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Gyeonggi
GYEONGGI-DO ( Hangul : 경기도, Korean pronunciation: ) is the most populous province in South Korea
South Korea
. Its name, Gyeonggi means "the area surrounding capital". Thus Gyeonggi-do can be translated as "province surrounding Seoul". The provincial capital is Suwon
Suwon
. Seoul
Seoul
—South Korea's largest city and national capital—is in the heart of the province but has been separately administered as a provincial-level special city since 1946. Incheon
Incheon
—South Korea's third largest city—is on the coast of the province and has been similarly administered as a provincial-level metropolitan city since 1981. The three jurisdictions are collectively referred to as Sudogwon
Sudogwon
and cover 11,730 km2, with a combined population of 25.5 million—amounting to over half of the entire population of South Korea
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Gyeonggi Region
South Korea
South Korea
------------------------- MAJOR CITIES Seoul
Seoul
Special City Incheon
Incheon
Metropolitan City Suwon
Suwon
Ansan Anyang Goyang Seongnam
Seongnam
Bucheon Yongin
Yongin
POPULATION (2016) • METRO 25,514,000 • PERCENTAGE OF SOUTH KOREA\'S TOTAL POPULATION ~50% (50,100,000) SMA = Seoul
Seoul
(10 mil.) + Incheon
Incheon
(3 mil.) + Gyeonggi (12 mil.) GDP(NOMINAL) USD
USD
0.77 trillion(2015) GDP PER CAPITA(NOMINAL) USD
USD
30,000(2015) Seoul
Seoul
Capital Area HANGUL 수도권 HANJA 首都圈 REVISED ROMANIZATION Sudogwon MCCUNE–REISCHAUER Sudokwŏn THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS KOREAN TEXT
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Provinces Of South Korea
PROVINCES are one of the first-level divisions within South Korea . There are 9 provinces in South Korea: North Chungcheong , South Chungcheong , Gangwon , Gyeonggi , North Gyeongsang , South Gyeongsang , North Jeolla , South Jeolla , and Jeju Special Self-Governing Province . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Types * 3 Administration * 4 List of provinces * 5 Claimed provinces * 6 See also * 7 References HISTORY Main article: Provinces of Korea Although the details of local administration have changed dramatically over time, the basic outline of the current three-tiered system was implemented under the reign of Gojong in 1895. A similar system also remains in use in North Korea . TYPESProvinces (도, 道) are the highest-ranked administrative divisions in South Korea. Along with the common provinces, there are four types of special administrative divisions with equal status: special autonomous province, special city, metropolitan city, and special autonomous city . A special autonomous province (특별자치도, 特別自治道) is a province with more autonomy over its economy and more powers are given to the provincial government. Jeju is the only special autonomous province, while Seoul is the only special city and Sejong is the only special autonomous city. ADMINISTRATIONGovernors for the provinces and mayors for the special/metropolitan cities are elected every four years
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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South Korea
Coordinates : 36°N 128°E / 36°N 128°E / 36; 128 Republic
Republic
of Korea 대한민국 大韓民國 _DAEHAN MINGUK_ _ Flag Emblem MOTTO: "홍익인간 (弘益人間) " (Korean ) (de facto _) "Benefit broadly in the human world/Devotion to the Welfare of Humanity" ANTHEM: Aegukga "애국가 (愛國歌)" (Korean ) (_de facto _) "Patriotic Song" GOVERNMENT EMBLEM 대한민국정부 상징문양 (Korean) Government Emblem of South Korea
Korea
Area controlled by the Republic
Republic
of Korea
Korea
shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green
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Seoul National Capital Area
South Korea
South Korea
------------------------- MAJOR CITIES Seoul
Seoul
Special
Special
City Incheon
Incheon
Metropolitan City Suwon
Suwon
Ansan
Ansan
Anyang Goyang Seongnam Bucheon Yongin
Yongin
POPULATION (2016) • METRO 25,514,000 • PERCENTAGE OF SOUTH KOREA\'S TOTAL POPULATION ~50% (50,100,000) SMA = Seoul
Seoul
(10 mil.) + Incheon
Incheon
(3 mil.) + Gyeonggi (12 mil.) GDP(NOMINAL) USD
USD
0.77 trillion(2015) GDP PER CAPITA(NOMINAL) USD
USD
30,000(2015) Seoul
Seoul
Capital Area HANGUL 수도권 HANJA 首都圈 REVISED ROMANIZATION Sudogwon MCCUNE–REISCHAUER Sudokwŏn THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS KOREAN TEXT
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List Of Capitals In South Korea
This is a LIST OF CAPITAL CITIES , including the legislature or seat of government , of South Korea
South Korea
and its current provinces and provincial-cities. CONTENTS * 1 National capital * 2 Provincial capitals * 3 Claimed provincial capitals * 4 References NATIONAL CAPITAL For former national capitals, see Capital of Korea
Capital of Korea
. Seoul
Seoul
has been the capital of South Korea
South Korea
since the Division of Korea in 1945. On 20 December 1997 some offices of the national government were move to the Daejeon
Daejeon
Government Complex to offset the unbalance developments around Sudogwon . In 2004, former President Roh Moo-hyun purpose plans to move the national capital further away from the Korean Demilitarized Zone
Korean Demilitarized Zone
. However disputes within the National Assembly and ruling of the Supreme Court prevented the relocation. On 2 July 2012 some functions of government has moved to Sejong and became the de facto administrative capital of South Korea
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Suwon
SUWON ( Hangul : 수원, Hanja
Hanja
: 水原, Korean pronunciation: ) is the capital and largest metropolis of Gyeonggi-do , South Korea
South Korea
's most populous province which surrounds Seoul
Seoul
, the national capital. Suwon
Suwon
lies about 30 kilometres (19 miles) south of Seoul. It is traditionally known as "The City of Filial Piety". With a population close to 1.2 million, it is larger than Ulsan , although it is not governed as a metropolitan city. Suwon
Suwon
has existed in various forms throughout Korea\'s history , growing from a small settlement to become a major industrial and cultural center. It is the only remaining completely walled city in South Korea
South Korea
. The city walls are one of the more popular tourist destinations in Gyeonggi
Gyeonggi
Province. Samsung Electronics R"> North Korean T-34-85 caught on a bridge south of Suwon
Suwon
by US attack aircraft in the Korean War
Korean War
The Korean War
Korean War
greatly affected Suwon, as the city changed hands four times. Very shortly after the outbreak of war, the 49th Fighter Wing of the United States Air Force
United States Air Force
was dispatched to Korea
Korea
from Japan
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Nam Kyung-pil
NAM KYUNG-PIL ( Hangul : 남경필; Hanja : 南景弼) has been the 34th governor of Gyeonggi Province since 2014. Before his election, he had been a member of the National Assembly since 1998, representing Paldal-gu . In 2016, he left the Saenuri Party because of President Park Geun-hye 's scandal . He helped establish a new political party with other conservative politicians who left Saenuri with the creation of the Bareun Party . NATIONAL ASSEMBLYOn 21 July 1998, there was a by-election in Paldal-gu to replace former member Kim Yong-nam who died on 13 March 1998. Nam won the by-election with 21,356 votes. He had represented Paldal-gu until 15 May 2014, weeks before the gubernatorial election. 2017 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONOn 25 January 2017, Nam declared that he would run for the president of South Korea
South Korea
in 2017. Nam's major commitment was to change South Korea\'s military conscription service to volunteer military system. He was defeated in his party's primary by his sole opponent, Assemblyman Yoo Seong-min . REFERENCES * 남경필. "남경필 :: 네이버 인물검색". People.search.naver.com. Retrieved 2016-12-14. * "프로필 혁신 남경필". Namkyungpil.gg.go.kr. 2016-08-22. Retrieved 2016-12-14
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Forsythia
Rangium Juss. in G.-F.Cuvier FORSYTHIA (/fɔːrˈsɪθiə/ or /fɔːrˈsaɪθiə/ ) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Oleaceae
Oleaceae
(olive family). There are about 11 species , mostly native to eastern Asia, but one native to southeastern Europe. The common name is also FORSYTHIA; the genus is named after William Forsyth . CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Species * 3 Garden history * 4 Cultivation and uses * 5 Gallery * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links DESCRIPTION Forsythia
Forsythia
are deciduous shrubs typically growing to a height of 1–3 m (3 ft 3 in–9 ft 10 in) and, rarely, up to 6 m (20 ft) with rough grey-brown bark. The leaves are borne oppositely and are usually simple , though sometimes trifoliate with a basal pair of small leaflets; they range between 2 and 10 cm (0.79 and 3.94 in) in length and, rarely, up to 15 cm (5.9 in), with a margin that is serrated or entire (smooth). The flowers are produced in the early spring before the leaves, bright yellow with a deeply four-lobed flower, the petals joined only at the base. These become pendent in rainy weather thus shielding the reproductive parts. The fruit is a dry capsule, containing several winged seeds. It is widely stated that forsythia flowers are able to produce lactose (the milk sugar). Lactose is very rarely established in other natural sources except milk
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Ginkgo
_Salisburia_ Sm. _GINKGO_ is a genus of highly unusual non-flowering plants. The scientific name is also used as the English name. The order to which it belongs, Ginkgoales , first appeared in the Permian , 270 million years ago, possibly derived from "seed ferns " of the order Peltaspermales . The rate of evolution within the genus has been slow, and almost all its species had become extinct by the end of the Pliocene
Pliocene
; the exception is the sole living species, _ Ginkgo biloba _, which is only found in the wild in China, but is cultivated across the world. The relationships between ginkgos and other groups of plants are not fully resolved. CONTENTS * 1 Prehistory * 2 Phylogeny * 3 References * 3.1 Sources * 4 External links PREHISTORYThe ginkgo (Ginkgoales) is a living fossil , with fossils recognisably related to modern ginkgo from the Permian , dating back 270 million years. The most plausible ancestral group for the order Ginkgoales is the Pteridospermatophyta, also known as the "seed ferns ", specifically the order Peltaspermales . The closest living relatives of the clade are the cycads , which share with the extant _G. biloba_ the characteristic of motile sperm
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Dove
PIGEONS and DOVES constitute the bird family COLUMBIDAE, which includes about 42 genera and 310 species . The related word "columbine" refers to pigeons and doves. Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks, and short slender bills that, in some species, feature fleshy ceres ). They primarily feed on seeds, fruits, and plants. This family occurs worldwide, but the greatest variety is in the Indomalaya and Australasia ecozones . In general, the terms "dove" and "pigeon" are used interchangeably. _Pigeon_ is a French word that derives from the Latin _pipio_, for a "peeping" chick, while _dove_ is a Germanic word that refers to the bird's diving flight. In ornithological practice, "dove" tends to be used for smaller species and "pigeon" for larger ones, but this is in no way consistently applied, and historically, the common names for these birds involve a great deal of variation between the terms. The species most commonly referred to as "pigeon" is the rock dove , one subspecies of which, the domestic pigeon , is common in many cities as the feral pigeon . Pigeons and doves are likely the most common birds in the world. Doves and pigeons build relatively flimsy nests – often using sticks and other debris – which may be placed on trees, ledges, or the ground, depending on species. They lay one to two eggs at a time, and both parents care for the young, which leave the nest after seven to twenty-eight days
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ISO 3166
ISO 3166 is a standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) that defines codes for the names of countries , dependent territories , special areas of geographical interest, and their principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states ). The official name of the standard is _Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions_. CONTENTS * 1 Parts * 2 Editions * 3 ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency * 3.1 Members * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links PARTSIt consists of three parts: * ISO 3166-1 , _Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 1: Country codes_, defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest. It defines three sets of country codes : * ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 – two-letter country codes which are the most widely used of the three, and used most prominently for the Internet 's country code top-level domains (with a few exceptions, e.g
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Gyeonggi Dialect
The GYEONGGI DIALECT (경기 방언) or SEOUL DIALECT (서울 사투리/서울말) of the Korean language is the prestige dialect of the language and the basis of the standardized form used in both Korean nation states: South and North . It spoken throughout Korean Peninsula and in the Korean diaspora, but it is mainly concentrated in the Seoul National Capital Area
Seoul National Capital Area
, the most densely populated part of South Korea, which includes the cities of Seoul
Seoul
and Incheon
Incheon
, as well as the whole Gyeonggi Province . It is also spoken in the city of Kaesong and the counties of Kaepung and Changpung in North Korea. CONTENTS * 1 Pronunciation * 2 Variations in accent * 3 See also * 4 References PRONUNCIATIONThe vowels for e and ae are merged for young speakers and vowel length is not distinguished consistently, if at all. Among young speakers or in informal contexts, the postpositions -do (-도, "also"), -ro (-로, "to") and -go (-고, "and then") and their derivatives tend to be pronounced with -du (-두), -ru (-루) and -gu (-구). The sentence-final verb ending -yo tends to be pronounced with a schwa , which is sometimes transcribed as -yeo (-여) on the Internet in informal contexts. Samchon (삼촌, "uncle") is usually pronounced as samchun (삼춘)
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Hangul
The KOREAN ALPHABET, 한글 , known as HANGUL in South Korea (also transcribed HANGEUL) and as 조선글(CHOSŏN\'GŭL) /조선문자(CHOSŏN MUNTCHA) in North Korea , is the alphabet that has been used to write the Korean language since the 15th century. It was created in 1443 under King Sejong the Great during the Joseon Dynasty . Now the alphabet is the official script of both South Korea and North Korea, and co-official in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County of China's Jilin Province . In South Korea, primarily Hangul is used to write the Korean language, as using Hanja ( Chinese characters ) in typical Korean writing fell out of common usage during the late 1990s. In its classical and modern forms, the alphabet has 19 consonant and 21 vowel letters. However, instead of being written sequentially like the letters of the Latin script, Hangul letters are grouped into blocks, such as 한 _han_, each of which transcribes a syllable . That is, although the syllable 한 _han_ may look like a single character, it is actually composed of three letters: _h_, _a_, and ㄴ _n_. Each syllabic block consists of two to six letters, including at least one consonant and one vowel . These blocks are then arranged horizontally from left to right or vertically from top to bottom
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Administrative Divisions Of South Korea
South Korea
South Korea
is made up of 17 first-tier administrative divisions: 6 metropolitan cities (_gwangyeoksi_ 광역시/廣域市), 1 special city (_teukbyeolsi_ 특별시/特別市), 1 special self-governing city (_teukbyeol-jachisi_ 특별자치시/特別