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Grey Hat
The term "grey hat", alternatively spelled as "greyhat" or "gray hat", refers to a computer hacker or computer security expert who may sometimes violate laws or typical ethical standards, but does not have the malicious intent typical of a black hat hacker. The term began to be used in the late 1990s, derived from the concepts of "white hat" and "black hat" hackers.[1] When a white hat hacker discovers a vulnerability, they will exploit it only with permission and not divulge its existence until it has been fixed, whereas the black hat will illegally exploit it and/or tell others how to do so. The grey hat will neither illegally exploit it, nor tell others how to do so.[2] A further difference among these types of hacker lies in their methods of discovering vulnerabilities
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Operation AntiSec
Operation Anti-Security, also referred to as Operation AntiSec
Operation AntiSec
or #AntiSec, is a series of hacking attacks performed by members of hacking group LulzSec
LulzSec
and BlackSec, the group Anonymous, and others inspired by the announcement of the operation. LulzSec
LulzSec
performed the earliest attacks of the operation, with the first against the Serious Organised Crime Agency on 20 June 2011. Soon after, the group released information taken from the servers of the Arizona Department of Public Safety; Anonymous would later release information from the same agency two more times. An offshoot of the group calling themselves LulzSec Brazil
Brazil
launched attacks on numerous websites belonging to the Government of Brazil
Government of Brazil
and the energy company Petrobras
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Firewall (computing)
In computing, a firewall is a network security system that monitors and controls incoming and outgoing network traffic based on predetermined security rules.[1] A firewall typically establishes a barrier between a trusted internal network and untrusted external network, such as the Internet.[2] Firewalls are often categorized as either network firewalls or host-based firewalls. Network firewalls filter traffic between two or more networks and run on network hardware
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Timeline Of Computer Security Hacker History
The timeline of computer security hacker history covers important and noteworthy events in the history of security hacking and cracking.Contents1 19001.1 19032 1930s2.1 1932 2.2 19393 1940s3.1 19434 1950s4.1 1955 4.2 19575 1960s5.1 1963 5.2 1965 5.3 19676 1970s6.1 1971 6.2 19797 1980s7.1 1980 7.2 1981 7.3 1983 7.4 1984 7.5 1985 7.6 1986 7.7 1987 7.8 1988 7.9 19898 1990s8.1 1990 8.2 1992 8.3 1993 8.4 1994 8.5 1995 8.6 1996 8.7 1997 8.8 1998 8.9 19999 2000s9.1 2000 9.2 2001 9.3 2002 9.4 2003 9.5 2004 9.6 2005 9.7 2006 9.8 2007 9.9 2008 9.10 200910 2010s10.1 2010 10.2 2011 10.3 2012 10.4 2013 10.5 2014 10.6 2015 10.7 2016 10.8 201711 See also 12 References 13 Further reading1900[edit] 1903[edit]Magician and inventor Nevil Maskelyne disrupts John Ambrose Fleming's public demonstration of Guglielmo Marconi's purportedly secur
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Computer Virus
A computer virus is a type of malicious software program ("malware") that, when executed, replicates itself by modifying other computer programs and inserting its own code.[1] When this replication succeeds, the affected areas are then said to be "infected" with a computer virus.[2][3][4] Virus writers use social engineering deceptions and exploit detailed knowledge of security vulnerabilities to initially infect systems and to spread the virus
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Computer Worm
A computer worm is a standalone malware computer program that replicates itself in order to spread to other computers.[1] Often, it uses a computer network to spread itself, relying on security failures on the target computer to access it. Worms almost always cause at least some harm to the network, even if only by consuming bandwidth, whereas viruses almost always corrupt or modify files on a targeted computer. Many worms that have been created are designed only to spread, and do not attempt to change the systems they pass through
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Ransomware
Ransomware
Ransomware
is a type of malicious software from cryptovirology that threatens to publish the victim's data or perpetually block access to it unless a ransom is paid
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Logic Bomb
A logic bomb is a piece of code intentionally inserted into a software system that will set off a malicious function when specified conditions are met. For example, a programmer may hide a piece of code that starts deleting files (such as a salary database trigger), should they ever be terminated from the company. Software
Software
that is inherently malicious, such as viruses and worms, often contain logic bombs that execute a certain payload at a pre-defined time or when some other condition is met. This technique can be used by a virus or worm to gain momentum and spread before being noticed. Some viruses attack their host systems on specific dates, such as Friday the 13th
Friday the 13th
or April Fools' Day. Trojans that activate on certain dates are often called "time bombs". To be considered a logic bomb, the payload should be unwanted and unknown to the user of the software
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Botnet
A botnet is a number of Internet-connected devices, each of which is running one or more bots. Botnets can be used to perform distributed denial-of-service attack (DDoS attack), steal data,[1] send spam, and allows the attacker to access the device and its connection. The owner can control the botnet using command and control (C&C) software.[2] The word "botnet" is a combination of the words "robot" and "network"
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Keystroke Logging
Keystroke logging, often referred to as keylogging or keyboard capturing, is the action of recording (logging) the keys struck on a keyboard, typically covertly, so that the person using the keyboard is unaware that their actions are being monitored. Data can then be retrieved by the person operating the logging program
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Antivirus Software
Antivirus or anti-virus software (often abbreviated as AV), sometimes known as anti-malware software, is computer software used to prevent, detect and remove malicious software. Antivirus software
Antivirus software
was originally developed to detect and remove computer viruses, hence the name. However, with the proliferation of other kinds of malware, antivirus software started to provide protection from other computer threats
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Host-based Intrusion Detection System
A host-based intrusion detection system (HIDS) is an intrusion detection system that is capable of monitoring and analyzing the internals of a computing system as well as the network packets on its network interfaces, similar to the way a network-based intrusion detection system (NIDS) operates.[1] This was the first type of intrusion detection software to have been designed, with the original target system being the mainframe computer where outside interaction was infrequent.[2]Contents1 Overview1.1 Monitoring dynamic behavior 1.2 Monitoring state1.2.1 Technique 1.2.2 Operation1.3 Protecting the HIDS2 Reception 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksOverview[edit]This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed
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Malware
Malware, short for malicious software, is an umbrella term used to refer to a variety of forms of hostile or intrusive software,[1] including computer viruses, worms, Trojan horses, ransomware, spyware, adware, scareware, and other intentionally harmful programs. It can take the form of executable code, scripts, active content, and other software.[2] Malware
Malware
is defined by its malicious intent, acting against the requirements of the computer user — and so does not include software that causes unintentional harm due to some deficiency. Programs supplied officially by companies can be considered malware if they secretly act against the interests of the computer user
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Computer Security
Cybersecurity, computer security or IT security is the protection of computer systems from the theft and damage to their hardware, software or information, as well as from disruption or misdirection of the services they provide. Cybersecurity includes controlling physical access to the hardware, as well as protecting against harm that may come via network access, data and code injection.[1] Also, due to malpractice by operators, whether intentional or accidental, IT security is susceptible to being tricked into deviating from secure procedures through various methods.[2] The field is of growing importance due to the increasing reliance on computer systems and the Internet,[3] wireless networks such as Bluetooth
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Application Security
Application security encompasses measures taken to improve the security of an application often by finding, fixing and preventing security vulnerabilities. Different techniques are used to surface such security vulnerabilities at different stages of an applications lifecycle such design, development, deployment, upgrade, maintenance. An always evolving but largely consistent set of common security flaws are seen across different applications, see common flawsContents1 Terms 2 Techniques 3 Application threats / attacks 4 Mobile application security 5 Security testing for applications 6 Security protection for applications 7 Security standards and regulations 8 See also 9 ReferencesTerms[edit]Asset. A resource of value such as the data in a database, money in an account, file on the filesystem or any system resource. Vulnerability. A weakness or gap in security program that can be exploited by threats to gain unauthorized access to an asset. Attack (or exploit)
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Network Security
Network security consists of the policies and practices adopted to prevent and monitor unauthorized access, misuse, modification, or denial of a computer network and network-accessible resources. Network security involves the authorization of access to data in a network, which is controlled by the network administrator. Users choose or are assigned an ID and password or other authenticating information that allows them access to information and programs within their authority. Network security covers a variety of computer networks, both public and private, that are used in everyday jobs; conducting transactions and communications among businesses, government agencies and individuals. Networks can be private, such as within a company, and others which might be open to public access. Network security is involved in organizations, enterprises, and other types of institutions
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