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Happy Ending
A HAPPY ENDING is an ending of the plot of a work of fiction in which almost everything turns out for the best for the protagonists , their sidekicks , and almost everyone except the villains . In storylines where the protagonists are in physical danger , a happy ending mainly consists in their surviving and successfully concluding their quest or mission. Where there is no physical danger, a happy ending may be lovers consummating their love despite various factors which may have thwarted it. A considerable number of storylines combine both situations. In Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
's version of "War of the Worlds ", the happy ending consists of three distinct elements: The protagonists all survive the countless perils of their journey; humanity as a whole survives the alien invasion; and the protagonist father regains the respect of his estranged children
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Edmund Kean
EDMUND KEAN (4 November 1787 – 15 May 1833) was a celebrated British Shakespearean stage actor born in England
England
, who performed in London, Belfast, New York, Quebec, and Paris among other places. He was well known for his short stature, tumultuous personal life, and controversial divorce. CONTENTS* 1 Biography * 1.1 Early life * 1.2 Discovery * 1.3 Drury Lane and New York * 1.4 Private life * 1.5 Second American visit * 1.6 Decline and death * 2 Artistic legacy * 3 Eccentricity * 4 Appraisals * 5 Theatrical works * 6 Cultural influence * 7 References * 8 Sources * 9 External links BIOGRAPHYEARLY LIFEKean was born in Westminster
Westminster
, London
London
. His father was probably Edmund Kean, an architect ’s clerk, and his mother was an actress, Anne Carey, daughter of the 18th-century composer and playwright Henry Carey
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John Philip Kemble
JOHN PHILIP KEMBLE (1 February 1757 – 26 February 1823) was an English actor . He was born into a theatrical family as the eldest son of Roger Kemble , actor-manager of a touring troupe. His elder sister Sarah Siddons achieved fame with him on the stage of the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane . His other siblings Charles Kemble
Charles Kemble
, Stephen Kemble , Ann Hatton and Elizabeth Whitlock also enjoyed success on the stage. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Drury Lane * 3 Covent Garden * 4 Death and legacy * 5 Notes * 6 Notes * 7 References * 8 Further reading * 9 External links EARLY LIFEThe second child of Roger Kemble – the manager of the travelling theatre company the Warwickshire Company of Comedians – he was born at Prescot , Lancashire
Lancashire

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William Macready
WILLIAM CHARLES MACREADY (3 March 1793 – 27 April 1873) was an English actor. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Evaluation * 3 Relatives * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 Further reading LIFEHe was born in London
London
the son of William Macready the elder , and the actress Christina Ann Birch. Educated at Rugby School
Rugby School
, it was his initial intention to go to University of Oxford
University of Oxford
, but in 1809 financial problems experienced by his father, the lessee of several provincial theatres, called him to share the responsibilities of theatrical management. On 7 June 1810 he made a successful first appearance as Romeo at Birmingham
Birmingham
. Other Shakespearian parts followed, but a serious rupture between father and son resulted in the young man's departure for Bath in 1814
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Helena Faucit
HELENA SAVILLE FAUCIT, LADY MARTIN (11 October 1817 – 31 October 1898) was an English actress. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Early career * 3 Career with Macready * 4 After Macready * 5 Career after marriage * 6 References * 7 Further reading EARLY LIFEBorn in London
London
, she was the daughter of actors John Saville Faucit and Harriet Elizabeth Savill . Her parents separated when she was a girl, and her mother went to live with William Farren in 1825. With her elder sister Harriet, she was trained for the stage by her step-uncle, Percy Farren. She debuted as Juliet
Juliet
at a small theater in Richmond in 1833. Her performance was praised by critics of The Athenaeum , but Farren delayed her professional debut to give her further training
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Romeo And Juliet
ROMEO AND JULIET is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
early in his career about two young star-crossed lovers whose deaths ultimately reconcile their feuding families. It was among Shakespeare\'s most popular plays during his lifetime and along with Hamlet
Hamlet
, is one of his most frequently performed plays. Today, the title characters are regarded as archetypal young lovers. Romeo and Juliet
Juliet
belongs to a tradition of tragic romances stretching back to antiquity. The plot is based on an Italian tale translated into verse as The Tragical History of Romeus and Juliet by Arthur Brooke in 1562 and retold in prose in Palace of Pleasure by William Painter in 1567. Shakespeare
Shakespeare
borrowed heavily from both but expanded the plot by developing a number of supporting characters, particularly Mercutio and Paris
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David Garrick
DAVID GARRICK (19 February 1717 – 20 January 1779) was an English actor, playwright, theatre manager and producer who influenced nearly all aspects of theatrical practice throughout the 18th century, and was a pupil and friend of Dr Samuel Johnson . He appeared in a number of amateur theatricals, and with his appearance in the title role of Shakespeare
Shakespeare
's Richard III , audiences and managers began to take notice. Impressed by his portrayals of Richard III and a number of other roles, Charles Fleetwood engaged Garrick for a season at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane
Drury Lane
. He remained with the Drury Lane
Drury Lane
company for the next five years and purchased a share of the theatre with James Lacy . This purchase inaugurated 29 years of Garrick's management of the Drury Lane, during which time it rose to prominence as one of the leading theatres in Europe
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The History Of King Lear
THE HISTORY OF KING LEAR is an adaptation by Nahum Tate
Nahum Tate
of William Shakespeare 's King Lear
King Lear
. It first appeared in 1681, some seventy-five years after Shakespeare's version, and is believed to have replaced Shakespeare's version on the English stage in whole or in part until 1838. Unlike Shakespeare's tragedy , Tate's play has a happy ending , with Lear regaining his throne, Cordelia marrying Edgar, and Edgar joyfully declaring that "truth and virtue shall at last succeed." Regarded as a tragicomedy , the play has five acts, as does Shakespeare's, although the number of scenes is different, and the text is about eight hundred lines shorter than Shakespeare's. Many of Shakespeare's original lines are retained, or modified only slightly, but a significant portion of the text is entirely new, and much is omitted. The character of the Fool , for example, is absent
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Oedipus Rex
OEDIPUS REX, also known by its Greek title, OEDIPUS TYRANNUS (Ancient Greek : Οἰδίπους Τύραννος IPA: ), or OEDIPUS THE KING, is an Athenian tragedy by Sophocles that was first performed around 429 BC. Originally, to the ancient Greeks, the title was simply Oedipus (Οἰδίπους), as it is referred to by Aristotle in the Poetics . It is thought to have been renamed Oedipus Tyrannus to distinguish it from Oedipus at Colonus . In antiquity, the term “tyrant” referred to a ruler, but it did not necessarily have a negative connotation. Of his three Theban plays that have survived, and that deal with the story of Oedipus , Oedipus Rex was the second to be written. However, in terms of the chronology of events that the plays describe, it comes first, followed by Oedipus at Colonus and then Antigone
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Nahum Tate
NAHUM TATE (/ˈneɪ.əm ˈteɪt/ NAY-əm TAYT ; 1652 – 30 July 1715) was an Irish poet , hymnist and lyricist , who became England\'s poet laureate in 1692. Tate is best known for The History of King Lear , his 1681 adaptation of Shakespeare's King Lear
King Lear
. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Works * 3 Modern stagings * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links LIFE Nahum Tate
Nahum Tate
was born in Dublin
Dublin
and came from a family of Puritan clerics. He was the son of Faithful Teate , an Irish cleric who had been rector of Castleterra , Ballyhaise , until his house was burnt and his family attacked after he had passed on information to the government about plans for the Irish Rebellion of 1641
Irish Rebellion of 1641

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William Shakespeare
WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE (/ˈʃeɪkspɪər/ ; 26 April 1564 (baptised ) – 23 April 1616) was an English poet , playwright , and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language
English language
and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England's national poet , and the "Bard of Avon". His extant works, including collaborations , consist of approximately 38 plays , 154 sonnets , two long narrative poems , and a few other verses, some of uncertain authorship. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright. Shakespeare
Shakespeare
was born and brought up in Stratford-upon-Avon
Stratford-upon-Avon
, Warwickshire
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King Lear
KING LEAR is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
. It depicts the gradual descent into madness of the title character, after he disposes of his kingdom giving bequests to two of his three daughters based on their flattery of him, bringing tragic consequences for all. Derived from the legend of Leir of Britain , a mythological pre-Roman Celtic king, the play has been widely adapted for the stage and motion pictures, with the title role coveted by many of the world's most accomplished actors
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Othello
OTHELLO (THE TRAGEDY OF OTHELLO, THE MOOR OF VENICE) is a tragedy by William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
, believed to have been written in 1603. It is based on the story Un Capitano Moro ("A Moorish
Moorish
Captain") by Cinthio , a disciple of Boccaccio , first published in 1565. The story revolves around its two central characters: Othello
Othello
, a Moorish
Moorish
general in the Venetian army and his unfaithful ensign , Iago
Iago
. Given its varied and enduring themes of racism, love, jealousy, betrayal, revenge and repentance, Othello
Othello
is still often performed in professional and community theatre alike, and has been the source for numerous operatic, film, and literary adaptations
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The Merchant Of Venice
THE MERCHANT OF VENICE is a 16th-century play by William Shakespeare in which a merchant in Venice
Venice
must default on a large loan provided by an abused Jewish moneylender. It is believed to have been written between 1596 and 1599. Though classified as a comedy in the First Folio and sharing certain aspects with Shakespeare's other romantic comedies , the play is perhaps most remembered for its dramatic scenes, and it is best known for Shylock
Shylock
and the famous "Hath not a Jew eyes?" speech. Also notable is Portia 's speech about "the quality of mercy ". Critic Harold Bloom listed it among Shakespeare's great comedies
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