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Hoover's
HOOVER\'S, INC., a subsidiary of Dun and Bradstreet , is an American business research company that has provided information on companies and industries since 1990. Since 1993, the company has made its information available on its website. Gary Hoover and Patrick Spain founded the company. CONTENTS * 1 Operations * 2 Origins and expansion * 3 Headquarters * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links OPERATIONS Hoover's
Hoover's
maintains a database of more than 85 million companies and 100 million people using an in-house editorial staff of industry experts. The company derives most of its revenues from subscriptions, which are sold primarily to sales, marketing, and business development professionals. It provides less-detailed company, industry, and executive information to non-subscribers. Hoover's
Hoover's
also publishes analytical features through its Hoover's
Hoover's
Index pages, and its Bizmology and BIZ blogs. Besides publishing information on its website and in its books, the company distributes information via data feeds and third-party licensing agreements. Hoover's
Hoover's
is headquartered in Austin, Texas and also has employees in North America, Europe, and Asia. ORIGINS AND EXPANSION Hoover's
Hoover's
was started in 1990 by Gary Hoover , Patrick J. Spain , Alan Chai and Alta Campbell
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List Of Business Entities
A BUSINESS ENTITY is an entity that is formed and administered as per commercial law in order to engage in business activities, charitable work, or other activities allowable. Most often, business entities are formed to sell a product or a service. There are many types of business entities defined in the legal systems of various countries. These include corporations , cooperatives , partnerships , sole traders , limited liability company and other specifically permitted and labelled types of entities. The specific rules vary by country and by state or province. Some of these types are listed below, by country. For guidance, approximate equivalents in the company law of English-speaking countries are given in most cases, ≈ public limited company (UK, Ireland and the Commonwealth) ≈ Ltd.
Ltd.
(UK, Ireland and the Commonwealth) ≈ limited partnership = unlimited partnership = chartered company = statutory company = holding company = subsidiary company = one man company (sole proprietor ) = NGOs However, the regulations governing particular types of entity, even those described as roughly equivalent, differ from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. When creating or restructuring a business, the legal responsibilities will depend on the type of business entity chosen
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Subsidiary
A SUBSIDIARY, SUBSIDIARY COMPANY or DAUGHTER COMPANY is a company that is owned or controlled by another company, which is called the _parent company _, _parent_, or _holding company _. The subsidiary can be a company, corporation , or limited liability company . In some cases it is a government or state-owned enterprise . In some cases, particularly in the music and book publishing industries, subsidiaries are referred to as imprints . In the United States railroad industry, an OPERATING SUBSIDIARY is a company that is a subsidiary but operates with its own identity, locomotives and rolling stock . In contrast, a NON-OPERATING SUBSIDIARY would exist on paper only (i.e., stocks, bonds, articles of incorporation) and would use the identity of the parent company . Subsidiaries are a common feature of business life, and most multinational corporations organize their operations in this way. Examples include holding companies such as Berkshire Hathaway
Berkshire Hathaway
, Leucadia National Corporation
Corporation
, Time Warner
Time Warner
, or Citigroup
Citigroup
; as well as more focused companies such as IBM
IBM
or Xerox . These, and others, organize their businesses into national and functional subsidiaries, often with multiple levels of subsidiaries
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Dun And Bradstreet
DUN & BRADSTREET, INC. (NYSE : DNB) is an American business services company headquartered in Short Hills , a community in Millburn , New Jersey, US that provides commercial data to businesses on credit history, business-to-business sales and marketing, counterparty risk exposure, supply chain management , lead scoring and social identity matching. Often referred to as D&B, the company’s database contains information on more than 265 million companies across 200 countries worldwide. Dun & Bradstreet has been listed on the Fortune 500 and was one of the first companies to be publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 1800s * 1.2 1900s * 1.3 2000s * 2 Operations * 3 Products and services * 4 International branches * 5 Competition * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORY1800S Dun & Bradstreet traces its history back to July 20, 1841, with the formation of The Mercantile Agency in New York City by Lewis Tappan , later called R.G. Dun & Company. Recognizing the need for a centralized credit reporting system, Tappan formed the company to create a network of correspondents who would provide reliable, objective credit information to subscribers. As an advocate for civil rights, Tappan used his abolitionist connections to expand and update the company’s credit information
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Austin, Texas
AUSTIN (/ˈɒstᵻn, ˈɔː-/ ( listen ) ) is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas
Texas
and the seat of Travis County , with portions extending into Hays and Williamson counties. It is the 11th-most populous city in the United States, and the 4th largest city in Texas. It is the fastest growing large city in the United States
United States
and the second most populous capital city after Phoenix, Arizona . As of the U.S. Census Bureau's July 1, 2016 estimate, Austin has a population of 947,890. Located in Central Texas
Texas
in the foothills of Texas
Texas
Hill Country , the city is home to numerous lakes, rivers, and waterways including Lady Bird Lake , Barton Springs , McKinney Falls , the Colorado
Colorado
River , Lake Travis , and Lake Walter E. Long . It is the cultural and economic center of the Austin–Round Rock metropolitan area, which had an estimated population of 2,056,405 as of July 1, 2016. In the 1830s, pioneers began to settle the area in central Austin along the Colorado
Colorado
River . In 1839, the site was officially chosen to replace Houston
Houston
as the new capital of the Republic of Texas
Texas
and was incorporated under the name Waterloo
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Gary Hoover
GARY HOOVER (born March 19, 1951) is an American businessperson who founded Bookstop , an American bookstore chain, and The Reference Press, which became Hoover\'s business information company. He is the CEO of Bigwig Games and entrepreneur-in-residence at the University of Texas at Austin School of Information . CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Business career * 2.1 Bookstop * 2.2 Hoover\'s * 2.3 TravelFest Superstores * 2.4 RoadStoryUSA * 2.5 Bigwig Games * 2.6 Board Memberships * 3 Personal life * 3.1 Recognition * 3.2 Entrepreneurship * 3.3 Philanthropy * 3.4 Writings * 4 References * 5 External links EARLY LIFEHoover was born in Lafayette, Indiana , the third of the three children of entrepreneur Wilbur C. and substitute school teacher Judith. He grew up in Anderson, Indiana
Indiana
, a General Motors factory town, graduating from Madison Heights High School in 1969. As a child, Hoover displayed an interest in business. He invented business games to play with friends. At the age of 12 in a quest to better understand General Motors he discovered and subscribed to Fortune Magazine
Fortune Magazine
. In 1969, Hoover entered the University of Chicago
University of Chicago
. There, he earned a bachelor’s degree in economics
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Patrick Spain
PATRICK J. SPAIN (born 1952) is a serial entrepreneur. He is currently the co-founder and CEO of First Stop Health, LLC. , a provider of telehealth and patient advocacy services and the co-founder and Executive Chairman of news curation site Newser . He is also the co-founder and, prior to its sale to D&B in 2003 long-time Chairman and CEO of Hoover\'s . He also founded and was CEO of HighBeam Research . HISTORYSpain attended the University of Chicago
University of Chicago
and graduated with a bachelor of arts degree in Ancient Roman History in 1974. He worked for Gladstone Associates, now part of Accenture
Accenture
from 1974 to 1977 before attending law school at Boston University whence he graduated in 1979. Intrigued by the opportunities at the emerging intersection of information and technology, following graduation and went to work as an associate counsel for Extel Corporation , a telex manufacturer. At the university he met Gary Hoover . Spain worked for Extel for ten years in various positions including General Counsel, VP of Administration, and VP, Mergers "> Spain gave some initial capital to Bookstop , a company founded by Hoover. In 1990 he moved to Austin, Texas where he and University of Chicago friends Gary Hoover and Alan Chai, along with Alta Campbell, founded Hoover's
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Company (law)
A COMPANY, abbreviated CO., is a legal entity made up of an association of people, be they natural , legal , or a mixture of both, for carrying on a commercial or industrial enterprise. Company
Company
members share a common purpose and unite in order to focus their various talents and organize their collectively available skills or resources to achieve specific, declared goals . Companies take various forms such as: * Voluntary associations which may include nonprofit organization * A group of soldiers * Business
Business
entities with an aim of gaining a profit * Financial entities and banks A company or association of persons can be created at law as legal person so that the company in itself can accept limited liability for civil responsibility and taxation incurred as members perform (or fail) to discharge their duty within the publicly declared "birth certificate" or published policy . Because companies are legal persons, they also may associate and register themselves as companies – often known as a corporate group . When the company closes it may need a "death certificate" to avoid further legal obligations
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Industry
INDUSTRY is the production of goods or related services within an economy . The major source of revenue of a group or company is the indicator of its relevant industry. When a large group has multiple sources of revenue generation, it is considered to be working in different industries. Manufacturing industry became a key sector of production and labour in European and North American countries during the Industrial Revolution , upsetting previous mercantile and feudal economies. This came through many successive rapid advances in technology, such as the production of steel and coal . Following the Industrial Revolution , possibly a third of the world's economic output are derived that is from manufacturing industries. Many developed countries and many developing/semi-developed countries (People's Republic of China, India etc.) depend significantly on manufacturing industry. Industries, the countries they reside in, and the economies of those countries are interlinked in a complex web of interdependence
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Database
A DATABASE is an organized collection of data . It is the collection of schemas , tables , queries , reports, views , and other objects. The data are typically organized to model aspects of reality in a way that supports processes requiring information, such as modelling the availability of rooms in hotels in a way that supports finding a hotel with vacancies. A DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (DBMS) is a computer software application that interacts with the user, other applications, and the database itself to capture and analyze data. A general-purpose DBMS
DBMS
is designed to allow the definition, creation, querying, update, and administration of databases. Well-known DBMSs include MySQL , PostgreSQL , MongoDB , MariaDB , Microsoft SQL Server , Oracle , Sybase , SAP HANA , MemSQL , SQLite and IBM DB2 . A database is not generally portable across different DBMSs, but different DBMS
DBMS
can interoperate by using standards such as SQL
SQL
and ODBC or JDBC to allow a single application to work with more than one DBMS. Database management systems are often classified according to the database model that they support; the most popular database systems since the 1980s have all supported the relational model as represented by the SQL
SQL
language
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Bookstop (company)
BOOKSTOP INC. was a Texas
Texas
-based chain of bookstores that was at one time the fourth-largest bookselling chain in the United States
United States
. In 1989 Barnes & Noble
Barnes & Noble
acquired the company, at which point it became a subsidiary of Barnes & Noble. The chain also did business under the name BOOKSTAR due to trademark conflicts in other states. CONTENTS * 1 Business model * 2 History * 2.1 Barnes & Noble
Barnes & Noble
acquisition * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links BUSINESS MODELLaura J. Miller, author of Reluctant Capitalists: Bookselling and the Culture of Consumption, wrote that the chain "combined discounting with very wide selection, careful attention to display, and a reliance on sophisticated information systems in order to build a chain that would appeal to affluent, educated readers." Jason Epstein, author of Book Business: Publishing Past, Present, and Future, described the chain as being modeled on the supermarket concept. Miller stated that the store format was "consciously" modeled after the format of the Toys "R" Us
Toys "R" Us
stores. Laura Elder of the Houston
Houston
Business Journal wrote that the chain "pioneered the superstore concept". Hoover himself states that "While the execution of the idea was difficult and complex, the core idea was not
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Barnes & Noble
Leonard Riggio (Chairman) Demos Parneros (CEO) PRODUCTS Nook
Nook
SparkNotes BRANDS BARNES LINE-HEIGHT:1.2EM;">OPERATING INCOME US$
US$
14.656 million (FY 2016) NET INCOME US$
US$
-24.446 million (FY 2016) TOTAL ASSETS US$
US$
2.013 billion (FY 2016) TOTAL EQUITY US$
US$
603.510 million (FY 2016) NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES 29,000 (2016) WEBSITE www.barnesandnobleinc.com (corporate site) www.barnesandnoble.com (consumer site) www.nook.com (consumer site) Barnes ">NYSE : BNED S&P 600 Component WEBSITE www.barnesandnoble.comBARNES & NOBLE, INC., is a Fortune 500 company, the bookseller with the largest number of retail outlets in the United States, and a retailer of content, digital media, and educational products. As of April 29, 2017, the company operates 633 retail stores in all 50 U.S. states . Barnes & Noble
Barnes & Noble
operates mainly through its Barnes & Noble
Barnes & Noble
Booksellers chain of bookstores . The company's headquarters are at 122 Fifth Avenue in New York City
New York City
. After a series of mergers and bankruptcies in the American bookstore industry since the 1990s, Barnes & Noble
Barnes & Noble
stands alone as the United States' sole remaining national bookstore chain
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Initial Public Offering
INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERING (IPO) or STOCK MARKET LAUNCH is a type of public offering in which shares of a company usually are sold to institutional investors that in turn, sell to the general public, on a securities exchange , for the first time. Through this process, a privately held company transforms into a public company . Initial public offerings are mostly used by companies to raise the expansion of capital, possibly to monetize the investments of early private investors, and to become publicly traded enterprises. A company selling shares is never required to repay the capital to its public investors. After the IPO, when shares trade freely in the open market, money passes between public investors. Although IPO offers many advantages, there are also significant disadvantages, chief among these are the costs associated with the process and the requirement to disclose certain information that could prove helpful to competitors. The IPO process is colloquially known as _going public_. Details of the proposed offering are disclosed to potential purchasers in the form of a lengthy document known as a prospectus . Most companies undertake an IPO with the assistance of an investment banking firm acting in the capacity of an underwriter . Underwriters provide several services, including help with correctly assessing the value of shares (share price) and establishing a public market for shares (initial sale)
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NASDAQ
The NASDAQ STOCK MARKET (/ˈnæzˌdæk/ ( listen )) is an American stock exchange . It is the second-largest exchange in the world by market capitalization , behind only the New York Stock Exchange . The exchange platform is owned by Nasdaq, Inc., which also owns the Nasdaq Nordic (formerly known as OMX) and Nasdaq Baltic stock market network and several other US stock and options exchanges. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Quote availability * 3 Trading schedule * 4 Market tiers * 5 Average annualized growth rate * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORYWhen it was founded, NASDAQ stood for the acronym of "National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations". NASDAQ was founded in 1971 by the National Association of Securities Dealers (NASD), which divested itself of NASDAQ in a series of sales in 2000 and 2001. The Nasdaq Stock Market is owned and operated by Nasdaq, Inc. , the stocks of which were listed on its own stock exchange marketing July 2, 2002, under the ticker symbol NDAQ. Former logo When the Nasdaq Stock Market began trading on February 8, 1971, it was the world's first electronic stock market. At first, it was merely a _quotation system_ and did not provide a way to perform electronic trades
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Dun & Bradstreet
DUN & BRADSTREET, INC. (NYSE : DNB) is an American business services company headquartered in Short Hills , a community in Millburn , New Jersey, US that provides commercial data to businesses on credit history, business-to-business sales and marketing, counterparty risk exposure, supply chain management , lead scoring and social identity matching. Often referred to as D&B, the company’s database contains information on more than 265 million companies across 200 countries worldwide. Dun & Bradstreet
Dun & Bradstreet
has been listed on the Fortune 500 and was one of the first companies to be publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 1800s * 1.2 1900s * 1.3 2000s * 2 Operations * 3 Products and services * 4 International branches * 5 Competition * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORY1800S Dun & Bradstreet
Dun & Bradstreet
traces its history back to July 20, 1841, with the formation of The Mercantile Agency in New York City by Lewis Tappan , later called R.G. Dun & Company. Recognizing the need for a centralized credit reporting system, Tappan formed the company to create a network of correspondents who would provide reliable, objective credit information to subscribers. As an advocate for civil rights, Tappan used his abolitionist connections to expand and update the company’s credit information
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Disciplined Growth Investors
DISCIPLINED GROWTH INVESTORS, Inc. (or DGI) is a SEC-registered independent asset management firm founded in February 1997 by Fred Martin in Minneapolis, Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota
. Its headquarters are located on the 25th floor of the Fifth Street Towers in downtown Minneapolis
Minneapolis
. In 2009, DGI had 145 clients. This included private individuals as well as institutions. Disciplined Growth Investors
Disciplined Growth Investors
offers two equity portfolios to its clients: small-cap and mid-cap growth portfolios. DGI also offers a balanced portfolio which is a combination of the mid-cap growth portfolio and fixed-income securities. Disciplined Growth Investors employs a value investing approach applied to growth stocks and is an active participant with its rights as a shareholder and an open critic in regards to high CEO compensation. Disciplined Growth Investors also manages the Disciplined Growth Investors
Disciplined Growth Investors
Fund (DGIFX). Disciplined Growth Investors
Disciplined Growth Investors
was founded with $0.7 billion in assets under management (AUM). In 2009, the firm’s AUM was $1.7 billion
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