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Governorate Of New Castile
The Governorate of New Castile
Governorate of New Castile
(Gobernación de Nueva Castilla) was the gubernatorial region administered to Francisco Pizarro
Francisco Pizarro
in 1528 by King Charles I of Spain, of which he was appointed governor. The region roughly consisted of modern Peru and was after the foundation of Lima
Lima
in 1535 divided
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Enlightenment In Spain
The ideas of the Age of Enlightenment
Age of Enlightenment
(in Spanish, Ilustración) came to Spain
Spain
in the eighteenth century with the new Bourbon dynasty, following the death of the last Habsburg monarch, Charles II, in 1700. "Like the Spanish Enlightenment, the Spanish Bourbon monarchs were imbued with Spain's Catholic identity."[1] The period of reform and 'enlightened despotism' under the Bourbons focused on centralizing and modernizing the Spanish government, and improvement of infrastructure, beginning with the rule of King Charles III and the work of his minister, José Moñino, count of Floridablanca
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Battle Of Cuzco
Spanish Empire Spanish Conquistadores Native alliesHuancas The Cañari ChachapoyasInca EmpireCommanders and leadersHernando de Soto Juan Pizarro II QuizquizStrengthThousands of native auxiliaries 250-300, 60+ cavalry and 3 guns Unknown, but probably 10,000-100,000Casualties and lossesMinimal, mainly Indians Thousands, army routedv t eConquest of PeruPunta Quemada Puná Cajamarca Vilcaconga 1st Cusco Maraycalla 2nd Chimborazo 2nd Cusco Ollantaytambo Abancay Las Salinas Chupas Añaquito Huarina Jaquijahuana Chuquinga VilcabambaThe Battle of Cusco
Cusco
was fought in 1533 between the forces of Spain
Spain
and of the Incas. After executing the Inca Atahualpa, Francisco Pizarro marched his forces to Cusco, the capital of the Incan Empire. As the Spanish army approached Cuzco, however, Pizarro sent his brother Juan Pizarro and Hernando de Soto
Hernando de Soto
ahead with forty men
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Portuguese Restoration War
Restoration
Restoration
may refer to:Contents1 Conservation, ecology, and environment 2 Cultural heritage 3 General 4 History 5 Arts 6 Technology 7 Medicine 8 Religion 9 Title or name 10 Vehicles 11 Other uses 12 See alsoConservation, ecology, and environment[edit] Assisted natural regeneration
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French Wars Of Religion
Uneasy Catholic- Protestant
Protestant
truce House of Bourbon
House of Bourbon
gains the French throne through Henry
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Spanish Golden Age
The Spanish Golden Age
Spanish Golden Age
(Spanish: Siglo de Oro [ˈsiɣlo ðe ˈoɾo], "Golden Century") is a period of flourishing in arts and literature in Spain, coinciding with the political rise of the Spanish Habsburg dynasty. El Siglo de Oro does not imply precise dates and is usually considered to have lasted longer than an actual century. It begins no earlier than 1492, with the end of the Reconquista
Reconquista
(Reconquest), the sea voyages of Christopher Columbus
Christopher Columbus
to the New World, and the publication of Antonio de Nebrija's Gramática de la lengua castellana (Grammar of the Castilian Language). Politically, it ends no later than 1659, with the Treaty of the Pyrenees, ratified between France and Habsburg
Habsburg
Spain
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Luzon
Luzon
Luzon
(/luːˈzɒn/ ( listen); Tagalog pronunciation: [luˈson]) is the largest and most populous island in the Philippines. It is ranked 15th largest in the world by land area. Located in the northern region of the archipelago, it is the economic and political center of the nation, being home to the country's capital city, Manila, as well as Quezon
Quezon
City, the country's most populous city. With a population of 53 million as of 2015[update],[2] it is the fourth most populous island in the world (after Java, Honshu, and Great Britain), having about 53% of the country's total population. Luzon
Luzon
may also refer to one of the three primary island groups in the country
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Blasco Núñez Vela
Blasco Núñez Vela
Blasco Núñez Vela
y Villalba (c. 1490 – January 18, 1546) was the first Spanish viceroy of Peru.[1] Serving from May 15, 1544 to January 18, 1546, he was charged by Charles V with the enforcement of the controversial New Laws, which dealt with the failure of the encomienda system to protect the indigenous people of America from the rapacity of the conquistadors and their descendants.Contents1 Origins 2 Appointment as viceroy 3 The New Laws 4 Actions as viceroy 5 Deposition as viceroy 6 The civil war 7 See also 8 Notes 9 Sources 10 External linksOrigins[edit] Núñez Vela was a native of Ávila, born into an ancient and noble family. The Núñez Vela family, lords of Tabadillo, lived in this area from at least 1403. He was a descendant of Don Pedro Nuñez de la Fuente Almexir (Fuentearmegil) the loyal, who saved the life of the King of Castile, Alfonso VIII in 1163
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Chile
Coordinates: 30°S 71°W / 30°S 71°W / -30; -71Republic of Chile República de Chile  (Spanish)FlagCoat of armsMotto: Por la razón o la fuerza (Spanish) (English: "By Right or Might") [1]Anthem:  National Anthem of ChileLocation of  Chile  (dark green) in South America  (grey)Capital and largest city Santiagoa 33°26′S 70°40′W / 33.433°S 70.667°W / -33.433; -70.667National language SpanishEthnic groups (2012[2])64% White 30% Mestizo 5% Mapuche 0.7% Aymara 0.1% Other 0.2% UnspecifiedDemonym ChileanGovernment Unitary presidential constitutional republic• PresidentSebastián Piñera• Senate PresidentCarlos Montes Cisternas• President of the Chamber of DeputiesMaya FernándezLegislature National Congress• Upper houseSenate
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Colombia
Coordinates: 4°N 72°W / 4°N 72°W / 4; -72 Republic
Republic
of Colombia República de Colombia  (Spanish)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "Libertad y Orden" (Spanish) "Freedom and Order"Anthem: ¡Oh, Gloria Inmarcesible!  (Spanish) O unfading glory!Location of  Colombia  (dark green) in South America  (grey)Capital and largest city Bogotá 4°35′N 74°4′W / 4.583°N 74.067°W / 4.583; -74.067Official languages SpanishaRecognized regional languages 68 ethnic languages and dialects
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Ecuador
Coordinates: 2°00′S 77°30′W / 2.000°S 77.500°W / -2.000; -77.500Republic of Ecuador República del Ecuador  (Spanish)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "Dios, patria y libertad" (Spanish) "Pro Deo, Patria et Libertate" (Latin) "God, homeland and freedom"Anthem: Salve, Oh Patria  (Spanish) Hail, Oh HomelandLocation of  Ecuador  (dark green) in South America  (grey)Capital Quito 00°9′S 78°21′W / 0.150°S 78.350°W / -0.150; -78.350Largest city GuayaquilOfficial languages Spanish[1]Recognized regional languages Kichwa
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Portugal
Portugal
Portugal
(Portuguese pronunciation: [puɾtuˈɣaɫ]), officially the Portuguese Republic
Republic
(Portuguese: República Portuguesa [ʁɛˈpuβlikɐ puɾtuˈɣezɐ]),[note 1] is a sovereign state located mostly on the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
in southwestern Europe. It is the westernmost country of mainland Europe, bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
and to the north and east by Spain
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Indigenous Peoples Of The Americas
The indigenous peoples of the Americas
Americas
are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas
Americas
and their descendants. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas
Americas
were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas.[24] Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering
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Peso
The peso (meaning weight in Spanish, or more loosely pound) was a coin that originated in Spain
Spain
and became of immense importance internationally. Peso
Peso
is now the name of the monetary unit of several former Spanish colonies.Contents1 Origin and history1.1 1537–1686 piece of eight 1.2 1686 Spanish currency reform 1.3 1686–1821 peso in North America 1.4 1686–1868 peseta in Spain 1.5 1821–1897 Mexican dollar 1.6 Philippine piso2 Countries that use pesos2.1 Current 2.2 Former3 See also 4 ReferencesOrigin and history[edit] 1537–1686 piece of eight[edit] Main article: Spanish dollar Peso
Peso
was a name given in Spain
Spain
and particularly in Hispanic America
Hispanic America
to the 8-royal coin or real de a ocho, a large silver coin of the type commonly known as a thaler (dollar) in Europe
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List Of Viceroys Of Peru
The following is a list of Viceroys of Peru. The viceroys of Peru ruled the Viceroyalty of Peru
Viceroyalty of Peru
from 1544 to 1826 in the name of the King of Spain. The territories under de jure rule by the viceroys included in the 16th and 17th century almost all of South America
South America
except eastern Brazil.Contents1 Governors of New Castile (1528–1544) 2 Viceroys of Peru (1544–1826) 3 See also 4 External linksGovernors of New Castile (1528–1544)[edit]Picture Governor From Until MonarchFrancisco Pizarro 1528 June 26, 1541Charles ICristóbal Vaca de Castro 1541 1544Gonzalo Pizarro Usurper and claimant to the governorship of Peru
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Blasco Nunez Vela
Blasco Núñez Vela
Blasco Núñez Vela
y Villalba (c. 1490 – January 18, 1546) was the first Spanish viceroy of Peru.[1] Serving from May 15, 1544 to January 18, 1546, he was charged by Charles V with the enforcement of the controversial New Laws, which dealt with the failure of the encomienda system to protect the indigenous people of America from the rapacity of the conquistadors and their descendants.Contents1 Origins 2 Appointment as viceroy 3 The New Laws 4 Actions as viceroy 5 Deposition as viceroy 6 The civil war 7 See also 8 Notes 9 Sources 10 External linksOrigins[edit] Núñez Vela was a native of Ávila, born into an ancient and noble family. The Núñez Vela family, lords of Tabadillo, lived in this area from at least 1403. He was a descendant of Don Pedro Nuñez de la Fuente Almexir (Fuentearmegil) the loyal, who saved the life of the King of Castile, Alfonso VIII in 1163
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