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Grand Prince
The title GRAND PRINCE or GREAT PRINCE ( Latin
Latin
: magnus princeps, Greek : megas archon) ranked in honour below king and emperor and above a sovereign prince . Grand duke
Grand duke
is the usual and established, though not literal , translation of these terms in English and Romance languages , which do not normally use separate words for a "prince" who reigns as a monarch (e.g., Albert II, Prince
Prince
of Monaco ) and a "prince" who does not reign, but belongs to a monarch's family (e.g., Prince
Prince
William, Duke of Cambridge ). German, Dutch, Slavic and Scandinavian languages do use separate words to express this concept, and in those languages grand prince is understood as a distinct title (for a cadet of a dynasty ) from grand duke (hereditary ruler ranking below a king). The title of grand prince was once used for the sovereign of a "grand principality"
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Prince William, Duke Of Cambridge
PRINCE WILLIAM, DUKE OF CAMBRIDGE, KG , KT , PC , ADC(P) (William Arthur Philip Louis; born 21 June 1982) is the elder son of Charles, Prince of Wales
Prince of Wales
, and Diana, Princess of Wales
Diana, Princess of Wales
. He is second in the line of succession to the British throne , after his father. William was educated at four schools in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and obtained a degree from the University of St Andrews
University of St Andrews
. He spent parts of a gap year in Chile
Chile
, Belize
Belize
, and some parts of Africa. In December 2006, he completed 44 weeks of training as an officer cadet and was commissioned in the Blues and Royals
Blues and Royals
regiment
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Cadet
A CADET is a trainee . The term is frequently used to refer to those training to become an officer in the military , often a person who is a junior trainee. Its meaning may vary between countries. The term is also used in civilian contexts and as a general attributive, for example in its original sense of a branch of a ruling house which is not currently in the direct line of succession
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Dynasty
A DYNASTY (UK : /ˈdɪnəsti/ , US : /ˈdaɪnəsti/ ) is a sequence of rulers from the same family, usually in the context of a feudal or monarchical system, but sometimes also appearing in elective republics . The dynastic family or lineage may be known as a "house ", which may be styled as "royal ", "princely ", "ducal ", "comital ", etc., depending upon the chief or present title borne by its members. Historians periodize the histories of many sovereign states , such as Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egypt
, the Carolingian Empire and Imperial China , using a framework of successive dynasties. As such, the term "dynasty" may be used to delimit the era during which the family reigned and to describe events, trends, and artifacts of that period ("a Ming-dynasty vase"). The word "dynasty" itself is often dropped from such adjectival references ("a Ming vase ")
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Pro Forma
The term PRO FORMA ( Latin
Latin
for "as a matter of form" or "for the sake of form") is most often used to describe a practice or document that is provided as a courtesy or satisfies minimum requirements, conforms to a norm or doctrine , tends to be performed perfunctorily or is considered a formality . CONTENTS * 1 Accounting * 2 Business
Business
* 2.1 Financial statements
Financial statements
* 2.2 Invoices * 2.2.1 International trade * 3 Law
Law
* 4 Engineering
Engineering
* 5 Government * 5.1 Commonwealth system * 5.2 United States * 6 See also * 7 References ACCOUNTINGThe pro forma accounting is a statement of the company's financial activities while excluding "unusual and nonrecurring transactions " when stating how much money the company actually made
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Albert II Of Monaco
ALBERT II (Albert Alexandre Louis Pierre Grimaldi; born 14 March 1958) is the reigning monarch of the Principality of Monaco
Monaco
and head of the princely house of Grimaldi . He is the son of Prince Rainier III and the American actress Grace Kelly . Prince Albert's sisters are Caroline, Princess of Hanover
Caroline, Princess of Hanover
, and Princess Stéphanie . In July 2011, Prince Albert married Charlene Wittstock . Prince Albert II is one of the wealthiest royals in the world, with assets valued at more than $ 1 billion, which include land in Monaco and France. Although Prince Albert does not own the Prince\'s Palace of Monaco
Monaco
, he does own shares in the Société des bains de mer de Monaco
Monaco
, which operates Monaco's casino and other entertainment properties in the principality
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Monarchy
A MONARCHY is a form of government in which a group, generally a family representing a dynasty (aristocracy ), embodies the country's national identity and its head, the monarch , exercises the role of sovereignty. The actual power of the monarch may vary from purely symbolic (crowned republic ), to partial and restricted (constitutional monarchy ), to completely autocratic (absolute monarchy ). Traditionally the monarch's post is inherited and lasts until death or abdication. In contrast, elective monarchies require the monarch to be elected. Both types have further variations as there are widely divergent structures and traditions defining monarchy. For example, in some elected monarchies only pedigrees are taken into account for eligibility of the next ruler, whereas many hereditary monarchies impose requirements regarding the religion, age, gender, mental capacity, etc
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Latin Language
LATIN (Latin: lingua latīna, IPA: ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages
Indo-European languages
. The Latin alphabet is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets , and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet
Phoenician alphabet
. Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in Latium
Latium
, in the Italian Peninsula
Italian Peninsula
. Through the power of the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
, it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire . Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages
Romance languages
, such as Italian , Portuguese , Spanish , French , and Romanian
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Literal Translation
LITERAL TRANSLATION, DIRECT TRANSLATION, or WORD-FOR-WORD TRANSLATION is the rendering of text from one language to another one word at a time ( Latin : "verbum pro verbo") with or without conveying the sense of the original whole. In translation studies, "literal translation" denotes technical translation of scientific, technical, technological or legal texts. In translation theory , another term for "literal translation" is "metaphrase "; and for phrasal ("sense") translation — "paraphrase ." When considered a bad practice of conveying word by word (lexeme to lexeme, or morpheme to lexeme) translation of non-technical type literal translations has the meaning of mistranslating idioms , for example, or in the context of translating an analytic language to a synthetic language , it renders even the grammar unintelligible
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Romance Language
Pontic Steppe * Domestication of the horse * Kurgan * Kurgan culture * Steppe cultures * Bug-Dniester * Sredny Stog * Dnieper-Donets * Samara * Khvalynsk * Yamna * Mikhaylovka culture Caucasus * Maykop East-Asia * Afanasevo Eastern Europe * Usatovo * Cernavodă * Cucuteni Northern Europe* Corded ware * Bad
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Reign
A REIGN is the period of a person's or dynasty 's occupation of the office of monarch of a nation (e.g., Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
, Belgium , Andorra ), of a people (e.g., the Franks , the Zulus ) or of a spiritual community (e.g., Roman Catholicism , Tibetan Buddhism , Nizari Ismailism ). In most hereditary monarchies and some elective monarchies (e.g., Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
) there have been no limits on the duration of a sovereign's reign or incumbency , nor is there a term of office . Thus, a reign usually lasts until the monarch dies, unless the monarchy itself is abolished or the monarch abdicates or is deposed. In elective monarchies , there may be a fixed period of time for the duration of the monarch's tenure in office (e.g., Malaysia )
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Republic
A REPUBLIC (Latin : res publica ) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter" – not the private concern or property of the rulers – and where offices of state are elected or appointed, rather than inherited. It is a form of government under which the head of state is not a monarch . In American English, the definition of a republic can also refer specifically to a government in which elected individuals represent the citizen body, known elsewhere as a representative democracy (a democratic republic ), and exercise power according to the rule of law (a constitutional republic). As of 2017 , 159 of the world's 206 sovereign states use the word "republic" as part of their official names; not all of these are republics in the sense of having elected governments, nor do all nations with elected governments use the word "republic" in their names
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Lithuania
Coordinates : 55°N 24°E / 55°N 24°E / 55; 24 LITHUANIA (/ˌlɪθjuˈeɪniə/ ( listen ); Lithuanian : Lietuva ), officially the REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region
Baltic region
of northern -eastern Europe
Europe
. One of the three Baltic states
Baltic states
, it is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
, to the east of Sweden
Sweden
and Denmark
Denmark
. It is bordered by Latvia
Latvia
to the north, Belarus
Belarus
to the east and south, Poland
Poland
to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast
Kaliningrad Oblast
(a Russian exclave ) to the southwest
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Cognate
In linguistics , COGNATES are words that have a common etymological origin. In etymology , the cognate category excludes doublets and loanwords . The word cognate derives from the Latin
Latin
noun cognatus, which means "blood relative". CONTENTS * 1 Characteristics * 2 Across languages * 3 Within the same language * 4 False cognates * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links CHARACTERISTICSCognates do not need to have the same meaning, which may have changed as the languages developed separately. For example English starve and Dutch sterven or German sterben ("to die") all derive from the same Proto-Germanic
Proto-Germanic
root, *sterbaną ("die"). English dish and German Tisch ("table"), with their flat surfaces, both come from Latin
Latin
discus, but their later meanings are different
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Primus Inter Pares
PRIMUS INTER PARES ( Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: Πρῶτος μεταξὺ ἴσων, prōtos metaxỳ ísōn) is a Latin phrase meaning FIRST AMONG EQUALS. It is typically used as an honorary title for those who are formally equal to other members of their group but are accorded unofficial respect, traditionally owing to their seniority in office. Historically, the princeps senatus of the Roman Senate
Roman Senate
was such a figure and initially only bore the distinction that he was allowed to speak first during debate . Also, Constantine the Great
Constantine the Great
was given the role of primus inter pares. However, the term is also often used ironically or self-deprecatingly by leaders with much higher status as a form of respect , camaraderie , or propaganda
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Order Of Succession
An ORDER OF SUCCESSION is the sequence of those entitled to hold a high office such as head of state or an honour such as a title of nobility in the order in which they stand in line to it when it becomes vacated. This sequence may be regulated through descent or by statute. An established order of succession is the normal way of passing on hereditary positions, and also provides immediate continuity after an unexpected vacancy in cases where office-holders are chosen by election : the office does not have to remain vacant until a successor is elected. In some cases the successor takes up the full role of the previous office-holder, as in the case of the presidency of many countries; in other non-hereditary cases there is not a full succession, but a caretaker chosen by succession criteria assumes some or all of the responsibilities, but not the formal office, of the position
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