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Hard Rock
HARD ROCK is a loosely defined subgenre of rock music that began in the mid-1960s, with the garage , psychedelic and blues rock movements. It is typified by a heavy use of aggressive vocals, distorted electric guitars , bass guitar , drums , and often accompanied with keyboards . Hard rock developed into a major form of popular music in the 1970s, with bands such as The Who , Led Zeppelin , Queen , Black Sabbath , Deep Purple , Aerosmith , KISS , AC/DC and Van Halen . During the 1980s, some hard rock bands moved away from their hard rock roots and more towards pop rock , while others began to return to a hard rock sound. Established bands made a comeback in the mid-1980s and it reached a commercial peak in the 1980s, with glam metal bands like Bon Jovi and Def Leppard and the rawer sounds of Guns N\' Roses , which followed up with great success in the later part of that decade. Hard rock began losing popularity with the commercial success of R"> Drum notation for a back beat . Hard rock is a form of loud, aggressive rock music. The electric guitar is often emphasised, used with distortion and other effects, both as a rhythm instrument using repetitive riffs with a varying degree of complexity, and as a solo lead instrument
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Hard Rock (other)
HARD ROCK is a genre of rock music Hard rock may also refer to: * Hard Rock Cafe
Hard Rock Cafe
, a chain of theme restaurants and hotels owned by the Seminole Tribe of Florida
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Blues Rock
BLUES ROCK is a fusion genre combining elements of blues and rock . It is mostly an electric ensemble-style music with instrumentation similar to electric blues and rock. From its beginnings in the early- to mid-1960s, blues rock has gone through several stylistic shifts and along the way inspired hard rock , Southern rock , and heavy metal . Blues
Blues
rock continues to be an influence, with performances and recordings by several popular artists. Blues
Blues
rock started with rock musicians in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and the United States
United States
performing American blues songs. They typically recreated electric Chicago-style blues songs, such as those by Muddy Waters , Jimmy Reed , Howlin\' Wolf , and Albert King
Albert King
, at faster tempos and with a more aggressive sound common to rock. In the UK, the style was popularized by groups such as the Rolling Stones , the Yardbirds , and the Animals , who managed to place blues songs into the pop charts. In the US, Lonnie Mack , the Paul Butterfield Blues Band , and Canned Heat
Canned Heat
were among the earliest exponents and "attempted to play long, involved improvisations which were commonplace on jazz records"
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Psychedelic Rock
PSYCHEDELIC FILM * Acid Western * Stoner film * PSYCHEDELIC LITERATURE Culture * Counterculture * Counterculture of the 1960s * Drug culture * Entheogen * Hippie * Huichol people * Native American Church
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Garage Rock
GARAGE ROCK (sometimes called \'60S PUNK or GARAGE PUNK) is a raw and energetic style of rock and roll that flourished in the mid-1960s, most notably in the United States and Canada . The style is characterized by basic chord structures played on electric guitars and other instruments , sometimes distorted through a fuzzbox , as well as often unsophisticated and occasionally aggressive lyrics and delivery. The term "garage rock" derives from the perception that groups were often made up of young amateurs who rehearsed in the family garage, although many were professional. In the US and Canada, surf rock —and later the Beatles and other beat groups of the British Invasion —motivated thousands of young people to form bands between 1963 and 1968. Hundreds of acts produced regional hits, and some had national hits. Though largely associated with North America, counterparts were present elsewhere as part of the worldwide "beat boom" of the era. With the advent of psychedelia , a number of garage bands incorporated exotic elements into the genre's primitive stylistic framework, but after 1968, as more elaborate forms of rock music overtook the marketplace, garage rock records largely disappeared from national and regional charts, and the garage band movement faded
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Rock And Roll
ROCK AND ROLL (often written as ROCK "> Sign commemorating the role of Alan Freed and Cleveland , Ohio in the origins of rock and roll The term "rock and roll" now has at least two different meanings, both in common usage. The _ American Heritage Dictionary _ and the _ Merriam-Webster Dictionary _ both define rock and roll as synonymous with rock music . _ Encyclopædia Britannica _, on the other hand, regards it as the music that originated in the mid-1950s and later developed "into the more encompassing international style known as rock music". The phrase "rocking and rolling" originally described the movement of a ship on the ocean, but was used by the early twentieth century, both to describe the spiritual fervor of black church rituals and as a sexual analogy. Various gospel, blues and swing recordings used the phrase before it became used more frequently – but still intermittently – in the 1940s, on recordings and in reviews of what became known as "rhythm and blues" music aimed at a black audience. In 1934, the song "Rock and Roll" by the Boswell Sisters appeared in the film _ Transatlantic Merry-Go-Round _. In 1942, _Billboard _ magazine columnist Maurie Orodenker started to use the term "rock-and-roll" to describe upbeat recordings such as "Rock Me" by Sister Rosetta Tharpe
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Electric Guitar
An ELECTRIC GUITAR is a fretted stringed instrument with a neck and body that uses a pickup to convert the vibration of its strings into electrical signals. The vibration occurs when a guitarist strums , plucks or fingerpicks the strings. It is sensed by a pickup , most commonly by a magnetic pickup that uses the principle of direct electromagnetic induction . The signal generated by an electric guitar is too weak to drive a loudspeaker , so it is plugged into a guitar amplifier before being sent to a loudspeaker, which makes a sound loud enough to hear. The output of an electric guitar is an electric signal, and the signal can easily be altered by electronic circuits to add "color" to the sound or change the sound. Often the signal is modified using effects such as reverb and distortion and "overdrive" , with the growling sound of the latter being a key element of the sound of the electric guitar as it is used in blues and rock music . Invented in 1931, the amplified electric guitar was adopted by jazz guitarists , who sought to be able to do single-note guitar solos in large big band ensembles. Early proponents of the electric guitar on record included Les Paul , Lonnie Johnson , Sister Rosetta Tharpe , T-Bone Walker , and Charlie Christian
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Bass Guitar
The BASS GUITAR (also called ELECTRIC BASS, or simply BASS) is a stringed instrument played primarily with the fingers or thumb, by plucking, slapping , popping, strumming, tapping, thumping, or picking with a plectrum , often known as a pick. The bass guitar is similar in appearance and construction to an electric guitar , but with a longer neck and scale length , and four to six strings or courses . The four-string bass, by far the most common, is usually tuned the same as the double bass , which corresponds to pitches one octave lower than the four lowest pitched strings of a guitar (E, A, D, and G). The bass guitar is a transposing instrument , as it is notated in bass clef an octave higher than it sounds (as is the double bass) to avoid excessive ledger lines . Like the electric guitar, the bass guitar has pickups and needs to be connected to an amplifier and speaker , which makes a sound loud enough to hear. Since the 1960s, the bass guitar has largely replaced the double bass in popular music as the bass instrument in the rhythm section . While types of basslines vary widely from one style of music to another, the bassist usually plays a similar role: anchoring the harmonic framework and establishing the beat. Many styles of music include the bass guitar, including rock , heavy metal , pop , punk rock , country , reggae , gospel , blues , symphonic rock, and jazz
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Vocals
SINGING is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice and augments regular speech by the use of sustained tonality , rhythm , and a variety of vocal techniques. A person who sings is called a SINGER or VOCALIST. Singers perform music (arias , recitatives , songs , etc.) that can be sung with or without accompaniment by musical instruments . Singing
Singing
is often done in an ensemble of musicians, such as a choir of singers or a band of instrumentalists. Singers may perform as soloists, or accompanied by anything from a single instrument (as in art song or some jazz styles) up to a symphony orchestra or big band . Different singing styles include art music such as opera and Chinese opera , Hindustani music , and religious music styles such as gospel , traditional music styles, world music , jazz , blues , gazal and popular music styles such as pop , rock , electronic dance music , and filmi . American jazz singer and songwriter Billie Holiday in New York City
New York City
in 1947 Singing
Singing
can be formal or informal, arranged or improvised. It may be done as a form of religious devotion, as a hobby, as a source of pleasure, comfort, or ritual, as part of music education , or as a profession. Excellence in singing requires time, dedication, instruction, and regular practice . If practice is done on a regular basis then the sounds can become more clear and strong
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Drum Kit
A DRUM KIT — also called a DRUM SET, TRAP SET, or simply DRUMS — is a collection of drums and other percussion instruments , typically cymbals , which are set up on stands to be played by a single player, with drumsticks held in both hands, and the feet operating pedals that control the hi-hat cymbal and the beater for the bass drum . A drum kit consists of a mix of drums (categorized classically as membranophones , Hornbostel-Sachs high-level classification 2) and idiophones - most significantly cymbals , but can also include the woodblock and cowbell (classified as Hornbostel-Sachs high-level classification 1). In the 2000s, some kits also include electronic instruments ( Hornbostel-Sachs classification 53). Also, both hybrid (mixing acoustic instruments and electronic drums ) and entirely electronic kits are used
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Keyboard Instrument
A KEYBOARD INSTRUMENT is a musical instrument played using a keyboard , a row of levers which are pressed by the fingers. The most common of these are the piano , organ , and various electronic keyboards , including synthesizers and digital pianos . Other keyboard instruments include celestas , which are struck idiophones operated by a keyboard, and carillons , which are usually housed in bell towers or belfries of churches or municipal buildings. Today, the term _keyboard_ often refers to keyboard-style synthesizers . Under the fingers of a sensitive performer, the keyboard may also be used to control dynamics , phrasing , shading, articulation , and other elements of expression—depending on the design and inherent capabilities of the instrument. Another important use of the word _keyboard_ is in historical musicology, where it means an instrument whose identity cannot be firmly established. Particularly in the 18th century, the harpsichord, the clavichord, and the early piano were in competition, and the same piece might be played on more than one. Hence in a phrase like "Mozart excelled as a keyboard player" the word _keyboard_ is usefully noncommittal
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Boogie Rock
BOOGIE ROCK is a music genre which came out of the hard heavy blues rock of the late 1960s. Largely designed for dance parties , it tends to feature a repetitive driving rhythm in place of instrumental experimentation found in the more progressive blues-rock bands of the period. DEFINITIONSBoogie rockers concentrate on the groove , working a steady, chugging back beat , often in shuffle time . NOTABLE BANDSBands include Canned Heat , ZZ Top , AC/DC , Vardis , Molly Hatchet , Status Quo , Savoy Brown and Foghat . REFERENCES * ^ Archived May 26, 2008, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ "MSN Entertainment - Music: Boogie Rock". Archived from the original on August 17, 2004. Retrieved 5 November 2014. * ^ "STATUS QUO - Unique, Detailed Biography - MusicMight". Musicmight.com. Retrieved 5 November 2014. * ^ Larkin, Colin , ed. (1997). "Savoy Brown". _Encyclopedia of Popular Music , Concise Edition_. London: Virgin Publishing Ltd. p. 1056. ISBN 1-85227-745-9 . Having honed a simple, blues-boogie style, the guitarist now seemed content to repeat it... * ^ "History Of Foghat". Foghat.com. Retrieved 5 November 2014
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Glam Metal
GLAM METAL (also known as HAIR METAL and often used synonymously with POP METAL) is a subgenre of heavy metal which features pop -influenced hooks and guitar riffs , and borrows from the fashion of 1970s glam rock . Glam metal can be traced back to music acts like Alice Cooper , Cheap Trick , Kiss , The New York Dolls , and Van Halen . It arose in the late 1970s and early 1980s in the United States, particularly on the Los Angeles Sunset Strip music scene, pioneered by bands such as Mötley Crüe , Ratt , Quiet Riot , Stryper , Bon Jovi , and Dokken . It was popular throughout the 1980s and the beginning of the 1990s, bringing to prominence bands including Poison , Skid Row , Cinderella , and Warrant . Glam metal was associated with flashy clothing and makeup. Poison, for example, had long shaggy or backcombed hair, accessories, metal studs, leather and make-up during their live performances. Glam metal lost mainstream interest in the early 1990s as the perceived excesses of glam metal created a backlash against the genre. A factor in the decline of glam metal was the rise of grunge in the early 1990s, which had a stripped-down aesthetic and a complete rejection of the glam metal visual style
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Glam Rock
GLAM ROCK (also known as GLITTER ROCK) is a style of rock and pop music that developed in the United Kingdom in the early 1970s performed by musicians who wore outrageous costumes, makeup , and hairstyles, particularly platform shoes and glitter . Glam artists drew on diverse sources across music and throwaway culture , ranging from bubblegum pop and '50s rock and roll to cabaret , science fiction , and complex art rock . The flamboyant clothing and visual styles of performers were often camp or androgynous , and have been described as playing with nontraditional gender roles . The UK charts were inundated with glam rock acts from 1971 to 1975, with glam also manifesting in all areas of British popular culture during this period. British glam rock artists include Marc Bolan and T. Rex , David Bowie , Sweet , Slade , Mud , Roxy Music and Gary Glitter . In the US the scene was much less prevalent, with Alice Cooper and Lou Reed the only American artists to score a hit. Other US glam artists include New York Dolls , Iggy Pop and Jobriath . It declined after the mid-1970s, but influenced other musical genres including punk rock , glam metal , New Romanticism , and gothic rock and has sporadically revived since the 1990s
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Grunge
GRUNGE (sometimes referred to as the SEATTLE SOUND) is a subgenre of alternative rock and a subculture that emerged during the mid-1980s in the Pacific Northwest U.S. state of Washington , particularly in Seattle and nearby towns. The early grunge movement revolved around Seattle's independent record label Sub Pop and that region's underground music scene. By the early 1990s its popularity had spread, with grunge acts appearing in California, then surfacing towards other parts of the United States and in Australia, building strong followings and signing major record deals. Grunge became commercially successful in the early 1990s, due to releases such as Nirvana 's _ Nevermind _, Pearl Jam 's _Ten _, Soundgarden 's _ Superunknown _, Alice in Chains ' _Dirt _ and Stone Temple Pilots ' _Core _. The success of these bands boosted the popularity of alternative rock and made grunge the most popular form of rock music at the time. Although most grunge bands had disbanded or faded from view by the late 1990s, they influenced modern rock music, as their lyrics brought socially conscious issues into pop culture and added introspection and an exploration of what it means to be true to oneself . Grunge was also an influence on subsequent genres such as post-grunge (a derivative of grunge) and nu metal
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Nwobhm
The NEW WAVE OF BRITISH HEAVY METAL (commonly abbreviated as NWOBHM) was a nationwide musical movement that started in the United Kingdom in the late 1970s and achieved international attention by the early 1980s. Journalist Geoff Barton coined the term in a May 1979 issue of the British music newspaper Sounds to describe the emergence of new heavy metal bands in the late 1970s, during the period of punk rock 's decline and the dominance of new wave music . Although encompassing diverse mainstream and underground styles, the music of the NWOBHM is best remembered for drawing on the heavy metal of the 1970s and infusing it with the intensity of punk rock to produce fast and aggressive songs. The DIY attitude of the new metal bands led to the spread of raw-sounding, self-produced recordings and a proliferation of independent record labels . Song lyrics were usually about escapist themes such as mythology, fantasy, horror and the rock lifestyle. The NWOBHM began as an underground phenomenon growing in parallel to punk and largely ignored by the media. It was only through the promotion of rock DJ Neal Kay and Sounds' campaigning that it reached the public consciousness and gained radio airplay, recognition and success in the UK. The movement involved mostly young, white, male and working-class musicians and fans, who suffered the hardships brought on by rising unemployment for years after the 1973–75 recession
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