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Haengju Bridge
The HAENGJU BRIDGE crosses the Han River in South Korea
South Korea
and connects the city of Goyang and the district of Gangseo-gu . The first bridge was completed in 1978, but the bridge was very small and increasing developments led to the construction of a new bridge. The 2nd bridge was finished in 1995. On December 16, 2000, the third bridge was completed. Now the original bridge is only used as an emergency road. collapse the Haengju Bridge
Bridge
in 1992 REFERENCES * ^ http://100.naver.com/100.nhn?docid=188306 * v * t * e Bridges over the Han River * Banghwa * Banpo * Cheongdam * Cheonho * Dangsan Railway * Dongho * Dongjak * Gangdong * Gayang * Gimpo * Gwangjin * Haengju * Hangang Railway * Hangang * Hannam * Ilsan * Jamsil * Jamsil Railway * Jamsu * Magok Railway * Mapo * Misa * Olympic * Paldang * Seogang * Seongsan * Seongsu * Wonhyo * Yanghwa * Yeongdong This article about a specific bridge or group of bridges in South Korea is a stub . You can help by expanding it . * v * t * e Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Haengju_ Bridge
Bridge
additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Hangul
The KOREAN ALPHABET, 한글 , known as HANGUL in South Korea (also transcribed HANGEUL) and as 조선글(CHOSŏN\'GŭL) /조선문자(CHOSŏN MUNTCHA) in North Korea , is the alphabet that has been used to write the Korean language since the 15th century. It was created in 1443 under King Sejong the Great during the Joseon Dynasty . Now the alphabet is the official script of both South Korea and North Korea, and co-official in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County of China's Jilin Province . In South Korea, primarily Hangul is used to write the Korean language, as using Hanja ( Chinese characters ) in typical Korean writing fell out of common usage during the late 1990s. In its classical and modern forms, the alphabet has 19 consonant and 21 vowel letters. However, instead of being written sequentially like the letters of the Latin script, Hangul letters are grouped into blocks, such as 한 _han_, each of which transcribes a syllable . That is, although the syllable 한 _han_ may look like a single character, it is actually composed of three letters: _h_, _a_, and ㄴ _n_. Each syllabic block consists of two to six letters, including at least one consonant and one vowel . These blocks are then arranged horizontally from left to right or vertically from top to bottom
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Hanja
HANJA ( Hangul : 한자; Hanja: 漢字; Korean pronunciation: ) is the Korean name for Chinese characters (Chinese : 漢字; pinyin : _hànzì_). More specifically, it refers to those Chinese characters borrowed from Chinese and incorporated into the Korean language with Korean pronunciation . _Hanja-mal_ or _hanja-eo _ refers to words that can be written with hanja, and _hanmun_ (한문, 漢文) refers to Classical Chinese writing, although "hanja" is sometimes used loosely to encompass these other concepts. Because hanja never underwent major reform, they are almost entirely identical to traditional Chinese and _kyūjitai _ characters. Only a small number of hanja characters are modified or unique to Korean. By contrast, many of the Chinese characters currently in use in Japan and Mainland China have been simplified, and contain fewer strokes than the corresponding hanja characters. Although a phonetic Korean alphabet, now known as hangul , had been created by a team of scholars commissioned in the 1440s by King Sejong the Great , it did not come into widespread use until the late 19th and early 20th century. Thus, until that time it was necessary to be fluent in reading and writing hanja in order to be literate in Korean, as the vast majority of Korean literature and most other Korean documents were written in hanja
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Revised Romanization Of Korean
The REVISED ROMANIZATION OF KOREAN (국어의 로마자 표기법; _gugeoui romaja pyogibeop_; lit. "Roman-letter notation of the national language") is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea
South Korea
proclaimed by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism to replace the older McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
system. The new system eliminates diacritics in favor of digraphs and adheres more closely to Korean phonology than to a suggestive rendition of Korean phonetics for non-native speakers. The Revised Romanization limits itself to the ISO basic Latin alphabet , apart from limited, often optional use of the hyphen . It was developed by the National Academy of the Korean Language from 1995 and was released to the public on 7 July 2000 by South Korea's Ministry of Culture and Tourism in Proclamation No
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Mccune–reischauer
MCCUNE–REISCHAUER ROMANIZATION ( /məˈkuːn ˈraɪ.ʃaʊ.ər/ ) is one of the two most widely used Korean language romanization systems. A modified version of McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
was the official romanization system in South Korea
South Korea
until 2000, when it was replaced by the Revised Romanization of Korean system. A variant of McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
is still used as the official system in North Korea . The system was created in 1937 by George M. McCune and Edwin O. Reischauer . With a few exceptions, it attempts not to transliterate Korean hangul but to represent the phonetic pronunciation. McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
is widely used outside Korea. CONTENTS * 1 Characteristics and criticism * 2 Guide * 2.1 Vowels * 2.2 Consonants * 2.3 Examples * 2.3.1 Exceptions that do not exactly follow pronunciation * 3 North Korean variant * 4 South Korean variant * 5 Other systems * 6 See also * 7 Footnotes * 8 External links CHARACTERISTICS AND CRITICISMKorean has phonologically no distinction between voiced and voiceless consonants, but it phonetically distinguishes them
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Han River (Korea)
The HAN RIVER or HANGANG (Korean pronunciation: ) is a major river in South Korea
South Korea
and the fourth longest river on the Korean peninsula after the Amnok (Yalu), Tuman (Tumen), and Nakdong rivers. The river begins as two smaller rivers in the eastern mountains of the Korean peninsula, which then converge near Seoul
Seoul
, the capital of the country. The Han River and its surrounding area have played an important role in Korean history. The Three Kingdoms of Korea strove to take control of this land, where the river was used as a trade route to China (via the Yellow Sea). However, the river is no longer actively used for navigation, because its estuary is located at the borders of the two Koreas , barred for entrance by any civilian. The river serves as a water source for over 12 million Koreans. In July 2000, the US military
US military
admitted to having dumped toxic chemicals in the river; causing protests. Currently, the lower stretches of the Han river are lined with pedestrian walkways, bicycle paths, public parks and restaurants, particularly in Seoul. In a 2011 survey conducted by Seoul
Seoul
Development Institute of 800 residents and 103 urban planning and architectural experts, 51.3 percent of residents and 68.9 percent of experts voted the river the second most scenic location in the city, following Mount Namsan in the top spot
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South Korea
Coordinates : 36°N 128°E / 36°N 128°E / 36; 128 Republic
Republic
of Korea 대한민국 大韓民國 _DAEHAN MINGUK_ _ Flag Emblem MOTTO: "홍익인간 (弘益人間) " (Korean ) (de facto _) "Benefit broadly in the human world/Devotion to the Welfare of Humanity" ANTHEM: Aegukga "애국가 (愛國歌)" (Korean ) (_de facto _) "Patriotic Song" GOVERNMENT EMBLEM 대한민국정부 상징문양 (Korean) Government Emblem of South Korea
Korea
Area controlled by the Republic
Republic
of Korea
Korea
shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green
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Goyang
GOYANG (_Goyang-si_; Korean pronunciation: ) is a city in Gyeonggi-do in the north of South Korea
South Korea
. It is part of the Seoul Capital Area , making Goyang
Goyang
one of Seoul
Seoul
's satellite cities . It is one of the largest cities in the Seoul
Seoul
Capital Area, with a population of just over 1 million. The city is the site of the Ilsan New Town , a planned city surrounding the Ilsandong-gu and Ilsanseo-gu districts of Goyang. Several institutions of higher learning are located in Goyang. These include Agricultural Cooperative College , Korea Aerospace University , and Transnational Law and Business University . In sports, the city is home to the Asia League Ice Hockey
Asia League Ice Hockey
team High1 . The Challengers League football team Goyang Citizen FC and the Korean Basketball League team Goyang Orion Orions are also based in the city
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Gangseo-gu, Seoul
GANGSEO DISTRICT (GANGSEO-GU) is one of the 25 wards (gu) of Seoul
Seoul
, South Korea
South Korea
. It is located on the south side of the Han River . Gimpo Airport is in Gonghang-dong, where many flights fly to cities like Busan
Busan
, Jeju , and Gwangju
Gwangju
. The head of this district is Noh hyunsong (노현송) since July 2010
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Bridge
A BRIDGE is a structure built to span physical obstacles without closing the way underneath such as a body of water , valley , or road , for the purpose of providing passage over the obstacle. There are many different designs that each serve a particular purpose and apply to different situations. Designs of bridges vary depending on the function of the bridge, the nature of the terrain where the bridge is constructed and anchored, the material used to make it, and the funds available to build it. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 History * 3 Types of bridges * 3.1 Structure type * 3.2 Fixed or movable bridges * 3.3 Double-decked bridges * 3.4 Viaducts * 3.5 Three-way bridges * 3.6 Bridge types by use * 3.7 Bridge types by material * 4 Aesthetics * 5 Bridge maintenance * 6 Bridge failures * 7 Bridge monitoring * 8 Visual index * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 Further reading * 12 External links ETYMOLOGYThe _ Oxford English Dictionary _ traces the origin of the word _bridge_ to an Old English word _brycg_, of the same meaning. The word can be traced directly back to Proto-Indo-European _*bʰrēw-._ The word for the card game of the same name has a different origin. HISTORYThe first bridges made by humans were probably spans of cut wooden logs or planks and eventually stones, using a simple support and crossbeam arrangement
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Banghwa Bridge
The BANGHWA BRIDGE crosses the Han River in South Korea
South Korea
and connects the Gangseo-gu in Seoul
Seoul
and Goyang in Gyeonggi Province . The bridge is a part of the Incheon International Airport Expressway . At over 2.5 km in length, it is the longest bridge to cross the Han River. Though mostly a girder bridge , the middle 540m section is an arch truss , resembling the shape of an airplane taking off. REFERENCES * ^ A B C 방화대교. DOOPEDIA (IN KOREAN). NAVER. RETRIEVED 20 JANUARY 2014. * ^ "Banghwa Bridge". Poong Lim Industrial. Retrieved 20 January 2014. * ^ 방화대교. Naver / Encyclopedia of Korean Culture (in Korean). Naver. Retrieved 20 January 2014. * v * t * e Bridges over the Han River * Banghwa * Banpo * Cheongdam * Cheonho * Dangsan Railway * Dongho * Dongjak * Gangdong * Gayang * Gimpo * Gwangjin * Haengju * Hangang Railway * Hangang * Hannam * Ilsan * Jamsil * Jamsil Railway * Jamsu * Magok Railway * Mapo * Misa * Olympic * Paldang * Seogang * Seongsan * Seongsu * Wonhyo * Yanghwa * Yeongdong Coordinates : 37°35′17″N 126°49′35″E / 37.58806°N 126.82639°E / 37.58806; 126.82639 This article about a specific bridge or group of bridges in South Korea is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Banpo Bridge
The BANPO BRIDGE (Korean : 반포대교; Hanja : 盤浦大橋) is a major bridge in downtown Seoul
Seoul
over the Han River , South Korea
South Korea
, connecting the Seocho and Yongsan districts. The bridge is on top of Jamsu Bridge
Bridge
, forming the upper half of a double-deck bridge; it is the first double deck bridge built in South Korea. During periods of high rainfall, the Jamsu Bridge
Bridge
is designed to submerge as the water level of the river rises, as the lower deck lies close to the waterline. The bridge was built as a girder bridge and was completed in 1982. MOONLIGHT RAINBOW FOUNTAINThe MOONLIGHT RAINBOW FOUNTAIN (Korean : 달빛무지개 분수) is the world's longest bridge fountain that set a Guinness World Record with nearly 10,000 LED
LED
nozzles that run along both sides that is 1,140m long, shooting out 190 tons of water per minute. Installed in September 2009 on the Banpo Bridge, former mayor of Seoul
Seoul
Oh Se-hoon declared that the bridge will further beautify the city and showcase Seoul's eco-friendliness, as the water is pumped directly from the river itself and continuously recycled. The bridge has 38 water pumps and 380 nozzles on either side, which draw 190 tons of water per minute from the river 20 meters below the deck, and shoots as far as 43 meters horizontally. REFERENCES * ^ A B 반포대교
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Cheongdam Bridge
CHEONGDAM BRIDGE (Korean : 청담대교) is a bridge over the Han River in Seoul
Seoul
, South Korea
South Korea
. It is the 18th bridge to be constructed over the river. The bridge links the Gwangjin and Gangnam districts. It carries a section of Line 7 of the Seoul
Seoul
Subway , between Cheongdam Station and Ttukseom Resort Station , on its underside, making it the first "duplex bridge" in South Korea. The road portion is a part of the Dongbu Expressway, which limits the bridge to motor traffic only. REFERENCES * ^ A B 청담대교 . DOOPEDIA (IN KOREAN). NAVER. RETRIEVED 20 JANUARY 2014. * ^ 청담대교 . Encyclopedia of Korean Culture (in Korean). Naver. Retrieved 20 January 2014. * v * t * e Bridges over the Han River * Banghwa * Banpo * Cheongdam * Cheonho * Dangsan Railway * Dongho * Dongjak * Gangdong * Gayang * Gimpo * Gwangjin * Haengju * Hangang Railway * Hangang * Hannam * Ilsan * Jamsil * Jamsil Railway * Jamsu * Magok Railway * Mapo * Misa * Olympic * Paldang * Seogang * Seongsan * Seongsu * Wonhyo * Yanghwa * Yeongdong Coordinates : 37°31′34″N 127°03′51″E / 37.52611°N 127.06417°E / 37.52611; 127.06417 This article about a specific bridge or group of bridges in South Korea is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Cheonho Bridge
The CHEONHO BRIDGE crosses the Han River in South Korea
South Korea
and connects the districts of Gangdong-gu and Gwangjin-gu . The bridge was completed on July 5, 1976. The bridge was built to relieve the heavy traffic on the Gwangjin Bridge , but by 1986 the bridge was experiencing much traffic itself. This was resolved by building the Olympic Bridge in 1988. REFERENCES * ^ A B 천호대교. NAVER / ENCYCLOPEDIA OF KOREAN CULTURE (IN KOREAN). NAVER. RETRIEVED 18 JANUARY 2014. * ^ 천호대교. Doopedia (in Korean). Naver. Retrieved 18 January 2014. * v * t * e Bridges over the Han River * Banghwa * Banpo * Cheongdam * Cheonho * Dangsan Railway * Dongho * Dongjak * Gangdong * Gayang * Gimpo * Gwangjin * Haengju * Hangang Railway * Hangang * Hannam * Ilsan * Jamsil * Jamsil Railway * Jamsu * Magok Railway * Mapo * Misa * Olympic * Paldang * Seogang * Seongsan * Seongsu * Wonhyo * Yanghwa * Yeongdong Coordinates : 37°32′34.36″N 127°6′43.46″E / 37.5428778°N 127.1120722°E / 37.5428778; 127.1120722 This article about a specific bridge or group of bridges in South Korea is a stub . You can help by expanding it . * v * t * e Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cheonho_ Bridge
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Dangsan Railway Bridge
The DANGSAN RAILWAY BRIDGE (당산철교) crosses the Han River in Seoul . It is used exclusively by Seoul Subway Line 2 . Immediately on the south side of the bridge is Dangsan Station in Yeongdeungpo-gu , which is on an elevated platform. Hapjeong Station , a subterranean station in Mapo-gu , is located approximately 600 meters north of where the bridge makes landfall. After the partial collapse of Seongsu Bridge , every bridge in Seoul was re-examined for safety and it was decided that Dangsan Bridge should be taken down and rebuilt. Amid considerable controversy, this bridge was closed for reconstruction on December 31, 1996. The reconstruction finished on November 22, 1999. Engineering Supervision by: Daniel Mann Johnson SEE ALSO * List of Korea-related topics * List of Han River bridges * Seongsu Bridge * v * t * e Bridges over the Han River * Banghwa * Banpo * Cheongdam * Cheonho * Dangsan Railway * Dongho * Dongjak * Gangdong * Gayang * Gimpo * Gwangjin * Haengju * Hangang Railway * Hangang * Hannam * Ilsan * Jamsil * Jamsil Railway * Jamsu * Magok Railway * Mapo * Misa * Olympic * Paldang * Seogang * Seongsan * Seongsu * Wonhyo * Yanghwa * Yeongdong Coordinates : 37°32′27″N 126°54′29″E / 37.54083°N 126.90806°E / 37.54083; 126.90806 This article about a specific bridge or group of bridges in South Korea is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Dongho Bridge
DONGHO BRIDGE (Korean : 동호대교) is a bridge over the Han River in Seoul , South Korea . It carries road traffic and Seoul Subway Line 3 , and Oksu Station is located at the northern end of this bridge. * v * t * e Bridges over the Han River * Banghwa * Banpo * Cheongdam * Cheonho * Dangsan Railway * Dongho * Dongjak * Gangdong * Gayang * Gimpo * Gwangjin * Haengju * Hangang Railway * Hangang * Hannam * Ilsan * Jamsil * Jamsil Railway * Jamsu * Magok Railway * Mapo * Misa * Olympic * Paldang * Seogang * Seongsan * Seongsu * Wonhyo * Yanghwa * Yeongdong Coordinates : 37°32′09″N 127°01′17″E / 37.53583°N 127.02139°E / 37.53583; 127.02139 This article about a specific bridge or group of bridges in South Korea is a stub . You can help by expanding it . * v * t * e Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dongho_Bridge additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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