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Hercules Beetle
The HERCULES BEETLE ( Dynastes hercules, Dynastinae
Dynastinae
) is a species of rhinoceros beetle native to the rainforests of Central America
Central America
, South America , and the Lesser Antilles
Lesser Antilles
, and is the longest extant species of beetle in the world. CONTENTS* 1 Taxonomy * 1.1 Subspecies * 2 Description * 3 Distribution and habitat * 4 Life cycle * 5 Diet and behaviour * 5.1 Diet * 5.2 Behaviour * 5.3 Physical strength * 6 Relationship to humans * 7 References * 8 External links TAXONOMYD. hercules has a complex taxonomic history and has been known by several synonyms. It is in the subfamily Dynastinae
Dynastinae
(rhinoceros beetles) in the larger family Scarabaeidae
Scarabaeidae
(commonly known as scarab beetles). Not counting subspecies of D
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Elytron
An ELYTRON ( /ˈɛlɪtrɒn/ ; from Greek ἔλυτρον "sheath, cover"; plural: ELYTRA, /ˈɛlɪtrə/ ) is a modified, hardened forewing of certain insect orders, notably beetles (Coleoptera) and a few of the true bugs ( Hemiptera ); in most true bugs, the forewings are instead called HEMELYTRA (sometimes misspelled as "hemielytra"), as only the basal half is thickened while the apex is membranous. An elytron is sometimes also referred to as a SHARD. DESCRIPTIONThe elytra primarily serve as protective wing-cases for the hindwings underneath, which are used for flying. To fly, a beetle typically opens the elytra and then extends the hindwings, flying while still holding the elytra open, though some beetles in the families Scarabaeidae
Scarabaeidae
and Buprestidae
Buprestidae
can fly with the elytra closed. In some groups, the elytra are fused together, rendering the insect flightless
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Sexual Dimorphism
SEXUAL DIMORPHISM is the condition where the two sexes of the same species exhibit different characteristics beyond the differences in their sexual organs. The condition occurs in many animals and some plants. Differences may include secondary sex characteristics , size, color, markings, and may also include behavioral differences. These differences may be subtle or exaggerated, and may be subjected to sexual selection. The opposite of dimorphism is monomorphism
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Cytogenetics
CYTOGENETICS is a branch of genetics that is concerned with how the chromosomes relate to cell behaviour, particularly to their behaviour during mitosis and meiosis
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Larva
A LARVA (plural larvae /ˈlɑːrviː/ ) is a distinct juvenile form many animals undergo before metamorphosis into adults . Animals with indirect development such as insects , amphibians , or cnidarians typically have a larval phase of their life cycle . The larva's appearance is generally very different from the adult form (e.g. caterpillars and butterflies ). A larva often has unique structures and organs that do not occur in the adult form. Their diet may also be considerably different. Larvae are frequently adapted to environments separate from adults. For example, some larvae such as tadpoles live almost exclusively in aquatic environments, but can live outside water as adult frogs . By living in a distinct environment, larvae may be given shelter from predators and reduce competition for resources with the adult population. Animals in the larval stage will consume food to fuel their transition into the adult form
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Genus
A GENUS (/ˈdʒiːnəs/ , pl. GENERA /ˈdʒɛnərə/ ) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms in biology . In the hierarchy of biological classification, genus comes above species and below family . In binomial nomenclature , the genus name forms the first part of the binomial species name for each species within the genus. E.g. Felis catus
Felis catus
and Felis
Felis
silvestris are two species within the genus Felis
Felis
. Felis
Felis
is a genus within the family Felidae . The composition of a genus is determined by a taxonomist . The standards for genus classification are not strictly codified, so different authorities often produce different classifications for genera
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Extant Taxon
NEONTOLOGY is a part of biology that, in contrast to paleontology , deals with living or recently extinct organisms . It is the study of living species , genera , families and other taxa with members still alive, as opposed to being all dead or extinct . For example, the moose is an extant species, while the Tyrannosaurus
Tyrannosaurus
is a long extinct one. In the group of molluscs known as the cephalopods , as of 1987 , there were approximately 600 extant species and 7,500 extinct species. A taxon can be classified as extinct if it is broadly agreed or certified that no members of the group are still alive. Conversely, an extinct taxon can be reclassified as existing if there are new discoveries of living species ("Lazarus species" ), or if previously-known existing species are reclassified as members of the taxon. The term neontologist is used largely by paleontologists referring to nonpaleontologists
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South America
SOUTH AMERICA is a continent located in the western hemisphere , mostly in the southern hemisphere , with a relatively small portion in the northern hemisphere . It may also be considered a subcontinent of the Americas
Americas
, which is how it is viewed in the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking regions of the Americas. The reference to South America instead of other regions (like Latin America
Latin America
or the Southern Cone) has increased in the last decades due to changing geopolitical dynamics (in particular, the rise of Brazil). It is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
and on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
; North America
North America
and the Caribbean Sea
Caribbean Sea
lie to the northwest
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Lesser Antilles
The LESSER ANTILLES (also known as the CARIBBEES) are a group of islands in the Caribbean
Caribbean
Sea . Most form a long, partly volcanic island arc between the Greater Antilles to the north-west and the continent of South America
South America
. The islands form the eastern boundary of the Caribbean
Caribbean
Sea with the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
. Together, the Lesser Antilles
Antilles
and the Greater Antilles compose the Antilles
Antilles
(or the Caribbean
Caribbean
in its narrowest definition). When combined with the Lucayan Archipelago , all three are known as the West Indies
West Indies

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List Of Largest Insects
Insects , which are a type of arthropod , are easily the most numerous group of multicellular organisms on the planet, with about a million species identified so far. The title of heaviest insect in the world has many rivals, the most frequently crowned of which is the larval stage of the goliath beetle , Goliathus goliatus, the top size of which is at least 115 g (4.1 oz) and 11.5 cm (4.5 in). The largest confirmed weight of an adult insect is 71 g (2.5 oz) for a giant weta , Deinacrida heteracantha, although it is likely one of the elephant beetles , Megasoma elephas
Megasoma elephas
and Megasoma actaeon , or goliath beetles , both of which can commonly exceed 50 g (1.8 oz) and 10 cm (3.9 in), can reach a higher weight. The longest insects are the stick insects, see below
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Instar
An INSTAR (/ˈɪnstɑːr/ ( listen ), from the Latin "form", "likeness") is a developmental stage of arthropods , such as insects , between each moult (ecdysis), until sexual maturity is reached. Arthropods must shed the exoskeleton in order to grow or assume a new form. Differences between instars can often be seen in altered body proportions, colors, patterns, changes in the number of body segments or head width. After moulting, i.e. shedding their exoskeleton, the juvenile arthropods continue in their life cycle until they either pupate or moult again. This period of growth, instar, is fixed. Some arthropods can continue to moult after sexual maturity, but the stages between these subsequent moults are generally not called instars
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Celsius
The CELSIUS SCALE, also known as the CENTIGRADE SCALE, is an SI scale and unit of measurement for temperature . As an SI derived unit , it is used by most countries in the world. It is named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701–1744), who developed a similar temperature scale. The DEGREE CELSIUS (symbol: °C) can refer to a specific temperature on the Celsius
Celsius
scale as well as a unit to indicate a temperature interval , a difference between two temperatures or an uncertainty . Before being renamed to honour Anders Celsius
Celsius
in 1948, the unit was called centigrade, from the Latin centum, which means 100, and gradus, which means steps
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Guinness World Records
GUINNESS WORLD RECORDS, known from its inception in 1955 until 1998 as THE GUINNESS BOOK OF RECORDS and in previous United States
United States
editions as THE GUINNESS BOOK OF WORLD RECORDS, is a reference book published annually, listing world records both of human achievements and the extremes of the natural world. The book itself holds a world record, as the best-selling copyrighted book of all time. As of the 2017 edition, it is now in its 63rd year of publication, published in 100 countries and 23 languages. The international franchise has extended beyond print to include television series and museums. The popularity of the franchise has resulted in Guinness
Guinness
World Records becoming the primary international authority on the cataloging and verification of a huge number of world records; the organization employs official record adjudicators authorized to verify the authenticity of the setting and breaking of records
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University Of Florida
The UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA (commonly referred to as FLORIDA or UF) is an American public land-grant , sea-grant , and space-grant research university on a 2,000-acre (8.1 km2) campus in Gainesville, Florida . It is a senior member of the State University System of Florida and traces its origins to 1853, and has operated continuously on its Gainesville campus since September 1906. The University of Florida
Florida
is one of sixty-two elected member institutions of the Association of American Universities (AAU), the association of preeminent North American research universities, and the only AAU member university in Florida. The University is classified as a Research University with Very High Research by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching
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University Of The West Indies
The UNIVERSITY OF THE WEST INDIES (UWI) is a public university system serving 18 English-speaking countries and territories in the Caribbean : * Anguilla
Anguilla
* Antigua and Barbuda * The Bahamas * Barbados
Barbados
* Belize
Belize
* Bermuda
Bermuda
* British Virgin Islands
British Virgin Islands
* Cayman Islands
Cayman Islands
* Dominica
Dominica
* Grenada
Grenada
* Guyana
Guyana
* Jamaica
Jamaica
* Montserrat * St. Kitts and Nevis * St
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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