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Greensboro, North Carolina
GREENSBORO (/ˈɡriːnzbʌroʊ/ ( listen ); formerly GREENSBOROUGH) is a city in the U.S. state
U.S. state
of North Carolina
North Carolina
. It is the third-largest city by population in North Carolina
North Carolina
and the county seat and largest city in Guilford County and the surrounding Piedmont Triad metropolitan region. As of the 2010 census , the city population was 269,666, and in 2015 the estimated population was 285,342. Three major interstate highways ( Interstate 85
Interstate 85
, Interstate 40
Interstate 40
and Interstate 73 ) in the Piedmont region of central North Carolina
North Carolina
were built to intersect at this city. In 1808, "Greensborough" (the spelling before 1895) was planned around a central courthouse square to succeed Guilford Court House as the county seat
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United States Metropolitan Area
Population * Area * Density * Ethnic identity * Foreign-born * Income * Spanish speakers * By decade URBAN AREAS Populous cities and metropolitan areas METROPOLITAN AREAS * 574 Primary Statistical Areas * 169 Combined Statistical Areas * 929 Core Based Statistical Areas * 389 Metropolitan Statistical Areas * 540 Micropolitan Statistical Areas MEGAREGIONS * SEE ALSO * North American metro areas * World cities * v * t * e The United States
United States
Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has defined 382 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) for the United States
United States
and seven for Puerto Rico
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North American Numbering Plan
The NORTH AMERICAN NUMBERING PLAN (NANP) is a telephone numbering plan that encompasses 25 distinct regions in twenty countries primarily in North America, including the Caribbean
Caribbean
and the U.S. territories . Not all North American countries participate in the NANP. The NANP was originally devised in the 1940s by AT&T
AT&T
for the Bell System and independent telephone operators in North America, to unify the diverse local numbering plans that had been established in the preceding decades. AT area code 706, formerly for northwest Mexico, was reassigned to northern Georgia , surrounding the Atlanta
Atlanta
region which retained 404; and area code 903, which also served a small portion of northern Mexico, was reassigned to northeastern Texas when it split from area code 214 . Dutch-speaking Sint Maarten
Sint Maarten
joined the NANP in September 2011, receiving area code 721
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Federal Information Processing Standards
FEDERAL INFORMATION PROCESSING STANDARDS (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States federal government for use in computer systems by non-military government agencies and government contractors. FIPS standards are issued to establish requirements for various purposes such as ensuring computer security and interoperability, and are intended for cases in which suitable industry standards do not already exist. Many FIPS specifications are modified versions of standards used in the technical communities, such as the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). CONTENTS * 1 Specific areas of FIPS standardization * 2 Data security standards * 3 Withdrawal of geographic codes * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links SPECIFIC AREAS OF FIPS STANDARDIZATIONThe U.S
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City Manager
A CITY MANAGER is an official appointed as the administrative manager of a city, in a council–manager form of city government. Local officials serving in this position are sometimes referred to as the chief executive officer (CEO) or chief administrative officer (CAO) in some municipalities. CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 History * 3 Responsibilities * 4 Profile * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 Further reading * 8 External links DESCRIPTION Dayton, Ohio
Dayton, Ohio
suffered a great flood in 1913, and responded with the innovation of a paid, non-political city manager, hired by the commissioners to run the bureaucracy; civil engineers were especially preferred. Other small or middle sized American cities, especially in the West, adopted the idea. In Europe, smaller cities in the Netherlands were specially attracted by the plan
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Combined Statistical Area
Population * Area * Density * Ethnic identity * Foreign-born * Income * Spanish speakers * By decade URBAN AREAS Populous cities and metropolitan areas METROPOLITAN AREAS * 574 Primary Statistical Areas * 169 Combined Statistical Areas * 929 Core Based Statistical Areas * 389 Metropolitan Statistical Areas * 540 Micropolitan Statistical Areas MEGAREGIONS * SEE ALSO * North American metro areas * World cities * v * t * e A COMBINED STATISTICAL AREA (CSA) is composed of adjacent metropolitan (MSA) and micropolitan statistical areas (µSA) in the United States
United States
and Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
that can demonstrate economic or social linkage
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes. Time
Time
zones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time. Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time
Time
(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12 to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (for example Newfoundland Standard Time
Time
is UTC−03:30, Nepal
Nepal
Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Time is UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones
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UTC−4
UTC−04:00 is a time offset that subtracts 4 hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). It is observed in the Eastern Time Zone
Eastern Time Zone
(e.g., Canada
Canada
and the United States
United States
) during the warm months of daylight saving time , as Eastern Daylight Time. The Atlantic Time Zone observes it during standard time (cold months). It is observed all year in the Eastern Caribbean
Eastern Caribbean

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Daylight Saving Time
DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME (abbreviated DST), also sometimes erroneously referred to as DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times. Typically, regions that use daylight saving time adjust clocks forward one hour close to the start of spring and adjust them backward in the autumn to standard time. American inventor and politician Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
proposed a form of daylight time in 1784. He wrote an essay "An Economical Project for Diminishing the Cost of Light" to the editor of The Journal of Paris , suggesting, somewhat jokingly, that Parisians could economize candle usage by getting people out of bed earlier in the morning, making use of the natural morning light instead. New Zealander George Hudson proposed the idea of daylight saving in 1895
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UTC−5
UTC−05:00 is a time offset that subtracts five hours from Coordinated Universal Time
Coordinated Universal Time
(UTC). In North America, it is observed in the Eastern Time Zone
Eastern Time Zone
during standard time , and in the Central Time Zone during the other eight months (see Daylight saving time
Daylight saving time
). The western Caribbean uses it year round
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Eastern Time Zone
The EASTERN TIME ZONE (ET) is a time zone encompassing 17 U.S. states in the eastern part of the contiguous United States , parts of eastern Canada
Canada
, the state of Quintana Roo in Mexico
Mexico
, Panama
Panama
in Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. Places that use EASTERN STANDARD TIME (EST) when observing standard time (autumn/winter) are 5 hours behind Coordinated Universal Time (UTC−05:00 ). EASTERN DAYLIGHT TIME (EDT), when observing daylight saving time DST (spring/summer) is 4 hours behind Coordinated Universal Time (UTC−04:00 ). In the northern parts of the time zone, on the second Sunday in March, at 2:00 a.m. EST, clocks are advanced to 3:00 a.m. EDT leaving a one-hour "gap". On the first Sunday in November, at 2:00 a.m. EDT, clocks are moved back to 1:00 a.m
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ZIP Code
ZIP CODES are a system of postal codes used by the United States Postal Service since 1963. The term ZIP, an acronym for Zone Improvement Plan, was chosen to suggest that the mail travels more efficiently, and therefore more quickly (zipping along), when senders use the code in the postal address . The basic format consists of five digits . An extended 'ZIP+4' code, introduced in 1983, includes the five digits of the ZIP Code, a hyphen , and four additional digits that determine a more specific location within a given ZIP Code. The term ZIP Code
ZIP Code
was originally registered as a servicemark by the U.S. Postal Service, but its registration has since expired. USPS style for ZIP is all caps and the "C" in "Code" is also capitalized, although style sheets for some publications use sentence case or lowercase
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Democratic Party (United States)
The DEMOCRATIC PARTY is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States
United States
, along with the Republican Party (GOP). Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
and James Madison
James Madison
's Democratic-Republican Party
Democratic-Republican Party
, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson
, making it the world's oldest political party. The Democrats' dominant worldview was once social conservatism and economic liberalism , while—especially in the rural South —populism was its leading characteristic
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Geographic Names Information System
The GEOGRAPHIC NAMES INFORMATION SYSTEM (GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States
United States
of America and its territories. It is a type of gazetteer . GNIS was developed by the United States
United States
Geological Survey in cooperation with the