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Grosvenor Museum
GROSVENOR MUSEUM is a museum in Chester
Chester
, Cheshire
Cheshire
, England. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England
National Heritage List for England
as a designated Grade II listed building . Its full title is THE GROSVENOR MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY, WITH SCHOOLS OF SCIENCE AND ART, FOR CHESTER, CHESHIRE AND NORTH WALES. It takes its name from the family name of the Dukes of Westminster , who are major landowners in Cheshire. The museum opened in 1886, it was extended in 1894, and major refurbishments took place between 1989 and 1999. Its contents include archaeological items from the Roman period, paintings, musical instruments, and a room arranged as a Victorian parlour
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Dutch Gable
A DUTCH GABLE or FLEMISH GABLE is a gable whose sides have a shape made up of one or more curves and has a pediment at the top. The gable may be an entirely decorative projection above a flat section of roof line, or may be the termination of a roof, like a normal gable (the picture of Montacute House, right, shows both types). The preceding is the strict definition, but the term is sometimes used more loosely, though the stepped gable should be distinguished from it. The term "Dutch gable" is also used in America and Australasia to refer to a gablet roof . The Dutch gable was a notable feature of the Renaissance architecture which spread to northern Europe from the Low Countries , arriving in Britain during the latter part of the 16th century. Later Dutch gables with flowing curves became absorbed into Baroque architecture . Examples of Dutch-gabled buildings can be found in historic cities across Europe
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Coat Of Arms
A COAT OF ARMS is an heraldic visual design on an escutcheon (i.e., shield ), surcoat , or tabard . The coat of arms on an escutcheon forms the central element of the full heraldic achievement which in its whole consists of shield, supporters , crest , and motto . A coat of arms is traditionally unique to an individual person , family (except in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
), state, organisation or corporation
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Shap
SHAP is a linear village and civil parish located among fells and isolated dales in Eden district , Cumbria, England. The village lies along the A6 road and the West Coast Main Line , and is near to the M6 motorway . It is situated 10 miles (16 km) from Penrith and about 15 miles (24 km) from Kendal , in the historic county of Westmorland . CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Description * 3 Transport links * 4 Dialect * 5 Attractions * 6 Climate * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links ETYMOLOGYEarly (12th- and 13th-century) forms such as Hep and Yheppe point to an Old Norse rendering Hjáp of an Old English original Hēap = "heap", (of stones), perhaps referring to an ancient stone circle , cairn , or to the Shap Stone Avenue just to the west of the village. DESCRIPTION Shap Well Hotel St
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Spandrel
A SPANDREL, less often SPANDRIL or SPLAUNDREL, is the space between two arches or between an arch and a rectangular enclosure. There are four or five accepted and cognate meanings of spandrel in architectural and art history , mostly relating to the space between a curved figure and a rectangular boundary - such as the space between the curve of an arch and a rectilinear bounding moulding, or the wallspace bounded by adjacent arches in an arcade and the stringcourse or moulding above them, or the space between the central medallion of a carpet and its rectangular corners, or the space between the circular face of a clock and the corners of the square revealed by its hood. Also included is the space under a flight of stairs , if it is not occupied by another flight of stairs. In a building with more than one floor, the term spandrel is also used to indicate the space between the top of the window in one story and the sill of the window in the story above
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Sandstone
SANDSTONE is a clastic sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-sized (0.0625 to 2 mm) mineral particles or rock fragments . Most sandstone is composed of quartz or feldspar because they are the most resistant minerals to weathering processes at the Earth's surface, as seen in Bowen\'s reaction series . Like uncemented sand , sandstone may be any color due to impurities within the minerals, but the most common colors are tan, brown, yellow, red, grey, pink, white, and black. Since sandstone beds often form highly visible cliffs and other topographic features, certain colors of sandstone have been strongly identified with certain regions. Rock formations that are primarily composed of sandstone usually allow the percolation of water and other fluids and are porous enough to store large quantities, making them valuable aquifers and petroleum reservoirs
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Entomology
ENTOMOLOGY (from Greek ἔντομον, entomon "insect"; and -λογία, -logia) is the scientific study of insects , a branch of zoology . In the past the term "insect" was more vague, and historically the definition of entomology included the study of terrestrial animals in other arthropod groups or other phyla , such as arachnids , myriapods , earthworms , land snails , and slugs . This wider meaning may still be encountered in informal use. Like several of the other fields that are categorized within zoology , entomology is a taxon -based category; any form of scientific study in which there is a focus on insect-related inquiries is, by definition, entomology. Entomology
Entomology
therefore overlaps with a cross-section of topics as diverse as molecular genetics , behavior , biomechanics , biochemistry , systematics , physiology , developmental biology , ecology , morphology , and paleontology
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University Of Liverpool
The University AFFILIATIONS Russell Group
Russell Group
, EUA , N8 Group
N8 Group
, NWUA , AACSB , CDIO , EASN WEBSITE www.liverpool.ac.ukThe UNIVERSITY OF LIVERPOOL is a public university based in the city of Liverpool
Liverpool
, England
England
. Founded as a college in 1881, it gained its royal charter in 1903 with the ability to award degrees and is also known to be one of the six original "red brick " civic universities. It comprises three faculties organised into 35 departments and schools. It is a founding member of the Russell Group
Russell Group
, the N8 Group for research collaboration and the University Management school is AACSB accredited. Nine Nobel Prize winners are amongst its alumni and past faculty and the university offers more than 230 first degree courses across 103 subjects
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Freedom Of The City
The FREEDOM OF THE CITY is an honour bestowed by a municipality upon a valued member of the community, or upon a visiting celebrity or dignitary. Arising from the medieval practice of granting respected citizens freedom from serfdom , the tradition still lives on in countries such as the United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia, Canada, South Africa and New Zealand – although today the title of "freeman" confers no special privileges. The Freedom of the City can also be granted by municipal authorities to military units which have earned the city's trust; in this context, it is sometimes called the FREEDOM OF ENTRY. This allows them the freedom to parade through the city, and is an affirmation of the bond between the regiment and the citizenry. The honor was sometimes accompanied by a "freedom box", a small gold box inscribed to record the occasion; these are not usual today
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Granite
GRANITE ( /ˈɡrænᵻt/ ) is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture. Granites can be predominantly white, pink, or gray in color, depending on their mineralogy. The word "granite" comes from the Latin
Latin
granum, a grain, in reference to the coarse-grained structure of such a holocrystalline rock. Strictly speaking, granite is an igneous rock with between 20% and 60% quartz by volume, and at least 35% of the total feldspar consisting of alkali feldspar , although commonly the term "granite" is used to refer to a wider range of coarse grained igneous rocks containing quartz and feldspar. The term "granitic" means granite-like and is applied to granite and a group of intrusive igneous rocks with similar textures and slight variations in composition and origin
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Mosaic
A MOSAIC is a piece of art or image made from the assemblage of small pieces of colored glass , stone, or other materials. It is often used in decorative art or as interior decoration . Most mosaics are made of small, flat, roughly square , pieces of stone or glass of different colors, known as tesserae . Some, especially floor mosaics, are made of small rounded pieces of stone, and called "pebble mosaics". Others are made of other materials. Mosaics have a long history, starting in Mesopotamia in the 3rd millennium BC. Pebble mosaics were made in Tiryns
Tiryns
in Mycenean Greece; mosaics with patterns and pictures became widespread in classical times, both in Ancient Greece
Ancient Greece
and Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
. Early Christian basilicas from the 4th century onwards were decorated with wall and ceiling mosaics
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Consumer Price Index (United Kingdom)
The CONSUMER PRICE INDEX (CPI) is the official measure of inflation of consumer prices of the United Kingdom. It is also called the HARMONISED INDEX OF CONSUMER PRICES (HICP). CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 RPIX * 1.2 Introducing CPI * 2 Implementation * 3 CPI and culture * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYThe traditional measure of inflation in the UK for many years was the Retail Prices Index (RPI), which was first calculated in the early 20th century to evaluate the extent to which workers were affected by price changes during the First World War. The main index was described as the Interim Index of Retail Prices from 1947 to 1955. In January 1956, it was rebased and renamed the Index of Retail Prices. In January 1962 this was replaced by the General Index of Retail Prices, which was again rebased at that time
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International Standard Book Number
The INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book , a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit STANDARD BOOK NUMBERING (SBN) created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108 (the SBN code can be converted to a ten digit ISBN by prefixing it with a zero)
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Historic England
HISTORIC ENGLAND (officially the HISTORIC BUILDINGS AND MONUMENTS COMMISSION FOR ENGLAND) is an executive non-departmental public body of the British Government sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS). It is tasked with protecting the historical environment of England by preserving and listing historic buildings , ancient monuments and advising central and local government. The body was officially created by the National Heritage Act 1983 , and operated from April 1984 to April 2015 under the name of English Heritage . In 2015, following the changes to English Heritage's structure that moved the protection of the National Heritage Collection into the voluntary sector , the body that remained was rebranded as Historic England. Historic England
Historic England
has a similar remit to and complements the work of Natural England which aims to protect the natural environment
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National Lottery (United Kingdom)
The NATIONAL LOTTERY is the state-franchised national lottery in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
. It is operated by Camelot Group
Camelot Group
, to whom the licence was granted in 1994, 2001 and again in 2007. The lottery is regulated by the National Lottery
Lottery
Commission , and was established by the government of John Major in 1994. All prizes are paid as a lump sum and are tax-free. Of all money spent on National Lottery
Lottery
games, 50% goes to the prize fund, 28% to "good causes" as set out by Parliament (though some of this is considered by some to be a form of "stealth tax " levied to support the Big Lottery
Lottery
Fund , a fund constituted to support public spending), 12% to the UK Government
UK Government
as duty, 5% to retailers as commission, and a total of 5% to operator Camelot, with 4.5% to cover operating costs and 0.5% as profit
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