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Guillaume Courtois
Guillaume Courtois
Guillaume Courtois
or italianized as Guglielmo Cortese, called Il Borgognone or Le Bourguignon ('the Burgundian'), (1628 – 15 June 1679) was a French-Italian painter, draughtsman and etcher. He was mainly active in Rome as a history and staffage painter and enjoyed high-level patronage. He was the brother of the painters Jacques Courtois (Giacomo Cortese) and Jean-François Courtois.[1]Contents1 Life 2 Work2.1 General 2.2 Collaborations 2.3 Drawings3 Further reading 4 References 5 External linksLife[edit] Guillaume Courtois
Guillaume Courtois
was born in Saint-Hippolyte, Doubs, in France
France
as the son of the obscure painter Jean-Pierre Courtois. Very little is known about Guillaume’s youth but it is assumed he received his initial training from his father. The father and his sons went to Italy
Italy
circa 1636 when Guillaume was still a child
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France
France
France
(French: [fʁɑ̃s]), officially the French Republic (French: République française [ʁepyblik fʁɑ̃sɛz]), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France
France
in western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France
France
extends from the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
to the English Channel
English Channel
and the North Sea, and from the Rhine
Rhine
to the Atlantic Ocean. The overseas territories include French Guiana
French Guiana
in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans
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Francesco Cozza (painter)
Francesco Cozza (1605 – 13 January 1682) was an Italian painter of the Baroque
Baroque
period. Life[edit] Cozza was born in Stilo
Stilo
in Calabria
Calabria
and died in Rome. As a young man, he went to Rome
Rome
where he was apprenticed to Domenichino, with whom he traveled to Naples
Naples
in 1634.[1] He is best known for his expansive panegyric ceiling fresco, Apotheosis of Pamphili House (1667-1673) in the library of Palazzo Pamphili in Piazza Navona
Piazza Navona
in Rome
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Louis IX Of France
Louis IX (25 April 1214 – 25 August 1270), commonly known as Saint
Saint
Louis, was King of France
King of France
and is a canonized Catholic and Anglican saint. Louis was crowned in Reims
Reims
at the age of 12, following the death of his father Louis VIII the Lion, although his mother, Blanche of Castile, ruled the kingdom until he reached maturity. During Louis's childhood, Blanche dealt with the opposition of rebellious vassals and put an end to the Albigensian Crusade
Albigensian Crusade
which had started 20 years earlier. As an adult, Louis IX faced recurring conflicts with some of the most-powerful nobles, such as Hugh X of Lusignan
Hugh X of Lusignan
and Peter of Dreux. Simultaneously, Henry III of England
Henry III of England
tried to restore his continental possessions, but was defeated at the battle of Taillebourg
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Julian (emperor)
Julian (Latin: Flavius Claudius
Claudius
Julianus Augustus;[a] Greek: Φλάβιος Κλαύδιος Ἰουλιανὸς Αὔγουστος; 331/332[1] – 26 June 363), also known as Julian the Apostate, was Roman Emperor
Roman Emperor
from 361 to 363, as well as a notable philosopher and author in Greek.[2] A member of the Constantinian dynasty, Julian became Caesar over the western provinces by order of Constantius II
Constantius II
in 355, and in this role he campaigned successfully against the Alamanni
Alamanni
and Franks. Most notable was his crushing victory over the Alamanni
Alamanni
at the Battle of Argentoratum (Strasbourg) in 357, leading his 13,000 men against a Germanic army three times larger
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Saint Mercurius
Mercurius (Coptic: Ⲫⲓⲗⲟⲡⲁ ⲧⲏⲣ Ⲙⲁⲣⲕⲟⲩⲣⲓⲟⲥ; 224–250 AD) was a Christian saint and a martyr. He was born in the city of Eskentos in Cappadocia, in Eastern Asia Minor (modern day Turkey). His original name, Philopater (variant spellings include Philopateer and Philopatyr), means "lover of the Father". Saint Mercurius is also known by the name Abu-Seifein (أبو سيفين), which in Arabic means "the holder [literally, owns/possess] of two swords," referring to a second sword given to him, by the Archangel Michael.Contents1 Traditional biography1.1 Family 1.2 Military career of Saint Mercurius 1.3 Martyrdom of Saint Mercurius2 Other traditions 3 References 4 External linksTraditional biography[edit] Family[edit] Some accounts state that Philopater was born in Eskentos in Cappadocia
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Genre Art
Genre
Genre
art is the pictorial representation in any of various media of scenes or events from everyday life,[1] such as markets, domestic settings, interiors, parties, inn scenes, and street scenes. Such representations (also called genre works, genre scenes, or genre views) may be realistic, imagined, or romanticized by the artist. Some variations of the term genre art specify the medium or type of visual work, as in genre painting, genre prints, genre photographs, and so on. Rather confusingly, the normal meaning of genre, covering any particular combination of an artistic medium and a type of subject matter (as, for example, in the romance novel), is also used in the visual arts
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San Marco, Rome
San Marco is a minor basilica in Rome
Rome
dedicated to St. Mark
St. Mark
the Evangelist located in the small Piazza di San Marco adjoining Piazza Venezia. It was first built in 336 by Pope Mark, whose remains are in an urn located below the main altar. The basilica is the national church of Venice
Venice
in Rome.Contents1 History 2 Interior 3 Cardinal Priests of S. Marco3.1 11th-12th centuries 3.2 13th-14th centuries 3.3 15th century 3.4 16th century 3.5 17th century 3.6 18th century 3.7 19th century 3.8 20th century 3.9 Cardinal Protectors4 References 5 Bibliography 6 See alsoHistory[edit] In 336, Pope Mark built a church devoted to one of the Evangelists, his patron saint, St. Mark, in a place called ad Pallacinas. The church is thus recorded as Titulus Marci in the 499 synod of Pope Symmachus
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Pope Alexander VII
Pope
Pope
Alexander VII (13 February 1599 – 22 May 1667), born Fabio Chigi, was Pope
Pope
from 7 April 1655 to his death in 1667.[1][2] He began his career as a vice-papal legate, and he held various diplomatic positions in the Holy See. He was ordained as a priest in 1634, and he became Bishop of Nardo
Bishop of Nardo
in 1635. He was later transferred in 1652, and he became Bishop of Imola. Pope
Pope
Innocent X
Innocent X
made him Secretary of State in 1651, and in 1652, he was appointed as a Cardinal. Early in his papacy, Alexander, who was seen as an anti-Nepotist at the time of his election, lived simply; later, however, he gave jobs to his relatives, who eventually took over his administration. His administration worked to support the Jesuits
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Quirinal Palace
The Quirinal Palace
Quirinal Palace
(known in Italian as the Palazzo del Quirinale or simply Quirinale) is a historic building in Rome, Italy, one of the three current official residences of the President of the Italian Republic, together with Villa Rosebery
Villa Rosebery
in Naples
Naples
and Tenuta di Castelporziano in Rome. It is located on the Quirinal Hill, the highest of the seven hills of Rome. It has housed thirty Popes, four Kings of Italy
Italy
and twelve presidents of the Italian Republic
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Agostino Carracci
Agostino Carracci
Agostino Carracci
(or Caracci) (16 August 1557 – 22 March 1602) was an Italian painter and printmaker. He was the brother of the more famous Annibale and cousin of Lodovico Carracci. He posited the ideal in nature, and was the founder of the competing school to the more gritty view of nature as expressed by Caravaggio. He was one of the founders of the Accademia degli Incamminati along with his brother, Annibale Carracci, and cousin, Ludovico Carracci. The academy helped propel painters of the School of Bologna
Bologna
to prominence.Contents1 Life 2 Works 3 References 4 External linksLife[edit] Agostino Carracci
Agostino Carracci
was born in Bologna, and trained at the workshop of the architect Domenico Tibaldi
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Pier Francesco Mola
Pier Francesco Mola, called Il Ticinese (9 February 1612 – 13 May 1666) was an Italian painter of the High Baroque, mainly active around Rome. Biography[edit] Mola was born at Coldrerio
Coldrerio
(now in Ticino, Switzerland).[1] At the age of four, he moved to Rome

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Camillo Francesco Maria Pamphili
Camillo Francesco Maria Pamphili
Pamphili
(21 February 1622 – 26 July 1666) was an Italian Catholic Cardinal and later nobleman of the Pamphili family. His name is often spelled with the final long i orthography; Pamphilj.Contents1 Early life 2 Ecclesiastic career 3 Resignation, marriage and later life 4 Family 5 Portraits 6 References 7 SourcesEarly life[edit] Pamphili
Pamphili
was born in Naples
Naples
on 21 February 1622. His uncle, Cardinal Giovanni Battista Pamphili, was papal nuncio to the Kingdom of Naples and his father, Pamphilio Pamphili, had moved there with his wife Olimpia Maidalchini. As a young man Pamphili
Pamphili
studied humanistic topics such as poetry, philosophy, mathematics and architecture.[1] When Camillo's father died, in 1639, the prospect of a marriage to perpetuate the lineage was explored. This remained the intention after his uncle's election to the papacy
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Khosrau II
Khosrow II
Khosrow II
(Chosroes II in classical sources; Middle Persian: Husrō(y)), entitled "Aparvēz" ("The Victorious"), also Khusraw Parvēz (New Persian: خسرو پرویز), was the last great king of the Sasanian Empire, reigning from 590 to 628.[1] He was the son of Hormizd IV
Hormizd IV
(reigned 579–590) and the grandson of Khosrow I
Khosrow I
(reigned 531–579). He was the last king of Persia
Persia
to have a lengthy reign before the Muslim conquest of Iran, which began five years after his death by execution
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Castelgandolfo
Castel Gandolfo (Italian pronunciation: [kaˈstɛl ɡanˈdɔlfo; -ˈdolfo]; Latin: Castrum Gandulphi; colloquially Castello in the Castelli Romani dialects) is a town located 25 kilometres (16 mi) southeast of Rome in the Lazio region of Italy.[2] Occupying a height on the Alban Hills overlooking Lake Albano, Castel Gandolfo has a population of approximately 8,834 residents and is considered one of Italy's most scenic towns.[3] Within the town's boundaries lies the Apostolic Palace of Castel Gandolfo which served as a summer residence and vacation retreat for the pope, the leader of the Catholic Church. Although the palace is located within the borders of Castel Gandolfo, it has extraterritorial status as one of the properties of the Holy See and is not under Italian jurisdiction
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Monte Porzio Catone
Monte Porzio Catone
Monte Porzio Catone
is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Rome
Rome
in the central Italian region Latium, located about 20 kilometres (12 mi) southeast of Rome, on the Alban Hills. Monte Porzio Catone
Monte Porzio Catone
borders the following municipalities: Frascati, Grottaferrata, Monte Compatri
Monte Compatri
and Rome.Tusculan Hermitage of Camaldoli.Contents1 Main sights 2 Twin towns 3 References 4 External linksMain sights[edit]The Astronomical Rome
Rome
Observatory is located 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from the city centre. It was built starting from 1939, being finished in 1965. It rises above the remains of a Roman villa, the "Matidia's Villa", from the first century AD
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