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Henry Warburton
Henry Warburton
Henry Warburton
(12 November 1784 – 16 September 1858) was an English merchant and politician, and also an enthusiastic amateur scientist. Elected as Member of Parliament for Bridport, Dorset, in the 1826 general election,[1] he held the seat for 15 years until his resignation from the House of Commons in 1841.[2] He was returned to the Commons at a by-election in November 1843, for Kendal, but did not seek re-election in 1847.[3] On Parliament he was active in the reform of bankruptcy, the repeal of stamp duty on newspapers, introduction of the penny post and in the campaigns of the Anti-Corn Law League.Contents1 Early life 2 In politics 3 References 4 External linksEarly life[edit] The son of John Warburton of Eltham, Kent, a timber merchant, he was educated at Eton College, and at Trinity College, Cambridge,[4] where he was admitted 24 June 1802, aged 18
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George Hayter
Sir George Hayter
George Hayter
(17 December 1792 – 18 January 1871) was a notable English painter, specialising in portraits and large works involving in some cases several hundred individual portraits
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Lord John Russell
John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, KG, GCMG, PC, FRS (18 August 1792 – 28 May 1878), known by his courtesy title Lord John Russell before 1861, was a leading Whig and Liberal politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
on two occasions during the early Victorian era. Scion of one of the most powerful aristocratic families, his great achievements, says A. J. P. Taylor, were based on his indefatigable battles in Parliament over the years on behalf of the expansion of liberty; after each loss he tried again and again, until finally his efforts were largely successful. E. L. Woodward, however, argued that he was too much the abstract theorist, so that:He was more concerned with the removal of obstacles to civil liberty than with the creation of a more reasonable and civilized society
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Merchant
A merchant is a person who trades in commodities produced by other people. A merchant historically was anyone who was involved in business as long as industry, commerce, and trade have existed. The status of the merchant has varied during different periods of history and among different societies. In modern times, the term occasionally has been used to refer to a businessperson or someone undertaking activities (commercial or industrial) for the purpose of generating profit, cash flow, sales, and revenue utilizing a combination of human, financial, intellectual and physical capital with a view to fueling economic development and growth.A scale or balance is often used to symbolise a merchantMerchants have been known for as long as humans have engaged in trade and commerce. Merchants and merchant networks were known to operate in ancient Babylonia and Assyria, China, Egypt, Greece, India, Persia, Phoenicia and Rome
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George Grote
George Grote
George Grote
(/ɡroʊt/; 17 November 1794 – 18 June 1871) was an English political radical and classical historian. He is now best known for his major work, the voluminous History of Greece.Contents1 Early life 2 Work and writing 3 Principal works 4 Recognition 5 Notes 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External linksEarly life[edit] George Grote
George Grote
was born at Clay Hill near Beckenham
Beckenham
in Kent.[1] His grandfather, Andreas, originally a Bremen merchant, was one of the founders (on 1 January 1766) of the banking-house of Grote, Prescott & Company in Threadneedle Street, London (the name of Grote did not disappear from the firm till 1879)
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Sir William Molesworth, 8th Baronet
Sir William Molesworth, 8th Baronet
Baronet
PC (23 May 1810 – 22 October 1855), was a Radical British politician, who served in the coalition cabinet of The Earl of Aberdeen from 1853 until his death in 1855 as First Commissioner of Works
First Commissioner of Works
and then Colonial Secretary. Much later, when justifying to the Queen his own new appointments, Gladstone told her: "For instance, even in Ld Aberdeen's Govt, in 52, Sir William Molesworth had been selected, at that time, a very advanced Radical, but who was perfectly harmless, & took little, or no part..
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Robert Peel
Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet, FRS (5 February 1788 – 2 July 1850), was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served twice as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
(1834–35 and 1841–46) and twice as Home Secretary
Home Secretary
(1822–27 and 1828–30). He is regarded as the father of modern British policing and as one of the founders of the modern Conservative Party. The son of wealthy textile-manufacturer and politician Sir Robert Peel, 1st Baronet, making Robert the first future prime minister from an industrial business background, he was educated at Bury
Bury
Grammar School, Hipperholme Grammar School
Hipperholme Grammar School
and Harrow School, subsequently earning a double first in classics and mathematics from Christ Church, Oxford
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College Of Surgeons
A Royal College of Surgeons or Royal Surgical College is a type of organisation found in many present and former members of the Commonwealth of Nations. These organisations are dedicated to excellence in surgery, and are responsible for training surgeons and setting their examinations. In this context, the term chartered implies the awarding of a Royal charter.Contents1 History 2 Organisations 3 See also 4 ReferencesHistory[edit] The origins of the first Royal College of Surgeons go back to the fourteenth century with the foundation of the Guild of Surgeons Within the City of London.[1] There was dispute between the surgeons and barber surgeons until an agreement was signed between them in 1493, giving the fellowship of surgeons the power of incorporation.[2] The Guild of Barbers of Dublin received a Royal Charter of Henry Vi in 1446, making it the earliest Royal Medical incorporation in Britain or Ireland
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Sir Astley Cooper
Sir Astley Paston Cooper, 1st Baronet
Baronet
FRS (23 August 1768 – 12 February 1841) was a British surgeon and anatomist, who made historical contributions to otology, vascular surgery, the anatomy and pathology of the mammary glands and testicles, and the pathology and surgery of hernia.[1]Contents1 Life 2 Works 3 See also 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External linksLife[edit]Astley Paston CooperCooper was born at Brooke Hall in Brooke, Norfolk
Brooke, Norfolk
on 23 August 1768 and baptised at the parish church on 9 September. His father, Dr Samuel Cooper, was a clergyman of the Church of England; his mother Maria Susanna Bransby was the author of several novels. At the age of sixteen he was sent to London
London
and placed under Henry Cline (1750–1827), surgeon to St Thomas' Hospital
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Sir Charles Bell
Sir Charles Bell
Charles Bell
KH FRS FRSE FRCSE MWS (12 November 1774 – 28 April 1842) was a Scottish surgeon, anatomist, physiologist, neurologist, artist, and philosophical theologian. He is noted for discovering the difference between sensory nerves and motor nerves in the spinal cord
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John Arthur Roebuck
John Arthur Roebuck
John Arthur Roebuck
(28 December 1802 – 30 November 1879), British politician, was born at Madras, in India. He was raised in Canada, and moved to England in 1824, and became intimate with the leading radical and utilitarian reformers. He was Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Bath from 1832 to 1847, and M.P. for Sheffield constituency from 1849. He took up that general attitude of hostility to the government of the day, be it what it might, which he retained throughout his life
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Daniel O'Connell
Daniel O'Connell
Daniel O'Connell
(Irish: Dónall Ó Conaill; 6 August 1775 – 15 May 1847), often referred to as The Liberator[1] or The Emancipator,[2] was an Irish political leader in the first half of the 19th century. He campaigned for Catholic emancipation—including the right for Catholics to sit in the Westminster Parliament, denied for over 100 years—and repeal of the Acts of Union which combined Great Britain and Ireland. Throughout his career in Irish politics, O'Connell was able to gain a large following among the Irish masses in support of him and his Catholic Association. O'Connell's main strategy was one of political reformism, working within the parliamentary structures of the British state in Ireland and forming an alliance of convenience with the Whigs
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Reform Bill
In the United Kingdom, Reform Act is a generic term used for legislation concerning electoral matters
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Thomas William Anson, 1st Earl Of Lichfield
Thomas William Anson, 1st Earl of Lichfield
Earl of Lichfield
PC (20 October 1795 – 18 March 1854), previously known as The Viscount Anson from 1818 to 1831, was a British Whig politician from the Anson family. He served under Lord Grey and Lord Melbourne as Master of the Buckhounds between 1830 and 1834 and under Melbourne Postmaster General between 1835 and 1841. His gambling and lavish entertaining got him heavily into debt and he was forced to sell off the entire contents of his Shugborough Hall estate.Contents1 Background and education 2 Political career 3 Gambling 4 Family 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksBackground and education[edit] Anson was the eldest son of Thomas Anson, 1st Viscount Anson, and his wife Anne Margaret, daughter of Thomas Coke, 1st Earl of Leicester. Major-General the Hon. George Anson was his younger brother
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St. James's Square
St James's
St James's
Square is the only square in the exclusive St James's district of the City of Westminster. It has predominantly Georgian and Neo- Georgian architecture
Georgian architecture
and a garden in the centre. For its first two hundred or so years it was one of the three or four most fashionable residential multi-owner estates in London. It is now home to the headquarters of a number of well-known businesses, including BP and Rio Tinto Group; to four private members' clubs, the East India Club, the Naval and Military Club, the Canning Club, and the Army and Navy Club; to the High Commission of Cyprus; and to the London Library. Also based in the square is the premises of the think tank Chatham House
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F. W. S. Craig
Frederick Walter Scott Craig (10 December 1929 – 23 March 1989) was a Scottish psephologist and compiler of the standard reference books covering United Kingdom Parliamentary election results. He originally worked in public relations, compiling election results in his spare time which were published by the Scottish Unionist Party. In the late 1960s he launched his own business as a publisher of reference books, and also compiled various other statistics concerning British politics. Craig also had a political career of his own, initially as an election agent and then as a candidate. Efforts to get elected in his native Glasgow
Glasgow
being unsuccessful, after he moved to Chichester
Chichester
in 1970 he was first elected to the District Council and later to West Sussex County Council. However he fell out with a faction in the local Conservative Party and launched a rebel group which led to his expulsion
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