhar, M.N. Prabhakar, B.S. Krishnaswamy Iyengar in Kamath (2001), p123SOURCES * Suryanath U. Kamath (1980), A Concise history of Karnataka from pre-historic times to the present, Jupiter books, MCC, Bangalore, 1980 (Reprinted 2001, 2002) OCLC: 7796041 Preceded by Munda HOYSALA 1026–1047 Succeeded by Vinayaditya This biography of a member of an Indian royal house is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Veera Ballala III
VEERA BALLALA III (r.1292–1342) was the last great king of the Hoysala Empire . During his rule, the northern and southern branches of the Hoysala empire (which included much of modern Karnataka and northern Tamil Nadu) were consolidated and administered from Halebidu (also known as Dwarasamudra). During his rule, he fought numerous wars with the Yadavas of Devagiri , the Pandyan Dynasty
Dynasty
of Madurai
Madurai
and other minor dynasties of South India. But it was his conflict with the invading forces of Alauddin Khalji
Alauddin Khalji
, and later those of Muhammad bin Tughluq , the Sultan of Delhi, that would alter the course of history of South India. For his courage and fortitude, the historians Suryanath Kamath , Chopra, Ravindran and Subrahmanian have called him a "great ruler"
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Vijayanagara Empire
The VIJAYANAGARA EMPIRE (also called KARNATA EMPIRE, and the KINGDOM OF BISNEGAR by the Portuguese ) was based in the Deccan Plateau region in South India
India
. It was established in 1336 by Harihara I and his brother Bukka Raya I of Sangama Dynasty . The empire rose to prominence as a culmination of attempts by the southern powers to ward off Islamic
Islamic
invasions by the end of the 13th century. It lasted until 1646, although its power declined after a major military defeat in 1565 by the combined armies of the Deccan sultanates . The empire is named after its capital city of Vijayanagara
Vijayanagara
, whose ruins surround present day Hampi
Hampi
, now a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
in Karnataka
Karnataka
, India
India

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Hoysala Vinayaditya
VINAYADITYA (680–696 CE) followed his father, Vikramaditya I on to the Chalukya throne. His reign was marked by general peace and harmony. He earned the titles Yuddhamalla, Sahasarasika, Satyashraya. NORTHERN EXPEDITIONInscriptions speak of many victories to Vinyaditya. He had fought alongside his father against the Pallavas. According to the Jejuri record of 684, he defeated the Pallavas , Kalabhras , Keralas and the Kalachuris of central India. from the Kolhapur plates of 678 he defeated the kingdoms of Lanka
Lanka
and Kamera which according to Dr. S. Nagaraju was Khmer or Cambodia. The Vakkaleri plates confirm the Chalukya levying tribute on Kamera, Lanka
Lanka
and Parasika (Persia). According to Dr. Sircar, it is very possible that the chiefs of Lanka and Persia may have sought protection from the Chalukya, considering the unstable political situation in those countries
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Ereyanga
EREYANGA (r.1098–1102 CE) was the son of Vinayaditya and distinguished himself as a Chalukya feudatory during their campaigns against Dhara of Malwa . Though his rule as a monarch of Hoysala Empire was short, he served his father as the Yuvaraja. He was a Jain by faith. REFERENCES * Dr. Suryanath U. Kamat, A Concise history of Karnataka from pre-historic times to the present, Jupiter books, MCC, Bangalore, 2001 (Reprinted 2002) OCLC: 7796041 Preceded by Vinayaditya HOYSALA 1098–1102 Succeeded by Veera Ballala I This biography of a member of an Indian royal house is a stub . You can help by expanding it . * v * t * e Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title= Ereyanga additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Veera Ballala I
VEERA BALLALA I (r. 1102 – 1108 CE) succeeded Ereyanga as king of the Hoysala Empire . He was a Jain
Jain
by faith. His rule was short and uneventful other than subduing the Chengalvas and the Santharas. He made some unsuccessful attempts to overthrow the overlordship of the Western Chalukyas but was brought under control by Chalukya Vikramaditya VI
Vikramaditya VI
. According to Sen, his rule was from 1100-1110 with the capital at Belur . An alternate capital was at Halebidu
Halebidu
. REFERENCES * ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 58–60. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4 . SOURCES * Dr. Suryanath U
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