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Horror Film
A HORROR FILM is a movie that seeks to elicit a physiological reaction, such as an elevated heartbeat, through the use of fear and shocking one’s audiences. Inspired by literature from authors like Edgar Allan Poe , Bram Stoker , and Mary Shelley , the horror genre has existed for more than a century. The macabre and the supernatural are frequent themes. Horror may also overlap with the fantasy , supernatural fiction and thriller genres. Horror films often deal with viewers' nightmares , fears , revulsions and terror of the unknown. Plots within the horror genre often involve the intrusion of an evil force, event, or personage into the everyday world. Prevalent elements include ghosts , extraterrestrials , vampires , werewolves , demons , satanism , gore , torture , vicious animals , evil witches , monsters , zombies , cannibals , psychopaths , natural or man-made disasters , and serial killers
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Nightmare
A NIGHTMARE, also called a BAD DREAM, is an unpleasant dream that can cause a strong emotional response from the mind, typically fear but also despair , anxiety and great sadness . The dream may contain situations of discomfort, psychological or physical terror or panic. Sufferers often awaken in a state of distress and may be unable to return to sleep for a small period. Nightmares can have physical causes such as sleeping in an uncomfortable or awkward position, having a fever , or psychological causes such as stress , anxiety , and as a side effect of various drugs . Eating before going to sleep, which triggers an increase in the body's metabolism and brain activity, is a potential stimulus for nightmares. Recurrent nightmares may require medical help, as they can interfere with sleeping patterns and cause insomnia
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Sidewise Award For Alternate History
The SIDEWISE AWARDS FOR ALTERNATE HISTORY were established in 1995 to recognize the best alternative history stories and novels of the year. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Award winners * 2.1 Long Form * 2.2 Short Form * 2.3 Special
Special
Achievement * 3 References * 4 External links OVERVIEWThe awards take their name from the 1934 short story "Sidewise in Time " by Murray Leinster , in which a strange storm causes portions of Earth to swap places with their analogs from other timelines. The awards were created by Steven H Silver , Evelyn C. Leeper , and Robert B. Schmunk. Over the years, the number of judges has fluctuated between three and eight, including judges in the UK and South Africa
South Africa
. Each year, two awards are presented, usually at the World Science Fiction Convention . The Short-Form award is presented to a work under 60,000 words in length
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Mary Shelley
MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT SHELLEY (née GODWIN; 30 August 1797 – 1 February 1851) was an English novelist, short story writer, dramatist, essayist, biographer, and travel writer , best known for her Gothic novel Frankenstein: or, The Modern Prometheus
Prometheus
(1818). She also edited and promoted the works of her husband, the Romantic poet and philosopher Percy Bysshe Shelley . Her father was the political philosopher William Godwin
William Godwin
, and her mother was the philosopher and feminist Mary Wollstonecraft
Mary Wollstonecraft
. After Wollstonecraft's death less than a month after her daughter Mary
Mary
was born, Mary
Mary
was raised by Godwin, who was able to provide his daughter with a rich, if informal, education, encouraging her to adhere to his own liberal political theories
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Fictional Universe
A FICTIONAL UNIVERSE is a self-consistent imaginary setting with events, and often other elements, that differ from the real world. It may also be called an imagined, constructed or fictional realm (or world). Fictional universes may appear in novels , comics , films, television shows , video games and other creative works. A fictional universe can be almost indistinguishable from the real world, except for the presence of the invented characters and events that characterize a work of fiction; at the other extreme it can bear little or no resemblance to reality, with invented fundamental principles of time and space
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The Encyclopedia Of Science Fiction
THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF SCIENCE FICTION is an English language reference work on science fiction , first published in 1979. In October 2011, the third edition was made available for free online. CONTENTS * 1 Publication history * 2 Contents * 3 Bibliography * 4 See also * 5 External links * 6 References * 7 External links PUBLICATION HISTORYThe first edition, edited by Peter Nicholls with John Clute , was published by Granada in 1979. It was retitled The Science Fiction Encyclopedia when published by Doubleday in the United States. Accompanying its text were numerous black and white photographs illustrating authors, book and magazine covers, film and TV stills, and examples of artists' work. A second edition, jointly edited by Nicholls and Clute, was published in 1993 by Orbit in the UK and St. Martin\'s Press in the US. The second edition contained 1.3 million words, almost twice the 700,000 words of the 1979 edition
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Edgar Allan Poe
EDGAR ALLAN POE (/poʊ/ ; born EDGAR POE; January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American writer, editor, and literary critic . Poe is best known for his poetry and short stories, particularly his tales of mystery and the macabre . He is widely regarded as a central figure of Romanticism in the United States and American literature as a whole, and he was one of the country's earliest practitioners of the short story. Poe is generally considered the inventor of the detective fiction genre and is further credited with contributing to the emerging genre of science fiction . He was the first well-known American writer to try to earn a living through writing alone, resulting in a financially difficult life and career. Poe was born in Boston , the second child of two actors
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Retrofuturism
RETROFUTURISM (adjective retrofuturistic or retrofuture) is a trend in the creative arts showing the influence of depictions of the future produced in an earlier era. If "futurism is sometimes called a 'science' bent on anticipating what will come, retrofuturism is the remembering of that anticipation." Characterized by a blend of old-fashioned "retro " styles with futuristic technology, retrofuturism explores the themes of tension between past and future, and between the alienating and empowering effects of technology . Primarily reflected in artistic creations and modified technologies that realize the imagined artifacts of its parallel reality, retrofuturism can be seen as "an animating perspective on the world." But it has also manifested in the worlds of fashion, architecture, design, music, literature, film, and video games
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Bram Stoker
ABRAHAM "BRAM" STOKER (8 November 1847 – 20 April 1912) was an Irish author, best known today for his 1897 Gothic novel Dracula . During his lifetime, he was better known as the personal assistant of actor Henry Irving and business manager of the Lyceum Theatre in London, which Irving owned. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Early career * 3 Lyceum Theatre * 4 Writings * 5 Death * 6 Beliefs and philosophy * 7 Posthumous * 8 Bibliography * 8.1 Novels * 8.2 Short story collections * 8.3 Uncollected stories * 8.4 Non-fiction * 8.5 Articles * 8.6 Critical works on Stoker * 8.7 Bibliographies * 9 References * 10 External links EARLY LIFEStoker was born on 8 November 1847 at 15 Marino Crescent, Clontarf , on the northside of Dublin
Dublin
, Ireland
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Disgust
DISGUST is an emotional response of revulsion to something considered offensive, distasteful, or unpleasant. In The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals
Animals
, Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
wrote that disgust is a sensation that refers to something revolting. Disgust
Disgust
is experienced primarily in relation to the sense of taste (either perceived or imagined), and secondarily to anything which causes a similar feeling by sense of smell , touch , or vision . Musically sensitive people may even be disgusted by the cacophony of inharmonious sounds. Research continually has proven a relationship between disgust and anxiety disorders such as arachnophobia , blood-injection-injury type phobias , and contamination fear related obsessive–compulsive disorder (also known as OCD)
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Fear
FEAR is a feeling induced by perceived danger or threat that occurs in certain types of organisms , which causes a change in metabolic and organ functions and ultimately a change in behavior , such as fleeing, hiding, or freezing from perceived traumatic events. Fear
Fear
in human beings may occur in response to a specific stimulus occurring in the present, or in anticipation or expectation of a future threat perceived as a risk to body or life. The fear response arises from the perception of danger leading to confrontation with or escape from/avoiding the threat (also known as the fight-or-flight response ), which in extreme cases of fear (horror and terror ) can be a freeze response or paralysis . In humans and animals, fear is modulated by the process of cognition and learning. Thus fear is judged as rational or appropriate and irrational or inappropriate. An irrational fear is called a phobia . Psychologists such as John B
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List Of Science Fiction Editors
This is a LIST OF SCIENCE FICTION EDITORS, editors working for book and magazine publishing companies who have edited science fiction . Many have also edited works of fantasy and other related genres, all of which have been sometimes grouped under the name speculative fiction . Editors on this list should fulfill the conditions for Notability for creative professionals in science fiction or related genres. Evidence for notability includes an existing wiki-biography, or evidence that one could be written. Borderline cases should be discussed on the article's talk page. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries
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Science Fiction Fandom
SCIENCE FICTION FANDOM or SF FANDOM (or SCI-FI FANDOM) is a community or fandom of people interested in science fiction in contact with one another based upon that interest. SF fandom has a life of its own, but not much in the way of formal organization (although clubs such as the Futurians is a recognized example of organized fandom). Most often called simply "fandom" within the community, it can be viewed as a distinct subculture , with its own literature and jargon ; marriages and other relationships among fans are common, as are multi-generation fannish families
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Science Fiction Convention
SCIENCE FICTION CONVENTIONS are gatherings of fans of the speculative fiction genre, science fiction . Historically, science fiction conventions had focused primarily on literature, but the purview of many extends to such other avenues of expression as movies , television , comics , animation , and games . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Types * 2.1 International conventions * 2.1.1 World Science Fiction Convention * 2.1.2 World Fantasy
Fantasy
Convention * 2.1.3 World Horror Convention * 2.2 National conventions * 2.3 Regional conventions * 2.4 Local conventions * 2.5 Media conventions * 2.6 Comic and "popular culture" conventions * 2.7 Special
Special
interest conventions * 2.8 Commercial shows vs
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Climate Fiction
CLIMATE FICTION, popularly abbreviated as CLI-FI (modelled after the assonance of "sci-fi "), is literature that deals with climate change and global warming . Not necessarily speculative in nature, works of cli-fi may take place in the world as we know it or in the near future. University courses on literature and environmental issues may include climate change fiction in their syllabi . This body of literature has been discussed by a variety of publications, including The New York Times
The New York Times
, The Guardian
The Guardian
, and Dissent magazine, among other international media outlets
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