HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1000] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

picture info

Hanja
HANJA ( Hangul
Hangul
: 한자; Hanja: 漢字; Korean pronunciation: ) is the Korean name
Korean name
for Chinese characters
Chinese characters
(Chinese : 漢字; pinyin : hànzì). More specifically, it refers to those Chinese characters borrowed from Chinese and incorporated into the Korean language
Korean language
with Korean pronunciation . Hanja-mal or Hanja-eo (the latter is more used) refers to words that can be written with Hanja, and hanmun (한문, 漢文) refers to Classical Chinese writing, although "Hanja" is sometimes used loosely to encompass these other concepts. Because Hanja
Hanja
never underwent major reform, they are almost entirely identical to traditional Chinese and kyūjitai characters, though the stroke orders for some characters are slightly different. For example, the characters 教 and 研 are written as 敎 and 硏
[...More...]

"Hanja" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Mojibake
MOJIBAKE (文字化け) (IPA: ; lit. "character transformation", from the Japanese 文字 (moji) "character" + 化け (bake, pronounced "bah-keh") "transform") is the garbled text that is the result of text being decoded using an unintended character encoding . The result is a systematic replacement of symbols with completely unrelated ones, often from a different writing system . This display may include the generic replacement character � in places where the binary representation is considered invalid. A replacement can also involve multiple consecutive symbols, as viewed in one encoding, when the same binary code constitutes one symbol in the other encoding. This is either because of differing constant length encoding (as in Asian 16-bit encodings vs European 8-bit encodings), or the use of variable length encodings (notably UTF-8 and UTF-16 )
[...More...]

"Mojibake" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Kangxi Dictionary Form
A DICTIONARY, sometimes known as a WORDBOOK, is a collection of words in one or more specific languages , often arranged alphabetically (or by radical and stroke for ideographic languages), which may include information on definitions , usage, etymologies , phonetics , pronunciations , translation, etc. or a book of words in one language with their equivalents in another, sometimes known as a lexicon . It is a lexicographical product which shows inter-relationships among the data. A broad distinction is made between general and specialized dictionaries . Specialized dictionaries include words in specialist fields, rather than a complete range of words in the language. Lexical items that describe concepts in specific fields are usually called terms instead of words, although there is no consensus whether lexicology and terminology are two different fields of study
[...More...]

"Kangxi Dictionary Form" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

East Asian Sans-serif Typeface
GOTHIC TYPEFACES (simplified Chinese : 黑体; traditional Chinese : 黑體; pinyin : hēitǐ; Japanese : ゴシック体 goshikku-tai; Korean : 돋움 dotum, 고딕체 godik-che) are a type style characterised by strokes of even thickness and lack of decorations akin to sans serif styles in Western typography . It is the second most commonly used style in East Asian typography, after Ming . CONTENTS* 1 Characteristics * 1.1 Classifications * 2 Sans-serif typefaces in computing * 3 See also * 4 External links CHARACTERISTICSSimilar to Ming and Song typefaces , sans-serif typefaces were designed for printing, but they were also designed for legibility. They are commonly used in headlines, signs, and video applications
[...More...]

"East Asian Sans-serif Typeface" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

List Of Commonly Used Characters In Modern Chinese
CHARACTER(S) may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Art and entertainment * 2 Morality * 3 Psychology * 4 Science * 5 Symbols * 6 Other uses * 7 See also ART AND ENTERTAINMENT * Character (arts) , an agent within a work of art, including literature, drama, cinema, opera, etc. * Character sketch or character, a literary description of a character type * Characters (Theophrastus) , a classical Greek set of character sketches attributed to Theophrastus*
[...More...]

"List Of Commonly Used Characters In Modern Chinese" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

International Phonetic Alphabet
The INTERNATIONAL PHONETIC ALPHABET (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet . It was devised by the International Phonetic Association in the late 19th century as a standardized representation of the sounds of spoken language . The IPA is used by lexicographers , foreign language students and teachers, linguists , speech-language pathologists , singers , actors , constructed language creators and translators . The IPA is designed to represent only those qualities of speech that are part of oral language: phones , phonemes , intonation and the separation of words and syllables . To represent additional qualities of speech, such as tooth gnashing, lisping , and sounds made with a cleft lip and cleft palate , an extended set of symbols, the extensions to the International
International
Phonetic Alphabet
Alphabet
, may be used
[...More...]

"International Phonetic Alphabet" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

McCune–Reischauer
MCCUNE–REISCHAUER ROMANIZATION ( /məˈkuːn ˈraɪ.ʃaʊ.ər/ ) is one of the two most widely used Korean language
Korean language
romanization systems. A modified version of McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
was the official romanization system in South Korea
South Korea
until 2000, when it was replaced by the Revised Romanization of Korean
Romanization of Korean
system. A variant of McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
is still used as the official system in North Korea . The system was created in 1937 by George M. McCune and Edwin O. Reischauer . With a few exceptions, it attempts not to transliterate Korean hangul but to represent the phonetic pronunciation. McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
is widely used outside Korea
[...More...]

"McCune–Reischauer" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Chinese Language
LEGEND: Countries identified Chinese as a primary, administrative, or native language Countries with more than 5,000,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 1,000,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 500,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 100,000 Chinese speakers Major Chinese-speaking settlements THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS IPA PHONETIC SYMBOLS. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode
Unicode
characters
[...More...]

"Chinese Language" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Bird-worm Seal Script
BIRD-WORM SEAL SCRIPT ( Simplified Chinese : 鸟虫篆; Traditional Chinese : 鳥蟲篆; Pinyin
Pinyin
: Niǎo Chóng Zhuàn) is a type of ancient seal script originating in China
China
. CONTENTS * 1 Names * 2 Introduction and history * 3 Usage * 4 See also * 5 References NAMESThe Chinese character
Chinese character
"鸟" (or "鳥" in traditional Chinese, and "Niǎo" in Pinyin) means "BIRD". The Chinese character
Chinese character
"虫" (or "蟲" in traditional Chinese, and "Chóng" in Pinyin) means any creature that looks like a "worm", including invertebrate worms and reptiles such as snakes and lizards (and even the Chinese dragon). The character "篆" means "SEAL (SCRIPT)". Other names for this kind of seal script: * NIAO-CHONG SCRIPT (Simplified Chinese: 鸟虫书; Traditional Chinese: 鳥蟲書; Pinyin: Niǎo Chóng Shū)
[...More...]

"Bird-worm Seal Script" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Jurchen Script
JURCHEN SCRIPT (Jurchen: /dʒu ʃə bitxə/ ) was the writing system used to write the Jurchen language , the language of the Jurchen people who created the Jin Empire in northeastern China in the 12th–13th centuries. It was derived from the Khitan script , which in turn was derived from Chinese (Han characters ). The script has only been decoded to a small extent. The Jurchens were the ancestors of the Manchu people
Manchu people
and spoke a language related to the Manchu language . The Jurchen script, however, is not ancestral to the Manchu script . According to the Sino-Jurchen glossary, the Jurchen script
Jurchen script
contains 720 characters. These comprise a mixture of logograms, which represent whole words without any phonetic element, and phonograms, which represent sounds. Compound words consisting of two or more characters were also used
[...More...]

"Jurchen Script" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Replacement Character
SPECIALS is a short Unicode
Unicode
block allocated at the very end of the Basic Multilingual Plane
Basic Multilingual Plane
, at U+FFF0–FFFF. Of these 16 code points, five are assigned as of Unicode
Unicode
10.0: * U+FFF9 INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION ANCHOR, marks start of annotated text * U+FFFA INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION SEPARATOR, marks start of annotating character(s) * U+FFFB INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION TERMINATOR, marks end of annotation block * U+FFFC  OBJECT REPLACEMENT CHARACTER, placeholder in the text for another unspecified object, for example in a compound document . * U+FFFD � REPLACEMENT CHARACTER used to replace an unknown, unrecognized or unrepresentable character * U+FFFE not a character. * U+FFFF not a character.FFFE and FFFF are not unassigned in the usual sense, but guaranteed not to be a Unicode
Unicode
character at all
[...More...]

"Replacement Character" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Unicode
UNICODE is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding , representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems . The latest version contains a repertoire of 136,755 characters covering 139 modern and historic scripts , as well as multiple symbol sets. The Unicode
Unicode
Standard is maintained in conjunction with ISO/IEC 10646 , and both are code-for-code identical. The Unicode
Unicode
Standard consists of a set of code charts for visual reference, an encoding method and set of standard character encodings , a set of reference data files , and a number of related items, such as character properties, rules for normalization , decomposition, collation , rendering, and bidirectional display order (for the correct display of text containing both right-to-left scripts, such as Arabic and Hebrew , and left-to-right scripts)
[...More...]

"Unicode" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Grapheme
In linguistics , a GRAPHEME is the smallest unit of a writing system of any given language. An individual grapheme may or may not carry meaning by itself, and may or may not correspond to a single phoneme of the spoken language. Graphemes include alphabetic letters , typographic ligatures , Chinese characters
Chinese characters
, numerical digits , punctuation marks, and other individual symbols. The word grapheme, coined in analogy with phoneme, is derived from Greek γράφω (gráphō), meaning 'write', and the suffix -eme, by analogy with phoneme and other names of emic units . The study of graphemes is called graphemics . The concept of graphemes is an abstract one and similar to the notion in computing of a character . By comparison, a specific shape that represents any particular grapheme in a specific typeface is called a glyph
[...More...]

"Grapheme" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Cursive Script (east Asia)
CURSIVE SCRIPT (simplified Chinese : 草书; traditional Chinese : 草書; pinyin : cǎoshū), often mistranslated as GRASS SCRIPT (see Names below), is a style of Chinese calligraphy . Cursive script is faster to write than other styles, but difficult to read for those unfamiliar with it. It functions primarily as a kind of shorthand script or calligraphic style. People who can read standard or printed forms of Chinese may not be able to comprehend this script. Cursive script in Sun Guoting 's Treatise on Calligraphy. CONTENTS * 1 Names * 2 History * 3 Styles * 4 Derived characters * 5 Notable calligraphers * 6 References * 7 External links NAMESThe character 書 (shū) means script in this context, and the character 草 (cǎo) means quick, rough or sloppy. Thus, the name of this script is literally "rough script" or "sloppy script"
[...More...]

"Cursive Script (east Asia)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Jōyō Kanji
The JōYō KANJI (常用漢字, literally "regular-use Chinese characters") is the guide to kanji characters and their readings, announced officially by the Japanese Ministry of Education . Current jōyō kanji are those on a list of 2,136 characters issued in 2010. It is a slightly modified version of the tōyō kanji , which was the initial list of secondary school -level kanji standardized after World War II . The list is not a comprehensive list of all characters and readings in regular use; rather, it is intended as a literacy baseline for those who have completed compulsory education, as well as a list of permitted characters and readings for use in official government documents
[...More...]

"Jōyō Kanji" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Neolithic Signs In China
Since the second half of the 20th century, inscriptions have been found on pottery in a variety of locations in China, such as Banpo near Xi\'an , as well as on bone and bone marrows at Hualouzi, Chang'an County near Xi'an. These simple, often geometric, marks have been frequently compared to some of the earliest known Chinese characters appearing on the oracle bones , and some have taken them to mean that the history of Chinese writing extends back over six millennia. However, only isolated instances of these symbols have been found, and they show no indication of representing speech or of the non-pictorial processes that a writing system requires
[...More...]

"Neolithic Signs In China" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
.