HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1500] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

Head Of State
A HEAD OF STATE (or CHIEF OF STATE) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state . Depending on the country's form of government and separation of powers , the head of state may be a purely ceremonial figurehead with limited or no executive power or concurrently the head of government . In countries with parliamentary system , the head of state is typically a ceremonial figurehead that does not actually guide day-to-day government activities and may not be empowered to exercise any kind of secular political authority (e.g., Queen Margrethe II of Denmark ). In countries where the head of state is also the head of government, the head of state serves as both a public figurehead and the actual highest-ranking political leader who oversees the executive branch (e.g., the President of the United States ). Former French president Charles de Gaulle , while developing the current Constitution of France (1958), said the head of state should embody _l'esprit de la nation_ ("the spirit of the nation")
[...More...]

"Head Of State" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Head Of Government
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state , a federated state , or a self-governing colony , (commonly referred to as countries, nations or nation-states) who often presides over a cabinet , a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments. The term "head of government" is often differentiated from the term "head of state ", (e.g. as in article 7 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties , article 1 of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons, including Diplomatic Agents and the United Nations protocol list), as they may be separate positions, individuals, or roles depending on the country. The authority of a head of government, such as a president, or prime minister and the relationship between that position and other state institutions, such as the relation between the head of state and of the legislature , varies greatly among sovereign states, depending largely on the particular makeup of the government that has been chosen, won, or evolved over time. In parliamentary systems , including constitutional monarchies , the head of government is the _de facto _ political leader of the government, and is answerable to one chamber or the entire legislature
[...More...]

"Head Of Government" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Head Of State (other)
The term HEAD OF STATE may refer to: * Head of state , a term used in politics, law, and diplomacy * Head of State (film) , 2003 American comedy film See also * Heads of State (band) , a R font-style: italic;">This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title HEAD OF STATE. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Head_of_state_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
[...More...]

"Head Of State (other)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Sovereign State
A SOVEREIGN STATE is, in international law , a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area. International law defines sovereign states as having a permanent population, defined territory, one government , and the capacity to enter into relations with other sovereign states . It is also normally understood that a sovereign state is neither dependent on nor subjected to any other power or state . The existence or disappearance of a state is a question of fact . While according to the declarative theory of statehood, a sovereign state can exist without being recognised by other sovereign states , unrecognised states will often find it hard to exercise full treaty-making powers and engage in diplomatic relations with other sovereign states
[...More...]

"Sovereign State" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Form Of Government
A government is the system by which a state or community is controlled. In the Commonwealth of Nations , the word "government" is also used more narrowly to refer to the collective group of people that exercises executive authority in a state. This usage is analogous to what is called an "administration " in American English . Furthermore, especially in American English, the concepts of "the state" and "the government" may be used synonymously to refer to the person or group of people exercising authority over a politically organized territory. Finally, government is also sometimes used in English as a synonym for governance . In the case of its broad associative definition, government normally consists of legislators , administrators , and arbitrators . Government is the means by which state policy is enforced, as well as the mechanism for determining the policy of the state. A form of government, or form of state governance, refers to the set of political systems and institutions that make up the organisation of a specific government. Government of any kind currently affects every human activity in many important ways. For this reason, political scientists generally argue that government should not be studied by itself; but should be studied along with anthropology , economics , environmentalism , history , philosophy , science and sociology
[...More...]

"Form Of Government" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Separation Of Powers
The SEPARATION OF POWERS, often imprecisely and metonymically used interchangeably with the _TRIAS POLITICA_ principle, is a model for the governance of a state (or who controls the state). Under this model, the state is divided into branches, each with separate and independent powers and areas of responsibility so that the powers of one branch are not in conflict with the powers associated with the other branches. The typical division is into three branches: a legislature , an executive , and a judiciary , which is the _trias politica_ model. It can be contrasted with the fusion of powers in some parliamentary systems where the executive and legislature (and sometimes parts of the judiciary) are unified. Separation of powers, therefore, refers to the division of responsibilities into distinct branches to limit any one branch from exercising the core functions of another. The intent is to prevent the concentration of power and provide for checks and balances
[...More...]

"Separation Of Powers" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Figurehead
In politics, a FIGUREHEAD is a person who holds _de jure _ (in name or by law) an important title or office (often supremely powerful), yet _de facto _ (in reality) executes little actual power. The metaphor derives from the carved figurehead at the prow of a sailing ship. Commonly cited figureheads include Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
, who is Queen of sixteen Commonwealth realms and head of the Commonwealth , but has no power over the nations in which she is not head of state and does not exercise power in her own realms on her own initiative. Other figureheads are the Emperor of Japan , the King of Sweden
King of Sweden
, or presidents in majority of parliamentary republics , such as the President
President
of India , President
President
of Israel , President
President
of Bangladesh , President
President
of Greece , President
President
of Germany , President
President
of Pakistan , and President
President
of China (when not simultaneously holding the CPC General Secretary and Chairman of CMC posts). During the crisis of the March on Rome
March on Rome
in 1922, King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy , though a figurehead, played a key role in handing power to Benito Mussolini
Benito Mussolini

[...More...]

"Figurehead" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Executive Power
The EXECUTIVE is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state . The executive executes and enforces law . In political systems based on the principle of separation of powers , authority is distributed among several branches (executive, legislative , judicial ) — an attempt to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a small group of people. In such a system, the executive does not pass laws (the role of the legislature) or interpret them (the role of the judiciary). Instead, the executive enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary. The executive can be the source of certain types of law, such as a decree or executive order . Executive bureaucracies are commonly the source of regulations . In the Westminster political system , the principle of separation of powers is not as entrenched. Members of the executive, called ministers , are also members of the legislature, and hence play an important part in both the writing and enforcing of law. In this context, the executive consists of a leader(s) of an office or multiple offices. Specifically, the top leadership roles of the executive branch may include: * head of state —often the supreme leader , the president or monarch , the chief public representative and living symbol of national unity. * head of government —often the de facto leader, prime minister , overseeing the administration of all affairs of state
[...More...]

"Executive Power" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Parliamentary System
A PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament , and is also held accountable to that parliament. In a parliamentary system, the head of state is usually a different person from the head of government . This is in contrast to a presidential system , where the head of state often is also the head of government and, most importantly, the executive branch does not derive its democratic legitimacy from the legislature. Countries with parliamentary systems may be constitutional monarchies , where a monarch is the head of state while the head of government is almost always a member of parliament (such as the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, Denmark
Denmark
, Sweden
Sweden
and Japan
Japan
), or parliamentary republics , where a mostly ceremonial president is the head of state while the head of government is regularly from the legislature (such as Ireland , Germany
Germany
, India
India
and Italy
Italy
)
[...More...]

"Parliamentary System" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Margrethe II Of Denmark
HM THE QUEEN HRH Prince Henrik * HRH The Crown Prince HRH The Crown Princess * HRH Prince Christian * HRH Princess Isabella * HRH Prince Vincent * HRH Princess Josephine * HRH Prince Joachim HRH Princess Marie * HH Prince Nikolai * HH Prince Felix * HH Prince Henrik * HH Princess Athena -------------------------HRH Princess Benedikte HM The Queen of the Hellenes ------------------------- HH Princess Elisabeth EXTENDED ROYAL FAMILY * Greek royal family * v * t * e MARGRETHE II (Danish : _Margrethe 2._, pronounced ; Faroese : _Margreta 2._; Greenlandic : _Margrethe II_; full name: _Margrethe Alexandrine Þórhildur Ingrid_; born 16 April 1940) is the Queen of Denmark . She is also the supreme authority of the Church of Denmark and Commander-in-Chief of the Danish Defence Forces . Born into the House of Glücksburg , a royal house with origins in Northern Germany , she was the eldest child of Frederick IX of Denmark and Ingrid of Sweden . She succeeded her father upon his death on 14 January 1972, having had become heir presumptive to her father in 1953, when a constitutional amendment allowed women to inherit the throne. On her accession, Margrethe became the first female monarch of Denmark since Margaret I , ruler of the Scandinavian countries in 1375–1412 during the Kalmar Union
[...More...]

"Margrethe II Of Denmark" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Denmark
DENMARK (/ˈdɛnmɑːrk/ (_ listen ); Danish : Danmark_ ( listen )), officially the KINGDOM OF DENMARK, is a Scandinavian country in Europe and a sovereign state . The southernmost of the Nordic countries , it is south-west of Sweden and south of Norway , and bordered to the south by Germany . The Kingdom of Denmark also comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean : the Faroe Islands and Greenland . Denmark itself has a total area of 42,924 square kilometres (16,573 sq mi),; total area including Greenland and the Faroe Islands is 2,210,579 square kilometres (853,509 sq mi), and a population of 5.75 million. European Denmark consists of a peninsula, Jutland , and an archipelago of 443 named islands , with the largest being Zealand , Funen and the North Jutlandic Island . The islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. The unified kingdom of Denmark emerged in the 10th century as a proficient seafaring nation in the struggle for control of the Baltic Sea
[...More...]

"Denmark" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

President Of The United States
------------------------- * HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES * Speaker Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
(R) * Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy (R) * Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D) * Congressional districts ------------------------- * UNITED STATES SENATE * President Mike Pence
Mike Pence
(R) * President Pro Tempore
[...More...]

"President Of The United States" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Charles De Gaulle
CHARLES ANDRé JOSEPH MARIE DE GAULLE (French: ( listen ); 22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French general and statesman. He was the leader of Free France (1940–44) and the head of the Provisional Government of the French Republic (1944–46). In 1958, he founded the Fifth Republic and was elected as the President of France , a position he held until his resignation in 1969. He was the dominant figure of France during the Cold War era and his memory continues to influence French politics. Born in Lille , he graduated from Saint-Cyr in 1912. He was a decorated officer of the First World War , wounded several times, and later taken prisoner at Verdun . During the interwar period, he advocated mobile armoured divisions. During the German invasion of May 1940, he led an armoured division which counterattacked the invaders; he was then appointed Under-Secretary for War. Refusing to accept his government's armistice with Nazi Germany , de Gaulle exhorted the French population to resist occupation and to continue the fight in his Appeal of 18 June . He led a government in exile and the Free French Forces against the Axis . Despite frosty relations with Britain and especially the United States, he emerged as the undisputed leader of the French resistance
[...More...]

"Charles De Gaulle" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Constitution Of France
The current CONSTITUTION OF FRANCE was adopted on 4 October 1958. It is typically called the CONSTITUTION OF THE FIFTH REPUBLIC, and replaced that of the Fourth Republic dating from 1946. Charles de Gaulle was the main driving force in introducing the new constitution and inaugurating the Fifth Republic , while the text was drafted by Michel Debré . Since then the constitution has been amended twenty-four times, most recently in 2008 . CONTENTS * 1 Summary * 2 Impact on personal freedoms * 2.1 "Constitutional block" * 3 Amendments * 4 Past constitutions * 5 Further reading * 6 See also * 7 Notes and references * 8 External links SUMMARYThe preamble of the constitution recalls the _Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen _ from 1789 and establishes France as a secular and democratic country, deriving its sovereignty from the people. It provides for the election of the President and the Parliament , the selection of the Government, and the powers of each and the relations between them. It ensures judicial authority and creates a High Court (a never convened court for judging the President ), a Constitutional Council, and an Economic and Social Council. It was designed to create a politically strong President. It enables the ratification of international treaties and those associated with the European Union
[...More...]

"Constitution Of France" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Grassalkovich Palace
The GRASSALKOVICH PALACE (Slovak : Grasalkovičov palác) is a palace in Bratislava and the residence of the president of Slovakia . It is situated on Hodžovo námestie , near the Summer Archbishop\'s Palace . The building is a Rococo -late Baroque summer palace with a French garden . HISTORY President George W. Bush and Slovak President Ivan Gašparovič in Grassalkovich Palace during the Slovakia Summit 2005 The building was finished in 1760, by architect Anton Mayerhofer for Hungarian aristocrat Antal Grassalkovich , a close friend of Maria Theresa . It features many rooms and an impressive staircase. The chapel is decorated with frescoes by Joseph von Pichler. The building became a center of Baroque musical life in Pozsony/Pressburg . Joseph Haydn premiered some of his works here. Count Grassalkovich also had his orchestra and his "colleague", Prince Esterházy , used to "lend" him his favorite conductor, Haydn. Grassalkovich was Maria Theresa 's vassal , so the palace was used for various balls and parties of the Habsburg royal court . For example, it was Haydn who conducted the orchestra when Maria Theresa's daughter married Albert of Sachsen-Teschen , then governor of the Kingdom of Hungary (see Bratislava Castle )
[...More...]