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Haj Amin Al-Husseini
Mohammed
Mohammed
Amin al-Husseini
Amin al-Husseini
(Arabic: محمد أمين الحسيني‎;[5] c. 1897[6][7] – 4 July 1974) was a Palestinian Arab nationalist
Arab nationalist
and Muslim
Muslim
leader in Mandatory Palestine.[8] Al-Husseini was the scion of a family of Jerusalemite notables,[9] who trace their origins to the eponymous grandson of Muhammad.[10] After receiving an education in Islamic, Ottoman, and Catholic schools, he went on to serve in the Ottoman army in World War I. At war's end he stationed himself in Damascus
Damascus
as a supporter of the Arab Kingdom of Syria. Following the Franco-Syrian War
Franco-Syrian War
and the collapse of Arab Hashemite
Hashemite
rule in Damascus, his early position on pan-Arabism shifted to a form of local nationalism for Palestinian Arabs and he moved back to Jerusalem
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Islam
Islam
Islam
(/ˈɪslɑːm/)[note 1] is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God
God
(Allah)[1] and that Muhammad
Muhammad
is the messenger of God.[2][3] It is the world's second-largest religion[4] and the fastest-growing major religion in the world,[5][6][7] with over 1.8 billion followers or 24.1% of the global population,[8] known as Muslims.[9] Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries.[4] Islam
Islam
teaches that God
God
is merciful, all-powerful, unique[10] and has guided mankind through prophets, revealed scriptures and natural signs.[3][11] The primary scriptures of Islam
Islam
are the Quran, viewed by Muslims as the verbatim word of God, and the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad
Muhammad
(c
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1948 Palestine War
1949 Armistice
Armistice
Agreements:Establishment of the State of Israel
State of Israel
beyond the borders proposed by the P
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Sunni
OthersZahiri Awza'i Thawri Laythi Jariri Sunni
Sunni
schools of theologyAsh'ari Maturidi TraditionalistOthers:Mu'tazila Murji'ahContemporary movementsAhl-i Hadith Al-Ahbash Barelvi Deobandi Islamic Modernism Salafi
Salafi
movement WahhabismHoly sitesJerusalem Mecca Medina Mount SinaiListsLiteratureKutub al-Sittah Islam
Islam
portalv t eThis article contains Arabic text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols. Sunni
Sunni
Islam
Islam
(/ˈsuːni, ˈsʊni/) is the largest denomination of Islam
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High Commissioners For Palestine And Transjordan
The High Commissioner for Palestine was the highest ranking authority representing the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
in the mandated territories of Palestine and Transjordan under the British Mandate for Palestine. In 1928, a separate post of High Commissioner for Trans-Jordan, the holder of which was responsible for overseeing Transjordan, was created; however, this post was always held simultaneously by the High Commissioner for Palestine. They were based in Jerusalem. The office commenced on 1 July 1920, before the commencement of the Mandate on 29 September 1923, and replaced the British military occupation under the Occupied Enemy Territory Administration, which had operated in Palestine in 1917–1918
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Arab Nationalism
Arab nationalism
Arab nationalism
(Arabic: القومية العربية‎ al-Qawmiyya al-`arabiyya) is a nationalist ideology that asserts the Arabs
Arabs
are a nation and promotes the unity of Arab people, celebrating the glories of Arab civilization, the language and literature of the Arabs, calling for rejuvenation and political union in the Arab world.[1] Its central premise is that the peoples of the Arab world, from the Atlantic Ocean to the Indian Ocean, constitute one nation bound together by common ethnicity, language, culture, history, identity, geography and politics.[2][3] One of the primary goals of Arab nationalism is the end of Western influence in the Arab world, seen as a "nemesis" of Arab strength, and the removal of those Arab governments considered to be dependent upon Western power
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French Mandate Of Lebanon
Creation ofthe State of Syria Greater Lebanon the Alawite
Alawite
State Jabal ad-DruzeThe Mandate for Syria
Syria
and Lebanon
Lebanon
(French: Mandat français pour la Syrie et le Liban; Arabic: الانتداب الفرنسي على سوريا ولبنان‎ al-intidāb al-fransi 'ala suriya wa-lubnān) (1923−1946)[1] was a League of Nations
League of Nations
mandate[2] founded after the First World War and the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire concerning Syria
Syria
and Lebanon. The mandate system was supposed to differ from colonialism, with the governing country acting as a trustee until the inhabitants would be able to stand on their own
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Kingdom Of Iraq
The Hashemite
Hashemite
Kingdom of Iraq
Iraq
(Arabic: المملكة العراقية الهاشمية‎ al-Mamlakah al-‘Irāqiyyah Al-Hāshimīyah) was founded on 23 August 1921 under British administration following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
in the Mesopotamian campaign
Mesopotamian campaign
of World War I. Although a League of Nations
League of Nations
mandate was awarded to Britain in 1920, the 1920 Iraqi revolt resulted in the scrapping of the original mandate plan in favor of a British administered semi-independent kingdom, under the Hashemite
Hashemite
allies of Britain, via the Anglo-Iraqi Treaty. The kingdom of Iraq
Iraq
was granted full independence in 1932,[1] following the Anglo-Iraqi Treaty
Anglo-Iraqi Treaty
(1930)
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Kingdom Of Italy (1861–1946)
The Kingdom of Italy
Italy
(Italian: Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II
King Victor Emmanuel II
of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the Italian Republic. The state was founded as a result of the unification of Italy
Italy
under the influence of the Kingdom of Sardinia, which can be considered its legal predecessor state. Italy
Italy
declared war on Austria in alliance with Prussia in 1866 and received the region of Veneto
Veneto
following their victory. Italian troops entered Rome
Rome
in 1870, ending more than one thousand years of Papal temporal power
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World War II
Allied victoryCollapse of Nazi Germany Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires Dissolution of the League of Nations Creation of the United Nations Emergence of the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
as superpowers Beginning of the Cold War
Cold War
(more...)ParticipantsAllied Powers Axis PowersCommanders and leadersMain Allied leaders Joseph Stalin Franklin D
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Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
Hitler
(German: [ˈadɔlf ˈhɪtlɐ] ( listen); 20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party
Nazi Party
(Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany
Chancellor of Germany
from 1933 to 1945 and Führer
Führer
("Leader") of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
from 1934 to 1945.[a] As dictator, Hitler
Hitler
initiated World War II
World War II
in Europe with the invasion of Poland in September 1939, and was central to the Holocaust. Hitler
Hitler
was born in Austria—then part of Austria-Hungary—and was raised near Linz. He moved to Germany
Germany
in 1913 and was decorated during his service in the German Army in World War I
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King Abdullah I
Abdullah I bin al-Hussein, King of Jordan
King of Jordan
(Arabic: عبد الله الأول بن الحسين‎, Abd Allāh ibn al-Husayn, February 1882 – 20 July 1951), born in Mecca, Hejaz, Ottoman Empire, was the second of three sons of Hussein bin Ali, Sharif and Emir
Emir
of Mecca
Mecca
and his first wife Abdiyya bint Abdullah (d. 1886). According to Abdullah, he was a 38th-generation direct descendant of Muhammad
Muhammad
as he belongs to the Hashemite
Hashemite
family. He was educated in Constantinople
Constantinople
and Hejaz. From 1909 to 1914, Abdullah sat in the Ottoman legislature, as deputy for Mecca, but allied with Britain during World War I. Between 1916 and 1918, working with the British guerrilla leader T. E
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Pan-Arabism
Pan-Arabism
Pan-Arabism
or Arabism is an ideology espousing the unification of the countries of North Africa and West Asia from the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
to the Arabian Sea, referred to as the Arab world. It is closely connected to Arab nationalism, which asserts that the Arabs
Arabs
constitute a single nation
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Jordan
The Hashemite
Hashemite
Kingdom of Jordan المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية (Arabic) Al-Mamlakah Al-Urdunnīyah Al-HāshimīyahFlagCoat of armsMotto: "God, Country, King" الله، الوطن ، الملك" "Allah, Al-Waṭan, Al-Malik"[1]Anthem: The Royal Anthem of Jordan السلام الملكي الأردني Al-Salam Al-Malaki Al-UrdunniCapital and largest city Amman 31°57′N 35°56′E / 31.950°N 35.933°E / 31.950; 35.933Official languages ArabicEthnic groups98% Arab 1
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Arab League
The Arab
Arab
League (Arabic: الجامعة العربية‎ al-Jāmiʻah al-ʻArabīyah), formally the League of Arab
Arab
States (Arabic: جامعة الدول العربية‎ Jāmiʻat ad-Duwal al-ʻArabīyah), is a regional organization of Arab
Arab
states in and around North Africa, the Horn of Africa
Horn of Africa
and Arabia. It was formed in Cairo
Cairo
on 22 March 1945 with six members: Kingdom of Egypt, Kingdom of Iraq, Transjordan (renamed Jordan
Jordan
in 1949), Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and Syria.[3] Yemen
Yemen
joined as a member on 5 May 1945
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All-Palestine Government
Gaza City, All-Palestine Protectorate
All-Palestine Protectorate
(Sep.-Dec. 1948 Cairo, Kingdom of Egypt
Kingdom of Egypt
(Dec.1948-1952) Cairo, Republic of Egypt
Republic of Egypt
(1952-1959)All-Palestine Government.The All-Palestine Government
All-Palestine Government
(Arabic: حكومة عموم فلسطين‎ Ḥukūmat ‘Umūm Filasṭīn) was established by the Arab League
Arab League
on 22 September 1948 during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War to govern the Egyptian-controlled enclave in Gaza. It was soon recognized by all Arab League
Arab League
members except Transjordan
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