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Holy Crown Of Hungary
The HOLY CROWN OF HUNGARY (Hungarian : Szent Korona, also known as the CROWN OF SAINT STEPHEN ) was the coronation crown used by the Kingdom of Hungary
Kingdom of Hungary
for most of its existence; kings have been crowned with it since the twelfth century. The Crown was bound to the Lands of the Hungarian Crown (sometimes the Sacra Corona meant the Land, the Carpathian Basin, but it also meant the coronation body, too). No king of Hungary
Hungary
was regarded as having been truly legitimate without being crowned with it. In the history of Hungary
Hungary
, more than fifty kings were crowned with it, up to the last, Charles IV , in 1916 (the only kings who were not so crowned were John II Sigismund , Gabriel Bethlen and Joseph II )
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Hartvik
HARTVIK (Arduin) was a prelate (most probably the bishop of Győr ) in the Kingdom of Hungary
Kingdom of Hungary
under King Coloman the Book-lover . He wrote a new Life of St Stephen I of Hungary
Stephen I of Hungary
based on the holy king's two earlier hagiographies. REFERENCES * ^ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07094b.htm * Gerics, József (1993). "Hartvik". In Kristó, Gyula; Engel, Pál; Makk, Ferenc. Korai magyar történeti lexikon (9-14. század) . Akadémiai Kiadó. p. 255. ISBN 963-05-6722-9 . This article about a Catholic bishop is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Könyves Kálmán
COLOMAN THE LEARNED, also THE BOOK-LOVER or THE BOOKISH (Hungarian : Könyves Kálmán; Croatian : Koloman; Slovak : Koloman Učený; c. 1070 – 3 February 1116) was King of Hungary from 1095 and King of Croatia
King of Croatia
from 1097 until his death. Because Coloman and his younger brother Álmos were underage when their father King Géza I of Hungary died, their uncle Ladislaus I ascended the throne in 1077. Ladislaus prepared Coloman—who was "half-blind and humpbacked", according to late medieval Hungarian chronicles—for a church career, and Coloman was eventually appointed bishop of Eger or Várad (Oradea, Romania
Romania
) in the early 1090s. The dying King Ladislaus preferred Álmos to Coloman when nominating his heir in early 1095. Coloman fled from Hungary but returned around 19 July 1095 when his uncle died
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Astrik
SAINT ASTRIK OF PANNONHALMA (also known as ANASTASIUS, ASTERICUS, ASCRICK, ASTRISSICUS) (d. ca. 1030/1040) is a saint of the 11th century. LIFERadla was a Czech or Croat from Bohemia, who was a monk in Hungary. He probably received the habit at Brevnov, taking the name of Anastasius, of which Astrik
Astrik
is the equivalent. Astrik
Astrik
accompanied Saint
Saint
Adalbert in the latter's missionary work to the Bohemians
Bohemians
and became the first abbot of Břevnov Monastery . When Adalbert failed to consolidate his position in Bohemia, and left Prague, Astrik
Astrik
Radla went to the Kingdom of Hungary
Kingdom of Hungary
to help the missionaries among the Magyars
Magyars
. He first served the wife of Duke Géza
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Esztergom
ESZTERGOM (Hungarian pronunciation: listen (help ·info ), German : Gran, Slovak : Ostrihom, known by alternative names ), is a city in northern Hungary
Hungary
, 46 kilometres (29 miles) northwest of the capital Budapest
Budapest
. It lies in Komárom-Esztergom county , on the right bank of the river Danube
Danube
, which forms the border with Slovakia
Slovakia
there. Esztergom
Esztergom
was the capital of Hungary
Hungary
from the 10th till the mid-13th century when King Béla IV of Hungary
Hungary
moved the royal seat to Buda
Buda
. Esztergom
Esztergom
is the seat of the prímás (see Primate ) of the Roman Catholic Church in Hungary, and the former seat of the Constitutional Court of Hungary
Hungary

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Canonization
CANONIZATION is the act by which a Christian church declares that a person who has died was a saint , upon which declaration the person is included in the "canon", or list, of recognized saints. Originally, persons were recognized as saints without any formal process. Later, different processes were developed, such as those used today in the Anglican Communion
Anglican Communion
, Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
and Roman Catholic Church
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Byzantine Empire
The BYZANTINE EMPIRE, also referred to as the EASTERN ROMAN EMPIRE, was the continuation of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in the East during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
, when its capital city was Constantinople
Constantinople
(modern-day Istanbul
Istanbul
, which had been founded as Byzantium
Byzantium
). It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in the 5th century AD and continued to exist for an additional thousand years until it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. During most of its existence, the empire was the most powerful economic, cultural, and military force in Europe
Europe

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Virgin Mary
MARY (Greek : Μαρία, translit. María; Aramaic : ܡܪܝܡ‎, translit. Mariam; Hebrew : מִרְיָם‎, translit. Miriam; Coptic : Ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ; Arabic : مريم‎, translit. Maryam), also known by various titles, styles and honorifics , was a 1st-century BC Galilean Jewish
Jewish
woman of Nazareth
Nazareth
, and the mother of Jesus
Jesus
, according to the New Testament
New Testament
and the Quran . The gospels of Matthew and Luke in the New Testament
New Testament
and the Quran describe Mary as a virgin (Greek: παρθένος, translit. parthénos) and Christians believe that she conceived her son while a virgin by the Holy Spirit . The miraculous conception took place when she was already betrothed to Joseph and was awaiting the concluding rite of marriage, the formal home-taking ceremony
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Frankfurt
FRANKFURT, officially FRANKFURT AM MAIN (German: ( listen ); lit. ' Frankfurt
Frankfurt
on the Main '), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse
Hesse
and the fifth-largest city in Germany. Frankfurt was a city state , the Free City of Frankfurt
Free City of Frankfurt
, for nearly five centuries, and was one of the most important cities of the Holy Roman Empire ; it lost its sovereignty in 1866. In 2015, Frankfurt
Frankfurt
has a population of 732,688 within its administrative boundaries, and 2.3 million in its urban area . The city is at the centre of the larger Frankfurt Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region , which has a population of 5.5 million and is Germany\'s second-largest metropolitan region after Rhine-Ruhr
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Line Engraving
LINE ENGRAVING is a term for engraved images printed on paper to be used as prints or illustrations. The term is now much less used and when is, it is mainly in connection with 18th or 19th century commercial illustrations for magazines and books, or reproductions of paintings . Steel engraving
Steel engraving
is an overlapping term, for images that in fact are often mainly in etching , mostly used for banknotes, illustrations for books, magazines and decorative prints, often reproductive, from about 1820 to the early 20th century, when the technique became less used. Copperplate engraving is another somewhat outdated term for engravings. With photography long established, engravings made today are nearly all artistic ones in printmaking , but the technique is not as common as it used to be; more than other printmaking techniques, engraving requires great skill and much practise, even for an experienced artist
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Franz Joseph I Of Austria
FRANZ JOSEPH I or FRANCIS JOSEPH I (German : Franz Joseph I., Hungarian : I. Ferenc József, Czech : František Josef I, Romanian : Francisc Iosif, Slovene : Franc Jožef I., Italian : Francesco Giuseppe, Croatian : Franjo Josip I.) (18 August 1830 – 21 November 1916) was Emperor of Austria
Emperor of Austria
and King of Hungary , Bohemian King and many others (see grand title of the Emperor of Austria
Emperor of Austria
) from 2 December 1848 until his death on 21 November 1916. From 1 May 1850 to 24 August 1866 he was also President of the German Confederation . He was the longest-reigning Emperor of Austria
Emperor of Austria
and King of Hungary, as well as the third longest-reigning monarch of any country in European history, after Louis XIV of France
Louis XIV of France
and Johann II of Liechtenstein
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Rome
ROME (/roʊm/ ROHM ; Italian : Roma ( listen ), Latin
Latin
: Rōma) is the capital of Italy
Italy
and a special comune (named Comune
Comune
di Roma Capitale). Rome
Rome
also serves as the capital of the Lazio region . With 2,876,051 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth-most populous city in the European Union
European Union
by population within city limits. It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome , which has a population of 4.3 million residents. Rome
Rome
is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula
Italian Peninsula
, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber
Tiber

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Latin
LATIN (Latin: lingua latīna, IPA: ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages
Indo-European languages
. The Latin alphabet is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets , and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet
Phoenician alphabet
. Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in Latium
Latium
, in the Italian Peninsula
Italian Peninsula
. Through the power of the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
, it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire . Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages
Romance languages
, such as Italian , Portuguese , Spanish , French , and Romanian
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Vatican City
Coordinates : 41°54′N 12°27′E / 41.900°N 12.450°E / 41.900; 12.450 Vatican City
Vatican City
State Status Civitatis Vaticanae ( Latin
Latin
) Stato della Città del Vaticano (Ita
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Holy Roman Empire
The HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE ( Latin
Latin
: Sacrum Imperium Romanum; German : Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic complex of territories in Central Europe
Central Europe
that developed during the Early Middle Ages
Middle Ages
and continued until its dissolution in 1806. The largest territory of the empire after 962 was the Kingdom of Germany , though it also came to include the Kingdom of Bohemia
Kingdom of Bohemia
, the Kingdom of Burgundy , the Kingdom of Italy , and numerous other territories. On 25 December 800, Pope Leo III crowned the Frankish king Charlemagne
Charlemagne
as Emperor , reviving the title in Western Europe
Western Europe
, more than three centuries after the fall of the Western Roman Empire
Roman Empire

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Palatine (Kingdom Of Hungary)
The PALATINE OF HUNGARY (German : Landespalatin, Hungarian : nádor, Latin : palatinus regni Hungarie, and Slovak : nádvorný špán) was the highest-ranking office in the Kingdom of Hungary
Kingdom of Hungary
from the beginning of the 11th century to 1848. Initially, Palatines were representatives of the monarchs , later (from 1723) the vice-regent (viceroy ). In the early centuries of the kingdom, they were appointed by the king, and later (from 1608) were elected by the Diet of the Kingdom of Hungary. CONTENTS * 1 Title * 2 History * 2.1 Origins (c. 1000–c. 1100) * 2.2 Middle Ages (c
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