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Headgear
HEADGEAR, HEADWEAR or HEADDRESS is the name given to any element of clothing which is worn on one's head . Headgears serve a variety of purposes: * protection (against impact, cold, heat, rain and other precipitation , glare, sunburn , sunstroke , dust , contaminants, etc.) * to keep hair contained or tidy * decoration or fashion * religious purposes * medical purposes * modesty ; social convention * distinction; a badge of officeCONTENTS* 1 Overview of headgear types * 1.1 Bonnets * 1.2 Caps * 1.3 Crowns * 1.4 Fillets * 1.5 Hair
Hair
covers * 1.6 Hats * 1.7 Helmets * 1.8 Hoods * 1.9 Masks * 1.10 Orthodontic headgear
Orthodontic headgear
* 1.11 Turbans * 1.12 Veils and head wraps * 1.13 Wig * 2 Purpose of headgear * 2.1 Protection or defense * 2.2 Fashion
Fashion
* 2.3 Religious significance * 2.4 Symbol of status or office * 3 Headgear
Headgear
etiquette * 4 Beginnings * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links OVERVIEW OF HEADGEAR TYPESBONNETS Piper wearing a Feather bonnet Kuban cossacks in Russian papakhis Bonnets , as worn by women and girls, were hats worn outdoors which were secured by tying under the chin, and often which had some kind of peak or visor
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Hats (party)
The HATS (Swedish : Hattarna) were a Swedish political faction active during the Age of Liberty
Age of Liberty
(1719–1772). Their name derives from the tricorne hat worn by officers and gentlemen. They vied for power with the opposing Caps party. The Hats, who ruled Sweden
Sweden
from 1738 to 1765, advocated an alliance with France
France
and an assertive foreign policy, especially towards Russia . During their tenure, they involved Sweden in two expensive and disastrous wars, in the 1740s and 1750s . POLICYCount Arvid Horn
Arvid Horn
, leader of the Caps, had governed Sweden
Sweden
since 1719. Following Sweden's defeat in the Great Northern War
Great Northern War
, he had reversed the traditional policy of Sweden
Sweden
by keeping France
France
at a distance, drawing near to Great Britain
Great Britain
, and making no significant effort to regain Sweden's lost Baltic empire. Those opposed to this peaceful policy derisively nicknamed his adherents "Night-caps", and these epithets became party badges when the estates met in 1738. The Hats routed the government, and Horn was compelled to retire after 33 years in high office. Now in power, the Hats aimed at restoring Sweden to her former position as a great power, and sought to renew the traditional alliance with France
France

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Caps (party)
The CAPS (Swedish : Mössorna) were a political faction during the Age of Liberty
Age of Liberty
(1719–1772) in Sweden
Sweden
. The primary rivals of the Caps were known as the Hats . The Hats are actually responsible for the Caps' name, as it comes from a contraction of Night-cap, a name used to suggest that the Caps were the soft and timid party. The Caps represented mostly peasants and clergymen. CONTENTS * 1 Policy * 2 Majority leaders * 3 See also * 4 References POLICYThe foremost representative of the Age of Liberty, de facto leader of government and of the Caps from 1719 to 1738 was the Chancery President, Count Arvid Horn
Arvid Horn
. Horn reversed the traditional policy of Hats and Sweden
Sweden
by keeping the Kingdom of France at a distance and drawing near to Russia
Russia
. Thus a twenty years' war was succeeded by a twenty years' peace, during which the nation recovered so rapidly from its wounds that it began to forget them. The Riksdag of 1738 was to mark a turning-point in Swedish history, the Hats carried everything before them, and the aged Horn was finally compelled to retire from a scene where, for thirty-three years, he had played a leading part. For the next twenty five years the Hats did dominate government, with disastrous results where the country was plunged into two costly and ill-advised wars
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Headgear (other)
HEADGEAR is an article of clothing worn on the head. HEADGEAR may also refer to: * Headgear (martial arts) , a safety device worn on the head while practicing martial arts * Headgear (artist group) , a group of Japanese artists and writers * Orthodontic headgear , an orthodontic applianceMUSIC * Headgear (band) , a musical project of Daragh Dukes * Headgear Studio , an American recording studio based in Williamsburg, Brooklyn * "Headgear", a song from Adam Ant's unreleased Persuasion albumOTHER USES * Headgear or headframe , the winding frame above an underground mine shaft This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title HEADGEAR. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Headgear_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Talk
TALK may refer to: * Conversation , interactive communication between two or more people * Speech , the production of a spoken language * Interaction , face to face conversations * Compulsive talking , beyond the bounds of what is considered to be a socially acceptable amount of talking * Communication , the encoding and decoding of exchanged messages between peopleCONTENTS * 1 Software * 2 Books * 3 Film and TV * 4 Music * 4.1 Albums * 4.2 Songs SOFTWARE * Google Talk , a Windows- and web-based instant messaging program * talk (software) , a Unix messaging program * AppleTalk , an early networking protocol designed by Apple for their Macintosh computersBOOKS * _Talk_ (play) , a play by Carl Hancock Rux * _Talk_ (magazine) , an American magazineFILM AND TV * _Talk_ (film) , a 1994 Australian film * Talk show , a broadcast program format * Talk radio , a radio formatMUSIC * Talk Talk , a British rock group active from 1981 to 1991ALBUMS * _Talk_ (Yes album) , 1994 * _Talk_ (Paul Kelly album) , 1981SONGS * "Talk" (Coldplay song) * "Talk" (DJ Snake song) * "Talk", by Kreesha Turner on the album _Passion _ * "Talk", by Tracy Bonham on the album _ The Liverpool Sessions _ * "Talk", by M.I.A
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Clothing
CLOTHING (also known as CLOTHES and ATTIRE) is fiber and textile material worn on the body. The wearing of clothing is mostly restricted to human beings and is a feature of nearly all human societies . The amount and type of clothing worn depends on body type, social, and geographic considerations. Some clothing can be gender-specific. Physically, clothing serves many purposes: it can serve as protection from the elements , and can enhance safety during hazardous activities such as hiking and cooking. It protects the wearer from rough surfaces, rash-causing plants, insect bites, splinters, thorns and prickles by providing a barrier between the skin and the environment. Clothes can insulate against cold or hot conditions. Further, they can provide a hygienic barrier, keeping infectious and toxic materials away from the body. Clothing also provides protection from ultraviolet radiation . Wearing clothes is also a social norm , as being deprived of clothing in front of others may be embarrassing , or not wearing clothes in public to the extent that genitals , breasts or buttocks are visible could be seen as indecent exposure
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Human Head
In human anatomy, the HEAD is the upper portion of the human body . It supports the face and is maintained by the skull , which itself encloses the brain . CONTENTS* 1 Structure * 1.1 Innervation * 1.2 Blood supply * 2 Function * 3 Society and culture * 3.1 Clothing * 3.2 Anthropometry * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Further reading STRUCTURE Cryosection through the male head. Anatomy of the human head The human head consists of a fleshy outer portion surrounding the bony skull , within which sits the brain . The head rests on the neck , and is provided bony support for movement by the seven cervical vertebrae . The face is the anterior part of the head, containing the sensory organs the eyes , nose and mouth . The cheeks , on either side of the mouth, provide a fleshy border to the oral cavity . To either side of the head sit the ears . INNERVATIONThe twelve pairs of cranial nerves provide the majority of nervous control to the head. The sensation to the face is provided by the branches of the trigeminal nerve , a cranial nerve . The sensation to other portions of the head is provided by the cervical nerves . BLOOD SUPPLYThe head receives blood supply through the internal and external carotid arteries . These supply the area outside of the skull (external carotid artery) and inside of the skull (internal carotid artery)
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Protective Clothing
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) refers to protective clothing , helmets , goggles , or other garments or equipment designed to protect the wearer's body from injury or infection . The hazards addressed by protective equipment include physical, electrical, heat, chemicals, biohazards , and airborne particulate matter . Protective equipment may be worn for job-related occupational safety and health purposes, as well as for sports and other recreational activities . "Protective clothing" is applied to traditional categories of clothing, and "protective gear" applies to items such as pads, guards, shields, or masks, and others. The purpose of personal protective equipment is to reduce employee exposure to hazards when engineering controls and administrative controls are not feasible or effective to reduce these risks to acceptable levels. PPE is needed when there are hazards present. PPE has the serious limitation that it does not eliminate the hazard at source and may result in employees being exposed to the hazard if the equipment fails. Any item of PPE imposes a barrier between the wearer/user and the working environment. This can create additional strains on the wearer; impair their ability to carry out their work and create significant levels of discomfort. Any of these can discourage wearers from using PPE correctly, therefore placing them at risk of injury, ill-health or, under extreme circumstances, death
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Precipitation (meteorology)
In meteorology , PRECIPITATION is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity . The main forms of precipitation include drizzle , rain , sleet , snow , graupel and hail . Precipitation
Precipitation
occurs when a portion of the atmosphere becomes saturated with water vapor, so that the water condenses and "precipitates". Thus, fog and mist are not precipitation but suspensions, because the water vapor does not condense sufficiently to precipitate. Two processes, possibly acting together, can lead to air becoming saturated: cooling the air or adding water vapor to the air. Precipitation
Precipitation
forms as smaller droplets coalesce via collision with other rain drops or ice crystals within a cloud . Short, intense periods of rain in scattered locations are called "showers." Moisture that is lifted or otherwise forced to rise over a layer of sub-freezing air at the surface may be condensed into clouds and rain. This process is typically active when freezing rain is occurring. A stationary front is often present near the area of freezing rain and serves as the foci for forcing and rising air. Provided necessary and sufficient atmospheric moisture content, the moisture within the rising air will condense into clouds, namely stratus and cumulonimbus
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Sunburn
SUNBURN is a form of radiation burn that affects living tissue, such as skin , that results from an overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, commonly from the sun . Common symptoms in humans and other animals include red or reddish skin that is hot to the touch, pain , general fatigue, and mild dizziness. An excess of UV radiation can be life-threatening in extreme cases. Exposure of the skin to lesser amounts of UV radiation will often produce a suntan . Excessive UV radiation is the leading cause of primarily non-malignant skin tumors . Sunscreen is widely agreed to prevent sunburn and some types of skin cancer . Clothing, including hats, is considered the preferred skin protection method. Moderate sun tanning without burning can also prevent subsequent sunburn, as it increases the amount of melanin , a photoprotective pigment that is the skin's natural defense against overexposure. Importantly, both sunburn and the increase in melanin production are triggered by direct DNA damage . When the skin cells' DNA is overly damaged by UV radiation, type I cell-death is triggered and the skin is replaced
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Sunstroke
HEAT STROKE, also known as SUN STROKE, is a type of severe heat illness that results in a body temperature greater than 40.0 °C (104.0 °F) and confusion . Other symptoms include red, dry or damp skin, headache, and dizziness. Onset can be sudden or gradual. Complications may include seizures , rhabdomyolysis , or kidney failure . Heat stroke
Heat stroke
occurs because of high external temperatures or physical exertion . Risk factors include heat waves , high humidity , certain drugs such as diuretics , beta blockers , or alcohol , heart disease, and skin disorders. Cases not associated with physical exertion typically occur in those at the extremes of age or with long term health problems. Diagnosis is based on symptoms. It is a type of hyperthermia . It is distinct from a fever , where there is a physiological increase in the temperature set point . Preventive measures include drinking sufficient fluids and avoiding excessive heat. Treatment is by rapid physical cooling of the body and supportive care . Recommended methods include spraying the person with water and using a fan, putting the person in ice water, or giving cold intravenous fluids . While it is reasonable to add ice packs around a person, this by itself is not routinely recommended. It results in more than 600 deaths a year in the United States. Rates have increased between 1995 and 2015
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Dust
DUST is fine particles of matter. It generally consists of particles in the atmosphere that come from various sources such as soil, dust lifted by weather (an aeolian process ), volcanic eruptions , and pollution . Dust
Dust
in homes, offices, and other human environments contains small amounts of plant pollen , human and animal hairs , textile fibers , paper fibers , minerals from outdoor soil, human skin cells, burnt meteorite particles, and many other materials which may be found in the local environment. CONTENTS * 1 Domestic dust and humans * 2 Atmospheric dust * 2.1 Middle East
Middle East
* 2.2 Road
Road
dust * 3 Coal dust * 4 Dust
Dust
control * 4.1 Control of atmospheric dust * 4.2 Control of domestic dust * 4.3 Control of dust resistance on surfaces * 5 Dust
Dust
in other contexts * 5.1 Dust
Dust
in outer space * 6 Examples of atmospheric dust * 7 See also * 8 Notes * 9 References * 10 External links DOMESTIC DUST AND HUMANS Three years of use without cleaning has caused this laptop heat sink to become clogged with dust, and it can no longer be used as it may overheat. Domestic dust on a finger House dust mites are present indoors wherever humans live. Positive tests for dust mite allergies are extremely common among people with asthma
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Beauty
BEAUTY is a characteristic of an animal, idea , object , person or place that provides a perceptual experience of pleasure or satisfaction . Beauty is studied as part of aesthetics , culture , social psychology , philosophy and sociology . An "ideal beauty" is an entity which is admired, or possesses features widely attributed to beauty in a particular culture, for perfection. Ugliness is considered to be the opposite of beauty. The experience of "beauty" often involves an interpretation of some entity as being in balance and harmony with nature , which may lead to feelings of attraction and emotional well-being . Because this can be a subjective experience, it is often said that "beauty is in the eye of the beholder." There is evidence that perceptions of beauty are evolutionary determined, that things, aspects of people and landscapes considered beautiful are typically found in situations likely to give enhanced survival of the perceiving human's genes. CONTENTS * 1 Ancient Greek * 2 The Age of Reason * 3 The Romantic period * 4 The 20th century and after * 5 Human beauty * 6 Effects on society * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links ANCIENT GREEKThe classical Greek noun that best translates to the English "beauty" or "beautiful" was κάλλος, _kallos_, and the adjective was καλός, _kalos_
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Fashion
FASHION is a popular style or practice, especially in clothing , footwear , accessories , makeup , body , or furniture. Fashion
Fashion
is a distinctive and often constant trend in the style in which a person dresses. It is the prevailing styles in behaviour and the newest creations of textile designers. Because the more technical term costume is regularly linked to the term "fashion", the use of the former has been relegated to special senses like fancy dress or masquerade wear, while "fashion" generally means clothing, including the study of it. Although aspects of fashion can be feminine or masculine, some trends are androgynous
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Modesty
MODESTY, coming from the Latin root modestus which means "keeping within measure", and DEMURENESS is a mode of dress and deportment which intends to avoid encouraging of sexual attraction in others. Standards of modesty are culturally and context dependent and vary widely. In this use, it may be considered inappropriate or immodest to reveal certain parts of the body. In some societies, modesty may involve women covering their bodies completely and not talking to men who are not immediate family members; in others, a fairly revealing but one-piece bathing costume is considered modest when other women wear bikinis . In some countries, exposure of the body in breach of community standards of modesty is also considered to be public indecency, and public nudity is generally illegal in most of the world and regarded as indecent exposure . For example, Stephen Gough a lone man attempting to walk naked from south to north Britain was repeatedly imprisoned. However, nudity is at times tolerated in some societies; for example, during a World Naked Bike Ride . In semi-public contexts standards of modesty vary. Nudity may be acceptable in public single-sex changing rooms at swimming baths , for example, or for mass medical examination of men for military service . In private, standards again depend upon the circumstances
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Social Convention
A CONVENTION is a set of agreed, stipulated, or generally accepted standards, norms , social norms , or criteria, often taking the form of a custom . Certain types of rules or customs may become law and regulatory legislation may be introduced to formalize or enforce the convention (for example, laws that define on which side of the road vehicles must be driven). In a social context , a convention may retain the character of an "unwritten law" of custom (for example, the manner in which people greet each other, such as by shaking each other's hands). In physical sciences , numerical values (such as constants, quantities, or scales of measurement) are called conventional if they do not represent a measured property of nature, but originate in a convention, for example an average of many measurements, agreed between the scientists working with these values. CONTENTS * 1 General * 2 Customary or social conventions * 2.1 Social * 3 Government * 4 International law * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links GENERALA convention is a selection from among two or more alternatives, where the rule or alternative is agreed upon among participants. Often the word refers to unwritten customs shared throughout a community. For instance, it is conventional in many societies that strangers bei