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Hardpoint
A HARDPOINT (more formally known as a STATION or WEAPON STATION) is a location on an airframe designed to carry an external or internal load. This includes a station on the wing or fuselage of a civilian aircraft or military aircraft where external jet engine , ordnance , countermeasures , gun pods , targeting pods or drop tanks can be mounted. CONTENTS * 1 Aircraft * 2 Pylon * 3 Military * 3.1 Racks * 3.2 Guided missile launchers * 3.3 Rotary launcher * 3.4 Bomb rack * 3.5 Store release control * 3.6 Example station designation * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links AIRCRAFTIn aeronautics, the term station is used to refer to a point of carriage on the frame of an aircraft. A station is usually rated to carry a certain amount of payload. It is a design number which already has taken the rated g-forces of the frame into account
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Mark 82 Bomb
GBU-12 Paveway II GBU-38
GBU-38
JDAM
JDAM
SPECIFICATIONS WEIGHT 500 pounds (227 kg) LENGTH 87.4 inches (2.22 m) DIAMETER 10.75 inches (273 mm)------------------------- FILLING Tritonal , Minol (explosive) or Composition H6 FILLING WEIGHT 192 pounds (87 kg)The MARK 82 (Mk 82) is an unguided , low-drag general-purpose bomb , part of the U.S. Mark 80 series . The explosive filling is usually tritonal , though other compositions have sometimes been used. CONTENTS * 1 Development and deployment * 2 Low-level delivery * 3 Variants * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links DEVELOPMENT AND DEPLOYMENT A B-2 Spirit
B-2 Spirit
dropping Mk 82 bombs into the Pacific Ocean in a 1994 training exercise off Point Mugu, California
Point Mugu, California

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Air-launched Cruise Missile
An AIR-LAUNCHED CRUISE MISSILE (ALCM) is a cruise missile that is launched from a military aircraft . Current versions are typically standoff weapons which are used to attack predetermined land targets with conventional , nuclear or thermonuclear payloads
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Zero Retention Force Arming Unit
The ZERO RETENTION FORCE ARMING UNIT (ZRFAU) is an electro mechanical device used on military aircraft bomb racks to arm munitions as they are released from the aircraft. EDO MBM Technology Ltd are sole owners of the proprietary rights to one such unit and act as technical support and design authority for its ongoing use and installation. The units are used in U.S. Navy BRU-32, BRU-41, BRU-42, BRU-45, the US Air Force BRU-46 & BRU-47, the Royal Australian Air Force MAU-12, the European Tornado HMERU "> into EDO MBM's links with Israel, and the submission of documents showing these links in court as part of a defence of Palestine Solidarity protesters, EDO MBM removed from their website a reference stating it was 'actively manufacturing' ZRFAUs, claiming this statement had been 'an error'. Directors of EDO(UK)Ltd, the holding company of EDO MBM admitted that a US subsidiary, Artisan Technologies, in New Jersey, did manufacture the component supplied to Israel
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JDAM
The JOINT DIRECT ATTACK MUNITION (JDAM) is a guidance kit that converts unguided bombs , or "dumb bombs", into all-weather "smart" munitions . JDAM-equipped bombs are guided by an integrated inertial guidance system coupled to a Global Positioning System
Global Positioning System
(GPS) receiver, giving them a published range of up to 15 nautical miles (28 km). JDAM-equipped bombs range from 500 pounds (227 kg) to 2,000 pounds (907 kg). When installed on a bomb, the JDAM
JDAM
kit is given a GBU (Guided Bomb Unit) nomenclature, superseding the Mark 80
Mark 80
or BLU (Bomb, Live Unit) nomenclature of the bomb to which it is attached. The JDAM
JDAM
is not a stand-alone weapon; rather it is a "bolt-on" guidance package that converts unguided gravity bombs into precision-guided munitions (PGMs)
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AGM-78 Standard ARM
The AGM-78 STANDARD ARM was an anti-radiation missile developed by General Dynamics , United States. OVERVIEWOriginally developed for the US Navy during the late 1960s, the AGM-78 was created in large part because of the limitations of the AGM-45 Shrike , which suffered from a small warhead, limited range and a poor guidance system. General Dynamics was asked to create an air-launched ARM by modifying the RIM-66 SM-1 surface-to-air missile . This use of an "off the shelf" design greatly reduced development costs, and trials of the new weapon begun in 1967 after only a year of development. The first operational missiles were issued in early 1968. The AGM-78 was nicknamed the "starm", an abbreviation of Standard ARM. The first version of the missile, the A1 Mod 0, was little more than an air-launched RIM-66 with the Shrike's anti radar seeker head attached to the front
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Wild Weasel
WILD WEASEL is a code name given by the United States Armed Forces
United States Armed Forces
, specifically the US Air Force
US Air Force
, to an aircraft, of any type, equipped with radar-seeking missiles and tasked with destroying the radars and SAM installations of enemy air defense systems . "The first Wild Weasel success came soon after the first Wild Weasel
Wild Weasel
mission 20 December 1965 when Captains Al Lamb and Jack Donovan took out a site during a Rolling Thunder strike on the railyard at Yen Bai, some 75 miles northwest of Hanoi." The Wild Weasel
Wild Weasel
concept was developed by the United States Air Force in 1965, after the introduction of Soviet SAM missiles and their downing of U.S. strike aircraft over the skies of North Vietnam
North Vietnam
. The program was headed by General Kenneth Dempster
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AGM-45 Shrike
67.5 kg (149 lb) MK 5 MOD 1 (or MK 86 MOD 1) blast-fragmentation, or 66.6 kg (147 lb) WAU-9/B blast-fragmentation ------------------------- WINGSPAN 3 feet (914 mm) SPEED Mach 1.5 Guidance system Passive radar homing Launch platform A-4 Skyhawk
A-4 Skyhawk
, A-6 Intruder , F-105 Thunderchief
F-105 Thunderchief
, F-4 Phantom II , Avro Vulcan
Avro Vulcan
(not regular service)AGM-45 SHRIKE is an American anti-radiation missile designed to home in on hostile anti-aircraft radar . The Shrike was developed by the Naval Weapons Center at China Lake in 1963 by mating a seeker head to the rocket body of an AIM-7 Sparrow
AIM-7 Sparrow
. It was phased out by U.S. in 1992 and at an unknown time by the Israeli Air Force (the only other major user), and has been superseded by the AGM-88 HARM
AGM-88 HARM
missile
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Anti-radiation Missile
An ANTI-RADIATION MISSILE (ARM) is a missile designed to detect and home in on an enemy radio emission source. Typically, these are designed for use against an enemy radar , although jammers and even radios used for communications can also be targeted in this manner. CONTENTS * 1 Air-to-surface * 2 Surface-to-surface * 3 Surface-to-air * 4 Air-to-air * 5 See also * 6 References AIR-TO-SURFACEMost ARM designs to date have been intended for use against ground-based radars. Commonly carried by specialist aircraft in the Suppression of Enemy Air Defenses
Suppression of Enemy Air Defenses
(SEAD) role (known to the United States Air Force as "Wild Weasels "), the primary purpose of this type of missile is to degrade enemy air defenses in the first period of a conflict in order to increase the chances of survival for the following waves of strike aircraft
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Solenoid
A SOLENOID (/ˈsoʊ.lə.nɔɪd/) (from the French solénoïde, derived in turn from the Greek solen "pipe, channel" + combining form of Greek eidos "form, shape" ) is a coil wound into a tightly packed helix . The term was invented by French physicist André-Marie Ampère to designate a helical coil. In physics , the term refers to a coil whose length is substantially greater than its diameter, often wrapped around a metallic core, which produces a uniform magnetic field in a volume of space (where some experiment might be carried out) when an electric current is passed through it. A solenoid is a type of electromagnet when the purpose is to generate a controlled magnetic field. If the purpose of the solenoid is instead to impede changes in the electric current, a solenoid can be more specifically classified as an inductor rather than an ELECTROMAGNET
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MIL-STD-1760
MIL-STD-1760 AIRCRAFT/STORE ELECTRICAL INTERCONNECTION SYSTEM defines a standardized electrical interface between a military aircraft and its carriage stores. Carriage stores range from weapons, such as GBU-31 JDAM, to pods, such as AN/AAQ-14 LANTIRN, to drop tanks . Prior to adoption and widespread use of MIL-STD-1760, new store types were added to aircraft using dissimilar, proprietary interfaces. This greatly complicated the aircraft equipment used to control and monitor the store while it was attached to the aircraft: the stores management system, or SMS. MIL-STD-1760 defines the electrical characteristics of the signals at the interface, as well as the connector and pin assignments of all of the signals used in the interface. The connectors are designed for quick and reliable release of the store from the aircraft
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AMRAAM
• Hughes : 1991–97 • Raytheon : 1997–present UNIT COST• $300,000–$400,000 for 120C variants • $1,786,000(FY2014) for 120D VARIANTS AIM-120A, AIM-120B, AIM-120C, AIM-120C-4/5/6/7, AIM-120D SPECIFICATIONS WEIGHT 335 lb (152 kg) LENGTH 12 ft (3.7 m) DIAMETER 7 in (180 mm) WARHEADHigh explosive blast-fragmentation • AIM-120A/B: WDU-33/B, 50 pounds (22.7 kg ) • AIM-120C-5: WDU-41/B, 40 pounds (18.1 kg) Detonation mechanism Active RADAR Target Detection Device (TDD) Quadrant Target Detection Device (QTDD) in AIM-120C-6 – lots 13+
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AGM-65
The AGM-65 MAVERICK is an air-to-ground tactical missile (AGM) designed for close air support . It is the most widely produced precision-guided missile in the Western world, and is effective against a wide range of tactical targets, including armor , air defenses, ships , ground transportation and fuel storage facilities. Originally designed and built by Hughes Missile Systems , development of the AGM-65 spanned from 1966 to 1972, after which it entered service with the United States Air Force in August 1972. Since then, it has been exported to more than 30 countries and is certified on 25 aircraft. The Maverick served during the Vietnam , Yom Kippur , Iran–Iraq , and Persian Gulf Wars , along with other smaller conflicts, destroying enemy forces and installations with varying degrees of success. Since its introduction into service, numerous Maverick versions had been designed and produced, using electro-optical, laser , charge-coupled device and infra-red guidance systems
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AGM-88
The AGM-88 HIGH-SPEED ANTI-RADIATION MISSILE (HARM) is a tactical, air-to-surface missile designed to home in on electronic transmissions coming from surface-to-air radar systems. It was originally developed by Texas Instruments as a replacement for the AGM-45 Shrike and AGM-78 Standard ARM system. Production was later taken over by Raytheon Corporation when it purchased the defense production business of Texas Instruments. CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 History * 2.1 Deployment * 2.2 AGM-88E AARGM * 2.3 AGM-88F HCSM * 3 Operators * 3.1 Current operators * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links DESCRIPTIONThe AGM-88 can detect, attack and destroy a radar antenna or transmitter with minimal aircrew input. The proportional guidance system that homes in on enemy radar emissions has a fixed antenna and seeker head in the missile's nose. A smokeless, solid-propellant, booster-sustainer rocket motor propels the missile at speeds over Mach 2. HARM, a U.S
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AIM-9
The AIM-9 SIDEWINDER is a short-range air-to-air missile developed by the United States Navy in the 1950s. Entering service in 1956, variants and upgrades remain in active service with many air forces after six decades. The United States Air Force purchased the Sidewinder after the missile was developed by the United States Navy at China Lake , California. The AIM-9 is standard equipment in most of the western-aligned air forces, with many other nations using the Soviet K-13 , a reverse-engineered copy of the AIM-9. The majority of Sidewinder variants utilize infrared homing for guidance; the AIM-9C variant used semi-active radar homing and served as the basis of the AGM-122 Sidearm anti-radar missile . The Sidewinder is the most widely used missile in the West, with more than 110,000 missiles produced for the U.S. and 27 other nations, of which perhaps one percent have been used in combat. It has been built under license by some other nations including Sweden
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AIM-7
AIRCRAFT: * McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II * McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle * General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon * Grumman F-14 Tomcat * F/A-18 Hornet * JA-37 Viggen * F-104S Starfighter * Tornado F.3 ADV * F/A-18E/F Super Hornet * Mitsubishi F-2 The AIM-7 SPARROW is an American, medium-range semi-active radar homing air-to-air missile operated by the United States Air Force , United States Navy and United States Marine Corps , as well as other various air forces and navies. Sparrow and its derivatives were the West's principal beyond visual range (BVR) air-to-air missile from the late 1950s until the 1990s. It remains in service, although it is being phased out in aviation applications in favor of the more advanced AIM-120 AMRAAM . The early Sparrow was intended primarily for use against larger targets and especially bombers, and had numerous operational limitations in other uses
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