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History Of Denmark
The history of Denmark
Denmark
as a unified kingdom began in the 8th century, but historic documents describe the geographic area and the people living there—the Danes—as early as 500 AD. These early documents include the writings of Jordanes
Jordanes
and Procopius. With the Christianization
Christianization
of the Danes
Danes
c. 960 AD, it is clear that there existed a kingship speaking
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Weichselian Glaciation
The Weichselian glaciation,[Note 1] is the local name of the last glacial period and its associated glaciation in Northern Europe. In the Alpine region it corresponds to the Würm glaciation. It was characterized by a large ice sheet that spread out from the Scandinavian Mountains[2] and extended as far as the east coast of Schleswig-Holstein, the March of Brandenburg
March of Brandenburg
and Northwest Russia. In Northern Europe it was the youngest of the glacials of the Pleistocene
Pleistocene
ice age. The preceding warm period in this region was the Eemian
Eemian
interglacial
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Faroe Islands
Coordinates: 62°00′N 06°47′W / 62.000°N 6.783°W / 62.000; -6.783Faroe Islands Føroyar  (Faroese) Færøerne  (Danish)FlagCoat of armsAnthem: Tú alfagra land mítt Thou, my most beauteous landLocation of the Faroe Islands
Faroe Islands
(circled) in Northern EuropeLocation of the Kingdom of Denmark
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Sweden
Coordinates: 63°N 16°E / 63°N 16°E / 63; 16Kingdom of SwedenKonungariket Sverige  (Swedish) Flag Coat of arms Motto: (royal) "För Sverige – i tiden"[a]"For Sweden – With the Times"[1]Anthem: Du gamla, Du fria[b]Thou ancient, thou free Royal anthem: KungssångenSong of the KingShow globeShow map of EuropeLocation of Sweden (dark green)– in Europe (green & dark grey)– in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]Capitaland largest cityStockholm59°21′N 18°4′E / 59.350°N 18.067°E / 59.350; 18.067Official languagesSwedish[c] Official minority languages:[c]FinnishMeänkieliSamiRomaniYiddishEthnic groups No official statistics[d]Demonym(s)SwedishSwedeGovernmentUnitary parliamentaryconstitutional monarchy• Monarch Carl XVI Gustaf• 
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Germany
Coordinates: 51°N 9°E / 51°N 9°E / 51; 9Federal Republic
Republic
of GermanyBundesrepublik Deutschland (German)[a] Flag Coat of arms Motto: "Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit" (de facto)(English: "Unity and Justice and Freedom")Anthem: "Deutschlandlied"[b](English: "Song of Germany")Show globeShow map of EuropeLocation of Germany (dark green)– in Europe (green & dark grey)– in the European Union (green)Capitaland largest cityBerlin[c]52
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Schleswig
The Duchy of Schleswig (Danish: Hertugdømmet Slesvig; German: Herzogtum Schleswig; Low German: Sleswig; North Frisian: Slaswik) was a duchy in Southern Jutland
Southern Jutland
(Sønderjylland) covering the area between about 60 km north and 70 km south of the current border between Germany
Germany
and Denmark. The territory has been divided between the two countries since 1920, with Northern Schleswig in Denmark
Denmark
and Southern Schleswig
Southern Schleswig
in Germany
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Fief
A fief (/fiːf/; Latin: feudum) was the central element of feudalism and consisted of heritable property or rights granted by an overlord to a vassal who held it in fealty (or "in fee") in return for a form of feudal allegiance and service, usually given by the personal ceremonies of homage and fealty. The fees were often lands or revenue-producing real property held in feudal land tenure: these are typically known as fiefs or fiefdoms
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Holstein
Holstein
Holstein
(German pronunciation: [ˈhɔlʃtaɪn]) (Northern Low Saxon: Holsteen, Danish: Holsten, Latin
Latin
and historical English: Holsatia) is the region between the rivers Elbe
Elbe
and Eider. It is the southern half of Schleswig-Holstein, the northernmost state of Germany. Holstein
Holstein
once existed as the German County of Holstein
Holstein
(German: Grafschaft Holstein; 811–1474), the later Duchy of Holstein
Duchy of Holstein
(German: Herzogtum Holstein; 1474–1866), and was the northernmost territory of the Holy Roman Empire. The history of Holstein
Holstein
is closely intertwined with the history of the Danish Duchy of Schleswig
Schleswig
(Danish: Slesvig)
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Schleswig-Holstein
Schleswig- Holstein
Holstein
(German: [ˈʃleːsvɪç ˈhɔlʃtaɪn]) is the northernmost of the 16 states of Germany, comprising most of the historical duchy of Holstein
Holstein
and the southern part of the former Duchy of Schleswig. Its capital city is Kiel; other notable cities are Lübeck
Lübeck
and Flensburg. Also known in more dated English as Sleswick-Holsatia, the region is called Slesvig-Holsten in Danish and pronounced [ˌsleːsvi ˈhɒlsteːˀn]. The Low German
Low German
name is Sleswig-Holsteen, and the North Frisian
North Frisian
name is Slaswik-Holstiinj
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German Empire
The German Empire
German Empire
(German: Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),[5][6][7][8] also known as Imperial Germany,[9] was the German nation state[10] that existed from the unification of Germany
Germany
in 1871 until the abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm II
Kaiser Wilhelm II
in 1918. It was founded in 1871 when the south German states, except for Austria, joined the North German Confederation. On 1 January 1871, the new constitution came into force that changed the name of the federal state and introduced the title of emperor for Wilhelm I, King of Prussia
Prussia
from the House of Hohenzollern.[11] Berlin
Berlin
remained its capital, and Otto, Prince of Bismarck remained Chancellor, the head of government
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Norway In 1814
In August 1814, after a loss in the Swedish–Norwegian War, Kingdom of Norway
Norway
was forced to join in a personal union with Kingdom of Sweden, thereby becoming subject to a naval blockade by the British Empire, but remaining largely autonomous within the union
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Greenland
Greenland
Greenland
(Greenlandic: Kalaallit
Kalaallit
Nunaat, pronounced [kalaːɬit nunaːt]; Danish: Grønland, pronounced [ˈɡʁɶnˌlanˀ]) is an autonomous constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark
Kingdom of Denmark
between the Arctic
Arctic
and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago
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North Sea
The North Sea
Sea
is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
located between the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(particularly England
England
and Scotland), Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium
Belgium
and France. An epeiric (or "shelf") sea on the European continental shelf, it connects to the ocean through the English Channel
English Channel
in the south and the Norwegian Sea
Sea
in the north. It is more than 970 kilometres (600 mi) long and 580 kilometres (360 mi) wide, with an area of 570,000 square kilometres (220,000 sq mi). The North Sea
Sea
has long been the site of important European shipping lanes as well as a major fishery
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Iceland
Iceland
Iceland
(/ˈaɪslənd/ ( listen); Icelandic: Ísland, pronounced [ˈistlant])[7] is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of 348,580 and an area of 103,000 km2 (40,000 sq mi), making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.[8] The capital and largest city is Reykjavík. Reykjavík
Reykjavík
and the surrounding areas in the southwest of the country are home to over two-thirds of the population. Iceland
Iceland
is volcanically and geologically active. The interior consists of a plateau characterised by sand and lava fields, mountains, and glaciers, while many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Iceland
Iceland
is warmed by the Gulf Stream
Gulf Stream
and has a temperate climate, despite a high latitude just outside the Arctic
Arctic
Circle
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North Schleswig
South Jutland County
South Jutland County
(Danish: Sønderjyllands Amt) is a former county (Danish: amt) on the south-central portion of the Jutland Peninsula
Jutland Peninsula
in southern Denmark. The county was formed on 1 April, 1970, comprising the former counties of Aabenraa
Aabenraa
(E), Haderslev
Haderslev
(N), Sønderborg
Sønderborg
(SE), and Tønder
Tønder
(SW). The county was abolished effective 1 January, 2007, when the Region of Southern Denmark
Denmark
was formed. Following the reunification of the region with Denmark, the Church of Denmark
Denmark
elevated Haderslev
Haderslev
to a diocese in 1923[2] and divided the region between the dioceses of Ribe (W) and Haderslev
Haderslev
(E)
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World War II
Pacific WarChina Pacific Ocean South-East Asia South West Pacific Japan Manchuria & North Korea Mediterranean and Middle EastNorth Africa East Africa Mediterranean Sea Adriatic Malta Yugoslavia Iraq Syria–Lebanon Iran Italy Dodecanese Southern France Other campaignsAtlantic Arctic Strategic bombing Americas French West Africa Indian Ocean Madagascar Contemporaneous warsSoviet–Japanese border conflicts Franco-Thai War Ecuadorian–Peruvian War Ili Rebellion World War II Alphabetical indices A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0–9Navigation CampaignsCountriesEquipment TimelineOutlineLists PortalCategoryBibliography vte World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis
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