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Grand Imam Of Al-Azhar
The Grand Imam of al-Azhar (Arabic: الإمام الأكبر), also known as Grand Sheikh of al-Azhar (Arabic: شيخ الأزهر الشريف), currently Ahmed el-Tayeb, is a prestigious Sunni Islam title and a prominent official title in Egypt.[1] He is considered by some Muslims to be the highest authority in Sunni Islamic thought and Islamic jurisprudence[2] and holds a great influence on followers of the theological Ash'ari
Ash'ari
and Maturidi
Maturidi
traditions worldwide. The Grand Imam Heads the al-Azhar Mosque, and by extension al-Azhar University, and is responsible for official religious matters along with the Grand Mufti of Egypt. History of the title[edit] The title of the Grand Imam of al-Azhar was officially established in 1961
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Arabic Language
Arabic
Arabic
(Arabic: العَرَبِيَّة‎) al-ʻarabiyyah [ʔalʕaraˈbijːah] ( listen) or (Arabic: عَرَبِيّ‎) ʻarabī [ˈʕarabiː] ( listen) or [ʕaraˈbij]) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world.[4] It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
in the east to the Anti- Lebanon
Lebanon
mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic
Arabic
is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form (Modern Standard Arabic) [5]. The modern written language (Modern Standard Arabic) is derived from Classical Arabic
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Abdullah Al-Sharqawi
Sheikh Abdullah al-Sharqawi (early 17th century, in Egypt – early 18th century) he is known for being the Imam of the Azhar during the French Campaign in Egypt and Syria, and for being one of the Leaders of the resistance against the French Occupation in Egypt, he was also one of the Three Leaders to crown Mehmet Ali Pasha in 1805. French expedition[edit] During Napoleon's exile at St. Helena, and when writing his diaries, he states that the Azhar University
Azhar University
is as Equal if not more, than the Sorbonne
Sorbonne
in Paris. Napoleon
Napoleon
looked highly upon Al-Azhar Ulama as the elite of the educated class and as the leaders of the people. When he first set foot in Cairo
Cairo
he formed a special council (diwan) to govern the capital. a council that consists of nine Sheikhs under the chairmanship of Sheikh Abdullah Al-Sharkawi, the grand Imam of Al-Azhar at that time
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Al-Azhar English Training Centre
The Al-Azhar English Training Centre (AAETC) is an English language teaching facility at Al-Azhar University
Al-Azhar University
in Cairo
Cairo
funded by Al Azhar University with the support of the British government.[1] The centre opened in February 2008 and is managed by the British Council.[1] The centre aims to give students the skills to "discuss and explain Islam", especially to non-Muslims, as well as training Egyptian teachers in methodology, mentoring and management.[2] References[edit]General"Al Azhar English Training Centre". Official website of the British Embassy in Cairo. Retrieved 2011-03-30. Specific^ a b Max de Lotbinière (4 April 2008). "Second language centre opens on Islamic campus". The Guardian Weekly. Retrieved 2011-03-30.  ^ "Bridging gaps and engaging others" (PDF). In Touch. British Council in Egypt (21): 7. May–June 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-06
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Al Azhar English Language Resource Center
Al Azhar English Language Resource Center (ELRC) was founded in 2007 at the Nasr City, Cairo
Cairo
campus of Al Azhar University
Al Azhar University
as a result of collaboration between Al Azhar University
Al Azhar University
and the United States Embassy in Cairo. The US Embassy provides the ELRC with American English Language Fellows with master's degrees in teaching English as a second language through the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs and is overseen by the Cairo
Cairo
Regional English Language Office. In 2017, the center was moved to Al Azhar University, Darrasa branch - a few meters away from Al-Azhar Mosque. AMIDEAST administers the English Language Resource Center (ELRC) at Al-Azhar Univrsity
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Al-Azhar Shia Fatwa
The Al-Azhar Shia Fatwa, known in Arabic as The Shaltoot
Shaltoot
Fatwa (Arabic: فتوى شلتوت‎), is an Islamic
Islamic
fatwa issued in 1959 on the topic of Shi'a–Sunni relations
Shi'a–Sunni relations
by Sunni scholar Shaikh Mahmood Shaltoot. Under Shaltoot, Sunni-Shia ecumenical activities would reach their zenith.[1] The fatwa is the fruit of a decade-long collaborative effort between a group of Sunni and Shi'a scholars at the Dar al-Taqreeb al-Madhahib al-Islamiyyah ("center for bringing together the various Islamic schools of thought") theological center at Al-Azhar University
Al-Azhar University
in Cairo
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Special
Special
Special
or specials may refer to:Contents1 Music 2 Film and television 3 Other uses 4 See alsoMusic[edit] Special
Special
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International Standard Book Number
"ISBN" redirects here. For other uses, see ISBN (other).International Standard Book
Book
NumberA 13-digit ISBN, 978-3-16-148410-0, as represented by an EAN-13 bar codeAcronym ISBNIntroduced 1970; 48 years ago (1970)Managing organisation International ISBN AgencyNo. of digits 13 (formerly 10)Check digit Weighted sumExample 978-3-16-148410-0Website www.isbn-international.orgThe International Standard Book
Book
Number (ISBN) is a unique[a][b] numeric commercial book identifier. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.[1] An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book, a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007
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Middle East Institute
The Middle East Institute
Middle East Institute
(MEI) is a non-profit, non-partisan think tank and cultural center in Washington, D.C., founded in 1946
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Gad Al-Haq
Sheikh Gad al-Haq Ali Gad al-Haq (5 April 1917 – 15 March 1996) was Grand Imam of Al-Azhar from 1982 to 1996.[1]Contents1 Life 2 Awards and honors 3 Works 4 ReferencesLife[edit] Born in Batra and educated at a village school in the Nile Delta, he gained his Alimiya degree from al-Azhar University, Cairo. Finding a job as a clerk in the Mufti's office, he was promoted to the post of amin al-fatwa. In 1954 he became a judge. Nasser appointed him to the Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs in 1960.[1] In 1978 Anwar Sadat
Anwar Sadat
appointed him as Grand Mufti of Egypt. In 1982 he became Minister of Religious Affairs, and then Grand Imam of Al-Azhar. A conservative voice, he pleased the Egyptian government with his strong opposition to the fundamentalist Wahhabi
Wahhabi
doctrine
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Abdel-Halim Mahmoud
Sheikh
Sheikh
Abdel-Halim Mahmoud
Abdel-Halim Mahmoud
(Arabic: الإمام الأكبر عبدالحليم محمود‎) (12 May 1910 – 17 October 1978; 2 Jumaada al-awal 1328 A.H. - 14 The al-Qi`dah 1398 A.H.) served as Grand Imam of Al Azhar from 1973 until his death in 1978. He was known for his modernizing approach to teaching at Al Azhar, preaching moderation and embracing modern science as a religious duty. For Mahmoud, "any reform -- whether on the personal level or on the level of society -- begins with science, be that science religious or material..... Whether we begin the path of reform from the vantage point of theoretical science or from that of material or empirical science, our endeavours must be imbued with a purpose. This purpose is an Islamic obligation, as science must be the basis for the path towards God
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Mahmud Shaltut
Sheikh
Sheikh
Mahmoud Shaltut (23 April 1893 - 13 December 1963) was a prominent Egyptian Sunni
Sunni
religious scholar and Islamic theologian
Islamic theologian
best known for his work in Islamic reform. A disciple of Mohammad Abduh’s school of thought, Shaltut rose to prominence as Grand Imam of Al-Azhar during the Nasser years from 1958 until his death in 1963.Contents1 Early life 2 Time at Al-Azhar 3 As Sheikh
Sheikh
al-Azhar: Beliefs, Ideas, and Reforms 4 Legacy 5 Major Works 6 ReferencesEarly life[edit] Born in Buhayra, a province in Lower Egypt, Sheikh
Sheikh
Shaltut left his small village, Binyat Bani Mansur, in 1906 at age thirteen and enrolled in Ma’hd dini of Alexandria- a newly established Azhar- affiliated religious institute
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Mustafa Al-Maraghi
Muhammad Mustafa al-Maraghi OBE (Arabic: محمد مصطفى المراغي‎; 5 March 1881 – 22 August 1945) was an Egyptian reformer and rector of Al-Azhar. He was active in encouraging reforms within legal and social contexts as well as within education where he notably campaigned for the introduction of modern sciences to the curriculum. He was a proponent of ijtihad—a process of making a legal decision by independent interpretation of the legal sources, the Qur'an
Qur'an
and the Sunnah—and the integration of the separate schools of law
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Hanafi
OthersZahiri Awza'i Thawri Laythi JaririSunni schools of theologyAsh'ari Maturidi TraditionalistOthers:Mu'tazila Murji'ahContemporary movementsAhl-i Hadith Al-Ahbash Barelvi Deobandi Islamic Modernism Salafi movement WahhabismHoly sitesJerusalem Mecca Medina Mount SinaiListsLiteratureKutub al-Sittah Islam
Islam
portalv t eThe Hanafi
Hanafi
(Arabic: حنفي‎ Ḥanafī) school is one of the four religious Sunni Islamic schools of jurisprudence (fiqh).[1] It is named after the scholar Abū Ḥanīfa
Abū Ḥanīfa
an-Nu‘man ibn Thābit (d. 767), a tabi‘i whose legal views were preserved primarily by his two most important disciples, Abu Yusuf
Abu Yusuf
and Muhammad
Muhammad
al-Shaybani
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Shafii
OthersZahiri Awza'i Thawri Laythi JaririSunni schools of theologyAsh'ari Maturidi TraditionalistOthers:Mu'tazila Murji'ahContemporary movementsAhl-i Hadith Al-Ahbash Barelvi Deobandi Islamic Modernism Salafi movement WahhabismHoly sitesJerusalem Mecca Medina Mount SinaiListsLiteratureKutub al-Sittah Islam portalv t eThe Shafi‘i
Shafi‘i
(Arabic: شافعي‎ Shāfiʿī, alternative spelling Shafei) madhhab is one of the four schools of Islamic law in Sunni Islam.[1][2] It was founded by the
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