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Greater Manchester
GREATER MANCHESTER is a metropolitan county in North West England
England
, with a population of 2.8 million . It encompasses one of the largest metropolitan areas in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and comprises ten metropolitan boroughs : Bolton
Bolton
, Bury
Bury
, Oldham
Oldham
, Rochdale
Rochdale
, Stockport , Tameside , Trafford
Trafford
, Wigan
Wigan
, and the cities of Manchester
Manchester
and Salford . Greater Manchester
Manchester
was created on 1 April 1974 as a result of the Local Government Act 1972
Local Government Act 1972
; and designated a City Region on 1 April 2011. Greater Manchester
Manchester
spans 493 square miles (1,277 km2), which roughly covers the territory of the Greater Manchester
Manchester
Built-up Area , the second most populous urban area in the UK
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Counties Of England
COUNTIES OF ENGLAND are areas used for the purposes of administrative, geographical, cultural or political demarcation. For administrative purposes, England outside Greater London and the Isles of Scilly is divided into 83 metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties . These counties may consist of a single district or be divided into several districts. As of April 2009, 27 of these counties are divided into districts and have a county council . Six of the counties, covering the major conurbations , are known as metropolitan counties , which do not have county councils, although some functions are organised on a county-wide basis by their districts (metropolitan boroughs ) acting jointly. All of England (including Greater London and the Isles of Scilly) is also divided into 48 ceremonial counties , which are also known as geographic counties. Most ceremonial counties correspond to a metropolitan or non-metropolitan county of the same name but often with reduced boundaries. The current arrangement is the result of incremental reform. Many of the counties have their origins in the Middle Ages , although the larger counties of Yorkshire and Sussex lost many or all of their administrative functions centuries ago. The geographic counties which existed before the local government reforms of 1965 and 1974 are referred to as ancient counties or historic counties
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Flag Of Greater Manchester
The FLAG OF GREATER MANCHESTER is the unofficial flag of the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester in England
England
. It is not registered with the Flag Institute , which will not register flags for counties other than for historic counties . As a flag representing a county it is given special legal status by the UK Flag Flying Regulations. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Description * 3 Usage * 4 References * 5 See also HISTORYThe flag derives from the shield and crest design on the coat of arms of Greater Manchester ; the design itself is used by a number of organisations that represent the Greater Manchester area, such as the former Greater Manchester County Council , the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service , and the Greater Manchester Army Cadet Force , all of which use ten golden towers on a red background to represent the ten metropolitan boroughs. DESCRIPTIONThe flag is composed of ten golden castles (arranged in rows of 3–2–3–2) on a red background, fringed by a golden border in the style of a castle battlement. The blazon is: "Gules, ten Towers three two three two, all within a Bordure embattled Or"
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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List Of Sovereign States
This LIST OF SOVEREIGN STATES provides an overview of sovereign states around the world , with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty . Membership within the United Nations
United Nations
system divides the 206 listed states into three categories: 193 member states , two observer states , and 11 other states. The _sovereignty dispute_ column indicates states whose sovereignty is undisputed (190 states) and states whose sovereignty is disputed (16 states, out of which there are 6 member states, 1 observer state and 9 other states). Compiling a list such as this can be a difficult and controversial process, as there is no definition that is binding on all the members of the community of nations concerning the criteria for statehood . For more information on the criteria used to determine the contents of this list, please see the _criteria for inclusion _ section below. The list is intended to include entities that have been recognized to have _de facto_ status as sovereign states, and inclusion should not be seen as an endorsement of any specific claim to statehood in legal terms
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United Kingdom
The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, commonly known as the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) or BRITAIN, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland , the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland
Ireland
and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland
Ireland
. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
, with the North Sea to its east, the English Channel to its south and the Celtic Sea to its south-south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world . The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world and the 11th-largest in Europe
Europe
. It is also the 21st-most populous country , with an estimated 65.1 million inhabitants
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Countries Of The United Kingdom
The United Kingdom (UK) comprises four countries : England , Scotland , Wales and Northern Ireland . Within the United Kingdom, a unitary sovereign state , Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales have gained a degree of autonomy through the process of devolution . The UK Parliament and British Government deal with all _reserved matters _ for Northern Ireland and Scotland and all _non-transferred matters_ for Wales, but not in general matters that have been devolved to the Northern Ireland Assembly , Scottish Parliament and National Assembly for Wales . Additionally, devolution in Northern Ireland is conditional on co-operation between the Northern Ireland Executive and the Government of Ireland (see North/South Ministerial Council ) and the British Government consults with the Government of Ireland to reach agreement on some non-devolved matters for Northern Ireland (see British–Irish Intergovernmental Conference ). England, comprising the majority of the population and area of the United Kingdom, remains fully the responsibility of the UK Parliament centralised in London . England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales are not themselves listed in the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) list of countries
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England
ENGLAND is a country that is part of the United Kingdom . It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain (which lies in the North Atlantic ) in its centre and south; and includes over 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly , and the Isle of Wight . The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles , one of the Germanic tribes who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, and since the Age of Discovery , which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world. The English language , the Anglican Church , and English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, and the country's parliamentary system of government has been widely adopted by other nations
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Regions Of England
The REGIONS (formerly known as the GOVERNMENT OFFICE REGIONS; GORS) are the highest tier of sub-national division in England . Between 1994 and 2011, nine regions had officially devolved functions within Government. While they no longer fulfil this role, they continue to be used for statistical and some administrative purposes. They define areas (constituencies) for the purposes of elections to the European Parliament . Eurostat also uses them to demarcate first level Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) regions ("NUTS 1 regions") within the European Union . The regions generally follow the boundaries of the former standard regions , established in the 1940s for statistical purposes. The London region (also known as Greater London ) has a directly elected Mayor and Assembly . Six regions have local authority leaders\' boards to assist with correlating the headline policies of local authorities. The remaining two regions no longer have any administrative functions, having abolished their regional local authority leaders' boards. In 1998, regional chambers were established in the eight regions outside of London, which produced strategic plans and recommendations to local authorities
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North West England
NORTH WEST ENGLAND, one of nine official regions of England , consists of the five counties of Cheshire , Cumbria , Greater Manchester , Lancashire and Merseyside . The North West had a population of 7,052,000 in 2011
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Local Government Act 1972
The LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT 1972 (c 70) is an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that reformed local government in England and Wales
England and Wales
on 1 April 1974. Its pattern of two-tier metropolitan and non-metropolitan county and district councils remains in use today in large parts of England, although the metropolitan county councils were abolished in 1986, and both county and district councils were replaced with unitary authorities in many areas in the 1990s. In Wales, too, the Act established a similar pattern of counties and districts , but these have since been entirely replaced with a system of unitary authorities . It was one of the most significant Acts of Parliament to be passed by the Heath Government of 1970-74 and is surpassed only by the European Communities Act 1972 which took the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
into the European Communities . Elections were held to the new authorities in 1973, and they acted as "shadow authorities" until the handover date. Elections to county councils were held on 12 April, for metropolitan and Welsh districts on 10 May, and for non-metropolitan district councils on 7 June
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Ceremonial Counties Of England
The CEREMONIAL COUNTIES, also referred to as the LIEUTENANCY AREAS OF ENGLAND, are areas of England to which a Lord Lieutenant is appointed. Legally the areas in England, as well as in Wales and Scotland, are defined by the Lieutenancies Act 1997 as COUNTIES AND AREAS FOR THE PURPOSES OF THE LIEUTENANCIES IN GREAT BRITAIN, in contrast to the areas used for local government . They are also informally known as GEOGRAPHIC COUNTIES, as often representing more permanent features of English geography, and to distinguish them from counties of England which have a present-day administrative function. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Shrieval counties * 3 Definition * 3.1 Ceremonial counties since 1997 * 4 Lieutenancy areas in 1890 * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Notes * 8 External links HISTORY Ceremonial counties before the creation of Greater London in 1965 (showing counties corporate as part of the main counties.) The distinction between a county for purposes of the Lieutenancy and a county for administrative purposes is not a new one: in some cases a county corporate that was part of a county was appointed its own Lieutenant (although the Lieutenant of the containing county would often be appointed to this position as well), and the three Ridings of Yorkshire had been treated as three counties for Lieutenancy purposes since the 17th century
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Lord Lieutenant Of Greater Manchester
The LORD LIEUTENANT OF GREATER MANCHESTER is the representative of the monarch, Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
in the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester in North West England . As Greater Manchester remains part of the Lancashire County Palatine, the Lord Lieutenant is appointed by the monarch in their capacity as Duke of Lancaster . The office was created on 1 April 1974. Before 1974 the area had been covered by the Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire , the Lord Lieutenant of Cheshire , and a small part by the Lord Lieutenant of the West Riding of Yorkshire . The role of the Lord Lieutenant is to "first and foremost ... to uphold the dignity of the Crown". The Lord Lieutenant also acts as Keeper of the Rolls . It also promoted the work of voluntary service and benevolent organisations. The Lord Lieutenant is aided in his office by over 70 Deputy Lieutenants. CONTENTS * 1 List of Lords-Lieutenant of Greater Manchester * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links LIST OF LORDS-LIEUTENANT OF GREATER MANCHESTER NO. LORD LIEUTENANT FROM UNTIL 1 Sir William Downward 1 April 1974 27 January 1988 2 Col
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High Sheriff Of Greater Manchester
The Office of HIGH SHERIFF OF GREATER MANCHESTER is the ceremonial position of High Sheriff appointed to Greater Manchester , a metropolitan county in North West England . The appointment is made by the British monarch , in their capacity as Duke of Lancaster , by pricking the Lites . Created in 1974, the High Sheriff of Greater Manchester has the duty to "protect and assist in upholding the dignity and well being of Her Majesty's judges and to represent the Queens executive powers in respect of the administration of justice in the county". The Office of High Sheriff is normally awarded to people of stature in Greater Manchester who have significantly and positively contributed in some way to the county's community either through voluntary work or through commerce or industry. The High Sheriff of Greater Manchester holds the post for one year and automatically becomes an ex officio trustee of the Greater Manchester High Sheriff's Police Trust during their year of office. In addition to the role of "Keeper of The Queens Peace in the County", foremost duties include looking after the High Court judges when they are sitting in the Manchester Crown Court . However, much of the administration being undertaken by an undersheriff
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List Of Ceremonial Counties Of England
This is a LIST OF CEREMONIAL COUNTIES OF ENGLAND . The population figures are mid-year estimates for 2016 from the Office for National Statistics . COUNTY POPULATION Rank (pop.) Area (in km²) Area (sq
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Metropolitan County
The METROPOLITAN COUNTIES are a type of county-level administrative division of England. There are six metropolitan counties, which each cover large urban areas, typically with populations of 1.2 to 2.8 million. They were created in 1972 and are each divided into several metropolitan districts or boroughs . The metropolitan county councils were abolished in 1986 with most of their functions being devolved to the individual boroughs, making them _de facto_ unitary authorities . The remaining functions were taken over by joint boards. The metropolitan counties have population densities of between 800 ( South Yorkshire ) and 2,800 (West Midlands ) people/km². Individual metropolitan districts range from 4,000 people/km² in Liverpool to only 500 people/km² in Doncaster . Today, residents of metropolitan counties account for around 22% of the population of England , or 18% of the United Kingdom
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