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Hanja
Hanja
Hanja
(Hangul: 한자; Hanja: 漢字; Korean pronunciation: [ha(ː)nt͈ɕa]) is the Korean name
Korean name
for Chinese characters (Chinese: 漢字; pinyin: hànzì).[1] More specifically, it refers to those Chinese characters
Chinese characters
borrowed from Chinese and incorporated into the Korean language
Korean language
with Korean pronunciation. Hanja-mal or Hanja-eo (the latter is more used) refers to words that can be written with Hanja, and hanmun (한문, 漢文) refers to Classical Chinese
Classical Chinese
writing, although "Hanja" is sometimes used loosely to encompass these other concepts. Because Hanja
Hanja
never underwent major reform, they are almost entirely identical to traditional Chinese and kyūjitai characters, though the stroke orders for some characters are slightly different
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East Asian Sans-serif Typeface
Gothic typefaces (simplified Chinese: 黑体; traditional Chinese: 黑體; pinyin: hēitǐ; Japanese: ゴシック体 goshikku-tai; Korean: 돋움 dotum, 고딕체 godik-che) are a type style characterised by strokes of even thickness and lack of decorations akin to sans serif styles in Western typography. It is the second most commonly used style in East Asian typography, after Ming.Contents1 Characteristics1.1 Classifications2 Sans-serif typefaces in computing 3 See also 4 External linksCharacteristics[edit] Similar to Ming and Song typefaces, sans-serif typefaces were designed for printing, but they were also designed for legibility
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Kangxi Dictionary Form
A dictionary, sometimes known as a wordbook, is a collection of words in one or more specific languages, often arranged alphabetically (or by radical and stroke for ideographic languages), which may include information on definitions, usage, etymologies, pronunciations, translation, etc.[1] or a book of words in one language with their equivalents in another, sometimes known as a lexicon.[1] It is a lexicographical product which shows inter-relationships among the data.[2] A broad distinction is made between general and specialized dictionaries. Specialized dictionaries include words in specialist fields, rather than a complete range of words in the language. Lexical items that describe concepts in specific fields are usually called terms instead of words, although there is no consensus whether lexicology and terminology are two different fields of study
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International Phonetic Alphabet
The International
International
Phonetic Alphabet
Alphabet
(IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet
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Replacement Character
Specials is a short Unicode
Unicode
block allocated at the very end of the Basic Multilingual Plane, at U+FFF0–FFFF. Of these 16 code points, five are assigned as of Unicode
Unicode
10.0:U+FFF9 INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION ANCHOR, marks start of annotated text U+FFFA INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION SEPARATOR, marks start of annotating character(s) U+FFFB INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION TERMINATOR, marks end of annotation block U+FFFC  OBJECT REPLACEMENT CHARACTER, placeholder in the text for another unspecified object, for example in a compound document. U+FFFD � REPLACEMENT CHARACTER used to replace an unknown, unrecognized or unrepresentable character U+FFFE <noncharacter-FFFE> not a character. U+FFFF <noncharacter-FFFF> not a character.FFFE and FFFF are not unassigned in the usual sense, but guaranteed not to be a Unicode
Unicode
character at all
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Grapheme
In linguistics, a grapheme is the smallest unit of a writing system of any given language.[1] An individual grapheme may or may not carry meaning by itself, and may or may not correspond to a single phoneme of the spoken language. Graphemes include alphabetic letters, typographic ligatures, Chinese characters, numerical digits, punctuation marks, and other individual symbols. A grapheme can also be construed as a graphical sign that independently represents a portion of linguistic material.[2] The word grapheme, coined in analogy with phoneme, is derived from Ancient Greek γράφω (gráphō), meaning 'write', and the suffix -eme, by analogy with phoneme and other names of emic units. The study of graphemes is called graphemics. The concept of graphemes is an abstract one and similar to the notion in computing of a character. By comparison, a specific shape that represents any particular grapheme in a specific typeface is called a glyph
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McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
romanization (/məˈkuːn ˈraɪʃaʊ.ər/) is one of the two most widely used Korean language
Korean language
romanization systems. A modified version of McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
was the official romanization system in South Korea
South Korea
until 2000, when it was replaced by the Revised Romanization of Korean
Romanization of Korean
system. A variant of McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
is still used as the official system in North Korea.[citation needed] The system was created in 1937 by George M. McCune and Edwin O. Reischauer
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Unicode
Unicode
Unicode
is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems. The latest version contains a repertoire of 136,755 characters covering 139 modern and historic scripts, as well as multiple symbol sets
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Jurchen Script
Jurchen script
Jurchen script
(Jurchen: /dʒu ʃə bitxə/[1]) was the writing system used to write the Jurchen language, the language of the Jurchen people who created the Jin Empire in northeastern China in the 12th–13th centuries. It was derived from the Khitan script, which in turn was derived from Chinese (Han characters).[2] The script has only been decoded to a small extent. The Jurchen script
Jurchen script
is part of the Chinese family of scripts.[3]Contents1 History 2 Structure of the script 3 Study of the script 4 Jurchen small script 5 See also 6 References 7 Literature 8 External linksHistory[edit]A medallion with the Jurchen translation of the Chinese couplet, Míngwáng shèn dé, sì yí xián bīn ("明王慎德.四夷咸賓": "When a wise king is heedful of virtue, foreigners from all quarters come as guests")
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Bird-worm Seal Script
Bird-worm seal script
Bird-worm seal script
(simplified Chinese: 鸟虫篆; traditional Chinese: 鳥蟲篆; pinyin: Niǎo Chóng Zhuàn) is a type of ancient seal script originating in China.Contents1 Names 2 Introduction and history 3 Usage 4 See also 5 ReferencesNames[edit] The Chinese character
Chinese character
鸟 (鳥 in traditional Chinese; Niǎo in Pinyin) means "bird". The Chinese character
Chinese character
虫 (蟲 in traditional Chinese; Chóng in Pinyin) means any creature that looks like a "worm", including invertebrate worms and reptiles such as snakes and lizards (and even the Chinese dragon). The character 篆 means "seal (script)". Other names for this kind of seal script:Niao-Chong Script (simplified Chinese: 鸟虫书; traditional Chinese: 鳥蟲書; pinyin: Niǎo Chóng Shū)
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Flat Brush Script
The Flat Brush script (simplified Chinese: 漆书; traditional Chinese: 漆書 pinyin: qī shū) is a writing style in Chinese calligraphy that was created by Jin Nong
Jin Nong
(simplified Chinese: 金农; traditional Chinese: 金農) during the Qing dynasty. The writing style is a mix of the clerical script of the Han dynasty and the regular script of the Wei dynasty; these two writing styles make the Flat Brush script a unique writing style in Chinese calligraphy. The technique used to write in the flat brush script is very different from the other writing styles. It has to be written using a flat brush and not the regular East Asian
East Asian
writing brush.[1] About the creator[edit] Jin Nong
Jin Nong
was highly knowledgeable on Chinese calligraphy
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Imitation Song
Imitation Song
Imitation Song
is a style of Chinese typefaces modeled after a type style in Lin'an in the Southern Song Dynasty
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Neolithic Signs In China
Since the second half of the 20th century, inscriptions have been found on pottery in a variety of locations in China, such as Banpo near Xi'an, as well as on bone and bone marrows at Hualouzi, Chang'an County near Xi'an
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Xin Zixing
The xin zixing (Chinese: 新字形; pinyin: xīn zìxíng; literally: "New character forms") is a standardized[when?] form of Chinese characters set in mainland China. Characteristics[edit] Note: Viewing this section correctly requires certain standard typefaces to be installed and the browser to be configured to use them in appropriate contexts. The xin zixing has adopted various vulgar variants of its characters.[1] For example:群 The orthodox form of this character has 君 above 羊, i.e. 羣. 峰 The orthodox form of this character has 山 above 夆, i.e. 峯. 令 The orthodox form of this character has 亼 above 卩, i.e
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Chinese Character Simplification Scheme
The Chinese Character Simplification Scheme
Chinese Character Simplification Scheme
(simplified Chinese: 汉字简化方案; traditional Chinese: 漢字簡化方案; pinyin: Hànzì jiǎnhuà fāng'àn) is the standardized simplification of Chinese characters
Chinese characters
promulgated in the 1950s by the State Council of the People's Republic of China. It contains the existing Simplified Chinese characters
Chinese characters
that are in use today
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Table Of General Standard Chinese Characters
The Table of General Standard Chinese Characters
Table of General Standard Chinese Characters
(simplified Chinese: 通用规范汉字表; traditional Chinese: 通用規範漢字表; pinyin: Tōngyòng Guīfàn Hànzì Biǎo) is a standard list of 8,105 Chinese characters. Of these, 6,500 are designated as common, a reduction from the 7,000 in the earlier List of Commonly Used Characters in Modern Chinese. References[edit]"通用规范汉字表" [Table of General Standard Chinese Characters] (PDF). Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China. 18 Jun 2013. Retrieved 17 Jun 2014.  "国务院关于公布《通用规范汉字表》的通知" [State Council announcement of the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters]. Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China. 5 Jun 2013
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