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Herut – The National Movement
HERUT – THE NATIONAL MOVEMENT (Hebrew : חרות – התנועה הלאומית‎, Herut – HaTnu'a HaLeumit), commonly known as just HERUT (חרות‎), was a minor right-wing political party in Israel . Though it sees itself as the ideological successor to the historical Herut party (which merged into Likud
Likud
) it is a new and separate party. It participated in the 1999 , 2003 and 2006 elections . BACKGROUNDThe party was formed on 23 February 1999 when Benny Begin , Michael Kleiner and David Re\'em broke away from Likud
Likud
during the fourteenth Knesset
Knesset
. The breakaway was the result of disagreements with Likud leader Benjamin Netanyahu
Benjamin Netanyahu
over the Wye River Memorandum
Wye River Memorandum
and the Hebron Agreement , which had ceded land to the Palestinians
Palestinians

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Jewish National Front
The JEWISH NATIONAL FRONT (Hebrew : חזית יהודית לאומית‎‎, Hazit Yehudit Leumit), commonly known in Israel by its Hebrew acronym, HAYIL (Hebrew: חי"ל), was a far-right political party in Israel . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Position * 3 See also * 4 References HISTORY This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES . Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed . (April 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )The party was founded in January 2004 by Baruch Marzel . The party ran in the 2006 elections to the Knesset on a joint list with Professor Paul Eidelberg 's Yamin Yisrael party but received less than the 2% minimum number of votes required to pass the threshold to receive representation
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Elie Yossef
ELIE YOSSEF (also Eli Joseph, Hebrew : אֵלִי יוֹסֵף‎‎) is a London-born Israeli educator and political activist. Eli Yossef grew up in London
London
and attended the Hasmonean High School where he established Betar England
England
in 1973. In 1975, Yossef emigrated to Israel
Israel
and served in the Golani and Paratroopers
Paratroopers
brigades of the Israel
Israel
Defense Forces . After completing his military service, Yossef studied at Machon Meir and Hebrew University . In 1988, Yossef founded a Youth Aliyah (Aliyat haNoar) high school for new immigrants from France.In 1997, he organized a military preparatory program for Jewish students from abroad interested in volunteering in Israel's army. One of his major causes is freeing Jonathan Pollard
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Burqa
A BURQA (also known as CHADRI or paranja in Central Asia) is an enveloping outer garment worn by women in some Islamic traditions to cover themselves in public. Originating from Arabic : برقع‎‎, burquʻ or burqaʻ, and Urdu : بُرقع‎, it is also transliterated BURKHA, BOURKHA, BURKA, BURQUA, or BURQU\' and is pronounced Arabic pronunciation: .a A burqa (Urdu: بُرقع‎) (Arabic pronunciation: a (also transliterated burkha, bourkha, burka or burqu' from Arabic: برقع‎ burquʻ or burqaʻ), also known as chadri or paranja in Central Asia) is an enveloping outer garment worn by women in some Islamic traditions to cover their bodies when in public, originally adopted from Zoroastrian Persians
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Attorney General
In most common law jurisdictions the ATTORNEY GENERAL (sometimes abbreviated as AG) or ATTORNEY-GENERAL (plural ATTORNEYS GENERAL (traditional) or ATTORNEY GENERALS) is the main legal advisor to the government , and in some jurisdictions they may also have executive responsibility for law enforcement , prosecutions or even responsibility for legal affairs generally. In practice, the extent to which the attorney-general personally provides legal advice to the government varies between jurisdictions, and even between individual office-holders within the same jurisdiction, often depending on the level and nature of the office-holder's prior legal experience
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Election Threshold
The ELECTORAL THRESHOLD is the minimum share of the primary vote which a candidate or political party requires to achieve before they become entitled to any representation in a legislature . This limit can operate in various ways. For example, in party-list proportional representation systems, an election threshold requires that a party must receive a specified minimum percentage of votes (e.g., 5%), either nationally or in a particular electoral district, to obtain any seats in the legislature. In multi-member constituencies using preferential voting, besides the electoral threshold, to be awarded a seat, a candidate is also required to achieve a QUOTA, either on the primary vote or after distribution of preferences, which depends on the number of members to be return from a constituency
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Knesset
GOVERNMENT (66) * Likud (30) * Kulanu (10)* The Jewish Home (8) * Tkuma (2) * Shas (7)* United Torah Judaism (6) *
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Wye River Memorandum
The WYE RIVER MEMORANDUM was an agreement negotiated between Israel and the Palestinian Authority
Palestinian Authority
at a summit in Wye River , Maryland
Maryland
, U.S., held from 15–23 October 1998. The Memorandum aimed to resume the implementation of the 1995 Interim Agreement on the West Bank
West Bank
and the Gaza Strip
Gaza Strip
(Oslo II Accord). It was signed in the White House
White House
by Benjamin Netanyahu
Benjamin Netanyahu
and Yasser Arafat
Yasser Arafat
, through negotiations led by U.S. President Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
, on 23 October 1998. On 17 November 1998 Israel's 120 member parliament, the Knesset
Knesset
, approved the Memorandum by a vote of 75–19
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Protocol Concerning The Redeployment In Hebron
The PROTOCOL CONCERNING THE REDEPLOYMENT IN HEBRON, also known as the HEBRON PROTOCOL or HEBRON AGREEMENT, was signed on 17 January 1997 by Israel , represented by Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu , and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), represented by PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat , under the supervision of U.S. Secretary of State , Warren Christopher . It concerned the partial redeployment of Israeli military forces from Hebron in accordance with the 1995 Interim Agreement on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip ("Oslo II"). According to the Protocol, Area H-1 (about 80%) would come under Palestinian control, while Area H-2 would remain under Israeli control. A large Palestinian majority still lives in both Area H-1 and Area H-2. The redeployment started on 16 January 1997. The protocol has never been ratified by either of the contracting parties
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Ehud Barak
EHUD BARAK (Hebrew : אֵהוּד בָּרָק‬ (help ·info ), born EHUD BROG; 12 February 1942) is an Israeli politician who served as the tenth Prime Minister from 1999 to 2001. He was leader of the Labor Party until January 2011. He previously held the posts of Minister of Defense and Deputy Prime Minister in Benjamin Netanyahu
Benjamin Netanyahu
's second government from 2009 to 2013. He is the joint most highly decorated soldier in Israel's history, having taken part in many battles and combat missions. He is a graduate in physics, mathematics, and economics from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and Stanford University
Stanford University
. He served as an officer in the Israel Defense Forces
Israel Defense Forces
. Following a highly decorated career, he was appointed Chief of General Staff in 1991, serving until 1995
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Menachem Mazuz
MENACHEM "MENI" MAZUZ (Hebrew : מנחם מזוז‎‎; born April 30, 1955) is an Israeli jurist and Supreme Court justice, who served as the Israeli Attorney General in the years 2004–2010. LIFE AND CAREERMazuz was born in Djerba
Djerba
, Tunisia
Tunisia
, the fifth in a family of nine children of the rabbi of one of the island's Jewish communities. His family immigrated to Israel
Israel
during his childhood, settling in Netivot . Mazuz served his compulsory military service in the IDF Armor Corps , and then studied law at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
, earning his law degree in 1980 specializing in public and administrative law. Upon graduation, he worked in the Ministry of Justice for several years in a number of tasks, including processing petitions to the Supreme Court
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Israeli Central Election Committee
The ISRAELI CENTRAL ELECTIONS COMMITTEE (Hebrew : ועדת הבחירות המרכזית‎, Va'adet HaBehirot HaMerkazit) is the body charged under the Knesset Elections Law of 1969 to carry out the elections for the upcoming Knesset . The committee is composed of Knesset members (and delegates) representing various parliamentary groups and is chaired by a Supreme Court Justice (currently Salim Joubran ). Tasks for the committee include the authorization of party lists running for the Knesset, election financing, and publication and appeals of election results. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 1985 Amendments * 1.2 1988 Party Bans * 1.3 2003 Party Ban Controversy * 1.4 2009 Party Bans * 2 References * 3 External links HISTORY1985 AMENDMENTSIn 1985, the Knesset approved a law which, for the first time, allowed the committee to disqualify a party list on the grounds of its ideological platform
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Israeli Labor Party
The ISRAELI LABOR PARTY (Hebrew : מִפְלֶגֶת הָעֲבוֹדָה הַיִּשְׂרְאֵלִית‎, translit. Mifleget HaAvoda HaYisrelit (help ·info )), commonly known as HAAVODA (Hebrew : הָעֲבוֹדָה‎), is a social democratic and Zionist political party in Israel . The Israeli Labor Party was established in 1968 by a merger of Mapai , Ahdut HaAvoda and Rafi . Until 1977, all Israeli Prime Ministers were affiliated with the Labor movement. The current party leader (since July 2017) is Avi Gabbay . The Labor Party is associated with supporting the Israeli–Palestinian peace process , pragmatic foreign affairs policies and social democratic economic policies. The party is a member of the Socialist International and Progressive Alliance , and is an observer member of the Party of European Socialists
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Hatnuah
HATNUAH (Hebrew : הַתְּנוּעָה‎, lit. The Movement) is a liberal political party in Israel
Israel
formed by former Israeli Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni
Tzipi Livni
to present an alternative to voters frustrated by the stalemate in the Israeli–Palestinian peace process . The party was formed by dissidents in Kadima
Kadima
, which Livni, who had led the party's progressive wing, headed until March 2012 when she lost a leadership primary election to rival Shaul Mofaz
Shaul Mofaz
, who was part of the party's more conservative wing. Although the establishment of the party was announced in late 2012, it is actually based on the infrastructure of Hetz , a faction that broke away from Shinui in 2006
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Green Movement (Israel)
The GREEN MOVEMENT (Hebrew : התנועה הירוקה‎‎, HaTnuʿa HaYeruqa) is a social -environmental movement and political party in Israel
Israel
. HISTORYThe Green Movement was established in the summer 2008 by green activists and led by Eran Ben-Yemini and Alon Tal . It formed as a political party and ran a joint list with Meimad , a dovish religious party, for the 2009 elections after Meimad had ended its alliance with the Labor Party . Meimad leader Michael Melchior headed its list and Ben-Yemini and Tal in second and third place; former Shinui MK Meli Polishook-Bloch was also on its list in eleventh place. In addition to the environment, the electoral slate's platform addressed issues of education, social democracy, religious pluralism, and co-existence. The campaign downplayed religious issues and emphasized environmental questions
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Joint List
The JOINT LIST (Hebrew : הרשימה המשותפת‎, HaReshima HaMeshutefet; Arabic : القائمة المشتركة‎‎, al-Qa'imah al-Mushtarakah) is a political alliance of four Arab-dominated parties in Israel
Israel
Hadash , the United Arab List
United Arab List
, Balad , and Ta\'al . They are the third largest faction in the 20th Knesset
Knesset

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