HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1500] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

Hejaz Railway
The HEJAZ (or HEDJAZ) RAILWAY (Turkish : _Hicaz Demiryolu_) was a narrow gauge railway (1,050 mm/​3 ft 5 11⁄32 in track gauge ) that ran from Damascus to Medina , through the Hejaz region of Saudi Arabia , with a branch line to Haifa on the Mediterranean Sea . It was a part of the Ottoman railway network and was built to extend the line from the Haydarpaşa Terminal in Kadikoy beyond Damascus to the holy city of Mecca . It got no further than Medina , 400 kilometres (250 mi) short of Mecca, due to the interruption of the construction works caused by the outbreak of World War I . Damascus to Medina is 1,300 kilometres (810 mi). The main purpose of the railway was to establish a connection between Constantinople, the capital of the Ottoman Empire and the seat of the Islamic Caliphate , and Hejaz in Arabia , the site of the holiest shrines of Islam and the holy city of Mecca, the destination of the Hajj annual pilgrimage. Another important reason was to improve the economic and political integration of the distant Arabian provinces into the Ottoman state, and to facilitate the transportation of military forces. The railway had no debt when completed
[...More...]

"Hejaz Railway" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Hejaz Railway Station
HEJAZ RAILWAY STATION (Arabic : محطة الحجاز‎‎) is a former main railway station in central Damascus , Syria close to the Marjeh Square . It was part of the Hejaz Railway , and there were many railway stations of the railway. This includes 'Hejaz railway stations' at: al-Taibe, Amman, Anese, Bosra, D'ara, Derra, Djizeh, el-Akhthar, el-Ula, Haifa, Jisra, Kadem, Khamees, Makarin, Ma'an, Marfaq, Meda'in Saleh, Muazzem, Tabuk, Wadi Kelt, Wadi Rum, Zarqaa and Zat ul Hajj. It was designed by the Spanish architect Fernando de Aranda . Wikimedia Commons has media related to CATEGORY:HEJAZ RAILWAY STATION, DAMASCUS .REFERENCES * ^ See commons category Hejaz_Railway * ^ Burns, Ross (2005), Damascus: A History, Routledge, p
[...More...]

"Hejaz Railway Station" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Damascus
DAMASCUS (Arabic : دمشق‎‎ _Dimashq_ , Syrian : ) is the capital and likely the largest city of Syria , following the decline in population of Aleppo due to the ongoing battle for the city. It is commonly known in Syria as _ash-Sham_ (Arabic : الشام‎‎ _ash-Shām_) and nicknamed as the _City of Jasmine _ (Arabic : مدينة الياسمين‎‎ _Madīnat al-Yāsmīn_). In addition to being one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, Damascus is a major cultural and religious centre of the Levant . The city has an estimated population of 1,711,000 as of 2009 . Located in south-western Syria, Damascus is the centre of a large metropolitan area of 2.6 million people (2004). Geographically embedded on the eastern foothills of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range 80 kilometres (50 mi) inland from the eastern shore of the Mediterranean on a plateau 680 metres (2,230 ft) above sea level , Damascus experiences a semi-arid climate because of the rain shadow effect . The Barada River flows through Damascus. First settled in the second millennium BC, it was chosen as the capital of the Umayyad Caliphate from 661 to 750
[...More...]

"Damascus" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Syria
Coordinates : 35°N 38°E / 35°N 38°E / 35; 38 Syrian Arab Republic الجمهورية العربية السورية (Arabic ) _al-Jumhūrīyah al-ʻArabīyah as-Sūrīyah_ Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: "حماة الديار" (Arabic ) Humat ad-Diyar _Guardians of the Homeland_ Capital and largest city Damascus 33°30′N 36°18′E / 33.500°N 36.300°E / 33.500; 36.300 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES Arabic ETHNIC GROUPS * Syrian people * Arameans * Kurds * Turkomans * Assyrians *
[...More...]

"Syria" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Jordan
JORDAN (/ˈdʒɔːrdən/ ; Arabic : الأردن‎‎ _Al-Urdunn_), officially THE HASHEMITE KINGDOM OF JORDAN ( Arabic : المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية‎‎ _Al-Mamlakah Al-Urdunnīyah Al-Ḥāshimīyah_), is an Arab kingdom in Western Asia , on the East Bank of the Jordan River . Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the east and south; Iraq to the north-east; Syria to the north; Israel , Palestine and the Dead Sea to the west; and the Red Sea in its extreme south-west. Jordan is strategically located at the crossroads of Asia, Africa and Europe. The capital, Amman , is Jordan's most populous city as well as the country's economic, political and cultural centre. What is now Jordan has been inhabited by humans since the Paleolithic period. Three stable kingdoms emerged there at the end of the Bronze Age : Ammon , Moab and Edom . Later rulers include the Nabataean Kingdom , the Roman Empire , and the Ottoman Empire . After the Great Arab Revolt against the Ottomans in 1916 during World War I , the Ottoman Empire was partitioned by Britain and France. The Emirate of Transjordan was established in 1921 by the then Emir Abdullah I and it became a British protectorate
[...More...]

"Jordan" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Saudi Arabia
SAUDI ARABIA (/ˌsɔːdiː əˈreɪbiə/ ( listen ), /ˌsaʊ-/ ( listen )), officially the KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA (KSA), is an Arab sovereign state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula . With a land area of approximately 2,150,000 km2 (830,000 sq mi), Saudi Arabia
Arabia
is geographically the fifth-largest state in Asia and second-largest state in the Arab
Arab
world after Algeria
Algeria
. Saudi Arabia
Arabia
is bordered by Jordan
Jordan
and Iraq
Iraq
to the north, Kuwait
Kuwait
to the northeast, Qatar
Qatar
, Bahrain
Bahrain
and the United Arab
Arab
Emirates to the east, Oman
Oman
to the southeast and Yemen
Yemen
to the south. It is separated from Israel
Israel
and Egypt
Egypt
by the Gulf of Aqaba . It is the only nation with both a Red Sea
Red Sea
coast and a Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
coast and most of its terrain consists of arid desert and mountains
[...More...]

"Saudi Arabia" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Medina
MEDINA (/məˈdiːnə/ ; Arabic : المدينة المنورة‎‎, _al-Madīnah al-Munawwarah_, "the radiant city"; or المدينة, _al-Madīnah_ (Hejazi pronunciation: ), "the city"), also transliterated as MADīNAH, is a city in the Hejaz region of Saudi Arabia that is also the capital of the Al Madinah Region . The city contains al-Masjid an-Nabawi ("the Prophet's Mosque"), which is the burial place of the Islamic prophet Muhammad , and is the second-holiest city in Islam after Mecca . Medina was Muhammad's destination after his Hijrah (journey) from Mecca, and became the capital of a rapidly increasing Muslim Empire, first under Muhammad's leadership, and then under Abu Bakr . It served as the power base of Islam in its first century where the early Muslim community developed. Medina is home to the three oldest mosques, namely the Quba Mosque , al-Masjid an-Nabawi, and Masjid al-Qiblatayn ("the mosque of the two qiblas "). Muslims believe that the chronologically final surahs of the Quran were revealed to Muhammad in Medina, and are called Medinan surahs in contrast to the earlier Meccan surahs
[...More...]

"Medina" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Hedjaz Jordan Railway
The HEDJAZ JORDAN RAILWAY was one of the two successor railways to the famous Hedjaz Railway . When the Ottoman Empire collapsed in 1920, the Hedjaz Railway, formerly under Ottoman control, was divided into 2 railways: the Chemin de Fer de Hedjaz Syrie (CFH) and the Hedjaz Jordan Railway (HJR). The HJR operated the line of the Hedjaz railway in Jordan (at the time British Palestine ). When Jordan was formed in 1946, the railway served as the state railway of Jordan, though it was not owned by the state. In 1975 the HJR built a line branch line from Ma\'an to Aqaba , a port city. The line was later sold to the Aqaba Railway Corporation in 1979. The Hedjaz Jordan Railway still operates today between the Jordan /Syria border, through Amman to Irbid . CONTENTS* 1 Operations * 1.1 Passenger services * 1.2 Freight services * 2 Stations * 3 Locomotives * 3.1 Steam * 3.2 Diesel * 4 Museum * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links OPERATIONSThe Hedjaz Jordan Railway operates passenger trains from Amman to Damascus in Syria. The HJR also operates freight trains on its tracks. PASSENGER SERVICES * Amman to Damascus, departs 8.00am Monday and Thursday * Damascus to Amman, departs 8.00am Monday and ThursdayFREIGHT SERVICES * Amman to Damascus, departs 8.00am daily * Damascus to Amman, departs 8.00am dailySTATIONSList of stations. This list is incomplete
[...More...]

"Hedjaz Jordan Railway" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Chemin De Fer De Hedjaz Syrie
The CHEMIN DE FER DE HEDJAZ SYRIE (English: Syrian Hedjaz Railway) is a railway that owns and operates the 135.7 km long 1050mm narrow gauge line from Damascus to the Jordan /Syria border. The CFH operates former Hedjaz Railway tracks in Syria. The Hedjaz Jordan Railway takes over the line in Jordan. When the Ottoman Empire collapsed in 1920, the Hedjaz Railway, formerly under Ottoman control, was divided into 2 railways: the Hedjaz Jordan Railway (HJR) and the Chemin de Fer de Hedjaz Syrie (CFH). The CFH operates separate from the Syrian Railways (CFS). OPERATIONSThe CFS operates freight between Damascus and Nassib. The CFS operates 1 passenger train: the International Train from Damascus to Amman (Jointly operated with the HJR). Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chemin_de_Fer_de_Hedjaz_Syrie additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
[...More...]

"Chemin De Fer De Hedjaz Syrie" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Track Gauge
In rail transport , TRACK GAUGE is the spacing of the rails on a railway track and is measured between the inner faces of the load-bearing rails. All vehicles on a rail network must have running gear that is compatible with the track gauge, and in the earliest days of railways the selection of a proposed railway's gauge was a key issue. As the dominant parameter determining interoperability, it is still frequently used as a descriptor of a route or network. There is a distinction between the nominal gauge and actual gauge at some locality, due to divergence of track components from the nominal. Railway engineers use a device, like a caliper , to measure the actual gauge, and this device is also referred to as a track gauge. The terms _structure gauge _ and _loading gauge _ have little connection with track gauge. They are both widely used, but imprecise, terms. Structure gauge describes the cross-section envelope into which new or altered structures (bridges, lineside equipment etc.) must not encroach. Loading gauge is the corresponding cross-sectional profile within which rail vehicles and their loads must be contained. If an exceptional load or a new type of vehicle is being assessed to run, it must conform to the route's loading gauge
[...More...]

"Track Gauge" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Minimum Railway Curve Radius
The MINIMUM RAILWAY CURVE RADIUS is the shortest allowable design radius for railway tracks under a particular set of conditions. It has an important bearing on constructions costs and operating costs and, in combination with superelevation (difference in elevation of the two rails) in the case of train tracks , determines the maximum safe speed of a curve. Minimum radius of curve is one parameter in the design of railway vehicles as well as trams . Monorails and guideways are also subject to minimum radii. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Factors affecting the minimum curve radius * 2.1 Steam locomotives * 2.2 Couplings * 2.3 Train lengths * 2.4 Speed and cant * 3 Transition curves * 4 Vertical curves * 5 Problem curves * 6 List of selected minimum curve radii * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links HISTORYThe first proper railway was the Liverpool and Manchester Railway which opened in 1830. Like the trams that had preceded it over a hundred years, the L"> To counter this, a cant (superelevation) is used. Ideally the train should be tilted such that resultant (combined) force acts straight "down" through the bottom of the train, so the wheels, track, train and passengers feel little or no sideways force ("down" and "sideways" are given with respect to the plane of the track and train). Some trains are capable of tilting to enhance this effect for passenger comfort
[...More...]

"Minimum Railway Curve Radius" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Grade (slope)
The GRADE (also called SLOPE, INCLINE, GRADIENT, MAINFALL, PITCH or RISE) of a physical feature, landform or constructed line refers to the tangent of the angle of that surface to the horizontal . It is a special case of the slope , where zero indicates horizontality . A larger number indicates higher or steeper degree of "tilt". Often slope is calculated as a ratio of "rise" to "run", or as a fraction ("rise over run") in which run is the horizontal distance and rise is the vertical distance. The grades or slopes of existing physical features such as canyons and hillsides, stream and river banks and beds are often described. Grades are typically specified for new linear constructions (such as roads, landscape grading, roof pitches , railroads , aqueducts , and pedestrian or bicycle circulation routes). The grade may refer to the longitudinal slope or the perpendicular cross slope. CONTENTS* 1 Nomenclature * 1.1 Equations * 2 Roads * 3 Environmental design * 4 Railways * 4.1 Compensation for curvature * 4.2 Continuous brakes * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links NOMENCLATURE Illustration of grades (percentages), angles in degrees and ratio. There are several ways to express slope: * as an angle of inclination to the horizontal
[...More...]

"Grade (slope)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Permille
؋ ​₳ ​ ฿ ​₿ ​ ₵ ​¢ ​₡ ​₢ ​ $ ​₫ ​₯ ​֏ ​ ₠ ​€ ​ ƒ ​₣ ​ ₲ ​ ₴ ​ ₭ ​ ₺ ​₾ ​ ₼ ​ℳ ​₥ ​ ₦ ​ ₧ ​₱ ​₰ ​£ ​ 元 圆 圓 ​﷼ ​៛ ​₽ ​₹ ₨ ​ ₪ ​ ৳ ​₸ ​₮ ​ ₩ ​ ¥ 円 UNCOMMON TYPOGRAPHY asterism ⁂ hedera ❧ index, fist ☞ interrobang ‽ irony punctuation ⸮ lozenge ◊ tie ⁀ RELATED* * Diacritics * Logic symbols * Whitespace characters IN OTHER SCRIPTS * Chinese * Hebrew * Japanese * Korean * Category * Portal * Book * v * t * e Visualisation of 1%, 1‰, 1 and 1 ppm as the fraction of the red cube to its respective block (click for larger version) A PER MILLE (from Latin _per mīlle_, "in each thousand" ), also spelled PER MIL, PER MILL, PERMIL, PERMILL, or PERMILLE is a sign indicating parts per thousand . Per mil should not be confused with parts per million (ppm). The sign is written ‰, which looks like a percent sign (%) with an extra zero in the divisor . It is included in the General Punctuation block of Unicode characters : U+2030 ‰ PER MILLE SIGN (HTML · ). It is accessible in Windows using ALT+0137
[...More...]

"Permille" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Percent Sign
؋ ​₳ ​ ฿ ​₿ ​ ₵ ​¢ ​₡ ​₢ ​ $ ​₫ ​₯ ​֏ ​ ₠ ​€ ​ ƒ ​₣ ​ ₲ ​ ₴ ​ ₭ ​ ₺ ​₾ ​ ₼ ​ℳ ​₥ ​ ₦ ​ ₧ ​₱ ​₰ ​£ ​ 元 圆 圓 ​﷼ ​៛ ​₽ ​₹ ₨ ​ ₪ ​ ৳ ​₸ ​₮ ​ ₩ ​ ¥ 円 UNCOMMON TYPOGRAPHY asterism ⁂ hedera ❧ index, fist ☞ interrobang ‽ irony punctuation ⸮ lozenge ◊ tie ⁀ RELATED* * Diacritics * Logic symbols * Whitespace characters IN OTHER SCRIPTS * Chinese * Hebrew * Japanese * Korean * Category * Portal * Book * v * t * e The PERCENT SIGN (%) is the symbol used to indicate a percentage , a number or ratio as a fraction of 100. Related signs include the permille (per thousand) sign ‰ and the permyriad (per ten thousand) sign ‱ (also known as a basis point ), which indicate that a number is divided by one thousand or ten thousand respectively. Higher proportions use parts-per notation . CONTENTS* 1 Correct style * 1.1 Spacing * 1.2 Usage in text * 2 Evolution * 3 Usage * 3.1 Encodings * 3.1.1 Unicode * 3.1.2 ASCII * 3.2 In computers * 3.3 In linguistics * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 References CORRECT STYLESPACINGEnglish style guides prescribe writing the number and percent sign without any space between
[...More...]

"Percent Sign" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Swiss Locomotive And Machine Works
SWISS LOCOMOTIVE AND MACHINE WORKS (German SCHWEIZERISCHE LOKOMOTIV- UND MASCHINENFABRIK; French SOCIéTé SUISSE POUR LA CONSTRUCTION DE LOCOMOTIVES ET DE MACHINES; or for both, SLM) was a railway equipment manufacturer based in Winterthur in Switzerland . Much of the world's mountain railway equipment was constructed by the company. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Preserved SLM Locomotives * 2.1 Finland * 2.2 India * 2.3 Switzerland * 2.4 United Kingdom * 3 See also * 4 Gallery * 5 References HISTORYThe company was founded in 1871 by the British engineer Charles Brown . SLM built both steam and electric locomotives , including the crocodile type. From 1992, SLM returned to producing steam locomotives designed around advanced steam technology principles. This included rebuilding DR Class 52.80 locomotive number 52 8055. In 1998 the cog-railway division was sold to Stadler Rail , and the engineering division, via Adtranz , to Bombardier Transportation . The remaining business was renamed Sulzer-Winpro AG and as part of a management buyout in 2001, was renamed Winpro AG. The advanced steam division was sold in 2000 to Dampflokomotiv- und Maschinenfabrik AG (Steam Locomotive and Machine Works Ltd), or DLM AG. In October 2001 the measurement division was sold to PROSE AG. Winpro AG was sold on 7 September 2005 to Stadler Rail
[...More...]

"Swiss Locomotive And Machine Works" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Jezreel Valley Railway
The JEZREEL VALLEY RAILWAY, or the VALLEY TRAIN (Hebrew : רכבת העמק‎‎, Rakevet HaEmek ; Arabic : خط سكك حديد مرج بن عامر‎‎) is a railroad that existed in Ottoman and British Palestine , as well as a modern railway in Israel built in the 21st century. It runs from the Mediterranean coast inland along the length of the Jezreel Valley . The historical line was a segment of the longer Haifa –Dera\'a line, which was itself a branch of the larger Hejaz railway . The historical Haifa–Dera'a line was built at the beginning of the 20th century and connected the Port of Haifa with the main part of the Hejaz railway, the Damascus –Medina line. Like the entire Hejaz railway, it was a 1,050 mm (3 ft 5 11⁄32 in) narrow gauge line. The last stop of the Haifa–Dera'a line within the Mandate Palestine borders was at al-Hamma , today Hamat Gader . Planning and construction took four years. The railway was inaugurated on October 15, 1905, and regular services operated on it until 1948. Despite several renewal attempts, the line lay dismantled for decades until 2011 when construction started on a large-scale project to build a new standard gauge railway from Haifa to Beit She\'an along roughly the same route as the historic valley railway. Israel Railways began passenger service on the new valley railway on October 16, 2016
[...More...]

"Jezreel Valley Railway" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
.