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Gyeonggi
GYEONGGI-DO ( Hangul
Hangul
: 경기도, Korean pronunciation: ) is the most populous province in South Korea
South Korea
. Its name, Gyeonggi means "the area surrounding capital". Thus Gyeonggi-do can be translated as "province surrounding Seoul". The provincial capital is Suwon
Suwon
. Seoul
Seoul
—South Korea's largest city and national capital—is in the heart of the province but has been separately administered as a provincial-level special city since 1946. Incheon
Incheon
—South Korea's third largest city—is on the coast of the province and has been similarly administered as a provincial-level metropolitan city since 1981. The three jurisdictions are collectively referred to as Sudogwon
Sudogwon
and cover 11,730 km2, with a combined population of 25.5 million—amounting to over half of the entire population of South Korea
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Wiryeseong
Coordinates : 37°31′50.25″N 127°7′0.62″E / 37.5306250°N 127.1168389°E / 37.5306250; 127.1168389 Wiryeseong The remains of Pungnap Toseong
Pungnap Toseong
, located in Songpa-gu , Seoul
Seoul
, which is widely believed to be the site of Wiryeseong
Wiryeseong
(May 2004). KOREAN NAME HANGUL 위례성 HANJA 慰禮城 REVISED ROMANIZATION Wiryeseong MCCUNE–REISCHAUER WiryesŏngWIRYESEONG was the name of two early capitals of Baekje
Baekje
, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea
Three Kingdoms of Korea
. Both are believed to have been in the modern-day Seoul
Seoul
area
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Silla
SILLA (57 BC – 935 AD) ( Hangul
Hangul
: 신라; Hanja
Hanja
: 新羅; RR : Silla
Silla
Korean pronunciation: ) was a kingdom located in southern and central parts of the Korean Peninsula
Korean Peninsula
. It was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea
Korea
, together with Baekje
Baekje
and Goguryeo
Goguryeo
. Silla
Silla
was also one of the world's longest sustained dynasties . Although it was founded by King Park Hyeokgeose , the dynasty was ruled by the Gyeongju
Gyeongju
Kim (김, 金) clan for most of its 992-year history
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Baekje
BAEKJE (백제; 百濟; ; 18 BC – 660 AD) was a kingdom located in southwest Korea. It was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea
Three Kingdoms of Korea
, together with Goguryeo and Silla . Baekje
Baekje
was founded by Onjo , the third son of Goguryeo's founder Jumong and So Seo-no , at Wiryeseong (present-day southern Seoul
Seoul
). Baekje, like Goguryeo, claimed to succeed Buyeo , a state established in present-day Manchuria
Manchuria
around the time of Gojoseon
Gojoseon
's fall. Baekje
Baekje
alternately battled and allied with Goguryeo and Silla as the three kingdoms expanded control over the peninsula
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Onjo Of Baekje
ONJO (?–28, r. 18 BC–AD 28 ) was the founding monarch of Baekje (백제,百濟), one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea
Three Kingdoms of Korea
. According to the Samguk Sagi
Samguk Sagi
(삼국사기, 三國史記), he was the ancestor of all Baekje
Baekje
kings. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Founding and Expansion of Baekje
Baekje
* 3 Death and succession * 4 Samguk Sagi
Samguk Sagi
* 5 Family * 6 Popular culture * 7 See also * 8 References BACKGROUNDThere are a few theories and legends of Onjo's parentage. One is that he was the third son of King Dongmyeong (Jumong), the founder of the northern Korean kingdom Goguryeo
Goguryeo
. He was the younger brother of Yuri , who became Goguryeo's second king, and younger brother of Biryu who built small state in Michuhol
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Three Kingdoms Of Korea
The concept of the THREE KINGDOMS OF KOREA ( Hangul : 삼국시대; Hanja
Hanja
: 三國時代) refers to the three kingdoms of Baekje (百濟), Silla (新羅) and Goguryeo
Goguryeo
(高句麗). Goguryeo
Goguryeo
was later known as Goryeo
Goryeo
(高麗), from which the modern name Korea is derived. The Three Kingdoms period was defined as being from 57 BC to 668 AD (but there existed about 78 tribal states in the southern region of Korean peninsula and relatively big states like Okjeo , Buyeo , and Dongye in its northern part and Manchuria). The three kingdoms occupied the entire Korean Peninsula and most of Manchuria
Manchuria
, located in present-day China
China
and Russia
Russia

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Jinheung Of Silla
JINHEUNG OF SILLA (526 – 576; reign 540 – 576) was the 24th monarch of Silla
Silla
, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea
Three Kingdoms of Korea
. He followed King Beopheung (r. 514–540) and was followed by King Jinji (r. 576–579). Jinheung was the nephew / grandson of King Beopheung. King Jinheung was one of the greatest kings of Silla, and was responsible for expanding Silla
Silla
territory immensely. He and King Seong 26th king of Baekje, struggled with each other over the Han River valley. Jinheung won this struggle and expanded Silla's territory immensely
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Later Silla
LATER SILLA (668–935, Hangul
Hangul
: 후신라; Hanja
Hanja
: 後新羅; RR : Hushila, Korean pronunciation: ) or UNIFIED SILLA ( Hangul
Hangul
: 통일신라; Hanja
Hanja
: 統一新羅, Korean pronunciation: ) is the name often applied to the Korean kingdom of Silla
Silla
, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea , after it conquered Baekje
Baekje
and Goguryeo
Goguryeo
in the 7th century, unifying the central and southern regions of the Korean peninsula . Later Silla
Silla
was a prosperous and wealthy country, and its metropolitan capital of Seorabeol (modern name Gyeongju) was the fourth-largest city in the world at the time. During its heyday, the country contested with Balhae
Balhae
, a Goguryeo–Mohe kingdom, to the north for supremacy in the region
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Ongjin County, Incheon
ONGJIN COUNTY is a county in Incheon
Incheon
Metropolitan City, South Korea
South Korea
. It consists of a group of islands in the Yellow Sea
Yellow Sea
(West Sea). Four of the islands, Yeonpyeong Island , Baengnyeong , Daecheong , and Socheong Islands , are very near the Northern Limit Line . They are close to the Ongjin Peninsula of South Hwanghae Province in North Korea , at a considerable distance from the nearest part of the South Korean mainland. These islands are popular destinations for tourism . In historical contexts these three islands and their smaller neighbors are sometimes known as the Sir James Hall Group after Sir James Hall , whose son Basil Hall was an early Western visitor to Korea
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Ganghwa County
GANGHWA COUNTY is a county in Incheon
Incheon
Metropolitan City, South Korea , where Ganghwa Island
Ganghwa Island
, as well the minor islands around it, is located. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Climate * 3 Speciality * 4 World Heritages * 5 Administrative Divisions of Ganghwa-gun * 6 Sister cities * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORYGanghwa has been recognized as preserved most important history of peninsula from the prehistoric age to modern times. Relics and remains of prehistoric age, old stone age and new stone age were found of their various vestiges in Jangjeongni, Sagiri, Dongmangni and others respectively in the symbolic huge stone relics of Bronze Age, more than 80 dolmens were discovered in the vicinity of Bugeunni and neighbouring area, of which giant tombs revealed the existence of inhabitant there
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North Korea
Coordinates : 40°00′N 127°00′E / 40.000°N 127.000°E / 40.000; 127.000 Democratic People's Republic
Republic
of Korea 조선민주주의인민공화국 朝鮮民主主義人民共和國 CHOSŏN MINJUJUŭI INMIN KONGHWAGUK Flag Emblem MOTTO: Chosŏn\'gŭl : 강성대국; MR : Kangsŏng Daeguk " Powerful and Prosperous Nation " ANTHEM: * "
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Hyeonjong Of Goryeo
HYEONJONG OF GORYEO (1 August 992 – 17 June 1031, r. 1009–1031) was the 8th ruler of the Goryeo
Goryeo
dynasty of Korea
Korea
. He was a grandson of King Taejo . He was appointed by the military leader Gang Jo , whom the previous King Mokjong had called upon to destroy a plot by Kim Chi-yang . In 1010, The Khitan attacked again during an internal Goryeo
Goryeo
power struggle. Hyeonjong was forced to flee the capital temporarily, Hyeonjong directed the court to move far south to the port city of Naju . But Goryeo
Goryeo
repulsed the khitan attack. Finally, Khitan forces withdrew. In 1019, when Goryeo
Goryeo
continued to refuse to submit or return the northern territories, the Khitan attacked once more
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Taejo Of Goryeo
TAEJO OF GORYEO (31 January 877 – 4 July 943), also known as TAEJO WANG GEON (WANG KǒN, 왕건), was the founder of the Goryeo
Goryeo
Dynasty, which ruled Korea
Korea
from the 10th to the 14th century. Taejo ruled from 918 to 943. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Rise to power * 3 Rise to the throne and founding of Goryeo
Goryeo
* 4 The War of the Later Three Kingdoms * 5 Goryeo
Goryeo
victory and unification * 6 Legacy * 7 Family * 8 Popular culture * 9 Notes * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 External links BACKGROUNDTaejo was born in 877 to a prominent merchant family at Songdo (modern Kaesong
Kaesong
), who controlled trade on the Yeseong River . His father, Wang Yung (왕륭, 王隆), gained much wealth from trade with China
China

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Hangul
The KOREAN ALPHABET, known as HANGUL in South Korea
South Korea
(also transcribed HANGEUL) and as CHOSŏN\'GŭL/CHOSŏN MUNTCHA in North Korea
North Korea
, is the alphabet that has been used to write the Korean language since the 15th century. It was created in 1443 under King Sejong the Great during the Joseon Dynasty . Now the alphabet is the official script of both South Korea
South Korea
and North Korea, and co-official in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County of China's Jilin
Jilin
Province . In South Korea, primarily Hangul
Hangul
is used to write the Korean language, as using Hanja
Hanja
( Chinese characters ) in typical Korean writing fell out of common usage during the late 1990s. In its classical and modern forms, the alphabet has 19 consonant and 21 vowel letters
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Goguryeo
GOGURYEO (고구려; 高句麗; , 37 BCE–668 CE), also called GORYEO (고려; 高麗; ), was a kingdom located in northern and central parts of the Korean Peninsula
Korean Peninsula
and southern Manchuria
Manchuria
. It was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea
Three Kingdoms of Korea
, together with Baekje
Baekje
and Silla . Goguryeo
Goguryeo
was an active participant in the power struggle for control of the Korean peninsula
Korean peninsula
and was also associated with the foreign affairs of neighboring polities in China
China
and Japan
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Bareun Party
The BAREUN PARTY ( Hangul
Hangul
: 바른정당; Hanja
Hanja
: 바른政黨; RR : Bareunjeongdang; lit. RIGHTEOUS POLITICAL PARTY) is a centre-right political party in South Korea
South Korea
, announced on 27 December 2016 with the defection of 29 anti-Park Saenuri Party lawmakers, it was known as the CONSERVATIVE NEW PARTY FOR REFORM until January 8, 2017. The party was formed following a pro- Park Geun-hye
Park Geun-hye
MP becoming the new Saenuri Party's floor leader in the National Assembly , the pro-Park assembly groups wanted to force MPs to vote against the motion of Impeachment of