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Gustav Mayr
GUSTAV L. MAYR (12 October 1830 in Vienna
Vienna
– 14 July 1908 in Vienna) was an Austrian entomologist and professor in Budapest
Budapest
and Vienna. He specialised in Hymenoptera
Hymenoptera
, being particularly known for his studies of Formicidae
Formicidae
. In 1868, he was the first to describe the Argentine ant
Argentine ant
. He is credited with naming the harvesting ant species, Aphaenogaster treatae, for naturalist Mary Davis Treat in honor of her research on the species. WORKS * Formicidae
Formicidae
. Vienna
Vienna
1865. * Die Ameisen des baltischen Bernsteins. Königsberg: Koch, 1868. * Feigeninsecten. Vienna: Hölder, 1885. * Hymenopterologische Miscellen. Vienna: Hölder, 1902. * Formiciden aus Ägypten und dem Sudan. (1903).REFERENCES * Portrait Obits. * ^ 1908. Obituary. Prof. Gustav Mayr
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Harvesting Ant
HARVESTER ANT is a common name for any of the species or genera of ants that collect seeds (called seed predation ), or mushrooms as in the case of Euprenolepis procera , which are stored in the nest in communal chambers called granaries . Seed harvesting by some desert ants is an adaptation to the lack of typical ant resources such as prey or honeydew from hemipterans . Harvester ants increase seed dispersal and protection, and provide nutrients that increase seedling survival of the desert plants. In addition, ants provide soil aeration through the creation of galleries and chambers, mix deep and upper layers of soil, and incorporate organic refuse into the soil. CONTENTS * 1 Seed dispersal * 2 Foraging behavior * 3 Species and genera * 4 See also * 5 References SEED DISPERSALAnts may play an important role in the dynamics of plant communities by acting either as seed dispersal agents or as seed predators, or both
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Vienna
VIENNA (/viˈɛnə/ ( listen ); German : Wien, pronounced ( listen )) is the capital and largest city of Austria
Austria
and one of the nine states of Austria
Austria
. Vienna
Vienna
is Austria's primary city , with a population of about 1.8 million (2.6 million within the metropolitan area , nearly one third of Austria's population), and its cultural , economic , and political centre. It is the 7th-largest city by population within city limits in the European Union
European Union
. Until the beginning of the 20th century, it was the largest German-speaking city in the world, and before the splitting of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War I
World War I
, the city had 2 million inhabitants. Today, it has the second largest number of German speakers after Berlin
Berlin

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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Internet Archive
Coordinates : 37°46′56″N 122°28′18″W / 37.7823°N 122.4716°W / 37.7823; -122.4716 Internet Archive
Internet Archive
TYPE OF BUSINESS 501(c)(3) nonprofit TYPE OF SITE Digital library AVAILABLE IN English FOUNDED May 12, 1996; 21 years ago (1996-05-12) HEADQUARTERS Richmond District San Francisco
San Francisco
, California
California
, U.S
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Système Universitaire De Documentation
The SYSTèME UNIVERSITAIRE DE DOCUMENTATION or SUDOC is a system used by the libraries of French universities and higher education establishments to identify, track and manage the documents in their possession. The catalog, which contains more than 10 million references, allows students and researcher to search for bibliographical and location information in over 3,400 documentation centers
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Formicidae
Martialinae Leptanillinae Amblyoponinae Paraponerinae Agroecomyrmecinae Ponerinae Proceratiinae Ecitoninae‡ Aenictinae‡ Dorylini ‡ Aenictogitoninae‡ Cerapachyinae‡* Leptanilloidinae‡ Dolichoderinae Aneuretinae Pseudomyrmecinae Myrmeciinae Ectatomminae Heteroponerinae Myrmicinae
Myrmicinae
Formicinae A phylogeny of the extant ant subfamilies . *Cerapachyinae is paraphyletic ‡ The previous dorylomorph subfamilies were synonymized under Dorylinae by Brady et al. in 2014 ANTS are eusocial insects of the family FORMICIDAE and, along with the related wasps and bees , belong to the order Hymenoptera
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Hymenoptera
Apocrita Symphyta HYMENOPTERA is a large order of insects , comprising the sawflies , wasps , bees , and ants . Over 150,000 living species of Hymenoptera have been described, in addition to over 2,000 extinct ones. Females typically have a special ovipositor for inserting eggs into hosts or places that are otherwise inaccessible. The ovipositor is often modified into a stinger
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Austria
Coordinates : 47°20′N 13°20′E / 47.333°N 13.333°E / 47.333; 13.333 Republic
Republic
of Austria Republik Österreich (German ) Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: * Land der Berge, Land am Strome (German ) * Land of Mountains, Land by the River * Location of <
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Entomologist
ENTOMOLOGY (from Greek ἔντομον, entomon "insect"; and -λογία, -logia) is the scientific study of insects , a branch of zoology . In the past the term "insect" was more vague, and historically the definition of entomology included the study of terrestrial animals in other arthropod groups or other phyla , such as arachnids , myriapods , earthworms , land snails , and slugs . This wider meaning may still be encountered in informal use. Like several of the other fields that are categorized within zoology , entomology is a taxon -based category; any form of scientific study in which there is a focus on insect-related inquiries is, by definition, entomology. Entomology therefore overlaps with a cross-section of topics as diverse as molecular genetics , behavior , biomechanics , biochemistry , systematics , physiology , developmental biology , ecology , morphology , and paleontology
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Professor
PROFESSOR (commonly abbreviated as Prof.) is an academic rank at universities and other post-secondary education and research institutions in most countries. Literally, professor derives from Latin
Latin
as a "person who professes" being usually an expert in arts or sciences, a teacher of the highest rank. In most systems of academic ranks the word "professor", and particularly the unqualified word, only refers to the most senior academic position, sometimes informally known as "full professor". In some countries or institutions, the word professor is also used in titles of lower ranks such as associate professor and assistant professor ; this is particularly the case in the United States, where the word professor is sometimes used colloquially to refer to anyone in an academic post. This colloquial usage would be considered incorrect nearly everywhere else
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Budapest
BUDAPEST (Hungarian: ( listen )) is the capital and by far the most populous city of Hungary
Hungary
and one of the largest cities in the European Union
European Union
. With an estimated 2016 population of 1,759,407 distributed over a land area of about 525 square kilometres (203 square miles), Budapest
Budapest
is also one of the most densely populated major cities in the EU. Budapest
Budapest
is both a city and county , and forms the centre of the Budapest metropolitan area , which has an area of 7,626 square kilometres (2,944 square miles) and a population of 3,303,786, comprising 33 percent of the population of Hungary. The Budapest metropolitan area had a GDP
GDP
of $141.0 billion (€129.4 billion) in 2016, accounting for 49.6 percent of the GDP
GDP
of Hungary
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Bibliothèque Nationale De France
The BIBLIOTHèQUE NATIONALE DE FRANCE (BNF; French: ) is the National Library of France
France
, located in Paris
Paris
. It is the national repository of all that is published in France. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 New buildings * 3 Mission * 4 Manuscript
Manuscript
collection * 5 Digital library * 6 Popular culture * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Further reading * 10 External links HISTORYThe National Library of France
France
traces its origin to the royal library founded at the Louvre Palace by Charles V in 1368. Charles had received a collection of manuscripts from his predecessor, John II , and transferred them to the Louvre
Louvre
from the Palais de la Cité
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Argentine Ant
The ARGENTINE ANT, LINEPITHEMA HUMILE (formerly Iridomyrmex humilis), is an ant native to northern Argentina
Argentina
, Uruguay
Uruguay
, Paraguay
Paraguay
, Bolivia and southern Brazil
Brazil
. It is an invasive species that has been established in many Mediterranean climate
Mediterranean climate
areas, inadvertently introduced by humans to many places, including South Africa, New Zealand, Japan, Easter Island
Easter Island
, Australia, Europe, Hawaii, and the continental United States
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Mary Treat
naturalist and botanist entomologist writer MARY LUA ADELIA DAVIS TREAT (7 September 1830 in Trumansburg, New York – 11 April 1923 in Pembroke, New York ) was a naturalist and correspondent with Charles Darwin . Treat's contributions to both botany and entomology were extensive—four species of plants and animals were named after her, including an amaryllis , Zephyranthes treatae (now called Zephyranthes atamasca var. treatae ), and an ant species (Aphaenogaster treatae ). CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career and research * 2.1 Collaboration with Charles Darwin * 3 Legacy * 4 Works * 5 Footnotes * 6 References * 7 External links EARLY LIFEBorn Mary Davis to a middle-class family in Trumansburg, New York, she was mostly raised in Ohio, where she attended public and private girls' schools. Davis married Dr. Joseph Burrell Treat, an abolitionist and professor, in 1863; they lived in Iowa and in 1868 they moved to Vineland, New Jersey
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Gustav Mayr
GUSTAV L. MAYR (12 October 1830 in Vienna
Vienna
– 14 July 1908 in Vienna) was an Austrian entomologist and professor in Budapest
Budapest
and Vienna. He specialised in Hymenoptera
Hymenoptera
, being particularly known for his studies of Formicidae
Formicidae
. In 1868, he was the first to describe the Argentine ant
Argentine ant
. He is credited with naming the harvesting ant species, Aphaenogaster treatae, for naturalist Mary Davis Treat in honor of her research on the species. WORKS * Formicidae
Formicidae
. Vienna
Vienna
1865. * Die Ameisen des baltischen Bernsteins. Königsberg: Koch, 1868. * Feigeninsecten. Vienna: Hölder, 1885. * Hymenopterologische Miscellen. Vienna: Hölder, 1902. * Formiciden aus Ägypten und dem Sudan. (1903).REFERENCES * Portrait Obits. * ^ 1908. Obituary. Prof. Gustav Mayr
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