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Hotei
Budai, Hotei or Pu-Tai[1][2] (Chinese and Japanese: 布袋; pinyin: Bùdài; rōmaji: Hotei[3]; Vietnamese: Bố Đại) is a Chinese folkloric deity. His name means "Cloth Sack",[3] and comes from the bag that he is conventionally depicted as carrying
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Chinese Language
Legend:   Countries identified Chinese as a primary, administrative, or native language   Countries with more than 5,000,000 Chinese speakers   Countries with more than 1,000,000 Chinese speakers   Countries with more than 500,000 Chinese speakers   Countries with more than 100,000 Chinese speakers   Major Chinese-speaking settlementsThis article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode
Unicode
characters
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Ten Bulls
Ten Bulls
Ten Bulls
or Ten Ox Herding Pictures (十牛; Japanese: jūgyū, Chinese: shíniú) is a series of short poems and accompanying drawings used in the Zen
Zen
tradition to describe the stages of a practitioner's progress toward enlightenment,[web 1] and his or her return to society to enact wisdom and compassion.Contents1 History 2 Kuòān Shīyuǎn's Ten Bulls 3 Reception3.1 Chan Buddhism 3.2 Western reception4 Ten Elephants 5 See also 6 Notes 7 References 8 Sources8.1 Printed sources 8.2 Web-sources9 Further reading 10 External linksHistory[edit] Ten Bulls
Ten Bulls
(by Tokuriki Tomikichiro, 1902–99).The calf, bull or ox is one of the earliest similes for meditation practice
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Buddhist Prayer Beads
Buddhist prayer beads
Buddhist prayer beads
or malas (Sanskrit: mālā "garland"[1]) are a traditional tool used to count the number of times a mantra is recited, breaths while meditating, counting prostrations, or the repetitions of a buddha's name. They are similar to other forms of prayer beads used in various world religions and therefore the term "Buddhist rosary" also appears. Conventional Buddhist tradition counts the beads at 108, signifying the mortal desires of mankind. The number is attributed to the Mokugenji Sutra
Sutra
wherein Shakyamuni Buddha
Shakyamuni Buddha
instructed King Virudhaka to make such beads and recite the Three Jewels
Three Jewels
of Buddhism. In later years, various Buddhist sects would either retain the number of beads, or divide them into consecutive twos, fours, for brevity or informality
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Chan Buddhism
Zen
Zen
in JapanDōgen Hakuin EkakuSeon in KoreaTaego Bou Jinul Daewon Seongcheol Zen
Zen
in the USAD. T
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Later Liang (Five Dynasties)
The Later Liang (simplified Chinese: 后梁; traditional Chinese: 後梁; pinyin: Hòu Liáng) (1 June 907 – 19 November 923) was one of the Five Dynasties
Five Dynasties
during the Five Dynasties
Five Dynasties
and Ten Kingdoms period in China. It was founded by Zhu Wen, posthumously known as Taizu of Later Liang, after he forced the last emperor of the Tang dynasty to abdicate in his favour (and then murdered him)
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Zhejiang
 Zhejiang (help·info), formerly romanized as Chekiang, is an eastern coastal province of China. Zhejiang
Zhejiang
is bordered by Jiangsu and Shanghai
Shanghai
to the north, Anhui
Anhui
to the northwest, Jiangxi
Jiangxi
to the west, and Fujian
Fujian
to the south
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Bodhisattva
In Buddhism, Bodhisattva
Bodhisattva
(/ˌboʊdiːˈsʌtvə/ BOH-dee-SUT-və)[1] is the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
term for anyone who has generated Bodhicitta, a spontane
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Yiguandao
Model humanity:Xian ZhenrenWen and wuPracticesFenxiang JingxiangFeng shui MiaohuiWu shamanismJitong mediumshipPrecious scrollsInstitutions and templesAssociations of good-doingLineage associations or churchesChinese temple Ancestral shrineChinese Folk Temples' AssociationFestivalsQingming Zhongyuan Zhongqiu Jiuhuangye Qixi Duanwu NianInternal traditions Major cultural formsChinese ancestral religionChinese communal deity religionChinese mother goddess worshipNortheast China folk religionMain philosophical traditions: Confucianism
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Korean Seon
Seon Buddhism (Korean: 선; IPA: [sŏn]) is the transformative facture of Chan Buddhism
Chan Buddhism
tradition and creed in Korea. A main feature of Seon Buddhism is a method of mediation, Ganhaw Seon (korean: 간화선). A Korean monk, Jinul
Jinul
(korean: 지눌) accepted partially a mediative method of Chan Buddhism
Chan Buddhism
in 1205. In Chan Buddhism, hwadu (korean: 화두) was a delivery of realising a natural state of the Awakening. Jinul
Jinul
addressed a doctrine of Sagyo Yiepseon (korean: 사교입선) that monks should live an inborn life after learning and forgetting all creeds and theories
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Zen
Zen
Zen
in JapanDōgen Hakuin EkakuSeon in KoreaTaego Bou Jinul Daewon Seongcheol Zen
Zen
in the USAD. T
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Kōan
Zen
Zen
in JapanDōgen Hakuin
Hakuin
EkakuSeon in KoreaTaego Bou Jinul Daewon Seongcheol Zen
Zen
in the USAD. T
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Museum Rietberg
The Rietberg Museum
Rietberg Museum
is a museum in Zürich, Switzerland, displaying Asian, African, American and Oceanian art. It is the only art museum of non-European cultures in Switzerland, the third-largest museum in Zürich, and the largest to be run by the city itself. In 2007 it received approximately 157,000 visitors.Contents1 Location and buildings 2 History 3 Organisation and funding 4 Publishing activities 5 Gallery 6 References 7 External linksLocation and buildings[edit] The Rietberg Museum
Rietberg Museum
is situated in the 17-acre (69,000 m2) Rieterpark in central Zürich, and consists of several historic buildings: the Wesendonck Villa, the Remise (or "Depot"), the Rieter Park-Villa, and the Schönberg Villa
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Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin, Standard Mandarin, or simply Mandarin, is a standard variety of Chinese that is the sole official language of both China
China
and Taiwan
Taiwan
(de facto), and also one of the four official languages of Singapore. Its pronunciation is based on the Beijing
Beijing
dialect, its vocabulary on the Mandarin dialects, and its grammar is based on written vernacular Chinese. Like other varieties of Chinese, Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
is a tonal language with topic-prominent organization and subject–verb–object word order. It has more initial consonants but fewer vowels, final consonants and tones than southern varieties
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Eighteen Arhats
The Eighteen Arhats
Eighteen Arhats
(Chinese: 十八羅漢/十八阿羅漢; pinyin: Shíbā Luóhàn/Shíbā āLuóhàn; Wade-Giles:Lóhàn) are depicted in Mahayana Buddhism
Mahayana Buddhism
as the original followers of the Buddha who have followed the Eightfold Path and attained the Four Stages of Enlightenment. They have reached the state of Nirvana
Nirvana
and are free of worldly cravings. They are charged to protect the Buddhist faith and to await on earth for the coming of Maitreya, a prophesied enlightened Buddha to arrive on earth many millennia after Gautama Buddha's death and nirvana. In China, the eighteen arhats are also a popular subject in Buddhist art, such as the famous Chinese group of glazed pottery luohans from Yixian from about 1000 CE.Contents1 In China 2 In Chinese art 3 Roster 4 ReferencesIn China[edit]Ink rubbing of the stele commissioned by Qianlong depicting Asita
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Bodhi
Bodhi
Bodhi
(Sanskrit: बोधि; and Pali) in Buddhism
Buddhism
is the understanding possessed by a Buddha regarding the true nature of things
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