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Henry Warburton
HENRY WARBURTON (12 November 1784 – 16 September 1858) was an English merchant and politician, and also an enthusiastic amateur scientist. Elected as Member of Parliament for Bridport , Dorset, in the 1826 general election , he held the seat for 15 years until his resignation from the House of Commons in 1841. He was returned to the Commons at a by-election in November 1843, for Kendal , but did not seek re-election in 1847 . On Parliament he was active in the reform of bankruptcy, the repeal of stamp duty on newspapers, introduction of the penny post and in the campaigns of the Anti-Corn Law League
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Robert Peel
SIR ROBERT PEEL, 2ND BARONET, PC , FRS (5 February 1788 – 2 July 1850), a British statesman and member of the Conservative Party , served twice as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
(1834–1835 and 1841–1846) and twice as Home Secretary
Home Secretary
(1822–1827 and 1828–1830). He is regarded as the father of modern British policing and as one of the founders of the modern Conservative Party
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College Of Surgeons
A ROYAL COLLEGE OF SURGEONS or ROYAL SURGICAL COLLEGE is a type of organisation found in many present and former members of the Commonwealth of Nations . These organisations are dedicated to excellence in surgery, and are responsible for training surgeons and setting their examinations. In this context, the term chartered implies the awarding of a Royal charter . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Organisations * 3 See also * 4 References HISTORYThe origins of the first Royal College of Surgeons go back to the fourteenth century with the foundation of the 'Guild of Surgeons Within the City of London'. There was dispute between the surgeons and barber surgeons until an agreement was signed between them in 1493, giving the fellowship of surgeons the power of incorporation. This was followed in 1505 by the incorporation of the Barber Surgeons of Edinburgh as a Craft Guild of Edinburgh . This body was granted a royal charter in 1506 by King James IV of Scotland
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Sir Astley Cooper
SIR ASTLEY PASTON COOPER, 1ST BARONET FRS (23 August 1768 – 12 February 1841) was a British surgeon and anatomist , who made historical contributions to otology , vascular surgery , the anatomy and pathology of the mammary glands and testicles , and the pathology and surgery of hernia . CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Works * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Further reading * 6 External links LIFE Astley Paston Cooper Cooper was born at Brooke Hall in Brooke, Norfolk on 23 August 1768 and baptised at the parish church on 9 September. His father, Dr Samuel Cooper, was a clergyman of the Church of England ; his mother Maria Susanna Bransby was the author of several novels. At the age of sixteen he was sent to London and placed under Henry Cline (1750–1827), surgeon to St Thomas\' Hospital . From the first he devoted himself to the study of anatomy , and had the privilege of attending the lectures of John Hunter
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Sir Charles Bell
SIR CHARLES BELL KH FRS FRSE FRCSE MWS (12 November 1774 – 28 April 1842) was a Scottish surgeon, anatomist , physiologist , neurologist , artist, and philosophical theologian . He is noted for discovering the difference between sensory nerves and motor nerves in the spinal cord. He is also noted for describing Bell\'s palsy . His three older brothers included Robert Bell (1757-1816) a Writer to the Signet , John Bell (1763–1820), also a noted surgeon and writer; and the advocate George Joseph Bell (1770–1843) who became a professor of law at the University of Edinburgh and a principal clerk at the Court of Session. CONTENTS * 1 Early life and education * 2 Professional career * 3 Honours and awards * 4 Works * 5 Legacy * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATIONCharles Bell was born in Edinburgh on 12 November 1774, as the fourth son of the Rev William Bell, a clergyman of the Episcopal Church of Scotland
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Sir William Molesworth, 8th Baronet
SIR WILLIAM MOLESWORTH, 8TH BARONET PC (23 May 1810 – 22 October 1855), was a Radical British politician, who served in the coalition cabinet of The Earl of Aberdeen from 1853 until his death in 1855 as First Commissioner of Works and then Colonial Secretary . Much later, when justifying to the Queen his own new appointments, Gladstone told her: "For instance, even in Ld Aberdeen's Govt, in 52, Sir William Molesworth had been selected, at that time, a very advanced Radical, but who was perfectly harmless, he also was the first to open Kew Gardens on Sundays. In July 1855, he was made Colonial Secretary , an office he held until his death in October of the same year. PERSONAL LIFEMolesworth married Andalusia Grant Carstairs (d. 16 May 1888) on 9 July 1844. He died on 22 October 1855, aged 45. He is buried at Kensal Green Cemetery , London, on the north side of the main path leading from the entrance to the central chapel
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George Grote
GEORGE GROTE (/ɡroʊt/ ; 17 November 1794 – 18 June 1871) was an English political radical and classical historian. He is now best known for his major work, the voluminous History of Greece. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Work and writing * 3 Principal works * 4 Recognition * 5 Notes * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links EARLY LIFEHe was born at Clay Hill near Beckenham
Beckenham
in Kent
Kent
. His grandfather, Andreas, originally a Bremen merchant, was one of the founders (on 1 January 1766) of the banking-house of Grote, Prescott "> Title page of Vol. 2 of first edition, 1846. Meanwhile, Grote had finally decided his philosophic and political attitude. In 1817 he came under the influence of David Ricardo
David Ricardo
, and through him of James Mill and Jeremy Bentham
Jeremy Bentham

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Reform Bill
In the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, REFORM ACT is a generic term used for legislation concerning electoral matters. It is most commonly used for laws passed in the 19th century and early 20th century to enfranchise new groups of voters and to redistribute seats in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
. CONTENTS * 1 Reform Acts * 2 Modern usage * 3 See also * 4 References REFORM ACTSThe parliamentary franchise in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
was expanded and made more uniform through a series of Acts of Parliament, also known as Representation of the People Acts , beginning in 1832. * Reform Act 1832
Reform Act 1832
(England and Wales), which gave representation to previously underrepresented urban areas and extended the qualifications for voting
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Joseph Hume
JOSEPH HUME FRS (22 January 1777 – 20 February 1855) was a Scottish doctor and Radical MP . CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Medical career * 3 Political career * 4 Political campaigns * 5 Death * 6 Legacy * 7 References * 8 External links EARLY LIFEHe was born the son of a shipmaster in Montrose, Angus and apprenticed to a local surgeon. MEDICAL CAREERHe studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh and moved to India in 1797. There, he was commissioned as a surgeon to an Army regiment, and was able to take up work as an interpreter and commissary-general due to his knowledge of Indian languages. His knowledge of chemistry helped him provide the administration with a method to recover damp gunpowder in 1802, on the eve of Lord Lake 's Maratha war . In 1808, he resigned and returned home with a fortune of about £40,000. Between 1808 and 1811, he travelled around England and Europe and, in 1812, published a blank verse translation of The Inferno
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George Hayter
SIR GEORGE HAYTER (17 December 1792 – 18 January 1871) was a notable English painter , specialising in portraits and large works involving in some cases several hundred individual portraits. Queen Victoria appreciated his merits and appointed Hayter her Principal Painter in Ordinary and also awarded him a Knighthood 1841
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John Arthur Roebuck
JOHN ARTHUR ROEBUCK (28 December 1802 – 30 November 1879), British politician, was born at Madras
Madras
, in India
India
. He was raised in Canada, and moved to England in 1824, and became intimate with the leading radical and utilitarian reformers. He was Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Bath from 1832 to 1847, and M.P. for Sheffield constituency from 1849. He took up that general attitude of hostility to the government of the day, be it what it might, which he retained throughout his life
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Lord John Russell
JOHN RUSSELL, 1ST EARL RUSSELL, KG , GCMG , PC , FRS (18 August 1792 – 28 May 1878), known as LORD JOHN RUSSELL before 1861, was a leading Whig and Liberal politician who served as Prime Minister
Prime Minister
on two occasions during the mid-19th century. Scion of one of the most powerful aristocratic families, his great achievements, says A. J. P. Taylor , were based on his indefatigable battles in Parliament over the years on behalf of the expansion of liberty; after each loss he tried again and again, until finally his efforts were largely successful. E. L. Woodward , however, argued that he was too much the abstract theorist, so that "He was more concerned with the removal of obstacles to civil liberty than with the creation of a more reasonable and civilised society". Nevertheless Russell led his Whig Party into support for reform; he was the principal architect of the great Reform Act of 1832
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Dictionary Of National Biography
The DICTIONARY OF NATIONAL BIOGRAPHY (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history , published from 1885. The updated OXFORD DICTIONARY OF NATIONAL BIOGRAPHY (ODNB) was published on 23 September 2004 in 60 volumes and online, with 50,113 biographical articles covering 54,922 lives. CONTENTS * 1 First series * 2 Supplements and revisions * 3 Concise dictionary * 4 Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
Biography
* 5 First series contents * 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 External links FIRST SERIESHoping to emulate national biographical collections published elsewhere in Europe, such as the Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (1875), in 1882 the publisher George Smith (1824–1901), of Smith, Elder "> George Murray Smith conceived of the DNB, subsidised it, and saw it finally into print before he died in 1901
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Wikisource
WIKISOURCE is an online digital library of free content textual sources on a wiki , operated by the Wikimedia Foundation . Wikisource is the name of the project as a whole and the name for each instance of that project (each instance usually representing a different language); multiple Wikisources make up the overall project of Wikisource. The project's aims are to host all forms of free text, in many languages, and translations. Originally conceived as an archive to store useful or important historical texts (its first text was the Déclaration universelle des Droits de l\'Homme ), it has expanded to become a general-content library. The project officially began in November 24, 2003 under the name PROJECT SOURCEBERG, a play on the famous Project Gutenberg
Project Gutenberg
. The name Wikisource
Wikisource
was adopted later that year and it received its own domain name seven months later
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Public Domain
The legal term PUBLIC DOMAIN refers to works whose exclusive intellectual property rights have expired, have been forfeited, have been expressly waived, or are inapplicable. For example, the works of Shakespeare
Shakespeare
and Beethoven , and most of the early silent films , are all now in the public domain by either being created before copyrights existed or by their copyright term expiring. Examples for works not covered by copyright which are therefore in the public domain, are the formulae of Newtonian physics , cooking recipes , and all software before 1974. Examples for works actively dedicated into public domain by their authors are reference implementations of cryptographic algorithms , NIH 's ImageJ , and the CIA
CIA
's World Factbook
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