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Herut – The National Movement
HERUT – THE NATIONAL MOVEMENT (Hebrew : חרות – התנועה הלאומית‎, Herut
Herut
– HaTnu'a HaLeumit), commonly known as just HERUT (חרות‎), was a minor right-wing political party in Israel . Though it sees itself as the ideological successor to the historical Herut
Herut
party (which merged into Likud ) it is a new and separate party. It participated in the 1999 , 2003 and 2006 elections . BACKGROUNDThe party was formed on 23 February 1999 when Benny Begin
Benny Begin
, Michael Kleiner and David Re\'em broke away from Likud during the fourteenth Knesset . The breakaway was the result of disagreements with Likud leader Benjamin Netanyahu over the Wye River Memorandum
Wye River Memorandum
and the Hebron Agreement , which had ceded land to the Palestinians . Though not an MK at the time, the new party was also backed by former Prime Minister and Herut
Herut
leader, Yitzhak Shamir
Yitzhak Shamir
. Herut
Herut
participated in the 1999 elections as part of the National Union , a right-wing alliance of itself, Moledet and Tkuma with Begin at its head
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Herut (other)
HERUT (Hebrew : חרות‎‎, lit. Freedom) may refer to: * Herut
Herut
, the major right-wing party in Israel until its merger into Likud. * Herut
Herut
(Germany), socialist organization ( Labor Zionism ) in Berlin in 1901 (Ze\'ew-Wolf Latzki-Bertholdi at the Electronic Jewish Encyclopedia). * Herut
Herut
(newspaper) , the name of a four different newspapers in Palestine and Israel between 1909 and 1965. * Herut
Herut
– The National Movement , a new Herut
Herut
party created in 1998 by dissenting Likud members. * Herut, Israel
Herut, Israel
, a moshav in central Israel * Beit Herut
Herut
, a moshav in central Israel This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title HERUT. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Herut_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Michael Kleiner
MICHAEL KLEINER (Hebrew : מיכאל קליינר‎‎; born 4 April 1948) is an Israeli politician and leader of Herut
Herut
– The National Movement . BIOGRAPHY Michael Kleiner
Michael Kleiner
was born in Munich
Munich
, Germany
Germany
, and immigrated to Israel
Israel
with his family in 1951. In July 2013 he was elected President of the Supreme Court of Netanyahu's Likud party. The Court is the party's highest judicial body in all matters pertaining to its constitution, and party members and divisions are subject to its decisions. Kleiner first entered the Knesset in 1982 as a Likud parliamentarian but, upon then Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu 's relinquishing of Hebron
Hebron
to the Palestinian Authority , Kleiner split off from the Likud along with Benny Begin
Benny Begin
( Menachem Begin 's son) and David Re\'em to establish Herut – The National Movement , based on the original Herut
Herut
. The three enjoyed the political support of former Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir
Yitzhak Shamir
and long-time Revisionist author and original Herut
Herut
Knesset member Shmuel Katz , which greatly legitimized their use of the name Herut
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Benny Begin
ZE\'EV BINYAMIN BEGIN, (Hebrew : זאב בנימין בגין‎‎, born 1 March 1943) is an Israeli geologist and politician . He is a member of the Knesset for Likud , and is the son of former Prime Minister of Israel
Israel
Menachem Begin . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Political career * 3 Views and opinions * 4 References * 5 External links BIOGRAPHYZe'ev Binyamin (Benny) Begin was born in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
to Aliza and Menachem Begin . He studied geology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
. After completing his undergraduate and graduate studies, he worked for the Geological Survey of Israel
Israel
. He completed his doctorate in geology at Colorado State University in 1978. POLITICAL CAREERFirst elected to the Knesset in 1988 as a Likud MK, Begin ran in the Likud primary in 1993 to succeed Yitzhak Shamir as party leader but was defeated by Benjamin Netanyahu . Under Netanyahu's government (1996–1999), Begin served as Science Minister until 1997 when he resigned in protest against the Hebron Agreement
Hebron Agreement
. He subsequently led hardliners out of the Likud with the hope of reviving the Herut
Herut
political party founded by his father
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Likud
LIKUD (Hebrew : הַלִּיכּוּד‎, translit. _HaLikud_, lit. _The Consolidation_), officially the LIKUD–NATIONAL LIBERAL MOVEMENT, is a center-right to right-wing political party in Israel . A secular party, it was founded in 1973 by Menachem Begin and Ariel Sharon in an alliance with several right-wing and liberal parties. Likud's landslide victory in the 1977 elections was a major turning point in the country's political history, marking the first time the left had lost power. In addition, it was the first time in Israel that a right-wing party won the plurality of the votes. However, after ruling the country for most of the 1980s, the party lost the Knesset election in 1992. Nevertheless, Likud's candidate Benjamin Netanyahu did win the vote for Prime Minister in 1996 and was given the task of forming a government after the 1996 elections . Netanyahu's government fell apart after a vote of no confidence, which led to elections being called in 1999 and Likud losing power to the One Israel coalition led by Ehud Barak . In 2001, Likud's Ariel Sharon , who replaced Netanyahu following the 1999 election, defeated Barak in an election called by the Prime Minister following his resignation. After the party recorded a convincing win in the 2003 elections , Likud saw a major split in 2005 when Sharon left to form the Kadima party
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Tel Aviv
TEL AVIV-YAFO (Hebrew : תֵּל אָבִיב-יָפוֹ‎, , Arabic : تل أَبيب-يافا‎‎) is a major city in Israel , located on the country\'s Mediterranean coastline . It is the financial center and the technology hub of Israel, with a population of 432,892, making it Israel's second-largest city. Tel Aviv is the largest city in the Gush Dan region of Israel. Tel Aviv is also a focal point in the high-tech concentration known as the Silicon Wadi . Tel Aviv is governed by the Tel Aviv-Yafo Municipality , headed by Ron Huldai , and is home to many foreign embassies . Tel Aviv is a global city , and is the 32nd most important financial center in the world. Tel Aviv is known to have the third-largest economy of any city in the Middle East after Abu Dhabi and Kuwait City , and has the 31st highest cost of living in the world. The city receives over a million international visitors annually. Known as "The City that Never Sleeps" and a "party capital", it has a lively nightlife and 24-hour culture. The city was founded in 1909 by Jewish immigrants on the outskirts of the ancient port city of Jaffa (Hebrew : יָפוֹ‎ _Yafo_). It is named after the Hebrew translation of Theodor Herzl's 1902 novel, _Altneuland_ , meaning "Old New Land"
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List Of Political Ideologies
In social studies , a political ideology is a certain set of ethical ideals , principles, doctrines , myths or symbols of a social movement , institution , class or large group that explains how society should work, and offers some political and cultural blueprint for a certain social order. A political ideology largely concerns itself with how to allocate power and to what ends it should be used. Some parties follow a certain ideology very closely, while others may take broad inspiration from a group of related ideologies without specifically embracing any one of them. The popularity of an ideology is in part due to the influence of moral entrepreneurs, who sometimes act in their own interests. Political ideologies have two dimensions: * Goals: how society should be organized. * Methods: the most appropriate way to achieve this goal.An ideology is a collection of ideas. Typically, each ideology contains certain ideas on what it considers to be the best form of government (e.g. democracy or autocracy ) and the best economic system (e.g. capitalism or socialism ). Sometimes the same word is used to identify both an ideology and one of its main ideas. For instance, "socialism" may refer to an economic system, or it may refer to an ideology which supports that economic system
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Revisionist Zionism
REVISIONIST ZIONISM is a faction within the Zionist movement. It is the founding ideology of the non-religious right in Israel
Israel
, and was the chief ideological competitor to the dominant socialist Labor Zionism . Revisionism led to the development of the Likud Party . The ideology was developed originally by Ze\'ev Jabotinsky , who advocated a "revision" of the "practical Zionism" of David Ben-Gurion and Chaim Weizmann , which was focused on independent individuals settling of Eretz Yisrael . In 1935, after the Zionist Executive rejected Jabotinsky's political program and refused to state that "the aim of Zionism was the establishment of a Jewish state", Jabotinsky resigned from the World Zionist Organization . He founded the New Zionist Organization (NZO) to conduct independent political activity for free immigration and the establishment of a Jewish State. Revisionist Zionism was based on a vision of "political Zionism", which Jabotinsky regarded as following the legacy of Theodor Herzl
Theodor Herzl
, the founder of modern political Zionism. In its early years, and under Jabotinsky's leadership, Revisionist Zionism was focused on gaining the aid of Britain as a major power for settlement
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Political Spectrum
A POLITICAL SPECTRUM is a system of classifying different political positions upon one or more geometric axes that symbolize independent political dimensions. Most long-standing spectra include a right wing and left wing , which originally referred to seating arrangements in the French parliament after the Revolution
Revolution
(1789–1799). According to the simplest left–right axis, communism and socialism are usually regarded internationally as being on the left, opposite conservatism and capitalism on the right. Liberalism can mean different things in different contexts, sometimes on the left (social liberalism ), sometimes within libertarianism (classical liberalism ). Those with an intermediate outlook are classified as centrists or moderates. Politics
Politics
that rejects the conventional left–right spectrum is known as syncretic politics . Political scientists have frequently noted that a single left–right axis is insufficient for describing the existing variation in political beliefs and often include other axes. Though the descriptive words at polar opposites may vary, often in popular biaxial spectra the axes are split between sociocultural issues and economic issues, each scaling from some form of individualism (or government for the freedom of the individual) to some form of communitarianism (or government for the welfare of the community)
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Right-wing
RIGHT-WING POLITICS hold that certain social orders and hierarchies are inevitable, natural, normal, or desirable, typically supporting this position on the basis of natural law , economics or tradition . (p693, 721) Hierarchy and inequality may be viewed as natural results of traditional social differences or the competition in market economies. The term _right-wing_ can generally refer to "the conservative or reactionary section of a political party or system." The political terms _Right_ and _Left _ were first used during the French Revolution (1789–99), and referred to seating arrangements in the French parliament ; those who sat to the right of the chair of the parliamentary president were broadly supportive of the institutions of the monarchist _ Ancien Régime _. The original Right in France was formed as a reaction against the Left, and comprised those politicians supporting hierarchy, tradition, and clericalism . :693 The use of the expression _la droite_ (_the right_) became prominent in France after the restoration of the monarchy in 1815, when it was applied to the Ultra-royalists . The people of English-speaking countries did not apply the terms "right" and "left" to their own politics until the 20th century
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National Union (Israel)
The NATIONAL UNION (Hebrew : האיחוד הלאומי‎‎, HaIhud HaLeumi) was an alliance of right-wing and nationalist political parties in Israel
Israel
. In its final full form, the alliance consisted of four parties; Moledet , Hatikva , Eretz Yisrael Shelanu , and Tkuma . Leading up to the 2013 Knesset elections , only Tkuma remained and joined The Jewish Home . During its existence it had also included Ahi , Herut – The National Movement and Yisrael Beiteinu . CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Controversy * 3 Knesset members * 4 References * 5 External links BACKGROUNDThe National Union was formed in 1999 to contest the elections of that year as an alliance between Moledet, Tkuma and Herut – The National Movement , winning four seats. In 2001 the party's support was almost doubled by the addition of the predominantly Russian-immigrant party, Yisrael Beiteinu . After Ariel Sharon won the 2001 Prime Ministerial elections , National Union was brought into the National Unity Government and party leader Rehavam Zeevi
Rehavam Zeevi
was appointed Minister of Tourism, with Yisrael Beiteinu leader Avigdor Lieberman
Avigdor Lieberman
becoming Minister of National Infrastructure
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Politics Of Israel
POLITICS IN ISRAEL is dominated by Zionist
Zionist
parties. They traditionally fall into three camps, the first two being the largest: Labor Zionism (social democrat ), Revisionist Zionism (conservative ) and Religious Zionism . There are also several non- Zionist
Zionist
Orthodox religious parties, non- Zionist
Zionist
left-wing groups, as well as non- Zionist
Zionist
and anti- Zionist
Zionist
Israeli Arab parties. CONTENTS * 1 Political conditions * 2 Prime Ministers and governments since 1996 * 2.1 Netanyahu (1996–1999) * 2.2 Barak (1999–2001) * 2.3 Sharon (2001–2006) * 2.4 Olmert (2006–2009) * 2.5 Netanyahu (2009–present) * 3 Political parties and elections * 4 Other political groups * 4.1 Political right * 4.2 Political left * 4.3 Political centre * 4.4 Interest groups * 4.5 Others * 5 Political issues * 6 See also * 7 References POLITICAL CONDITIONS Parliament of Israel
Israel
. Golda Meir
Golda Meir
, Prime Minister of Israel
Israel
from 1969 to 1974, once joked that "in Israel, there are 3 million prime ministers"
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List Of Political Parties In Israel
Israel
Israel
's political system , based on proportional representation , allows for a multi-party system with numerous parties represented in the 120-seat Knesset . This article lists the POLITICAL PARTIES in ISRAEL . Due to the low election threshold of 3.25% (and only 1% from 1949 until 1988), a typical Knesset includes a large number of factions represented. In the 2015 elections , for instance, 10 parties or alliances cleared the threshold, and five of them won at least 10 seats. The low threshold, in combination with the nationwide party-list system, make it all but impossible for a single party to win the 61 seats needed for a majority government . No party has ever won a majority of seats in an election, the most being 56, won by the Alignment grouping in the 1969 elections (the Alignment had briefly held a majority of seats before the elections following its formation in January 1969). As a result, while only three parties (or their antecedents) have ever led governments, all Israeli governments as of 2015 have been coalitions comprising two or more parties
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Elections In Israel
ELECTIONS IN ISRAEL are based on nationwide proportional representation . The electoral threshold is currently set at 3.25%, with the number of seats a party receives in the Knesset being proportional to the number of votes it receives. The Knesset is elected for a four-year term, although most governments have not served a full term and early elections are a frequent occurrence. Israel has a multi-party system based on coalition governments as no party has ever won a majority of seats in a national election, although the Alignment briefly held a majority following its formation by an alliance of several different parties prior to the 1969 elections . The legal voting age for Israeli citizens is 18. Elections are overseen by the Central Elections Committee and are held according to the Knesset Elections Law . CONTENTS* 1 Electoral procedure * 1.1 Former procedures * 2 Voting method * 2.1 2009 * 2.2 2006 * 2.3 Historical * 3 2013 elections * 4 2015 elections * 5 Next elections * 6 Turnout * 7 References * 8 External links ELECTORAL PROCEDUREUnder normal circumstances, Israel's basic law requires national elections for the Knesset to take place on a Tuesday in the Jewish month of Cheshvan (late September through early November) four year following the previous elections
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Hebrew Language
HEBREW (/ˈhiːbruː/ ; עִבְרִית‎, _Ivrit_ ( listen ) or ( listen )) is a Northwest Semitic language native to Israel , spoken by over 9 million people worldwide. Historically, it is regarded as the language of the Israelites and their ancestors, although the language was not referred to by the name Hebrew in the Tanakh . The earliest examples of written Paleo- Hebrew date from the 10th century BCE. Hebrew belongs to the West Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic language family. Hebrew is the only living Canaanite language left, and the only truly successful example of a revived dead language . Hebrew had ceased to be an everyday spoken language somewhere between 200 and 400 CE, declining since the aftermath of the Bar Kokhba revolt . Aramaic and to a lesser extent Greek were already in use as international languages, especially among elites and immigrants. It survived into the medieval period as the language of Jewish liturgy , rabbinic literature , intra- Jewish commerce, and poetry . Then, in the 19th century, it was revived as a spoken and literary language. It became the _lingua franca _ of Palestine's Jews, and subsequently of the State of Israel . According to Ethnologue , in 1998, it was the language of 5 million people worldwide
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Right Wing Politics
RIGHT-WING POLITICS hold that certain social orders and hierarchies are inevitable, natural, normal, or desirable, typically supporting this position on the basis of natural law , economics or tradition . (p693, 721) Hierarchy and inequality may be viewed as natural results of traditional social differences or the competition in market economies. The term right-wing can generally refer to "the conservative or reactionary section of a political party or system". The political terms Right and Left were first used during the French Revolution (1789–99), and referred to seating arrangements in the French parliament ; those who sat to the right of the chair of the parliamentary president were broadly supportive of the institutions of the monarchist Ancien Régime . The original Right in France was formed as a reaction against the Left, and comprised those politicians supporting hierarchy, tradition, and clericalism . :693 The use of the expression la droite (the right) became prominent in France after the restoration of the monarchy in 1815, when it was applied to the Ultra-royalists . The people of English-speaking countries did not apply the terms "right" and "left" to their own politics until the 20th century. Although the right-wing originated with traditional conservatives , monarchists and reactionaries, the term extreme right-wing has also been applied to movements including fascists , Nazis , and racial supremacists
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