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History Of Shia Islam
Shi‘a Islam, also known as Shi‘ite Islam
Islam
or Shi‘ism, is the second largest branch of Islam
Islam
after Sunni
Sunni
Islam. Shias adhere to the teachings of Muhammad
Muhammad
and the religious guidance of his family (who are referred to as the Ahl al-Bayt) or his descendants known as Shia Imams. Muhammad's bloodline continues only through his daughter Fatima Zahra and cousin Ali
Ali
who alongside Muhammad's grandsons comprise the Ahl al-Bayt. Thus, Shias consider Muhammad's descendants as the true source of guidance. Shia
Shia
Islam, like Sunni
Sunni
Islam, has at times been divided into many branches; however, only three of these currently have a significant number of followers, and each of them has a separate trajectory. From a political viewpoint the history of the Shia
Shia
was in several stages
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Muhammad In Islam
Muḥammad ibn ʿAbdullāh ibn ʿAbdul-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāshim (Arabic: مُـحَـمَّـد ابْـن عَـبْـد الله ابْـن عَـبْـد الْـمُـطَّـلِـب ابْـن هَـاشِـم‎) (c. 570 CE – 8 June 632 CE), in short form Muhammad, is considered to be the last Messenger and Prophet of God
God
in all the main branches of Islam
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Alawites
The Alawis, also rendered as Alawites
Alawites
(Arabic: علوية‎ Alawiyyah/Alawīyah), are a syncretic sect of the Twelver
Twelver
branch of Shia Islam, primarily centered in Syria. The eponymously named Alawites
Alawites
revere Ali
Ali
( Ali
Ali
ibn Abi Talib), considered the first Imam of the Twelver
Twelver
school. However, they are generally considered to be Ghulat
Ghulat
by most other sects of Shia Islam.[citation needed] The sect is believed to have been founded by Ibn Nusayr
Ibn Nusayr
during the 9th century, and fully established as a religion
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Event Of Mubahala
The Event of Mubahala
Mubahala
was a meeting between the Islamic prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
and a Christian
Christian
delegation from Najran
Najran
(present-day Yemen), in the month of Dhu'l-Hijja, 10 AH (October 631,[1] October 631-2,[2] October 632-3),[3] where Muhammad
Muhammad
invoked a curse attempting to reveal who was lying about their religious differences. The initial effort was to invite the Najrani Christians to Islam and acknowledgement of Muhammad
Muhammad
as a prophet. During religious discussions of similarities and differences, the topic of the divinity of ‘Īsā (Arabic: عِـيْـسَى‎, Jesus) arose.[a][4] The Christians refused to accept Muhammad's teachings about Christ and refused denying their beliefs
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Hadith Of The Pond Of Khumm
Ḥadīth (/ˈhædɪθ/[1] or /hɑːˈdiːθ/;[2] Arabic: حديث‎ ḥadīth, pl. Aḥādīth, أحاديث, ʼaḥādīth[3], also "Traditions") in Islam
Islam
denotes the words, actions, and the silent approval, of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Within Islam
Islam
the authority of Ḥadīth as a source for religious law ranks inferior only to the Qur'an
Qur'an
— which Muslims hold to be the word of Allah
Allah
revealed to his messenger Muhammad
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Muslim History
The history of Islam
Islam
concerns the political, economic, social, and cultural developments of the Islamic civilization. Despite concerns about the reliability of early sources, most historians[1] believe that Islam
Islam
originated in Mecca
Mecca
and Medina
Medina
at the start of the 7th century. Muslims however believe that it did not start with Muhammad, but that it was the original faith of others whom they regard as Prophets, such as Jesus, David, Moses, Abraham, Noah and Adam.[2][3][4] In 610 CE, Muhammad
Muhammad
began receiving what Muslims consider to be divine revelations.[5] Muhammad's message won over a handful of followers and was met with increasing opposition from notables of Mecca.[6] In 618, after he lost protection with the death of his influential uncle Abu Talib, Muhammad
Muhammad
migrated to the city of Yathrib (Medina)
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First Fitna
The First Fitna
First Fitna
(Arabic: فتنة مقتل عثمان‎ fitnat maqtal ʿUthmān "strife/sedition of the killing of Uthman") was a civil war within the Rashidun Caliphate
Rashidun Caliphate
which resulted in the overthrowing of the Rashidun
Rashidun
caliphs and the establishment of the Umayyad dynasty. It began when the caliph Uthman ibn Affan
Uthman ibn Affan
was assassinated by Egyptian rebels in 656 and continued through the four-year reign of Uthman's successor Ali ibn Abi Talib
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Second Fitna
Yazid I Umar ibn Sa'ad (686) † Marwan I Abd al-Malik Ubayd Allah ibn Ziyad
Ubayd Allah ibn Ziyad
(686) † Husayn ibn Numayr
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Batin (Islam)
Bāṭin (Arabic: باطن‎) literally means "inner", "inward", "hidden", etc. The Quran, for instance, has a hidden meaning in contrast to its exterior or apparent meaning, the Zahir. Sufis believe that every individual has a batin in the world of souls. It is the inward self of the individual; when cleansed with the light of one's spiritual guide, it elevates a person spiritually.[1][2] This notion is connected to Allah's attribute of the Hidden One, who cannot be seen but exists in every realm. Muslim groups believe that batin[3] can be fully understood only by a figure with esoteric knowledge
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Alevism
Part of a series on Nizari-Ismāʿīli Batiniyya, Hurufiyya, Kaysanites
Kaysanites
and Twelver
Twelver
Shī‘ismAlevismBeliefsAllah Quran Haqq–Muhammad–Ali Prophet Muḥammad ibn `Abd Allāh Muhammad-Ali Islamic prophet Zahir Ba
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Nizari
The Nizaris (Arabic: النزاريون‎ al-Nizāriyyūn) are the largest branch of the Ismaili
Ismaili
Shi'i
Shi'i
Muslims, the second-largest branch of Shia Islam
Shia Islam
(the largest being the Twelver).[1] Nizari
Nizari
teachings emphasize human reasoning (ijtihad, the individual use of one's reason when using both the Quran
Quran
and Hadith
Hadith
as resources), pluralism (the acceptance of racial, ethnic, cultural and intra-religious differences) and social justice
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The Event Of Ghadir Khumm
The event of Ghadir Khumm
The event of Ghadir Khumm
( Arabic
Arabic
and Persian: واقعه غدیر خم) is an event that took place in March 632. While returning from the Hajj pilgrimage, the Islamic prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
gathered all the Muslims who were with him and gave a long sermon
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Taiyabi Ismaili
The Ṭaiyabi Ismailis are the only surviving sect of the Musta’li Ismaili branch of Ismaili Islam. The other Mustaali
Mustaali
branch, Hafizis are extinct. The Taiyabi
Taiyabi
have split into three major branches: Dawoodi, Sulaymani, and Alavi Bohras. The Taiyabi
Taiyabi
originally split from the Fatimid Caliphate-supporting Hafizi
Hafizi
branch by supporting the right of at-Tayyib Abu'l-Qasim to the Imamate.Contents1 History1.1 Da'i Zoeb bin Moosa 1.2 Sulaymani-Dawoodi-Alavi split2 References 3 External linksHistory[edit] Upon the death of the twentieth Imam, al-Amir bi-Ahkami'l-Lah (d. AH 526 (1131/1132)), his two-year old child at-Tayyib Abu'l-Qasim (b. AH 524 (1129/1130)) was appointed twenty-first Imam. As he was not in position to run the dawah, Queen Arwa al-Sulayhi, the Da'i al-Mutlaq, acted as his regent
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Musta'li
The Musta‘lī (Arabic: مستعلي‎) are a sect of Isma'ilism named for their acceptance of al- Musta'li
Musta'li
as the legitimate nineteenth Fatimid caliph and legitimate successor to his father, al-Mustansir Billah. In contrast, the Nizari—the other living branch of Ismailism, presently led by Aga Khan
Aga Khan
IV—believe the nineteenth caliph was al-Musta'li's elder brother, Nizar
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Dawoodi Bohra
The Dawoodi Bohras are a sect within the Ismā'īlī
Ismā'īlī
branch of Shia Islam.[1][2] Dawoodi mainly reside in the western cities of India
India
and also in Pakistan, Yemen
Yemen
and East Africa.[3] The main language of the community is "Lisan al-Dawat", a dialect of Gujarati with inclusions from Arabic, Urdu and other languages. The Script used is Perso-Arabic. When in communal attire, a Dawoodi male has a form of tunic called kurta, equally lengthy overcoat dress called saya, and an izaar typically donned underneath, all of which are mostly white, along with a white and golden cap called topi. Most men have a beard
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Sulaymani
Sulaymani
Sulaymani
Bohras (Sulaymanis) are a Musta‘lī Ismaili
Ismaili
community that predominantly reside in Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
(Najran), Yemen, Pakistan
Pakistan
and India
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