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Honduran Lempira
The lempira (/lɛmˈpɪrə/, sign: L, ISO 4217
ISO 4217
code: HNL) is the currency of Honduras. It is subdivided into 100 centavos.Contents1 Etymology 2 History 3 Coins 4 Banknotes 5 Exchange rates 6 See also 7 References 8 External linksEtymology[edit] The lempira was named after the 16th-century cacique Lempira, a ruler of the indigenous Lenca people, who is renowned in Honduran folklore for leading the (ultimately unsuccessful) local native resistance against the Spanish conquistador forces. He is a national hero, and is honoured on both the 1 lempira note and the 20 and 50 centavos coins. History[edit] The lempira was introduced in 1931, replacing the peso at par. In the late 1980s, the exchange rate was two lempiras to the United States dollar (the 20-centavos coin is called a daime as it was worth the same as a U.S. dime)
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Spanish Language
Spanish (/ˈspænɪʃ/ (listen); español (help·info)) or Castilian[3] (/kæˈstɪliən/ (listen), castellano (help·info)) is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain
Spain
and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in the Americas
Americas
and Spain. It is a global language and the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.[4][5][6][7][8] Spanish is a part of the Ibero-Romance group of languages, which evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin
Vulgar Latin
in Iberia after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire
Western Roman Empire
in the 5th century
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Dime (United States Coin)
The dime, in United States usage, is a ten-cent coin, one tenth of a United States dollar, labeled formally as "one dime". The denomination was first authorized by the Coinage Act of 1792. The dime is the smallest in diameter and is the thinnest of all U.S. coins currently minted for circulation, being .705 inch (17.91 mm) in diameter and .053 inch (1.35 mm) in thickness. The obverse of the current dime depicts the profile of President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
and the reverse boasts an olive branch, a torch, and an oak branch, from left to right respectively. As of 2011, the dime coin cost 5.65 cents to produce.[1] The word dime comes from the French word dîme, meaning "tithe" or "tenth part", from the Latin
Latin
decima [pars]
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List Of National Parks Of Honduras
National
National
may refer to: Nation or country Nationality
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Federal Republic Of Central America
The Federal Republic
Republic
of Central America
Central America
(Spanish: República Federal de Centroamérica), also called the United Provinces of Central America (Spanish: Provincias Unidas del Centro de América) in its first year of creation, was a sovereign state in Central America consisting of the territories of the former Captaincy General of Guatemala
Guatemala
of New Spain. It existed from September 1823 to 1841, and was a republican democracy. It is also sometimes incorrectly referred to in English as the United States
United States
of Central America. The republic consisted of the present-day states of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica
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Captaincy General Of Guatemala
The Captaincy General of Guatemala
Guatemala
(Spanish: Capitanía General de Guatemala), also known as the Kingdom of Guatemala
Guatemala
(Spanish: Reino de Guatemala), was an administrative division of the Spanish Empire
Spanish Empire
in Central America, including the present-day nations of Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador, Belize
Belize
and Guatemala, and the Mexican state of Chiapas. The governor-captain general was also president of the Royal Audiencia of Guatemala, the superior court.Contents1 Antecedents1.1 Moving of the capital 1.2 Role of the church2 Establishment 3 Independence 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External linksAntecedents[edit] Main article: Spanish conquest of Guatemala Colonization of the area that became the Captaincy General began in 1524
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Ramón Rosa
Ramón Rosa
Ramón Rosa
Soto (14 July 1848 – 28 May 1893) was a prominent lawyer, journalist, politician and liberal writer of the second half of the nineteenth century. He was the ideologue of educational changes of Liberal Reform in Guatemala
Guatemala
and then in Honduras. He served as Principal Minister during the rule of his cousin, Dr. Marco Aurelio Soto and was associated with Soto's mining investments.[1]Contents1 Biography 2 Marco Aurelio Soto
Marco Aurelio Soto
Presidency 3 Exile and death 4 Works published 5 Posthumous recognition 6 See also 7 References 8 Bibliography 9 NotesBiography[edit] Ramón Rosa, was the son of Juan José Soto and Isidora Rosa. He learned his first letters with a famous teacher in Honduras, who he later portrayed as the central character in his book The Scholastic teacher
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José Cecilio Del Valle
November 22, 1780 March 2, 1834(1834-03-02) (aged 53) Choluteca, HondurasPolitical party ConservativeSpouse(s) Josefa ValeroAlma mater San Carlos University, GuatemalaProfession Diplomat LawyerSignatureJosé Cecilio Díaz Del Valle (November 22, 1780 – March 2, 1834) was a philosopher, politician, lawyer, and journalist and one of the most important figures in Central America during the transition from colonial government to independence, displaying a wide-ranging expertise in public administration management.[1][2] Valle nicknamed 'The Wise'[3] was also, one of Central America's founding fathers.[4][5] He used words as his only weapons, and the most amazing fact about his life is that, despite his pacific temperament and lack of military glamor, his efforts did not go unappreciated by the mass of his countrymen.[6] A later family member of Jose Cecilo was Jorge Del Valle Zamora and was ambassador of
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Presidential Palace, Honduras
The Honduran Presidential Palace is the official residence of the President of the Republic of Honduras. Currently the Honduran President resides in the Palacio José Cecilio del Valle.National historical monuments of HondurasContents1 History 2 Current presidential residence 3 Other presidential houses 4 See also 5 References 6 BibliographyHistory[edit] In 1821 the 'City Council of Comayagua' was the first official residence of the Honduran head of state. The location of the capital remained there for almost 60 years, until being moved to Tegucigalpa, via Decree No. 11 on October 30th, 1880. Doctor Marco Aurelio Soto, the “Reformer of the Republic”, also relocated the judicial and legislative headquarters, the federal reserve, and the state university to Tegucigalpa. The first presidential house in the city of Tegucigalpa was a two-story wooden building built by Juan Judas Salavarría, located on the south west side of Plaza de la Merced
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Dionisio De Herrera
José Dionisio de la Trinidad de Herrera y Díaz del Valle (9 October 1781 in Choluteca, Honduras
Honduras
– 13 June 1850 in San Vicente, El Salvador) was a Liberal Honduran politician, head of state of Honduras from 1824 to 1827 and head of state of Nicaragua
Nicaragua
from 1830 to 1833. During his terms, Honduras
Honduras
and Nicaragua
Nicaragua
were states within the Federal Republic of Central America. Herrera was an uncle of the Liberal Central American general Francisco Morazán. From a land-owning family, Herrera studied at the University of San Carlos of Guatemala, where he earned a law degree[1] and came in contact with the liberal ideas of the French Revolution. He was a tutor of his nephew, General Morazán. In 1820 he occupied his first public office, as secretary of the town government of Tegucigalpa
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Universidad Nacional Autónoma De Honduras
The National Autonomous University of Honduras
Honduras
(Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Honduras) is the national public university of Honduras. It was founded in 1847 and has many campuses throughout the country.Contents1 Autonomy 2 Campuses2.1 University city 2.2 Sports arena 2.3 Other campuses3 Budget 4 UNAH position on Latin American Universities Ranking by QS 5 UNAH Library 6 Notable people 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksAutonomy[edit] On October 15, 1957 the autonomy of UNAH was passed by decree and since then UNAH has received 6% of the government's educational budget.[citation needed] Campuses[edit] University city[edit] Main article: UNAH university city The main campus is located in the country's capital of Tegucigalpa
Tegucigalpa
and is home to the university's Medical School
Medical School
hospital and campus
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José Trinidad Cabañas
José Trinidad Cabañas
José Trinidad Cabañas
(9 June 1805–- 8 January 1871) served as President of Honduras
President of Honduras
for two separate terms: From 1 March to 6 July 1852. And 31 December 1853 to 6 June 1855. He was a General and liberal politician whose role in Honduran history began during the Civil War 1826-29. He became a Central America hero, when he attempted to reunite Central America,[1] during Francisco Morazán's tenure and after the unionist's death. During his second term as President, Cabañas attempted to build the railroad in Honduras
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Francisco Morazán
Francisco Morazán
Francisco Morazán
(Spanish pronunciation: [fɾanˈsisko moɾaˈsan]; born October 3, 1792 – September 15, 1842) was a Honduran politician who was president of the Federal Republic of Central America from 1830 to 1839. Before he was president of Central America he was the head of state of Honduras.[1] He rose to prominence at the battle of La Trinidad (es) on November 11, 1827. Morazán then dominated the political and military scene of Central America until his execution in 1842. In the political arena, Francisco Morazán
Francisco Morazán
was recognized as a visionary and great thinker, as he attempted to transform Central America into one large and progressive nation
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Amapala
Amapala
Amapala
is a municipality in the Honduran department of Valle. It is formed by El Tigre Island and its satellite islets and rocks in the Gulf of Fonseca. It has an area of 75.2 km² and a population of 2,482 as of the census of 2001 (of which 4 people were living on Isla Comandante). Thanks to a natural deep channel, and despite lacking modern infrastructure, Amapala
Amapala
long served as the main Honduran port in the Pacific Ocean.Contents1 History 2 Climate 3 Economy 4 Gallery 5 ReferencesHistory[edit] Amapala
Amapala
was founded in 1838, and its port was opened and declared free in 1868
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Marco Aurelio Soto
Marco Aurelio Soto
Marco Aurelio Soto
(13 November, 1846—25 February, 1908) was President of Honduras
President of Honduras
from 27 August 1876 until 19 October 1883. He was known as a liberal. He was a reforming President and had a great impact on the Honduras
Honduras
of his time, including the establishment of the Biblioteca Nacional de Honduras
Honduras
in 1880. Biography[edit] Dr. Marco Aurelio Soto
Marco Aurelio Soto
was born in Tegucigalpa, Honduras. His parents were Dr. and Mrs. Maximo Soto Francisca Martínez. When he was nine years old he moved with his father, Dr. Don Maximo Soto to Guatemala, where he studied with brilliant success, and crowned his career as a lawyer. As a very young man began to draw attention to their well-written literary and political articles, the latter inspired by the principles proclaimed by the revolution of 1871
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Copán
Copán
Copán
is an archaeological site of the Maya civilization
Maya civilization
located in the Copán Department
Copán Department
of western Honduras, not far from the border with Guatemala. It was the capital city of a major Classic period kingdom from the 5th to 9th centuries AD. The city was located in the extreme southeast of the Mesoamerican cultural region, on the frontier with the Isthmo-Colombian
Isthmo-Colombian
cultural region, and was almost surrounded by non-Maya peoples.[2] Copán
Copán
was occupied for more than two thousand years, from the Early Preclassic period to the Postclassic
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