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Haryana
^† Joint Capital with Punjab †† Common for Punjab, Haryana
Haryana
and Chandigarh. Symbols of Haryana ANIMAL Black buck
Black buck
BIRD Black francolin
Black francolin
FLOWER Lotus TREE Peepal HARYANA (IPA: ), carved out of the former state of East Punjab on 1 November 1966 on linguistic basis, is one of the 29 states in India
India
. Situated in North India
India
with less than 1.4% (44,212 km2 (17,070 sq mi)) of India's land area, it is ranked 21st in terms of area. Chandigarh
Chandigarh
is the capital, Faridabad in National Capital Region is the most populous city of the state and the Gurugram
Gurugram
is the financial hub of NCR with major Fortune 500
Fortune 500
companies located in it
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ISO 3166-2
ISO 3166-2 is part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization
Standardization
(ISO), and defines codes for identifying the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states ) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1 . The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 2: Country subdivision code. It was first published in 1998. The purpose of ISO 3166-2 is to establish an international standard of short and unique alphanumeric codes to represent the relevant administrative divisions and dependent territories of all countries in a more convenient and less ambiguous form than their full names
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Vehicle Registration Plate
A VEHICLE REGISTRATION PLATE, also known as a NUMBER PLATE (British English ) or a LICENSE PLATE ( American English
American English
), is a metal or plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle or trailer for official identification purposes. All countries require registration plates for road vehicles such as cars, trucks, and motorcycles. Whether they are required for other vehicles, such as bicycles, boats, or tractors, may vary by jurisdiction. The registration identifier is a numeric or alphanumeric ID that uniquely identifies the vehicle owner within the issuing region's vehicle register . In some countries, the identifier is unique within the entire country, while in others it is unique within a state or province. Whether the identifier is associated with a vehicle or a person also varies by issuing agency. There are also electronic license plates
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Human Development Index
The HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (HDI) is a composite statistic of life expectancy , education , and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development . A country scores higher HDI when the lifespan is higher, the education level is higher, and the GDP per capita
GDP per capita
is higher. The HDI was developed by Indian Economist Amartya Sen and Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq , often framed in terms of whether people are able to "be" and "do" desirable things in their life, and was published by the United Nations Development Programme
United Nations Development Programme
. The 2010 Human Development Report introduced an Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index
Human Development Index
(IHDI)
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ISO 3166
ISO 3166 is a standard published by the International Organization for Standardization
Standardization
(ISO) that defines codes for the names of countries , dependent territories , special areas of geographical interest, and their principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states ). The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions. CONTENTS * 1 Parts * 2 Editions * 3 ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency * 3.1 Members * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links PARTSIt consists of three parts: * ISO 3166-1 , Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 1: Country
Country
codes, defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest
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Demonym
A DEMONYM (/ˈdɛmənɪm/ ; δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place. It is a neologism (i.e., a recently minted term); previously GENTILIC was recorded in English dictionaries, e.g., the Oxford
Oxford
English Dictionary and Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary. Examples of demonyms include a Swahili for a person of the Swahili coast , the colloquial Kiwi for a person from New Zealand
New Zealand
, and a Cochabambino for a person from the city of Cochabamba
Cochabamba
. Demonyms do not always clearly distinguish place of origin or ethnicity from place of residence or citizenship, and many demonyms overlap with the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group of a region
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal , commercial , and social purposes. Time
Time
zones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time . Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time
Time
(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12 to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (e.g. Newfoundland Standard Time is UTC−03:30, Nepal
Nepal
Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones
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Indian Standard Time
INDIAN STANDARD TIME (IST) is the time observed throughout India
India
, with a time offset of UTC+05:30 . India
India
does not observe daylight saving time (DSTu) or other seasonal adjustments. In military and aviation time IST is designated E* ("Echo-Star"). Indian Standard Time
Indian Standard Time
is calculated on the basis of 82.30' E longitude , in Allahabad which is nearly on the corresponding longitude reference line. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Criticism and proposals * 3 Time signals * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORY Main article: Time in India
India
After independence in 1947 , the Indian government established IST as the official time for the whole country, although Kolkata
Kolkata
and Mumbai retained their own local time (known as Calcutta Time and Bombay Time ) until 1948 and 1955, respectively
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Human Sex Ratio
In anthropology and demography , the HUMAN SEX RATIO is the ratio of males to females in a population . More data are available for humans than for any other species, and the human sex ratio is more studied than that of any other species, but interpreting these statistics can be difficult. Like most sexual species, the sex ratio in humans is approximately 1:1. Due to higher female fetal mortality, the sex ratio at birth worldwide is commonly thought to be 107 boys to 100 girls , although this value is subject to debate in the scientific community. The sex ratio for the entire world population is 101 males to 100 females. Depending upon which definition is used, between 0.1% and 1.7% of live births are intersex . Gender imbalance may arise as a consequence of various factors including natural factors, exposure to pesticides and environmental contaminants, war casualties, gender-selective abortions and infanticides, aging, and deliberate gendercide
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Male
A MALE ( ) organism is the physiological sex that produces sperm . Each spermatozoon can fuse with a larger female gamete, or ovum , in the process of fertilization . A male cannot reproduce sexually without access to at least one ovum from a female, but some organisms can reproduce both sexually and asexually. Most male mammals , including male humans, have a Y chromosome
Y chromosome
, which codes for the production of larger amounts of testosterone to develop male reproductive organs . Not all species share a common sex-determination system . In most animals , including humans , sex is determined genetically , but in some species it can be determined due to social, environmental, or other factors. For example, Cymothoa exigua changes sex depending on the number of females present in the vicinity
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Fortune 500
The FORTUNE 500 is an annual list compiled and published by Fortune magazine that ranks 500 of the largest United States corporations by total revenue for their respective fiscal years. The list includes publicly held companies , along with privately held companies for which revenues are publicly available. The concept of the Fortune 500 was created by Edgar P. Smith, a Fortune editor, and the first list was published in 1955. The Fortune 500 is more commonly used than its subset Fortune 100 or wider list Fortune 1000 . CONTENTS * 1 Methodology * 2 History * 3 Fortune 500 lists * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links METHODOLOGYThe original Fortune 500 was limited to companies whose revenues were derived from manufacturing, mining, and energy exploration
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Tehsil
A TEHSIL (also known as a MANDAL, TALUK, TALUQ or TALUKA) is an administrative division of some countries of South Asia . It is an area of land with a city or town that serves as its administrative centre, with possible additional towns , and usually a number of villages . The terms in India have replaced earlier geographical terms, such as pargana , pergunnah and thannah, used under the Delhi Sultanate and the British Raj . As an entity of local government , the tehsil office (Panchayat Samiti ) exercises certain fiscal and administrative power over the villages and municipalities within its jurisdiction. It is the ultimate executive agency for land records and related administrative matters. The chief official is called the tahsildar or, less officially, the talukdar or taluka muktiarkar or Tehsildar. Taluk or Tehsil can be said sub districts in Indian (Bharat) context
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Community Development Block In India
The COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK (C.D.Block; Hindi : सामुदायिक विकास खंड) is a rural area earmarked for administration and development in India
India
. The area is administered by a Block Development Officer . A community development block covers several gram panchayats , local administrative unit at the village level. Currently, C.D.Blocks are administrative units of 3rd level in some states of India
India
(equal to tehsils in other states). For example, Bihar has 38 districts and 534 C.D. Blocks. West Bengal
West Bengal
has 18 districts and 341 development blocks
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Linguistic
LINGUISTICS is the scientific study of language , and involves an analysis of language form , language meaning , and language in context . The earliest activities in the documentation and description of language have been attributed to the 4th century BCE Indian grammarian Pāṇini
Pāṇini
, who wrote a formal description of the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
language in his Aṣṭādhyāyī. Linguists traditionally analyse human language by observing an interplay between sound and meaning . Phonetics is the study of speech and non-speech sounds, and delves into their acoustic and articulatory properties. The study of language meaning , on the other hand, deals with how languages encode relations between entities, properties, and other aspects of the world to convey, process, and assign meaning, as well as manage and resolve ambiguity
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Peepal
FICUS RELIGIOSA or SACRED FIG is a species of fig native to the Indian subcontinent , and Indochina . It belongs to the Moraceae , the fig or mulberry family. It is also known as the BODHI TREE, PIPPALA TREE, PEEPUL TREE, PEEPAL TREE or ASHWATTHA TREE (in India and Nepal). CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 In religion * 2.1 Buddhism * 2.2 Hinduism * 3 Vernacular names * 4 Cultivation * 5 Uses * 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 References * 9 External links DESCRIPTIONFicus religiosa is a large dry season -deciduous or semi-evergreen tree up to 30 metres (98 ft) tall and with a trunk diameter of up to 3 metres (9.8 ft). The leaves are cordate in shape with a distinctive extended drip tip ; they are 10–17 centimetres (3.9–6.7 in) long and 8–12 centimetres (3.1–4.7 in) broad, with a 6–10 centimetres (2.4–3.9 in) petiole . The fruits are small figs 1–1.5 centimetres (0.39–0.59 in) in diameter, green ripening to purple
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