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Gyeonggi
Gyeonggi-do (Hangul: 경기도, Korean pronunciation: [kjʌŋ.ɡi.do]) is the most populous province in South Korea. Its name, Gyeonggi means "the area surrounding capital". Thus Gyeonggi-do can be translated as "province surrounding Seoul". The provincial capital is Suwon. Seoul—South Korea's largest city and national capital—is in the heart of the province but has been separately administered as a provincial-level special city since 1946. Incheon—South Korea's third-largest city—is on the coast of the province and has been similarly administered as a provincial-level metropolitan city since 1981
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Goguryeo
Goguryeo
Goguryeo
(고구려; 高句麗; [ko.ɡu.ɾjʌ], 37 BCE[note 1]–668 CE), also called Goryeo
Goryeo
(고려; 高麗; [ko.ɾjʌ]) was a Korean kingdom[3][4][5][6][7] located in the northern and central parts of the Korean Peninsula
Korean Peninsula
and the southern and central parts of Manchuria. Along with Baekje
Baekje
and Silla, Goguryeo
Goguryeo
was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea
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Ongjin County, Incheon
Ongjin County is a county in Incheon
Incheon
Metropolitan City, South Korea. It consists of a group of islands in the Yellow Sea
Yellow Sea
(West Sea). Four of the islands, Yeonpyeong
Yeonpyeong
Island, Baengnyeong, Daecheong, and Socheong Islands, are very near the Northern Limit Line. They are close to the Ongjin Peninsula
Ongjin Peninsula
of South Hwanghae
South Hwanghae
Province in North Korea, at a considerable distance from the nearest part of the South Korean mainland
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Taejo Of Goryeo
Taejo of Goryeo
Goryeo
(31 January 877 – 4 July 943), also known as Taejo Wang Geon (Wang Kǒn, 왕건), was the founder of the Goryeo
Goryeo
dynasty, which ruled Korea
Korea
from the 10th to the 14th century. Taejo ruled from 918 to 943, achieving unification of the Later Three Kingdoms in 936.Contents1 Background 2 Rise to power 3 Rise to the throne and founding of Goryeo 4 The War of the Later Three Kingdoms 5 Goryeo
Goryeo
victory and unification 6 Legacy 7 Family 8 Popular culture 9 Notes 10 See also 11 References 12 External linksBackground[edit] Wang Geon was born in 877 to a powerful maritime merchant family based in Songak (modern Kaesong) as the eldest son of Wang Ryung (Hangul: 왕륭; Hanja: 王隆)
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Later Silla
Later Silla
Silla
(668–935, Hangul: 후신라; Hanja: 後新羅; RR: Husilla, Korean pronunciation: [huː.ɕil.la]) or Unified Silla
Silla
(Hangul: 통일신라; Hanja: 統一新羅, Korean pronunciation: [tʰoːŋ.il.ɕil.la]) is the name often applied to the Korean kingdom of Silla, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, after it conquered Baekje
Baekje
and Goguryeo
Goguryeo
in the 7th century, unifying the central and southern regions of the Korean peninsula. Later Silla
Silla
was a prosperous and wealthy country,[2] and its metropolitan capital of Seorabeol
Seorabeol
(modern name Gyeongju)[3] was the fourth-largest city in the world at the time.[4][5][6][7] During its heyday, the country contested with Balhae, a Goguryeo–Mohe kingdom, to the north for supremacy in the region
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Jinheung Of Silla
Jinheung of Silla
Silla
(526 – 576; reign 540 – 576) was the 24th monarch of Silla,[1] one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. He followed King Beopheung (r. 514–540) and was followed by King Jinji (r. 576–579). Jinheung was the nephew / grandson of King Beopheung. King Jinheung
King Jinheung
was one of the greatest kings of Silla, and was responsible for expanding Silla
Silla
territory immensely. He and King Seong 26th king of Baekje, struggled with each other over the Han River valley. Jinheung won this struggle and expanded Silla's territory immensely.Contents1 Rise to the throne 2 Expansion 3 Death and succession 4 Family 5 Legacy 6 Popular culture 7 See also 8 ReferencesRise to the throne[edit] King Jinheung
King Jinheung
of Silla
Silla
rose to the throne at a young age when his predecessor and paternal uncle / maternal grandfather, Beopheung, died
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Silla
Silla
Silla
(57 BC[note 1] – 935 AD) (Hangul: 신라; Hanja: 新羅; RR:  Silla
Silla
Korean pronunciation: [ɕil.la]) was a kingdom located in southern and central parts of the Korean Peninsula. Silla, along with Baekje
Baekje
and Goguryeo, formed the Three Kingdoms of Korea. Founded by Hyeokgeose of Silla, the dynasty was ruled by the Gyeongju Gim (Kim) (김, 金) clan for most of its 992-year history. It began as a chiefdom in the Samhan
Samhan
confederacies, once allied with China, until it eventually conquered the other two kingdoms, Baekje
Baekje
in 660 and Goguryeo
Goguryeo
in 668. Thereafter, Later Silla
Later Silla
occupied most of the Korean Peninsula, while the northern part re-emerged as Balhae, a successor-state of Goguryeo
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Wiryeseong
Coordinates: 37°31′50.25″N 127°7′0.62″E / 37.5306250°N 127.1168389°E / 37.5306250; 127.1168389WiryeseongThe remains of Pungnap Toseong, located in Songpa-gu, Seoul, which is widely believed to be the site of Wiryeseong
Wiryeseong
(May 2004).Korean nameHangul 위례성Hanja 慰禮城Revised Romanization WiryeseongMcCune–Reischauer Wiryesŏng Wiryeseong
Wiryeseong
was the name of two early capitals of Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. Both are believed to have been in the modern-day Seoul
Seoul
area
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Baekje
Baekje
Baekje
(백제; 百濟; [pɛk̚.t͈ɕe]; 18 BC[1] – 660 AD) was a kingdom located in southwest Korea. It was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, together with Goguryeo
Goguryeo
and Silla. Baekje
Baekje
was founded by Onjo, the third son of Goguryeo's founder Jumong and So Seo-no, at Wiryeseong
Wiryeseong
(present-day southern Seoul). Baekje, like Goguryeo, claimed to succeed Buyeo, a state established in present-day Manchuria
Manchuria
around the time of Gojoseon's fall. Baekje
Baekje
alternately battled and allied with Goguryeo
Goguryeo
and Silla
Silla
as the three kingdoms expanded control over the peninsula
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Onjo Of Baekje
Onjo (?–28, r. 18 BC–AD 28[1]) was the founding monarch of Baekje (백제,百濟), one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.[2] According to the Samguk Sagi
Samguk Sagi
(삼국사기, 三國史記), he was the ancestor of all Baekje
Baekje
kings.Contents1 Background 2 Founding and Expansion of Baekje 3 Death and succession 4 Samguk Sagi 5 Family 6 Popular culture 7 See also 8 ReferencesBackground[edit] There are a few theories and legends of Onjo's parentage. One is that he was the third son of King Dongmyeong (Jumong), the founder of the northern Korean kingdom Goguryeo.[3] He was the younger brother of Yuri, who became Goguryeo's second king, and younger brother of Biryu who built small state in Michuhol.[4] The second theory is that he is the son of Wutae, his mother's first husband
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Three Kingdoms Of Korea
The concept of the Three Kingdoms
Three Kingdoms
of Korea (Hangul: 삼국시대) refers to the three kingdoms of Baekje
Baekje
(백제), Silla
Silla
(신라) and Goguryeo
Goguryeo
(고구려). Goguryeo
Goguryeo
was later known as Goryeo
Goryeo
(고려), from which the modern name Korea is derived. The Three Kingdoms
Three Kingdoms
period was defined as being from 57 BC to 668 AD (but there existed about 78 tribal states in the southern region of Korean peninsula and relatively big states like Okjeo, Buyeo, and Dongye
Dongye
in its northern part and Manchuria). The three kingdoms occupied the entire Korean Peninsula
Korean Peninsula
and most of Manchuria, located in present-day China
China
and Russia
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North Korea
Coordinates: 40°00′N 127°00′E / 40.000°N 127.000°E / 40.000; 127.000Democratic People's Republic of Korea 조선민주주의인민공화국 Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin KonghwagukFlagEmblemAnthem: "Aegukka" Korean: 애국가, The Patriotic SongArea controlled by the North Korean state are shown in dark green; North Korean-claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.Status Sovereign stateCapital and largest city Pyongyang 39°2′N 125°45′E / 39.033°N 125.750°E / 39.033; 125.750Official languages Korean[1]Official script Chosŏn'gŭl[2]DemonymNorth Korean KoreanGovernment Unitary one-party Juche
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Hangul
Hangul
Hangul
(/ˈhɑːnˌɡuːl/ HAHN-gool;[1] from Korean hangeul 한글 [ha(ː)n.ɡɯl]) is the Korean alphabet. It has been used to write the Korean language
Korean language
since its creation in the 15th century under Sejong the Great.[2][3] It is the official writing system of South Korea
South Korea
and North Korea. It is a co-official writing system in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County
Changbai Korean Autonomous County
in Jilin
Jilin
Province, China. It is sometimes used to write the Cia-Cia language
Cia-Cia language
spoken near the town of Bau-Bau, Indonesia. The alphabet consists of 19 consonants and 21 vowels. Hangul
Hangul
letters are grouped into syllabic blocks, vertically and horizontally
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Hyeonjong Of Goryeo
Hyeonjong of Goryeo
Goryeo
(1 August 992 – 17 June 1031, r. 1009–1031) was the 8th ruler of the Goryeo
Goryeo
dynasty of Korea. He was a grandson of King Taejo. He was appointed by the military leader Gang Jo, whom the previous King Mokjong had called upon to destroy a plot by Kim Chi-yang. In 1010, The Khitan attacked again during an internal Goryeo
Goryeo
power struggle. Hyeonjong was forced to flee the capital temporarily, Hyeonjong directed the court to move far south to the port city of Naju. But Goryeo
Goryeo
repulsed the khitan attack. Finally, Khitan forces withdrew. In 1019, when Goryeo
Goryeo
continued to refuse to submit or return the northern territories, the Khitan attacked once more. Goryeo
Goryeo
generals, including Gang Gam-chan, were able to inflict heavy losses on the Khitan army in the Battle of Kwiju
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ISO 3166
ISO 3166 is a standard published by the International Organization for Standardization
Standardization
(ISO) that defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, special areas of geographical interest, and their principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states). The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions.Contents1 Parts 2 Editions 3 ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency3.1 Members4 See also 5 References 6 External linksParts[edit] It consists of three parts:[1]ISO 3166-1, Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 1: Country
Country
codes, defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest
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Forsythia
Rangium Juss. in G.-F.Cuvier Forsythia
Forsythia
(/fɔːrˈsɪθiə/[2] or /fɔːrˈsaɪθiə/) is a genus of flowering plants in the olive family Oleaceae. There are about 11 species, mostly native to eastern Asia, but one native to southeastern Europe.[1] Forsythia
Forsythia
is also one of the plant's common names, along with Easter tree; the genus is named after William Forsyth.[3][4][5]Contents1 Description 2 Species 3 Garden history 4 Cultivation and uses 5 Gallery 6 References 7 External linksDescription[edit] Forsythia
Forsythia
are deciduous shrubs typically growing to a height of 1–3 m (3 ft 3 in–9 ft 10 in) and, rarely, up to 6 m (20 ft) with rough grey-brown bark
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