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Haryana
HARYANA (IPA: ) is one of the 29 states in India , situated in North India . It was carved out of the former state of East Punjab on 1 November 1966 on a linguistic basis. It stands 21st in terms of its area, which is spread about 44,212 km2 (17,070 sq mi). As of 2011 census of India , the state is eighteenth largest by population with 25,353,081 inhabitants. The city of Chandigarh is its capital while the National Capital Region city of Faridabad is the most populous city of the state and the city of Gurugram is financial hub of NCR with major Fortune 500 companies located in it. Haryana is one of the wealthiest states of India and has the third highest per capita income in the country at ₹119,158 (US$1,900) in the year 2012–13 and ₹132,089 (US$2,100) in the year 2013–14, The state is one of the most economically developed regions in South Asia, and its agricultural and manufacturing industries have experienced sustained growth since the 1970s. Since 2000, the state has emerged as the largest recipient of investment per capita in India. It is bordered by Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the north, and by Rajasthan to the west and south. The river Yamuna defines its eastern border with Uttar Pradesh
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States And Union Territories Of India
India is a federal union comprising twenty-nine states and seven union territories . The states and union territories are further subdivided into districts and further into smaller administrative divisions
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India
INDIA, officially the REPUBLIC OF INDIA (_Bhārat Gaṇarājya_), is a country in South Asia . It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (with over 1.2 billion people ), and the most populous democracy in the world. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China , Nepal , and Bhutan to the northeast; and Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives . India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia . The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE. In the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste , emerged in the first millennium BCE, and Buddhism and Jainism arose. Early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires ; the later peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as southeast Asia
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Chandigarh
† The city of Chandigarh comprises all of the union territory's area. †† under Section 4 of the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966 . Symbols of Chandigarh EMBLEM Open Hand Emblem ANIMAL Indian grey mongoose BIRD Indian grey hornbill FLOWER Dhak TREE Blue Jacaranda CHANDIGARH (local pronunciation: ( listen )) is a city and a union territory in India that serves as the capital of both neighboring states of Haryana and Punjab . The city is not part of either of the two states and is governed directly by the Union Government , which administers all such territories in the country. Chandigarh is bordered by the state of Punjab to the north, west and south, and to the state of Haryana to the east. Chandigarh is considered to be a part of the Chandigarh capital region or Greater Chandigarh, which includes Chandigarh, and the city of Panchkula (in Haryana) and cities of Kharar , Kurali , Mohali , Zirakpur (in Punjab). It is located 260 km (162 miles) north of New Delhi , 229 km (143 miles) southeast of Amritsar and just 116 km (72 miles) southwest of Shimla . Chandigarh was one of the early planned cities in post-independence India and is internationally known for its architecture and urban design
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Faridabad
FARIDABAD is the largest city in the north Indian state of Haryana
Haryana
in Faridabad district . It is a leading industrial centre and situated in the National Capital Region bordering the Indian capital New Delhi
New Delhi
. Located 284 kilometres south of the state capital Chandigarh
Chandigarh
, it is the most populous city in the state of Haryana
Haryana
. The river Yamuna forms the eastern district boundary with Uttar Pradesh. Government of India
India
included it the second list of Smart Cities Mission on 24 May 2016. The newly developed residential and industrial part of Faridabad (Sec. 66 to 89) between the Agra Canal and the Yamuna
Yamuna
River is commonly referred as Greater Faridabad. The area is being developed as a self-sustained sub-city with wide roads, tall buildings, malls, educational institutions, and health and commercial centres. Sectors 66 to 74 are Industrial Sectors whereas Sectors 75 to 89 are Residential Sectors. Faridabad
Faridabad
is also a major industrial hub of Haryana
Haryana
. 50% of the income tax collected in Haryana
Haryana
is from Faridabad
Faridabad
and Gurgaon
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List Of Indian Districts
A DISTRICT (_zilā_) is an administrative division of an Indian state or territory . In some cases districts are further subdivided into sub-divisions , and in others directly into _tehsils_ or _talukas_ . As of 2016 there are a total of 707 districts, up from the 640 in the 2011 Census of India and the 593 recorded in the 2001 Census of India . District officials include: * Deputy Commissioner or District Magistrate or District Collector , an officer of the Indian Administrative Service , in charge of administration and revenue collection * Superintendent of Police or Deputy Commissioner of Police, an officer belonging to the Indian Police Service , responsible for maintaining law and order * Deputy Conservator of Forests , an officer belonging to the Indian Forest Service , entrusted with the management of the forests, environment and wildlife of the districtEach of these officials is aided by officers from the appropriate branch of the state government. Most districts have a distinct headquarters; Mumbai City district (MC) in Maharashtra (MH) is an example which, despite forming a district, does not have a clear headquarters, though it does have a District Collector. Mahe of Puducherry is the smallest (9 km2) district of India by area while Kutch of Gujarat is the largest (45,652 km2) district of India by area
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List Of Districts Of Haryana
Haryana , with 22 districts, is a state in the northern region of India and is the nation's seventeenth most populous . The state borders with Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the north and Rajasthan to the west and south. The river Yamuna defines its eastern border with Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh . Haryana also surrounds Delhi on three sides, forming the northern, western and southern borders of Delhi. Consequently, a large area of Haryana is included in the National Capital Region . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Administration * 3 Districts * 4 References HISTORYOn 1 November 1966 Haryana was constituted as a separate state with seven districts, according to the partition plan of the then East Punjab . The seven districts were Rohtak , Jind , Hisar , Mahendragarh , Gurgaon , Karnal , Ambala . The partition was based on the linguistic demographics and was held after the recommendation of Sardar Hukam Singh —the then Speaker of the Lok Sabha —Parliamentary Committee. A further 14 districts were added later by re-organizing the erstwhile districts.First Chief minister of Haryana is Pt. Bhagwat Dayal Sharma
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Governors Of Haryana
This is a LIST OF GOVERNORS of the Indian state of Haryana , which was carved out from Punjab on 1 November 1966
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Kaptan Singh Solanki
KAPTAN SINGH SOLANKI (born 1 July 1939 in Garhpara, Bhind , Madhya Pradesh ) is the Governor of Haryana and an Indian politician of the Bharatiya Janata Party . Since August 2009 he is the member of the Parliament of India representing Madhya Pradesh State in the Rajya Sabha , the upper house until May 2014. He studied at Vikram University , Ujjain, P.G.B.T. College, Ujjain and Maharani Luxmibai College, Jiwaji University , Gwalior. He served as teacher in Banmor in Morena district during 1958-1965 period and as Professor at P.G.V. College Gwalior from 1966-2000. He has been appointed the Governor of Haryana to replace Jagannath Pahadia whose five years terms ends on 26 July 2014. He has been married to Shrimati Rani Solanki since 1959, and has two daughters and three sons with her. POSITIONS HELD * 26 Jul. 2014 appointed Governor of Haryana. * 21 January 2014 to 22-August 2016 as Governor of Punjab * Aug. 2009 Elected to Rajya Sabha * Aug. 2009 onwards Member, Committee on Food, Consumer Affairs and Public Distribution * July 2010 onwards Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports * April 2012 Re-elected to Rajya Sabha (second term) * Aug. 2012 onwards Member, Committee on Food, Consumer Affairs and Public DistributionREFERENCES * ^ Detailed Profile - H.E
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Chief Ministers Of Haryana
The CHIEF MINISTER OF HARYANA is the chief executive of the north Indian state of Haryana . As per the Constitution of India , the governor is a state's _de jure _ head, but _de facto _ executive authority rests with the chief minister . Following elections to the Haryana Legislative Assembly , the state\'s governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government . The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits . Since 1966, ten people have served as the Chief Minister of Haryana. The first was B. D. Sharma of the Indian National Congress party. His partymate Bansi Lal is Haryana's longest-serving chief minister; he held office for over 12 years, the last 3 of which came as a leader of the Haryana Vikas Party . Chaudhary Devi Lal , the fifth Chief Minister of Haryana, went on to twice serve as Deputy Prime Minister of India under prime ministers V. P. Singh and Chandra Shekhar . His son Om Prakash Chautala has served the most number of discontinuous stints as Chief Minister (four), as a member of three different parties
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Manohar Lal Khattar
MANOHAR LAL KHATTAR (Hindi: मनोहर लाल खट्टर, Punjabi: ਮਨੋਹਰ ਲਾਲ ਖੱਟਰ) (born 5 May 1954) is a Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) politician, and current Chief Minister of Haryana state in India. He is a former RSS pracharak . He represents Karnal constituency in Haryana Legislative Assembly , and was sworn-in as Chief Minister of Haryana after BJP's win in the Haryana Legislative Assembly election, 2014 . CONTENTS * 1 Personal life * 2 Political career * 3 Major initiatives * 3.1 Police reforms * 3.2 E-governance * 3.3 Women\'s empowerment * 3.4 Development * 3.5 Construction of memorial * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links PERSONAL LIFEKhattar belongs to a Khatri family. Khattar was born in 1954 in Nindana village of Meham Chobisi, tehsil in Rohtak district of Haryana. His father, Harbans Lal Khattar, was of the Khatri caste, who migrated to Haryana from Jhang district of Pakistan following the Partition of India in 1947. His family initially settled in the Banyani village of Rohtak district and took up farming. Khattar completed his matriculation (final year of high school) from Pandit Neki Ram Sharma Government College, Rohtak
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Bharatiya Janata Party
The BHARATIYA JANATA PARTY (pronounced ( listen ); translation : INDIAN PEOPLE\'S PARTY; abbr. BJP) is one of the two major political parties in India
India
, along with the Indian National Congress . As of 2016 , it is the country's largest political party in terms of representation in the national parliament and state assemblies, and it is the world's largest party in terms of primary membership. The BJP is a right-wing party, with close ideological and organisational links to the Hindu nationalist
Hindu nationalist
Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh . The BJP's origins lie in the Bharatiya Jana Sangh , formed in 1951 by Syama Prasad Mookerjee
Syama Prasad Mookerjee
. After the State of Emergency in 1977, the Jana Sangh merged with several other parties to form the Janata Party ; it defeated the incumbent Congress party in the 1977 general election . After three years in power, the Janata party dissolved in 1980 with the members of the erstwhile Jana Sangh reconvening to form the BJP. Although initially unsuccessful, winning only two seats in the 1984 general election , it grew in strength on the back of the Ram Janmabhoomi movement
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Haryana Legislative Assembly
The HARYANA VIDHAN SABHA (Hindi : हरियाणा विधानसभा) or the HARYANA LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY is the unicameral state legislature of Haryana state in northern India . The seat of the Vidhan Sabha is at Chandigarh , the capital of the state. The Vidhan Sabha comprises 90 Members of Legislative Assembly , directly elected from single-seat constituencies. The term of office is five years. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Political parties * 3 People * 4 Assembly members : Thirteenth Vidhan Sabha * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYThe body was founded in 1966, when the state was created from part of the state of Punjab, by the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966 . The house initially had 54 seats, ten reserved for scheduled castes , this was increased to 81 seats in March 1967, and to 90 seats (including 17 reserved seats) in 1977
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Unicameral
In government , UNICAMERALISM (Latin _uni_, one + _camera_, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber . Thus, a _unicameral parliament_ or _unicameral legislature_ is a legislature which consists of one chamber or house. CONTENTS * 1 Concept * 2 List of unicameral legislatures * 2.1 National * 2.2 Territorial * 2.3 Subnational * 2.3.1 Federations * 2.3.2 Devolved governments * 2.3.3 Other * 3 List of historical Unicameral legislatures * 3.1 National * 3.2 Subnational * 4 Unicameralism within the subdivisions of the United States * 5 Unicameralism in the Philippines * 6 References CONCEPTUnicameral legislatures exist when there is no widely perceived need for multicameralism . Many multicameral legislatures were created to give separate voices to different sectors of society. Multiple chambers allowed for guaranteed representation of different social classes (as in the Parliament of the United Kingdom or the French States-General ), ethnic or regional interests, or subunits of a federation
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List Of Constituencies Of Haryana Legislative Assembly
Following is the LIST OF THE CONSTITUENCIES OF THE HARYANA VIDHAN SABHA since the delimitation of legislative assembly constituencies in 2008
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