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Gunpowder Plot
The Gunpowder Plot
The Gunpowder Plot
of 1605, in earlier centuries often called the Gunpowder
Gunpowder
Treason
Treason
Plot or the Jesuit
Jesuit
Treason, was a failed assassination attempt against King James I
James I
of England and VI of Scotland by a group of provincial English Catholics led by Robert Catesby. The plan was to blow up the House of Lords
House of Lords
during the State Opening of England's Parliament on 5 November 1605, as the prelude to a popular revolt in the Midlands during which James's nine-year-old daughter, Princess Elizabeth, was to be installed as the Catholic head of state. Catesby may have embarked on the scheme after hopes of securing greater religious tolerance under King James had faded, leaving many English Catholics disappointed
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Frederick II Of Denmark
Frederick II (1 July 1534 – 4 April 1588) was King of Denmark and Norway
Norway
and Duke of Schleswig from 1559 until his death.[1]Contents1 King of Denmark 2 Family and children 3 Ancestry 4 References 5 External linksKing of Denmark[edit]King Frederik IIFrederick II was the son of King Christian III of Denmark
Christian III of Denmark
and Norway and Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg, the daughter of Magnus I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg. He was hailed as successor to the throne of Denmark
Denmark
in 1542, and of Norway
Norway
in 1548. Unlike his father, King Frederick II was strongly affected by military ideals. Already as a young man, he made friendships with German war princes. In 1552, Steward of the Realm, Peder Oxe
Peder Oxe
(1520–1575), had been raised to Councillor of State (Rigsraad)
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Infanta Isabella Clara Eugenia Of Spain
Isabella Clara Eugenia
Isabella Clara Eugenia
(Spanish: Isabel Clara Eugenia; 12 August 1566 – 1 December 1633) was sovereign of the Spanish Netherlands
Spanish Netherlands
in the Low Countries
Low Countries
and the north of modern France, together with her husband Albert VII, Archduke
Archduke
of Austria. In some sources, she is referred to as Clara Isabella Eugenia. By birth, she was an infanta of Spain
Spain
and Portugal.Contents1 Biography1.1 Youth and family 1.2 Marriage 1.3 Spanish Netherlands 1.4 Descalzas2 Ancestry2.1 Heraldry3 Isabella in popular culture 4 References 5 External linksBiography[edit] Youth and family[edit]Isabella and her dwarf, c
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Southern Netherlands
The Southern Netherlands,[a] also called the Catholic Netherlands, was the part of the Low Countries
Low Countries
largely controlled by Spain (1556–1714), later Austria (1714–1794), and occupied then annexed by France (1794–1815). The region also included a number of smaller states that were never ruled by Spain or Austria: the Prince-Bishopric of Liège, the Imperial Abbey of Stavelot-Malmedy, the County of Bouillon, the County of Horne
County of Horne
and the Princely Abbey of Thorn
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Mary, Queen Of Scots
Mary, Queen of Scots
Mary, Queen of Scots
(8 December 1542 – 8 February 1587), also known as Mary Stuart[3] or Mary I, reigned over Scotland from 14 December 1542 to 24 July 1567. Mary, the only surviving legitimate child of King James V, was six days old when her father died and she acceded to the throne. She spent most of her childhood in France while Scotland was ruled by regents, and in 1558, she married the Dauphin of France, Francis. He ascended the French throne as King Francis II in 1559, and Mary briefly became queen consort of France, until his death in December 1560. Widowed, Mary returned to Scotland, arriving in Leith
Leith
on 19 August 1561. Four years later, she married her first cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, but their union was unhappy
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English Midlands
The Midlands
The Midlands
is a cultural and geographic area roughly spanning central England
England
that broadly corresponds to the early medieval Kingdom of Mercia. It borders South East England, South West England, North West England, Yorkshire and Humber, East of England
England
and Wales. Its largest city is Birmingham, and the region was important in the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
of the 18th and 19th centuries. In modern terms the Midlands comprises the English statistical regions of the East Midlands and West Midlands
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Tudor Dynasty
The House of Tudor
House of Tudor
was an English royal house of Welsh origin,[1] descended in the male line from the Tudors of Penmynydd. Tudor monarchs ruled the Kingdom of England
Kingdom of England
and its realms, including their ancestral Wales
Wales
and the Lordship of Ireland
Lordship of Ireland
(later the Kingdom of Ireland) from 1485 until 1603, with five monarchs in that period. The Tudors succeeded the House of Plantagenet
House of Plantagenet
as rulers of the Kingdom of England, and were succeeded by the House of Stuart. The first Tudor monarch, Henry VII, descended through his mother from a legitimised branch of the English royal House of Lancaster
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Church Of England
The Church of England
England
(C of E) is the state church of England.[3][4][5] The Archbishop of Canterbury
Archbishop of Canterbury
(currently Justin Welby) is the most senior cleric, although the monarch is the supreme governor. The Church of England
England
is also the mother church of the international Anglican
Anglican
Communion
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Treason
In law, treason is the crime that covers some of the more extreme acts against one's nation or sovereign.[1] Historically, treason also covered the murder of specific social superiors, such as the murder of a husband by his wife or that of a master by his servant. Treason against the king was known as high treason and treason against a lesser superior was petty treason. A person who commits treason is known in law as a traitor. At times, the term traitor has been used as a political epithet, regardless of any verifiable treasonable action. In a civil war or insurrection, the winners may deem the losers to be traitors. Likewise the term traitor is used in heated political discussion – typically as a slur against political dissidents, or against officials in power who are perceived as failing to act in the best interest of their constituents
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Seal Of The Confessional And The Catholic Church
Corpus Juris CanoniciDecretist Regulæ Juris Decretals of Gregory IXDecretalistDecretum Gratiani Extravagantes Liber SeptimusAncient Church OrdersDidache The Apostolic ConstitutionsCanons of the ApostlesCollections of ancient canonsCollectiones canonum Dionysianae Collectio canonum quadripartita Collectio canonum Quesnelliana Collectio canonum WigorniensisOtherPseudo-Isidorian Decretals Benedictus Deus (Pius IV) Contractum trinius Defect of Birth Jus exclusivae Papal appointmentOriental lawCode of Canons of the Eastern Churches Eastern Canonical Reforms of Pius XII Nomocanon ArcheparchyEparchyLiturgical lawEcclesia Dei Mysterii Paschalis Sacrosanctum conciliumMusicam sacramSummorum Pontificum Tra le sollecitudiniSacramental lawCanon 844 Ex opere operato Omnium in mentem Valid but illicitHoly OrdersImpediment (canon law)Abstemius


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Philip II Of Spain
Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598), called "the Prudent" (el Prudente), was King of Spain[a] (1556–98), King of Portugal
King of Portugal
(1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I),[1] King of Naples and Sicily (both from 1554), and jure uxoris King of England
King of England
and Ireland (during his marriage to Queen Mary I
Queen Mary I
from 1554–58).[2] He was also Duke of Milan.[3] From 1555 he was lord of the Seventeen Provinces of the Netherlands. Known in Spain as "Felipe el Prudente" ('"Philip the Prudent'"), his empire included territories on every continent then known to Europeans, including his namesake the Philippines. During his reign, Spain reached the height of its influence and power. This is sometimes called the Golden Age
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Arbella Stuart
Lady Arbella Stuart
Lady Arbella Stuart
(or "Arabella" and/or "Stewart") (1575 – 25 September 1615) was an English noblewoman who was for some time considered a possible successor to Queen Elizabeth I of England. Stuart was the only child of Charles Stuart, 1st Earl of Lennox
Charles Stuart, 1st Earl of Lennox
(of the third creation), by his marriage to Elizabeth Cavendish. She was a grandchild of Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox
Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox
(of the second creation) and Lady Margaret Douglas, who was in turn the daughter of Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus, and of Queen Margaret Tudor, the widow of James IV of Scotland
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Elizabethan Religious Settlement
The Elizabethan Religious Settlement, which was made during the reign of Elizabeth I, was a response to the religious divisions in England during the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI
Edward VI
and Mary I. This response, described as "The Revolution of 1559",[1] was set out in two Acts. The Act of Supremacy of 1558 re-established the Church of England's independence from Rome, with Parliament conferring on Elizabeth the title Supreme Governor of the Church of England, while the Act of Uniformity of 1559 outlined what form the English Church should take, including the re-establishment of the Book of Common Prayer. As for the governance of the church, all but one of the Marian bishops refused to consecrate a new Archbishop of Canterbury (canon law from the 4th century required a minimum of three for consecration)
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John Grant (gunpowder Plot)
Grant
Grant
may refer to:Contents1 Places1.1 United Kingdom 1.2 United States 1.3 India2 People 3 Art, entertainment, and media 4 Businesses 5 Law and philanthropy 6 Military history 7 Other uses 8 See alsoPlaces[edit] Grant
Grant
County (other)United Kingdom[edit]Castle Grant<
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Privy Council
A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, typically, but not always, in the context of a monarchic government. The word "privy" means "private" or "secret"; thus, a privy council was originally a committee of the monarch's closest advisors to give confidential advice on state affairs.Contents1 Privy councils1.1 Functioning privy councils 1.2 Former or dormant privy councils2 See also 3 ReferencesPrivy councils[edit] Functioning privy councils[edit] Belgium: Crown Council of Belgium  Bhutan: Privy Council of Bhutan  Brunei: Privy Council of Brunei  Canada: Queen's Privy Council for Canada  Cambodia: Supreme Privy Council of His Majesty the King of Cambodia  Denmark: Danish Council of State  Jamaica: Privy Council of Jamaica  Norway:
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Protestantism
Protestantism
Protestantism
is the second largest form of Christianity
Christianity
with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.[1][2][3][a] It originated with the Reformation,[b] a movement against what its followers con
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