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Herefordshire
HEREFORDSHIRE (/ˈhɛrᵻfərdʃər/ ; abbreviated HEREFS. or HFDS.) is a historic English county in the West Midlands . It is a ceremonial county and a unitary non-metropolitan county and district, also named in legislation as the COUNTY OF HEREFORDSHIRE and governed by Herefordshire Council . It borders the English ceremonial counties of Shropshire
Shropshire
to the north, Worcestershire
Worcestershire
to the east, Gloucestershire to the south-east, and the Welsh preserved counties of Gwent to the south-west and Powys
Powys
to the west. The Welsh unitary county covering the part of Gwent next to Herefordshire
Herefordshire
is Monmouthshire
Monmouthshire
. Hereford
Hereford
is a cathedral city and is the county town ; with a population of approximately 55,800 inhabitants it is also the largest settlement
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Hertfordshire
HERTFORDSHIRE (/ˈhɑːrtfərdʃɪər/ ( listen ) ; often abbreviated HERTS) is a county in southern England , bordered by Bedfordshire to the north, Cambridgeshire to the north-east, Essex to the east, Buckinghamshire to the west and Greater London to the south. For government statistical purposes, it is placed in the East of England region. In 2013, the county had a population of 1,140,700 living in an area of 634 square miles (1,640 km2). Four towns have between 50,000 and 100,000 residents: Hemel Hempstead , Stevenage , Watford and St Albans . Hertford , once the main market town for the medieval agricultural county, derives its name from a hart (stag) and a ford , used as the components of the county's coat of arms and flag. Elevations are high for the region in the north and west
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Herefordshire (UK Parliament Constituency)
The county constituency of HEREFORDSHIRE, in the West Midlands of England bordering on Wales, was abolished when the county was divided for parliamentary purposes in 1885. It was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England
Parliament of England
, then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1885. The undivided county was represented from 1290 by two Knights of the Shire until 1832 and three thereafter. After the county was split two new county constituencies were created, the North division or Leominster and the South division or Ross
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Counties Of England
COUNTIES OF ENGLAND are areas used for the purposes of administrative, geographical, cultural or political demarcation. For administrative purposes, England outside Greater London and the Isles of Scilly is divided into 83 metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties . These counties may consist of a single district or be divided into several districts. As of April 2009, 27 of these counties are divided into districts and have a county council . Six of the counties, covering the major conurbations , are known as metropolitan counties , which do not have county councils, although some functions are organised on a county-wide basis by their districts (metropolitan boroughs ) acting jointly. All of England (including Greater London and the Isles of Scilly) is also divided into 48 ceremonial counties , which are also known as geographic counties
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Flag Of Herefordshire
HEREFORDSHIRE (/ˈhɛrᵻfərdʃər/ ; abbreviated HEREFS. or HFDS.) is a historic English county in the West Midlands . It is a ceremonial county and a unitary non-metropolitan county and district, also named in legislation as the COUNTY OF HEREFORDSHIRE and governed by Herefordshire Council . It borders the English ceremonial counties of Shropshire to the north, Worcestershire to the east, Gloucestershire to the south-east, and the Welsh preserved counties of Gwent to the south-west and Powys to the west. The Welsh unitary county covering the part of Gwent next to Herefordshire is Monmouthshire . Hereford is a cathedral city and is the county town ; with a population of approximately 55,800 inhabitants it is also the largest settlement. The county is one of the most rural and sparsely populated in England, with a population density of 82/km² (212/sq mi)
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Coat Of Arms Of Herefordshire
This is a LIST OF THE COATS OF ARMS OF VARIOUS COUNTY COUNCILS (CURRENT AND FORMER) IN ENGLAND. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 History * 2.1 First grants * 2.2 Changes in 1965 * 2.3 Changes in 1974 * 2.4 Changes in 1986 * 2.5 Changes after 1996 * 3 Use of the arms * 4 Current * 4.1 Non-metropolitan county councils * 4.2 Unitary authorities of ceremonial counties * 5 Obsolete * 5.1 County councils 1889-1974 * 5.2 Greater London Council 1965-1986 * 5.3 Non-Metropolitan County Councils * 5.4 Metropolitan County Councils 1974 - 1986 * 6 Sources * 7 References BACKGROUNDUnder heraldic law in England, arms are not granted to places as such, but only to the corporate bodies that govern them. Accordingly, although arms and devices were associated with counties from the eighteenth century onward, there were no official grants until the establishment of county councils in 1889
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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List Of Sovereign States
This LIST OF SOVEREIGN STATES provides an overview of sovereign states around the world , with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty . Membership within the United Nations
United Nations
system divides the 206 listed states into three categories: 193 member states , two observer states , and 11 other states. The _sovereignty dispute_ column indicates states whose sovereignty is undisputed (190 states) and states whose sovereignty is disputed (16 states, out of which there are 6 member states, 1 observer state and 9 other states). Compiling a list such as this can be a difficult and controversial process, as there is no definition that is binding on all the members of the community of nations concerning the criteria for statehood . For more information on the criteria used to determine the contents of this list, please see the _criteria for inclusion _ section below
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United Kingdom
The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, commonly known as the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) or BRITAIN, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland , the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland
Ireland
and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland
Ireland

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Countries Of The United Kingdom
The United Kingdom (UK) comprises four countries : England , Scotland , Wales and Northern Ireland . Within the United Kingdom, a unitary sovereign state , Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales have gained a degree of autonomy through the process of devolution . The UK Parliament and British Government deal with all _reserved matters _ for Northern Ireland and Scotland and all _non-transferred matters_ for Wales, but not in general matters that have been devolved to the Northern Ireland Assembly , Scottish Parliament and National Assembly for Wales
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England
ENGLAND is a country that is part of the United Kingdom . It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain (which lies in the North Atlantic ) in its centre and south; and includes over 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly , and the Isle of Wight . The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles , one of the Germanic tribes who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries
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Regions Of England
The REGIONS (formerly known as the GOVERNMENT OFFICE REGIONS; GORS) are the highest tier of sub-national division in England . Between 1994 and 2011, nine regions had officially devolved functions within Government. While they no longer fulfil this role, they continue to be used for statistical and some administrative purposes. They define areas (constituencies) for the purposes of elections to the European Parliament . Eurostat also uses them to demarcate first level Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) regions ("NUTS 1 regions") within the European Union . The regions generally follow the boundaries of the former standard regions , established in the 1940s for statistical purposes. The London region (also known as Greater London ) has a directly elected Mayor and Assembly . Six regions have local authority leaders\' boards to assist with correlating the headline policies of local authorities
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West Midlands (region)
The WEST MIDLANDS is one of nine official regions of England
England
at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes. It covers the western half of the area traditionally known as the Midlands . It contains the second most populous British city, Birmingham
Birmingham
, and the larger West Midlands conurbation , which includes the city of Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
and large towns of Dudley
Dudley
, Solihull
Solihull
, Walsall
Walsall
and West Bromwich . The city of Coventry
Coventry
is also located within the West Midlands county
West Midlands county
, but is separated from the conurbation to the west by several miles of green belt
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Local Government Commission For England (1992)
The LOCAL GOVERNMENT COMMISSION FOR ENGLAND was the body responsible for reviewing the structure of local government in England from 1992 to 2002. It was established under the Local Government Act 1992, replacing the Local Government Boundary Commission for England . The Commission could be ordered by the Secretary of State to undertake "structural reviews" in specified areas and recommend the creation of unitary authorities in the two-tier shire counties of England. The Commission, chaired by John Banham , conducted a review of all the non-metropolitan counties of England from 1993 to 1994, making various recommendations on their future. After much political debate and several legal challenges, the Commission's proposals resulted in the abolition of Berkshire
Berkshire
county council and the counties of Avon , Cleveland , Hereford and Worcester and Humberside
Humberside
(created in 1974)
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Hereford And Worcester
HEREFORD AND WORCESTER /ˈhɛrəfərd ən ˈwʊstər/ was an English county created on 1 April 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972 from the areas of the former administrative county of Herefordshire , most of Worcestershire (except Halesowen , Stourbridge and Warley , which became part of the West Midlands ) and the county borough of Worcester . An aim of the Act was to increase efficiency of local government: the two counties are among England's smaller and less populous counties, particularly after the same Act transferred some of Worcestershire's most urbanised areas to the West Midlands. The merger aroused much opposition from Herefordshire people, many of whom regarded it as not a merger but a takeover by Worcestershire
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Historic Counties Of England
The HISTORIC COUNTIES OF ENGLAND were established for administration by the Normans , in most cases based on earlier kingdoms and shires established by the Anglo-Saxons
Anglo-Saxons
and others. They ceased to be used for administration with the creation of the administrative counties in 1889. They are alternatively known as ANCIENT COUNTIES or TRADITIONAL COUNTIES. Where they are not included among the modern counties of England
England
they are also known as FORMER COUNTIES. Despite this name, several historic counties continue to be recognised as cultural regions and have their own county days , county flags and boundary signs, many of which were created or registered long after these counties were abandoned as units for administrative purposes
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