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History Of Norway
The history of Norway
Norway
has been influenced to an extraordinary degree by the terrain and the climate of the region. About 10,000 BC, following the retreat of the great inland ice sheets, the earliest inhabitants migrated north into the territory which is now Norway. They traveled steadily northwards along the coastal areas, warmed by the Gulf Stream, where life was more bearable. In order to survive they fished and hunted reindeer (and other prey). Between 5,000 BC and 4,000 BC the earliest agricultural settlements appeared around the Oslofjord. Gradually, between 1500 BC and 500 BC, these agricultural settlements spread into the southern areas of Norway
Norway
- whilst the inhabitants of the northern regions continued to hunt and fish. The Neolithic
Neolithic
period started 4000 BC
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Swedish-Norwegian War (1814)
Swedish victoryConvention of Moss Norway
Norway
entered a personal union with Sweden. Swedish approval of the Norwegian Constitution Christian Frederik abandoned all claims to the Norwegian crownBelligerents Norway SwedenCommanders and leaders Christian Frederick Johannes Sejersted Frederik von Haxthausen Charles John Charles XIIIStrength30,000 men 8 field batteries 7 brigs 150 gunboats45,523 men 117 field batteries 4 ships of the line 5 frigates 24 smaller ships 60 gunboatsCasualties and lossesExact number unknown, under 500 killed, sim
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Chieftain
A tribal chief is the leader of a tribal society or chiefdom.Contents1 Description 2 History 3 Specific tribal chiefdoms3.1 Americas 3.2 Sub-Saharan Africa 3.3 Oceania
Oceania
& Southeast Asia4 Modern states or regions providing an organized form of tribal chiefships4.1 Arabia 4.2 Botswana 4.3 Canada 4.4 Ghana 4.5 Nigeria 4.6 Oceania 4.7 Philippines 4.8 South Africa 4.9 Uganda 4.10 United States4.10.1 Historical cultural differences between tribes 4.10.2 Political power in a tribe 4.10.3 Economic power in a tribe5 See also 6 Notes
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Arctic Exploration
Arctic
Arctic
exploration is the physical exploration of the Arctic
Arctic
region of the Earth. It refers to the historical period during which mankind has explored the region north of the Arctic
Arctic
Circle
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Norwegian Antarctic Expedition (other)
There have been several Norwegian Antarctic expeditions:Jason Expeditions, 1892–94, led by Carl Anton Larsen
Carl Anton Larsen
in Jason Antarctic Expedition, 1894–95, led by Henrik Johan Bull
Henrik Johan Bull
in Antarctic Amundsen's South Pole expedition, 1910–12. [1] Norvegia Expeditions, 1927–31, sponsored by Lars Christensen Thorshavn Expeditions, 1931–37, sponsored by Lars Christensen Brategg Expedition, 1947–48, in the Brategg.[2] Norwegian–British–Swedish Antarctic Expedition, 1949–52 Norwegian Antarctic Expedition 1956–60 (NAX) Norwegian-U.S. Scientific Traverse of East Antarctica, 2007–08.References[edit]^ International Polar Heritage Committee ^ The Norwegian Antarctic Expedition in the "Brategg" 1947-48. Narrative of the expedition, by Nils La..
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Interwar Period
In the context of the history of the 20th century, the interwar period was the period between the end of the First World War
First World War
in November 1918 and the beginning of the Second World War
Second World War
in September 1939. This period is also colloquially referred to as Between the Wars. Despite the relatively short period of time, this period represented an era of significant changes worldwide. Petroleum-based energy production and associated mechanisation expanded dramatically leading to the Roaring Twenties, a period of economic prosperity and growth for the middle class in North America, Europe and many other parts of the world. Automobiles, electric lighting, radio broadcasts and more became commonplace among populations in the developed world
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Reichskommissariat Norwegen
The Reichskommissariat
Reichskommissariat
Norwegen was the civilian occupation regime set up by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
in German-occupied Norway
Norway
during World War II. Its full title in German was the Reichskommissariat
Reichskommissariat
für die besetzten norwegischen Gebiete ("Reich Commissariat for the Occupied Norwegian Territories"). It was governed by Reichskommissar
Reichskommissar
Josef Terboven
Josef Terboven
until his deposition on 7 May 1945
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Quisling Regime
The Quisling
Quisling
regime or Quisling
Quisling
government are common names used to refer to the fascist collaborationist government led by Vidkun
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Gulf Stream
The Gulf Stream, together with its northern extension the North Atlantic Drift, is a warm and swift Atlantic ocean current that originates in the Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
and stretches to the tip of Florida, and follows the eastern coastlines of the United States and Newfoundland
Newfoundland
before crossing the Atlantic Ocean. The process of western intensification causes the Gulf Stream
Gulf Stream
to be a northward accelerating current off the east coast of North America
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Neolithic
PaleolithicLower PaleolithicEarly Stone Age Homo Control of fire Stone tools Middle PaleolithicMiddle Stone Age Homo
Homo
neanderthalensis Homo
Homo
sapiens Recent African origin of modern humans Upper PaleolithicLater Stone Age Behavioral modernity, Atlatl, Origin of the domestic dog Epipalaeolithic Mesolithic<
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British Isles
The British Isles
British Isles
are a group of islands off the north-western coast of continental Europe
Europe
that consist of the islands of Great Britain, Ireland
Ireland
and over six thousand smaller isles.[7] Situated in the North Atlantic, the islands have a total area of approximately 315,159 km2,[5] and a combined population of just under 70 million. Two sovereign states are located on the islands: the Republic of Ireland
Ireland
(which covers roughly five-sixths of the island of Ireland)[8] and the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Northern Ireland
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Norwegian Diaspora
The Norwegian diaspora
Norwegian diaspora
consists of Norwegian emigrants and their descendants, especially those that became Norwegian Americans. Emigrants also became Norwegian Canadians, Norwegian Australians, Norwegian New Zealanders, Norwegian Brazilians, Kola Norwegians
Kola Norwegians
and Norwegian South Africans.Contents1 History 2 Ties to the homeland 3 See also 4 ReferencesHistory[edit] Norsemen
Norsemen
left the area that is now the modern state of Norway
Norway
during the Viking Era
Viking Era
expansion, with results including the settlement of Iceland and the conquest of Normandy.[1] In the 1500s and 1600s there was a small scattering out of Norwegian people and culture as Norwegian tradesmen moved along the routes of the timber trade.[2] The 19th century wave of Norwegian emigration began in 1825
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Iceland
Iceland
Iceland
(/ˈaɪslənd/ ( listen); Icelandic: Ísland, pronounced [ˈistlant])[7] is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of 348,580 and an area of 103,000 km2 (40,000 sq mi), making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.[8] The capital and largest city is Reykjavík. Reykjavík
Reykjavík
and the surrounding areas in the southwest of the country are home to over two-thirds of the population. Iceland
Iceland
is volcanically and geologically active. The interior consists of a plateau characterised by sand and lava fields, mountains, and glaciers, while many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Iceland
Iceland
is warmed by the Gulf Stream
Gulf Stream
and has a temperate climate, despite a high latitude just outside the Arctic
Arctic
Circle
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Greenland
Greenland
Greenland
(Greenlandic: Kalaallit
Kalaallit
Nunaat, pronounced [kalaːɬit nunaːt]; Danish: Grønland, pronounced [ˈɡʁɶnˌlanˀ]) is an autonomous constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark
Kingdom of Denmark
between the Arctic
Arctic
and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago
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Nidaros
Nidaros, Niðarós or Niðaróss was the medieval name of Trondheim
Trondheim
in Norway
Norway
when it was the capital of the country's first Christian kings. It was named for its position at the mouth (Old Norse: óss) of the River Nid (today's Nidelva). Although the capital was later moved to Oslo, Nidaros
Nidaros
remained the centre of Norway's spiritual life until the Protestant Reformation. The Archdiocese of Nidaros
Archdiocese of Nidaros
was separated from Lund in Scania by the papal legate Nicholas Breakspeare in 1152, and the shrine of Saint Olaf in Nidaros Cathedral
Nidaros Cathedral
was Northern Europe's most important pilgrimage site during the Middle Ages
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Archdiocese
The word diocese (/ˈdaɪəsɪs, -siːs, -siːz/)[a] is derived from the Greek term διοίκησις meaning "administration". When now used in an ecclesiastical sense, it refers to an administrative territorial entity.[2] In the Western Church, the district is under the supervision of a bishop (who may have assistant bishops to help him or her) and is divided into parishes under the care of priests; but in the Eastern Church, the word denotes the area under the jurisdiction of a patriarch and the bishops under his jurisdiction administer parishes.[2] This structure of church governance is known as episcopal polity. The word diocesan means relating or pertaining to a diocese. It can also be used as a noun meaning the bishop who has the principal supervision of a diocese
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