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Haym Solomon
Haym Salomon
Haym Salomon
(also Solomon; April 7, 1740 – January 6, 1785) was a Polish-born American Jewish businessman and political financial broker who immigrated to New York City
New York City
from Poland
Poland
during the period of the American Revolution. He helped convert the French loans into ready cash by selling bills of exchange for Robert Morris, the Superintendent of Finance
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American Revolution
The American Revolution
Revolution
was a colonial revolt which occurred between 1765 and 1783. The American Patriots in the Thirteen Colonies
Thirteen Colonies
defeated the British in the American Revolutionary War
American Revolutionary War
(1775–1783) with the assistance of France, winning independence from Great Britain and establishing the United States
United States
of America. The American colonials proclaimed "no taxation without representation" starting with the Stamp Act Congress
Stamp Act Congress
in 1765. They rejected the authority of the British Parliament to tax them because they had no representatives in that governing body
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James Madison
James Madison
James Madison
Jr. (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836)[2] was an American statesman and Founding Father who served as the fourth President of the United States
President of the United States
from 1809 to 1817. He is hailed as the "Father of the Constitution" for his pivotal role in drafting and promoting the United States Constitution
United States Constitution
and the Bill of Rights. Born into a prominent Virginia
Virginia
planting family, Madison served as a member of the Virginia
Virginia
House of Delegates and the Continental Congress during and after the American Revolutionary War
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Thirteen Colonies
The Thirteen Colonies, also known as the Thirteen British Colonies[2] or the Thirteen American Colonies,[3] were a group of colonies of Great Britain on the Atlantic coast of America founded in the 17th and 18th centuries which declared independence in 1776 and formed the United States
United States
of America. The Thirteen Colonies had very similar political, constitutional, and legal systems and were dominated by Protestant English-speakers. They were part of Britain's possessions in the New World, which also included colonies in Canada, Florida, and the Caribbean. The colonial population grew from about 2,000 to 2.4 million between 1625 and 1775, displacing American Indians
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George Washington
vte George Washington
George Washington
(February 22, 1732[b][c] – December 14, 1799) was an American political leader, military general, statesman, and Founding Father who served as the first president of the United States from 1789 to 1797. Previously, he led Patriot forces to victory in the nation's War for Independence. He presided at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 which established the U.S. Constitution and a federal government. Washington has been called the "Father of His Country" for his manifold leadership in the formative days of the new nation. Washington received his initial military training and command with the Virginia
Virginia
Regiment during the French and Indian War
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Battle Of Yorktown (1781)
Decisive Franco-American victoryEnd of major land operations in North America Beginning of peace negotiationsBelligerents United States Canadian auxiliaries France Great Britain Loyalists Hesse-Kassel Ansbach[1]Commanders and leaders George Washington Benjamin Lincoln Henry Knox Alexander Hamilton Marquis de Lafayette Baron von Steuben Thomas Nelson Moses Hazen Comte de Rochambeau Comte d'Aboville Marquis de Choisy Comte de Grasse Lord Cornwallis  Charles O'Hara  Banastre Tarleton  Robert Abercromby  Thomas Dundas  Thomas Symonds  Matthew Fuchs  August Voight StrengthFrench: 7,800–8,800 regulars 29 warships[2] American: 8,000 regulars 3,100 militia[2] Total: 18,900 9,000 (includes German troops)[3]Casualties and losses88 killed 301 wounded[4] 142–309 killed; 326–595 wounded prisoners; 7,416–7,685 captured[5]
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Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis
Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis
Marquess Cornwallis
KG, PC (31 December 1738 – 5 October 1805), styled Viscount Brome between 1753 and 1762 and known as The Earl Cornwallis
Earl Cornwallis
between 1762 and 1792, was a British Army officer and colonial administrator. In the United States
United States
and the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
he is best remembered as one of the leading British generals in the American War of Independence. His surrender in 1781 to a combined American and French force at the Siege of Yorktown
Siege of Yorktown
ended significant hostilities in North America
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Yorktown, Virginia
Yorktown is a census-designated place (CDP) in York
York
County, Virginia, United States. It is the county seat of York
York
County,[3] one of the eight original shires formed in colonial Virginia
Virginia
in 1682. Yorktown's population was 195 as of the 2010 census, while York
York
County's population was 66,134 in the 2011 census estimate. The town is most famous as the site of the siege and subsequent surrender of General Charles Cornwallis
Charles Cornwallis
to General George Washington and the French Fleet during the American Revolutionary War
American Revolutionary War
on October 19, 1781. Although the war would last for another year, this British defeat at Yorktown effectively ended the war
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Jean-Baptiste Donatien De Vimeur, Comte De Rochambeau
Marshal Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau
Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau
(French pronunciation: ​[ʁɔʃɑ̃bo]; 1 July 1725 – 10 May 1807) was a French nobleman and general who played a major role in helping the Thirteen Colonies win independence during the American Revolution. During this time, he served as commander-in-chief of the French Expeditionary Force that embarked from France in order to help the American Continental Army
American Continental Army
fight against British forces.Contents1 Military life 2 American Revolution 3 Return to France 4 Legacy4.1 Honors 4.2 Memoirs5 Miscellany 6 Motto and coat of arms 7 Notes 8 References 9 External linksMilitary life[edit] Rochambeau was born in Vendôme, in the province of Orléanais
Orléanais
(now in the département of Loir-et-Cher). He was schooled at the Jesuit college in Blois
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Hudson Highlands
The Hudson Highlands
Hudson Highlands
are mountains on both sides of the Hudson River in the U.S. state
U.S. state
of New York, between Newburgh Bay
Newburgh Bay
and Haverstraw Bay, which form the northern region of the New York - New Jersey Highlands. The Hudson River
Hudson River
enters this region in the south at Dunderberg Mountain
Mountain
near Stony Point, and from the north in the vicinity of Breakneck Ridge
Breakneck Ridge
and Storm King Mountain
Mountain
near Cornwall, New York
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Dutch Republic
The Hague
The Hague
(de facto)Languages Dutch, Zeelandic, West Flemish, Dutch Low Saxon, West FrisianReligion Dutch ReformedGovernment Confederative republicStadtholder •  1581–1584 William I (first) •  1751–1795 William V (last)Grand Pensionary •  1581–1585 Paulus Buys <
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Continental Congress
The Continental Congress
Continental Congress
was initially a convention of delegates from a number of British American colonies at the height of the American Revolution, acted collectively for the people of the Thirteen Colonies that ultimately became the United States
United States
of America. After declaring the colonies independent from the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1776, it acted as the provisional governing structure for the collective United States, while most government functions remained in the individual states. The term most specifically refers to the First Continental Congress
Continental Congress
of 1774 and the Second Continental Congress
Second Continental Congress
of 1775–1781
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James Wilson
James Wilson
James Wilson
(September 14, 1742 – August 21, 1798) was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States
United States
and a signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence and the United States
United States
Constitution. Wilson was elected twice to the Continental Congress, where he represented Pennsylvania, and was a major force in drafting the United States Constitution. A leading legal theorist, he was one of the six original justices appointed by George Washington
George Washington
to the Supreme Court of the United States. Born near St Andrews, Scotland, Wilson immigrated to Philadelphia
Philadelphia
in 1766, becoming a teacher at the College of Philadelphia. After studying under John Dickinson, he set up a legal practice in Reading, Pennsylvania
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Consul (representative)
A consul is an official representative of the government of one state in the territory of another, normally acting to assist and protect the citizens of the consul's own country, and to facilitate trade and friendship between the people of the two countries.[1] A consul is distinguished from an ambassador, the latter being a representative from one head of state to another
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Bodo Otto
Dr. Bodo Otto
Bodo Otto
(1711—1787) was a Senior Surgeon of the Continental Army during the American Revolution. He was one of the early settlers of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, having emigrating from the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg in what is now Germany
Germany
in 1755.[1] During the Revolution the Second Continental Congress
Second Continental Congress
appointed Otto to establish a military hospital in Trenton, New Jersey
Trenton, New Jersey
for the treatment of smallpox. He was present during the Battle of Long Island in 1776.[2] He was also assigned to the Continental hospital at Valley Forge and located in the Uwchlan Meetinghouse.[3] Later during the Revolution, Otto was put in charge of the hospitals in Yellow Springs (in what is now Chester Springs, Pennsylvania), where he and his son treated the ill soldiers from Valley Forge.[1] Dr
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Valley Forge, Pennsylvania
The Village of Valley Forge
Valley Forge
is an unincorporated settlement located on the west side of Valley Forge National Historical Park
Valley Forge National Historical Park
at the confluence of Valley Creek and the Schuylkill River
Schuylkill River
in Pennsylvania, United States
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